Stephen Lynch

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Stephen Lynch
Stephen Lynch.jpg
Current candidacy
Running for U.S. Senate, Massachusetts
Date of primaryApril 30, 2013
General electionJune 25, 2013
Current office
U.S. House, Massachusetts, District 8
In office
October 16, 2001-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 14
PredecessorMichael Capuano (D)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
First electedOctober 16, 2001
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$7,534,709
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Massachusetts State Senate
Massachusetts House of Representatives
High schoolSouth Boston High School
Bachelor'sWentworth Institute of Technology (1988)
Master'sHarvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government
J.D.Boston College (1991)
Date of birthMarch 31, 1955
Place of birthBoston, Massachusetts
ProfessionAttorney, union leader
Net worth$673,008
ReligionRoman Catholic
Office website
Campaign website
Stephen Lynch campaign logo
Stephen Lynch (b. March 31, 1955, in Boston, Massachusetts) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Massachusetts' 8th congressional district. Lynch was first elected to the House in 2001 for Massachusetts' 9th congressional district, but due to 2010 redistricting won re-election in the 8th district on November 6, 2012. He is currently serving his seventh consecutive term. [1]

Lynch is set to run for re-election in Massachusetts' 8th congressional district in the general election on November 4, 2014.

Prior to his election to the House, Lynch worked as a labor and employment attorney, was a member of the Massachusetts House of Represenatives and a member of the Massachusetts State Senate. He was also a co-founder of the Congressional Labor and Working Families Caucus.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Lynch is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.


Lynch was born and raised in South Boston. A graduate of South Boston High School, he began his professional career as an ironworker. He became the union's youngest president when he assumed the position at age 30.

Lynch received additional education after initially joining the workforce. He earned a B.A. From the Wentworth Institute of Technology in 1988. Lynch received a J.D. from Boston College in 1991 and later attended Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government where he achieved a Masters Degree in Public Administration in 1999.[2]


The following is a bulleted list of Lynch's career:[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Lynch serves on the following committees:[4]


  • U.S. House Committee on Financial Services
    • Subcommittee on Capital Markets, Insurance, and Government-Sponsored Enterprises
    • Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations
  • U.S. House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
    • Subcommittee on Federal Workforce, U.S. Postal Service and Labor Policy Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on National Security, Homeland Defense and Foreign Operations
    • Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and Procurement Reform


Political positions


According to Lynch's official House website, he desired to remove most of the troops from Iraq by 2011.[5]

Specific votes

Some of the bills Lynch introduced include:

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Lynch voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[6]

Campaign themes


On his campaign website, Lynch listed thirteen issues. They are:[7]

  • Economy

Excerpt: "Lynch believes the Federal government needs to create conditions that will induce the private sector to begin lending to creditworthy developers, businesses, and consumers. "

  • Wall Street

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch opposed the Wall Street bailout, which rewarded bankers and executives for risky behavior that drove our nation into recession. He believes we must hold Wall Street executives accountable for their actions, and he’s fighting for hard reforms to the banking system to ensure that we don’t pay for their mistakes again."

  • Education

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch believes that education is the foundation of opportunity in the United States. He supported the renewal of Head Start, the premiere early education program in the United States for more than 40 years."

  • College Affordability

Excerpt: "The rising cost of attending U.S. colleges and universities is a growing concern as many students are finding that their dream of attending an institution of higher education is out of financial reach. Stephen Lynch is committed to ensuring that all qualified students are given the opportunity to achieve their dream by making college more affordable and more accessible for America’s hard-working families and students."

  • Working families

Excerpt: "After working 18 years as an ironworker, Stephen Lynch knows you can’t live the American dream without a decent job. He fought for the first minimum wage increase in a decade – to ensure that the minimum wage can be a living wage."

  • America's future

Excerpt: "Too many families today are worried about the burden we are putting on future generations. In order for our children to have the promise of America, we have to get our federal spending under control. Stephen Lynch has fought to end corporate bailouts and misplaced spending. And he supports “pay as you go” legislation that forces Congress to keep its book balanced, just like the rest of us."

  • Afghanistan

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch supports President Obama’s transition plan in Afghanistan, maintaining peace, and bringing our troops home as soon as possible. Having been to Afghanistan eight times, where he has met with Afghan political leaders and U.S. military leaders and soldiers, he has a keen understanding of the conditions on the ground."

