|U.S. Senate, Maine|
|January 3, 1997-Present|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||18|
|Predecessor||William S. Cohen (R)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 4, 2008|
|First elected||November 5, 1996|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|High school||Caribou High School|
|Bachelor's||St. Lawrence University|
|Date of birth||December 7, 1952|
|Place of birth||Caribou, ME|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Issues
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 4.2 National security
- 4.3 Economy
- 4.4 Immigration
- 4.5 Social Issues
- 4.6 Background checks on gun sales
- 4.7 Previous congressional sessions
- 4.8 DHS speculation
- 5 Elections
- 6 Campaign donors
- 7 Personal Gain Index
- 8 Analysis
- 9 Personal
- 10 Recent news
- 11 See also
- 12 External links
- 13 References
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Collins is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, she may break with the Republican Party line more than her fellow members.
Collins was born in 1952 in Caribou, Maine, where she also attended high school. She earned her B.A. from St. Lawrence University in 1975. Before seeking office herself, Collins had worked on the staff of now-former Senator William S. Cohen.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Collins' professional and political career:
- Staff Director of the Senate Governmental Affairs Subcommittee on the Oversight of Government Management, 1981-1987
- Commissioner of the Maine Department of Professional and Financial Regulation, 1987-1992
- New England Regional Director, United States Small Business Administration, 1992
- Deputy State Treasurer of the State of Massachusetts, 1993
- U.S. Senate, 1997-Present
- Appropriations Committee
- Subcommittee on Transportation and Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
- Subcommittee on Department of Defense
- Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
- Select Committee on Intelligence
- Special Committee on Aging, Ranking Member
Collins served on the following Senate committees:
- Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee Ranking Member
- Appropriations Committee
- Armed Services Committee
- Special Committee on Aging
The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session. The Senate confirmed 13,949 out of 18,323 executive nominations received (76.1 percent). For more information pertaining to Collins's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
John Brennan CIA nomination
Collins voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.
On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill. It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states. Collins voted with 22 other Republican senators against the bill.
On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Collins voted with the 17 Republican and the 55 Democratic members in favor of the bill.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Collins voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.
Paul Ryan Budget Proposal
In March 2013 the U.S. Senate soundly rejected a balanced budget plan by House Budget Committee chair Paul Ryan (R). Five Republicans joined every Democrat present to kill the measure, which failed on a 40-59 vote.
The proposed budget would have cut about $5 trillion over the next decade and aimed to balance the budget by the end of the 10-year period.
Some tea party members of the GOP opposed the measure because of its reliance on $600 billion-plus in tax revenues on the wealthy enacted in January 2013, in order to balance the budget. Others in the Senate opposed the Ryan plan because of cuts from safety net programs for the poor and the inclusion of a plan to turn the Medicare program for the elderly into a voucher-like system for future beneficiaries born in 1959 or later.
No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013
Collins voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.
2013 Senate Budget Proposal
Collins voted against the 2013 Senate Budget Proposal. On March 23, after an all-night debate that ended just before 5 a.m., by a 50 to 49 vote the Democratically controlled Senate approved its first budget in four years. No Republicans voted for the Senate plan, and four Democrats opposed it. All four are from red states and are up for re-election in 2014. Collins was one of the four Democrats who voted against the budget proposal.
The approved plan is a $3.7 trillion budget for 2014 and would provide a fast track for passage of tax increases, trim spending modestly and leave the government still deeply in the red for the next decade.
The approval of a budget in the Senate began the process of setting up contentious, and potentially fruitless, negotiations with the Republican-controlled House starting in April to reconcile two vastly different plans for dealing with the nation’s economic and budgetary problems.
The House plan would have brought the government’s taxes and spending into balance by 2023 with cuts to domestic spending even below the levels of automatic across-the-board cuts for federal programs now, and it orders up dramatic and controversial changes to Medicare and the tax code.
The Senate plan differed greatly, and included $100 billion in upfront infrastructure spending to bolster the economy and calls for special fast-track rules to overhaul the tax code and raise $975 billion over 10 years in legislation that could not be filibustered. Even with that tax increase and prescribed spending cuts, the plan approved by the Senate would leave the government with a $566 billion annual deficit in 10 years, and $5.2 trillion in additional debt over that window.
Collins voted for Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.
Violence Against Women (2013)
Collins voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.
Background checks on gun sales
On April 17, 2013, the U.S. Senate took a vote on and defeated a measure that would have expanded federal background checks for firearms purchases. The vote was 54-46, with supporters falling six votes short of the required 60-vote threshold. Collins was one of the 4 Republican Senators who voted in favor of the measure.
Previous congressional sessions
Collins voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.
Upon Janet Napolitano's retirement from head of the Department of Homeland Security, there was speculation that Collins may have been tapped for the position. On July 16, 2013, she told reporters, "The White House has not contacted me, I do not expect to be contacted by the White House and I am very happy being senator from Maine and I’m fully committed to seeking re-election."
