Difference between revisions of "Steny Hoyer"

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===2012===
 
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[[File:Steny_Hoyer-2012_donor_breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Hoyer's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
 
[[File:Steny_Hoyer-2012_donor_breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Hoyer's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
Hoyer won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Hoyer's campaign committee raised a total of $4,155,103 and spent $3,838,033.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00001821 ''Open Secrets,'' "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 16, 2013]</ref>
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Hoyer won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Hoyer's campaign committee raised a total of $4,155,103 and spent $3,838,033.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00001821 ''Open Secrets'', "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 16, 2013]</ref>
  
 
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===2010===
 
===2010===
 
[[File:Steny_Hoyer_2010_Donor_Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Hoyer's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
 
[[File:Steny_Hoyer_2010_Donor_Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Hoyer's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
Hoyer won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Hoyer's campaign committee raised a total of $4,511,873 and spent $4,687,713.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00001821&newMem=N ''Open Secrets,'' "Steny Hoyer 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed November 29, 2011]</ref>
+
Hoyer won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Hoyer's campaign committee raised a total of $4,511,873 and spent $4,687,713.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00001821&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'', "Steny Hoyer 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed November 29, 2011]</ref>
  
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
 
{{Congress donor box 2010

Revision as of 11:57, 7 April 2014

Steny Hoyer
Steny Hoyer.jpg
U.S. House, Maryland, District 5
Incumbent
In office
May 19, 1981-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 33
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorGladys Spellman (D)
Leadership
House Minority Whip
2011-Present
House Majority Leader
2007-2011
House Minority Whip
2003-2007
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$16.08 in 2012
First electedMay 19, 1981
Next primaryJune 24, 2014
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$18,914,150
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Maryland State Senate
1966-1979
Maryland State Board for Higher Education
1978-1981
Education
High schoolSuitland High School
Bachelor'sUniversity of Maryland, College Park
J.D.Georgetown University Law Center
Personal
BirthdayJune 14, 1939
Place of birthNew York City, NY
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$33,501.50
ReligionBaptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Steny Hoyer campaign logo
Steny Hamilton Hoyer (b. June 14, 1939, in New York City, New York) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Maryland's 5th Congressional District. Hoyer was first elected to the House in a 1981 special election following the resignation of Rep. Gladys Spellman due to incapacitating illness. Hoyer is currently serving his 16th consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012 .[1][2]

Hoyer is set to run for re-election in Maryland's 5th Congressional District in the general election on November 4, 2014. He officially filed to run for re-election on September 6, 2013.[3]

Prior to his congressional career, Hoyer served as a member of the Maryland State Senate and Maryland State Board for Higher Education.

Hoyer currently serves as the minority whip for the 113th United States Congress.[4][5]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Hoyer is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Hoyer was born in 1939 in New York, NY. After graduating from Suitland High School in Maryland, Hoyer went on to earn his B.A. from the University of Maryland at College Park and his J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center in 1963 and 1966, respectively. Prior to his political career, Hoyer worked as an attorney.[6]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Hoyer's political career:[6]

  • Maryland State Senate, 1966-1979
    • President, 1975-1979
  • Maryland State Board for Higher Education, 1978-1981
  • U.S. House of Representatives, 5th Congressional District of Maryland, 1981-Present
    • House Majority Leader, 2007-2011
    • House Minority Whip, 2003-2007, 2011-Present

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Hoyer does not serve on any committees.[7][8]

2011-2012

Hoyer did not serve on committees, as he was the House Minority Whip.

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[9] For more information pertaining to Hoyer's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[10]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Voted "No" Hoyer voted against HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[11]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "Yes" Hoyer voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[11]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Hoyer voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[12] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Hoyer voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[11]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[13] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[14][15] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[15] Hoyer voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[16][17] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[17] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[18] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Hoyer joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[16][17]

Continuing resolution

On December 3, 2013, Hoyer said he opposed a continuing resolution to keep government funded beyond January 15, 2014, if it failed to address the sequestration cuts.[19]

“I believe that hurts our national security, it hurts our economy and it undermines our responsibility of running government at a level that is productive for our people,” Hoyer said.[19]

“The process is broken, there is not a positive engagement by our Republicans friends,” he added. “We’ve seen a pattern of Republicans walking away from any kind of budget agreements.”[19]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[20] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[21] Hoyer voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[22]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[23] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Hoyer voted for HR 2775.[24]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" Hoyer voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[11]

Healthcare

Support for Affordable Care Act

Hoyer said on November 19, 2013, of the Affordable Care Act launch, “It’s had a rough rollout, to say the least, that’s disappointing. But it doesn’t undermine the fact that at its basis the Affordable Care Act will provide millions and millions of people with access to affordable, quality health care.”[25]

Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "No" Hoyer voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[11]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Voted "No" Hoyer voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[11]

Social issues

Judicial diversity

On February 4, 2014, Hoyer said that he agreed with members of the Congressional Black Caucus who expressed concerns about the diversity of judicial appointments, particularly in the South.[26]