  • Renewable Energy

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch believes that the federal government must take an active role in reducing our energy consumption and dependence on foreign oil, and create a secure and sustainable energy future. He supports the American Clean Energy and Security Act, which moves us toward these goals by promoting renewable, clean energy resources, energy efficiency, reducing global warming pollution, and transitioning to a clean energy economy."

  • Health Care

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch believes that every American should have access to quality healthcare, regardless of their employment status or income level."

  • Iraq

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch supported the Obama Administration’s removal of U.S. military forces in Iraq. Lynch believes that there is still a role for the U.S. to play as a partner in assisting with Iraq’s continued development."

  • Labor and Working Families

Excerpt: "He believes in equal pay, prevailing wage, and the Employee Free Choice Act."

  • Social Security and Retirement Security

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch believes that it is vital to preserve Social Security for today's retirees and to strengthen it for the future as a cornerstone of the retirement plan for Americans. Social Security is a reflection of the best ideals of our nation. Based on the noble and principled notion of shared sacrifice, it is a program that has provided financial independence for generations of Americans."

  • Veterans

Excerpt: "Stephen Lynch believes that one of the most important ways America can show its gratitude to its veterans for their heroic and dedicated service to our nation is by providing them with the finest medical care possible. When the Bush White House tried to close four VA hospitals in the 9th/new 8th District, Lynch successfully led the effort to keep them open. He has been a champion of health care for veterans, and was a strong supporter of the New GI bill." [7]

Legislative actions

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[8] For more information pertaining to Lynch's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[10][11] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Lynch was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[10][11]

National Defense Authorization Act

Voted "No" Lynch voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[12]

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations

Voted "No" Lynch voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[12]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "Yes" Lynch voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[12]

Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act

Neutral/Abstain Lynch did not vote on HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[13] The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.[12]


Farm Bill
See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Voted "No" Lynch voted against the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[14] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[15]

King Amendment

Lynch signed a letter sent to Collin Peterson in August 2013, asking him to keep Steve King's amendment out of the final Farm Bill.[16] The "Protect Interstate Commerce Act" amendment prevents states from applying their own laws on agricultural products to agricultural products from another state.[17]. King introduced the amendment in response to a law in California, requiring a larger size cage for egg-producing chickens. King represents Iowa, which is a large egg producer.


Morton Memos Enforcement Prohibition

Voted "No" Lynch voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[18] The vote largely followed party lines.[19]


Repealing Obamacare

Voted "No" Lynch has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[20]

Social issues


Voted "No" Lynch voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[21]



General election

General candidates: Markey v. Gomez
Poll Ed Markey Gabriel GomezUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
June 6-9, 2013
Suffolk University
June 6-9, 2013
Public Policy Polling
June 3-4, 2013
New England College
June 1-2, 2013
Yougov America
May 30-June 4, 2013
Public Policy Polling
May 13-15, 2013
May 5-7, 2013
May5-6, 2013
Suffolk University/News 7
May 4-7, 2013
Public Policy Polling
May 3, 2013
AVERAGES 47.3% 38.8% 13.8% +/-3.99 701
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

General candidates: Markey v. Gomez
Poll Ed Markey Gabriel GomezUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Suffolk University
June 19-22
Western New England University
June 16-20, 2013
New England College
June 18-20, 2013
Emerson College
June 19-20, 2013
UMass Lowell-Boston Herald (dead link)
June 15-19, 2013
McLaughlin & Associates
June 17-19, 2013
June 16-17, 2013
Boston Globe
June 11-14, 2013
Harper Polling
June 10-11, 2013
AVERAGES 51.22% 39.78% 8.44% +/-3.74 752.33
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

The OnMessage poll from May 5-7, 2013 was commissioned jointly by the Gomez campaign and National Republican Senatorial Committee.[22]

Democratic primary

Democratic primary candidates: Markey v. Lynch
Poll Ed Markey Stephen LynchUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Released by Stephen Lynch campaign
April 24, 2013
Western New England Univ
April 11-18, 2013
Public Policy Polling
March 26-27,2013
Mass Inc./WBUR
March 19-21,2013
UMass Lowell/Boston Herald
March 2-March 5, 2013
MassINC Polling Group
February 11-13
Public Policy Polling
January 29-30
AVERAGES 43.79% 25.77% 26.93% +/-4.14 637.43
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