Collins has been endorsed by the following:
|U.S. Senate, Maine General Election, 2008|
|Republican||Susan Collins incumbent||61.3%||444,300|
|Democratic||Thomas H. Allen||38.6%||279,510|
Comprehensive donor information for Collins is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Collins raised a total of $12,306,142 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 19, 2013.
|Susan Collins's Campaign Contribution History|
|2008||U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 15)||$8,039,750|
|2002||U.S. Senate, Maine||$4,266,392|
|Grand Total Raised||$12,306,142|
|Susan Collins (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2013||$921,220.26||$374,028.55||$(63,543.74)||$1,231,705.07|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$1,231,705.07||$1,043,327.00||$(188,503.22)||$2,086,528.85|
|October Quarterly||October 13, 2013||$2,086,528.85||$805,793.81||$(125,679.77)||$2,766,642.89|
|Year-end||January 31, 2014||$2,766,642||$314,920||$(81,317)||$3,000,245|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2014||$3,882,472||$451,815||$(303,107)||$4,032,710|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2014||$4,032,710||$735,130||$(1,758,210)||$3,009,630|
Collins won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Collins' campaign committee raised a total of $8,039,750 and spent $7,996,626.
|U.S. Senate, Maine, 2008 - Susan Collins Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$5,998,773|
|Total Spent by General Election Opponent||$6,462,451|
|Top contributors to Susan Collins's campaign committee|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$378,233|
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index
The aim of the Personal Gain Index (PGI) is to shine a light on how members of the U.S. Congress may benefit from their tenure as public servants. Researchers at the Government Accountability Institute will look at four different metrics pointing to aspects of self-enrichment.
The PGI will consist of the following metrics:
- Net worth
- How much did a member's net worth increase or decrease over a specified period?
- The K-Street metric (coming soon)
- What percentage of a member's staff were previously lobbyists?
- Donation concentration (coming soon)
- What industries are contributing the most to each member?
- Stock trading (coming soon)
- What stocks are each member holding in their portfolio?
PGI: Net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Collins's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,181,156 and $4,567,000. That averages to $2,874,078, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Collins ranked as the 48th most wealthy senator in 2012. Between 2004 and 2012, Collins' net worth increased by 1,103.4 percent. Between 2004 and 2012, the average increase in the net worth of a congressman was 72.6 percent.
|Susan Collins Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2004 to 2012:||1,103%|
|Average annual growth:||138%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Collins most often votes with:
Collins least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Collins missed 0 of 5,172 roll call votes from January 1997 to April 2013, which is 0.0% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 1.7% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Collins paid her congressional staff a total of $2,549,604 in 2011. She ranked 16th on the list of the highest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranked 50th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Maine ranked 41st in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.
Collins ranked 47th in the conservative rankings in 2012.
Collins ranked 47th in the conservative rankings in 2011.
Voting with party
Collins voted with the Republican Party 61.5% of the time, which ranked 46 among the 46 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.
Collins lives in Bangor, Maine. In August 2012 she married Thomas Daffron, chief operating officer of Jefferson Consulting Group, a lobbying and consulting firm in Washington, and a former chief of staff to Senators William Cohen, Fred Thompson and Lisa Murkowski. This was her first marriage, his second.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Susan + Collins + Maine + Senate
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- USA Today, "Moderate GOP Sen. Collins intends to run again," accessed July 2013
- Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Susan Collins," accessed October 25, 2011
- Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
- United States Senate, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
- Official Senate Website, "Committee Assignments," accessed October 25, 2011
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "Susan Collins Key Votes," accessed October 17, 2013
- Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
- New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
- CBS News, "Senate Rejects Paul Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
- Washington Post, "10 House Republicans Vote Against Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
- NPR "Senate Rejects Expanded Background Checks For Gun Sales" accessed April 19, 2013
- Fox News "Background check plan defeated in Senate, Obama rips gun bill opponents" accessed April 19, 2013
- NPR "Historically Speaking, No Surprise In Senate Gun Control Vote" accessed April 19, 2013
- U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
- Washington Post, "Susan Collins: No thanks on DHS secretary," accessed July 16, 2013
- USA Today, "Moderate GOP Sen. Collins intends to run again," accessed October 24, 2013
- Roll Call, "Angus King Rolls Out Bipartisan Senate Endorsements," accessed May 19, 2014
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Charles Rangel," accessed April 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Susan Collins 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 19, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Susan Collins April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Susan Collins July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 29, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 19, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 15, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
- Open Secrets, "Susan Collins 2008 Election Cycle," accessed October 25, 2011
- OpenSecrets, "Susan Collins (R-ME), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- GovTrack, "Susan Collins," accessed June 27, 2013
- OpenCongress, "Susan Collins," accessed August 9, 2013
- GovTrack, "Chris Collins," accessed April 2013
- LegiStorm, "Susan Collins" accessed 2012
- National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
- National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
- Official Senate Page, "Biography," accessed October 25, 2011
- Susan Collins and Thomas Daffron, The New York Times, accessed August 12, 2012]
|U.S. Senate - Maine
| Succeeded by|
State of Maine
|State executive officers||
Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Commissioner of Education | Superintendent of Insurance | Commissioner of Agriculture | Commissioner of Conservation | Commissioner of Labor | Chairman of Public Utilities |