“I certainly share the CBC’s concerns. I think the Senate, you know, has customs and deference to the incumbent senator in each state, and I understand that, but I would hope [Majority Leader Harry] Reid and Senate leadership would look to the best interest of the country, in the broad spectrum of beliefs in the country and to have that be represented on the bench...Clearly, federal judges who serve for life have, undoubtedly have a policy impact. So I’m sympathetic to the concerns of the Congressional Black Caucus,” Hoyer said.[26]

Amash amendment

Voted "No" Hoyer voted against House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[11]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Hoyer voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[27]

Political positions

Kids Act

In January 2014, Hoyer attacked Eric Cantor prior to Cantor's speech at the Brookings Institute. Cantor's speech promoted school choice as a way of reducing income inequality. Hoyer said, "Talk is cheap. Performance is what pays off. The Kids Act provides for authorization, not appropriation, for pediatric research. Now, the [National Institutes of Health] spends $800 million annually on pediatric health. This bill, which they talk about and which Mr. Cantor thinks made a good statement, does make a good statement about the need for kids research [but Republicans] voted for a budget offered by [Paul] Ryan that would have the effect of cutting NIH by $6 billion, if the cuts were applied across the board. And of course politically it sounds very good because they take away from politicians and conventions. I don’t think anybody cares whether they take that money away or not, whether you have the public pay for that or the private sector pay for it." Hoyer concluded, "It’s very nice to go around the country and say you’re for education, but … you cut the Labor-Health bill by 22.6 percent in your budget. It’s very nice to say you’re for No Child Left Behind, but you didn’t fund it. So talk is cheap, performance is what counts, it’s the Reagan ‘Trust but Verify. Okay, so you say nice things. What are you doing?"[28] Cantor's spokesman Doug Heye responded, "House Republicans put talk into action by passing the Student Success Act, which included a Cantor amendment directing Title I money follow the student, and overwhelmingly approving the Gabriella Miller Kids First Act. We’re especially grateful for the 72 House Democrats who rejected both Mr. Hoyer’s cynicism and whip and voted for Gabriella Miller’s bill."[28]

Marijuana legalization

In January 2014, Hoyer responded to the possibility that the Maryland General Assembly would introduce bills to legalize marijuana in the state. "I'm not a proponent of legalization of marijuana. As I talked to people who deal with drug abuse issues, with rehabilitation issues, I became convinced that marijuana was, in fact, a threshold drug and it would lead to the use of harder, very harmful drugs," Hoyer said on C-SPAN on January 9, 2014.[29]

Campaign themes

2012

The following are issues which were highlighted on Hoyer's campaign website.[30]

  • Education

Excerpt "Congressman Hoyer also helped to enact the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act, which made critical investments in higher education by significantly increasing funding for Pell Grants, making loan repayment more affordable by expanding the Income Based Repayment program, and providing $2 billion to strengthen our community colleges."[30]

  • Energy

Excerpt: "He has supported legislation to improve energy efficiency to save families and businesses money, spur innovation and create good-paying jobs, lessen our reliance on foreign energy, and reduce the carbon pollution that causes global warming."[30]

  • Environment

Excerpt: "He has supported every major environmental bill since he was elected to Congress."[30]

  • Equal Pay

Excerpt: "Congressman Steny Hoyer believes in equal pay for equal work, and he's fighting to make it a reality. He helped pass legislation that requires companies to pay women the same wages for the same job as men."[30]

  • Jobs/Economy/Small Business

Excerpt: "He's taking the lead on the Make It In America agenda, a plan to create jobs by reinvigorating American manufacturing and fighting for a fair playing field for American companies that compete globally."[30]

Elections

2014

See also: Maryland's 5th Congressional District elections, 2014

Hoyer is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He is seeking the Democratic nomination in the primary election. He officially filed to run for re-election on September 6, 2013.[31] The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: Maryland's 5th Congressional District elections, 2012

Hoyer ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Maryland's 5th District. He defeated challenger Cathy Johnson Pendleton in the Democratic primary on April 3, 2012.[1] He defeated Anthony O'Donnell in the November general election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run was January 11, 2012.[32]

U.S. House, Maryland District 5 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngSteny Hoyer Incumbent 69.4% 238,618
     Republican Anthony O'Donnell 27.7% 95,271
     Libertarian Arvin Vohra 1.3% 4,503
     Green Bob Auerbach 1.5% 5,040
     N/A Other Write-ins 0.1% 388
Total Votes 343,820
Source: Maryland State Board of Elections "Representative in Congress"
U.S. House, Maryland District 5 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngSteny Hoyer Incumbent 84.7% 36,961
Cathy Johnson Pendleton 15.3% 6,688
Total Votes 43,649

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Hoyer is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Hoyer raised a total of $18,914,150 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[49]