The UMASS Lowell/Boston Herald poll also indicated that, if the June 25 general election were held on that date, March 6th, Ed Markey would defeat state Representative Daniel Winslow by 23 percentage points, former Navy SEAL Gabriel Gomez by 19.5 percentage points, and former US attorney Michael Sullivan by 17 points.[23]

MassINC Polling Group Poll

With respect to the demographics of the MassINC poll, questions regarding the Democratic primary were only asked to respondents who classified themselves as Democrat or Independent/Unenrolled. Based on the information provided in the poll, 36% of the respondents were Democrat and 53% were Independent/Unenrolled.[24]



See also: Massachusetts' 8th congressional district elections, 2014

Lynch is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Democratic nomination in the primary election. The general election took place November 4, 2014.


See also: United States Senate special election in Massachusetts, 2013

Lynch sought election to the United States Senate seat vacated by John Kerry, after his confirmation by the U.S. Senate to Secretary of State.[25]

Lynch and Ed Markey participated in six debates. Three were focused on general issues and the each of the remaining three focused on a different topic. One centered on jobs, another on domestic issues, and the final one centered on foreign affairs. The debates were held throughout the state with confirmed locations in Boston, Worcester, Springfield, Lowell, and New Bedford.[26]

The day before the Democratic U.S. Senate primary, Lynch was sidelined by illness and unable to attend most of his scheduled public events.[27]

Lynch was defeated by challenger Ed Markey in the Democratic primary on April 30, 2013.[28]


  • Massachusetts Building Trades Council
"When we get engaged in a campaign, we’re all in."[29]


See also: Redistricting in Massachusetts and United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts, 2012

Lynch ran for re-election in 2012. He was redistricted and sought re-election in the 8th congressional district of Massachusetts.[30] He faced no opposition in the Democratic primary.

U.S. House, Massachusetts District 8 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngStephen Lynch Incumbent 71% 263,999
     Republican Joe Selvaggi 22.1% 82,242
     N/A All Others 0.2% 570
     N/A Blank Votes 6.7% 24,883
Total Votes 371,694
Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State "Return of Votes"

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Lynch is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Lynch raised a total of $7,534,709 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[37]

Stephen Lynch's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 8) Won $729,836
2010 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 9) Won $911,231
2008 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 9) Won $1,066,677
2006 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 9) Won $1,170,450
2004 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 9) Won $1,161,368
2002 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 9) Won $2,495,147
Grand Total Raised $7,534,709


Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Lynch’s reports.[38]

Stephen Lynch (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[39]April 15, 2013$760,206.10$72,781.12$(796,668.20)$36,319.02
July Quarterly[40]July 15, 2013$36,319.02$140,475.48$(30,912.51)$145,881.99
Running totals


U.S. Senate Special Election

U.S. Rep. Edward Markey has raised about $4.8 million since jumping into the special election race.[41] Markey's Democratic rival, fellow U.S. Rep. Lynch reported raising approximately $1.5 million since entering the race in late January, adding to the $745,000 left over from his last House race.[41]

After beginning with more than $3 million in his congressional campaign account at the start of the campaign, Markey had a total of $7.8 million on hand in early April. After spending about $3.2 million, his account was left with about $4.6 million as of April 10, 2013.[41] According to reports, more than 53 percent of the money raised by Markey came from outside of the state, with only approximately 47 percent coming from Massachusetts donors. According to Markey's campaign, approximately 83 percent of the more than 18,000 individuals who contributed to his campaign gave $100 or less.[41]

Lynch reported spending more than $1.7 million through April 10 and had more than $514,000 left in his account for the final stretch.[41] According to his campaign, about 93 percent of the approximately 3,300 individual donors live in Massachusetts and approximately 45 percent of those who donated to his campaign gave $100 or less.[41]


Breakdown of the source of Lynch's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Lynch won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Lynch's campaign committee raised a total of $729,836 and spent $642,217.[42]

Cost per vote

Lynch spent $2.43 per vote received in 2012.


