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States

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States

AlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWest VirginiaWisconsinWyoming

Initiative & referendum in the U.S.

Initiate constitutional amendmentsLegislatively-referred constitutional amendmentsInitiated state statutesLegislatively-referred state statutesVeto referendumStatewide recallRight of statute affirmationRight of citizen-initiated grand jury empanelment
A U.S. state is any one of the fifty sub-national entities of the United States. Additionally, there are four U.S. territories - Puerto Rico, Guam, United States Virgin Islands and Northern Mariana Islands.

State governments | Initiative & referendum in the U.S. | Origin of states' names

State governments

See also: U.S. Constitution and Congress

States can organize their state governments any way they like, as long as they conform to the sole requirement of the U.S. Constitution that they have "a Republican Form of Government." In practice, each state has adopted a three branch system of government generally along the sames lines as that of the federal government -- though this is not a requirement.

Nebraska, for example, has a unicameral legislature.

Alabama

See also: Alabama

Alaska

NevadaAlaskaHawaiiArizonaUtahNew MexicoColoradoWyomingCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoMontanaNorth DakotaSouth DakotaNebraskaKansasOklahomaTexasMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaWisconsinIllinoisTennesseeKentuckyIndianaMichiganOhioGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaNorth CarolinaVirginiaWest VirginiaPennsylvaniaNew YorkVermontNew HampshireMassachusettsRhode IslandConnecticutNew JerseyDelawareMarylandPortal:Washington, D.C.MaineUS map.png
See also: Alaska

Arizona

See also: Arizona

Arkansas

See also: Arkansas

California

See also: California

Colorado

See also: Colorado

Connecticut

See also: Connecticut

Delaware

See also: Delaware

Florida

See also: Florida

Georgia

See also: Georgia

Hawaii

See also: Hawaii

Idaho

See also: Idaho

Illinois

Portal:State legislatures
See also: Illinois

Indiana

See also: Indiana

Iowa

See also: Iowa

Kansas

See also: Kansas

Kentucky

See also: Kentucky

Louisiana

See also: Louisiana

Maine

See also: Maine

Maryland

See also: Maryland

Massachusetts

See also: Massachusetts

Michigan

See also: Michigan

Minnesota

See also: Minnesota

Mississippi

See also: Mississippi

Missouri

See also: Missouri

Montana

See also: Montana

Nebraska

See also: Nebraska

Nevada

See also: Nevada

New Hampshire

See also: New Hampshire

New Jersey

See also: New Jersey

New Mexico

See also: New Mexico

New York

See also: New York

North Carolina

See also: North Carolina

North Dakota

See also: North Dakota

Ohio

See also: Ohio

Oklahoma

See also: Oklahoma

Oregon

See also: Oregon

Pennsylvania

See also: Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

See also: Rhode Island

South Carolina

See also: South Carolina

South Dakota

See also: South Dakota

Tennessee

See also: Tennessee

Texas

See also: Texas

Utah

See also: Utah

Vermont

See also: Vermont

Virginia

See also: Virginia

Washington

See also: Washington

West Virginia

See also: West Virginia

Wisconsin

See also: Wisconsin

Wyoming

See also: Wyoming

Initiative & referendum in the U.S.

Main page: Laws governing ballot measures
Portal:Ballot Measures

Initiate constitutional amendments

18 states where citizens can initiated constitutional amendment, they are: Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Florida | Illinois | Massachusetts
Michigan | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | North Dakota
Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | South Dakota

Legislatively-referred constitutional amendments

Every state except for Delaware has legislatively-referred constitutional amendments.

Initiated state statutes

21 states where citizens can initiated state statute, they are:

Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Idaho | Maine | Massachusetts | Michigan | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska
Nevada | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | South Dakota | Utah | Washington | Wyoming

Legislatively-referred state statutes

24 states and 1 unincorporated organized territory with legislatively-referred state statute, they are:

Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Delaware | Idaho | Illinois | Kentucky | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Missouri
Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Mexico | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Puerto Rico | South Dakota | Utah | Washington

Veto referendum

25 states where citizens can overturn state statutes through veto referendum, they are:

Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Idaho | Kentucky | Maine | Maryland
Massachusetts | Michigan | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Mexico | North Dakota | Ohio
Oklahoma | Oregon | South Dakota | Utah | Washington | Washington, D.C. | Wyoming

Statewide recall

See also: Laws governing recall

18 states with the right of statewide recall, they are:

Arizona | Alaska | California | Colorado | Georgia | Idaho | Kansas | Louisiana | Michigan | Minnesota
Montana | Nevada | New Jersey | North Dakota | Oregon | Rhode Island | Washington | Wisconsin

Right of statute affirmation

1 state with the right of statute affirmation - Nevada

Right of citizen-initiated grand jury empanelment

6 states and 1 unincorporated organized territory with the right of citizen-initiated grand jury empanelment, they are: Kansas | Nebraska | Nevada | New Mexico | North Dakota | Oklahoma | Puerto Rico

Origin of states' names

State names speak to the circumstances of their creation.

British

Some states on the Atlantic coast originated from British colonies named after British monarchs: Georgia, the Carolinas, Virginia, and Maryland. Others, also former British colonies, take their names from places in the British Isles: New Hampshire, New Jersey, and New York. Pennsylvania, meaning "Penn's woods," in Latin, takes its name from the father of its founder, William Penn. Delaware is named after Thomas West, Lord De La Warr, an early colonist and governor of the Jamestown Colony.

Native American

Many states' names are those of Native American tribes or are from Native American languages: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Connecticut, the Dakotas, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wisconsin and others. Additionally, the name of Idaho was presented as a Native American word by eccentric lobbyist George M. Willing, though it was later revealed that he likely made it up. Indiana means literally "land of Indians."

Spanish

Because they are on territories previously controlled by Spain or Mexico, many states in the southeast and southwest have Spanish names. They include Colorado, Florida, Nevada, Montana, and, ultimately of Native American origin, New Mexico. California is also believed to be of Spanish origin, though this is not entirely clear.

French

Because it was previously a French colony, Louisiana is named after Louis XIV (the King of France at the time). Maine may also be named after the historical French province of Maine, although another theory derives "Maine" from "mainland," differentiating it from the outlying islands. Vermont is derived from the French term for "green mountains," a reference to its mountainous but forested terrain.

Other

Formally referred to as the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Rhode Island likely gained its name through the supposed similarity of Aquidneck Island (the body of land known as Rhode Island, which contains the city of Newport and the towns of Portsmouth and Middletown) to the Greek Isle of Rhodes, however as it was originally an offshoot of the Dutch colony of Nieu Netherlands, it is more likely the name is an Anglicization of the Dutch name for the place, "Rhodt" or simply "Red Island," which probably referred to the color of the soil there. Providence Plantations, which makes reference to the mainland that surrounds Narragansett Bay, was named by its religious founders for God's divine providence. The state of Washington was named after George Washington. Arizona may come from a Basque term, or it may be of Native American origin. The name Hawaii came from Hawaiʻiloa, legendary discoverer of the Hawaiian islands.

Origin unknown

The origin of Oregon is not certain, although various theories exist, but is most likely to be of Native American origin.

See also

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