Steny Hoyer's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Maryland, District 5) Won $4,155,102
2010 U.S. House (Maryland, District 5) Won $4,511,873
2008 U.S. House (Maryland, District 5) Won $3,677,188
2006 U.S. House (Maryland, District 5) Won $2,354,470
2004 U.S. House (Maryland, District 5) Won $1,896,026
2002 U.S. House (Maryland, District 5) Won $1,060,007
2000 U.S. House (Maryland, District 5) Won $1,259,484
Grand Total Raised $18,914,150

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Hoyer’s reports.[50]

Steny Hoyer (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[51]April 15, 2013$777,032.09$385,020.97$(433,340.63)$728,712.43
July Quarterly[52]July 15, 2013$728,712.43$668,527.27$(511,266.18)$885,973.52
October Quarterly[53]October 13, 2013$885,973.52$473,490.17$(491,537.91)$867,925.78
Year-end[54]January 31, 2014$867,925$495,753$(185,329)$1,178,349
April Quarterly[55]April 15, 2014$1,178,349$427,698$(351,244)$1,254,804
Running totals
$2,450,489.41$(1,972,717.72)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Hoyer's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Hoyer won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Hoyer's campaign committee raised a total of $4,155,103 and spent $3,838,033.[56]

Cost per vote

Hoyer spent $16.08 per vote recieved in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Hoyer's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Hoyer won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Hoyer's campaign committee raised a total of $4,511,873 and spent $4,687,713.[57]

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Hoyer is a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of June 24, 2013.[58]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[59]

Hoyer most often votes with:

Hoyer least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Hoyer missed 438 of 18,839 roll call votes from June 1981 to March 2013, which is 2.3% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[60]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Hoyer paid his congressional staff a total of $1,113,729 in 2011. He ranked 43rd on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 53rd overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Maryland ranked 11th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[61]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Hoyer's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $15,003 and $52,000. That averages to $33,501.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Hoyer ranked as the 395th most wealthy representative in 2012.[62]

Steny Hoyer Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2012$33,501.50
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.

2012

Hoyer ranked 76th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[63]

2011

Hoyer ranked 138th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[64]

Voting with party

June 2013

Steny Hoyer voted with the Democratic Party 95.6% of the time, which ranked 14 among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[65]

Personal

Hoyer and his wife, the late Judith Pickett Hoyer, have three children, four grandchildren, and two great-grandchildren.[66]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Steny + Hoyer + Maryland + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Steny Hoyer News Feed

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See also

External links


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Maryland State Board of Elections, "Primary Election Results 2012," accessed April 3, 2012
  2. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Maryland"
  3. Washington Post, "Rep. Hoyer files for re-election to Maryland’s 5th Congressional District," accessed September 10, 2013
  4. U.S. Congress Bioguide "Steny Hoyer Biography," accessed August 5,2013
  5. U.S. House Website "Steny Hoyer," accessed 5, 2013
  6. 6.0 6.1 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Steny Hoyer," accessed December 1, 2011
  7. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  8. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee assignments," accessed March 31, 2014
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 Project Votesmart, "Steny Hoyer Key Votes," accessed October 14, 2013
  12. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  13. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 Politico, "Steny Hoyer: No CR with sequestration cuts," accessed December 4, 2013
  20. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  22. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  25. Politico, "Steny Hoyer: Dems still back Obamacare," accessed November 21, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 Politico, "Steny Hoyer concerned about judicial diversity," accessed February 4, 2014
  27. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  28. 28.0 28.1 Roll Call, "Steny Hoyer to Eric Cantor: ‘Talk Is Cheap’," accessed January 7, 2014
  29. The Washington Post, "Hoyer opposes pot legalization in Maryland," accessed January 10, 2014
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 30.4 30.5 Steny Hoyer's Official Campaign Website
  31. Washington Post, "Rep. Hoyer files for re-election to Maryland’s 5th Congressional District," accessed September 10, 2013
  32. Maryland State Board of Elections, "2012 Primary Results"
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1988," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1986," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1984," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 1982," accessed March 28, 2013
  48. Our Campaigns, "MD - District 5 - Special Election", accessed May 1, 2013
  49. Open Secrets, "Steny Hoyer," accessed May 16, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Steny Hoyer 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Steny Hoyer April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Steny Hoyer July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
  55. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  56. Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 16, 2013
  57. Open Secrets, "Steny Hoyer 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed November 29, 2011
  58. Gov Track, "Hoyer," accessed June 24, 2013
  59. OpenCongress, "Steny Hoyer," accessed August 5, 2013
  60. GovTrack, "Steny Hoyer," accessed April 2013
  61. LegiStorm, "Steny Hoyer"
  62. OpenSecrets, "Hoyer (D-MD), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  63. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  64. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  66. Official House Site, "Biography," accessed November 30, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Gladys Spellman
U.S. House of Representatives - Maryland District 5
1981–present
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
'
Maryland State Board for Higher Education
1978–1981
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Maryland State Senate
1966–1979
Succeeded by
'