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Lynch is a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of June 25, 2013.[43]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[44]

Lynch most often votes with:

Lynch least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Lynch missed 313 of 8,262 roll call votes from Oct 2001 to Mar 2013, which is 3.8% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[45]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Lynch paid his congressional staff a total of $1,053,822 in 2011. He ranked 87th on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 112th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Massachusetts ranked 2nd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[46]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Lynch's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $12,018 and $1,333,998. This averages to $673,008, which is a 7.94% increase since 2010. This is lower than the $5,107,874 average net worth for Democratic representatives in 2011.[47]


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Lynch's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $6,009 and $1,240,998. That averages to $623,503.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2010 of $4,465,875.[48]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.


According to the data released in 2013, Lynch was ranked the 129th most liberal representative during 2012. This was the most conservative ranking held by a representative of Massachusetts in 2012.[49]


According to the data released in 2012, Stephen Lynch was ranked the 123rd most liberal representative during 2011.[50]

Voting with party

June 2013

Stephen Lynch voted with the Democratic Party 91.7 of the time, which ranked 138th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[51]


Lynch is married to Margaret Shaughnessy. They have one daughter.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Stephen + Lynch + Massachusetts + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

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External links


  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Massachusetts"
  2. Stephen Lynch Official House Website, "About," Accessed on August 25, 2011
  3. Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, "Stephen Lynch", accessed September 25, 2013
  4., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  5. Stephen Lynch Official House Website, "Iraq," Accessed on August 25, 2011
  6. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," Accessed January 4, 2013.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Stephen Lynch for Congress "Issues" August 16, 2012
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  11. 11.0 11.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Stephen Lynch's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 25, 2013
  13. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  14. Vote Smart, "Lynch on Farm Bill 2013", accessed September 25, 2013
  15. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps", accessed September 17, 2013
  16. Vote Smart, "Letter to Ranking Member Collin Peterson, House Committee on Agriculture - Reject Rep. King's Provision on Farm Bill", accessed September 23, 2013
  17., "King Farm Bill Amendment Angers Animal Advocates", accessed September 18, 2013
  18. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Stephen Lynch's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 25, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Stephen Lynch's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Health Care," accessed September 25, 2013
  21. Project Vote Smart, "Lynch on abortion" accessed September 25, 2013
  22. National Journal "In Massachusetts, Gomez Internal Poll Shows Close Race" accessed May 14, 2013
  23. Boston Herald "Markey leads Lynch by wide margin in new poll" accessed March 7, 2013
  24. MassINC Polling Group, "WBUR Massachusetts Senate Special Election Poll," Accessed February 18, 2013
  25. ABC News, "Rep. Stephen Lynch Runs for Massachusetts Senate Seat; Scott Brown’s Decision Still Unknown," Accessed January 31, 2013
  26. Boston Herald, "Markey, Lynch agree to 6 debates," Accessed February 25, 2013
  27. The Washington Post, "Lynch cancels most campaign events, citing illness," Accessed April 29, 2013
  28. WCVB, "2013 U.S. Senate Special Election Results," Accessed April 30, 2013
  29., "Massachusetts Building Trades Council endorses Democratic Senate candidate Stephen Lynch," February 21, 2013
  30. Boston Herald, "Redistricting throws U.S. Reps. Keating, Lynch into likely faceoff," Accessed January 22, 2012
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. Our Campaigns, "MA District 9 - Special Election," accessed May 27, 2013
  37. Open Secrets, "Stephen F. Lynch," Accessed May 16, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission "Stephen Lynch Summary Report," Accessed July 26, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission "Stephen Lynch April Quarterly," Accessed July 26, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission "Stephen Lynch July Quarterly," Accessed July 26, 2013
  41. 41.0 41.1 41.2 41.3 41.4 41.5 Seattle PI "Democratic Rep. Markey raises $4.8M for Senate bid" Accessed April 22, 21013
  42. Open Secrets, " 2012 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed February 15, 2013
  43. GovTrack, "Lynch," Accessed June 25, 2013
  44. OpenCongress, "Stephen Lynch," Accessed August 5, 2013
  45. GovTrack, "Stephen Lynch," Accessed April 2013
  46. LegiStorm, "Stephen Lynch"
  47., "Lynch, (D-Mass), 2011"
  48., "Lynch, (D-Mass), 2010"
  49. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  50. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  51. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Michael Capuano
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts District 8
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Joe Moakley
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts District 9
Succeeded by
William Keating (D)