Tammy Duckworth

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Tammy Duckworth
Tammy Duckworth, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Current candidacy
Running for U.S. Senate, Illinois
General electionNovember 8, 2016
Current office
U.S. House, Illinois, District 8
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 2
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorJoe Walsh (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$27.20 in 2014
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$8,550,815
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of Hawaii
Master'sGeorge Washington University
Military service
Service/branchIllinois Army National Guard
Years of service1992-Present
Personal
Date of birthMarch 12, 1968
Place of birthBangkok, Thailand
ProfessionAdministrative
Net worth(2012) $570,526.50
ReligionDeist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Tammy Duckworth campaign logo
Tammy Duckworth (b. March 12, 1968, in Bangkok, Thailand) is a Democratic U.S. House member, representing the 8th Congressional District of Illinois. She was first elected to the U.S. House in 2012.[1]

She ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She defeated challenger Lawrence Kaifesh (R) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[2] She ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on March 18, 2014.[3]

She was a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's "Frontline" program.[4][5]

Duckworth is running for election to Illinois' U.S. Senate seat in 2016.[6]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Duckworth is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Duckworth is a graduate of the University of Hawaii and received an M.A. in international affairs from George Washington University.[1]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Duckworth's academic, professional and political career:[7]

  • 2013-Present: U.S Representative from Illinois' 8th Congressional District
  • 2009-2011: Assistant secretary, U.S. Veterans Affairs Department
  • 2006-2009: Director, Illinois Veterans Affairs Department
  • 2003-2004: Manager, Rotary International
  • 1992-Present: Army National Guard

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Duckworth serves on the following committees:[8]

2013-2014

Duckworth served on the following committees:[9][10]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png
The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[11] For more information pertaining to Duckworth's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[12]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Duckworth voted in favor of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[13]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Duckworth voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[13]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Duckworth voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[14] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[13]

NDAA

Yea3.png Duckworth voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[13]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[15] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[16][17] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[17] Duckworth voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[18][19] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[19] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[20] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and the protection of the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Duckworth joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[18][19]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[21] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[22] Duckworth voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[23]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[24] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Duckworth voted for HR 2775.[25]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Duckworth voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[13]

Healthcare

Health Care Reform Rules

Nay3.png Duckworth voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[13]

Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act

Nay3.png Duckworth voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[13]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Nay3.png Duckworth voted against House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[13]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Tammy Duckworth's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Duckworth is a Hard-Core Liberal. Duckworth received a score of 75 percent on social issues and 14 percent on economic issues.[26]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[27]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Unknown
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Favors Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Favors Stay out of Iran Strongly Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: April 19, 2015.[26] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

Immigration

Immigration reform bill

On her website in August 2013, Duckworth posted an appeal to voters to add their names to a petition to urge House action on immigration reform.[28][29]

Endorsements

Hawaii's 1st Congressional District

See also: Hawaii's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014

Duckworth campaigned in November 2013 for state Representative Mark Takai in his bid for the 1st District seat.[30]

“I’m standing with Mark Takai today because he offers two things this Congress is lacking – courage and the ability to get things done,” Duckworth said. “Mark has served with me in uniform in the Middle East, and in his two decades in the Hawaii State House he’s stood up for our fellow vets, authored the state’s College Savings Program and led initiatives to protect retirement security and to create a new clean energy economy."[30]

Takai said he was “proud and honored” to be endorsed by Duckworth, “a true American hero.”[30]

“I can’t wait to stand side-by-side with Tammy Duckworth in Congress to protect our fellow vets, and work together on the things we both care passionately about like making college more affordable, creating new clean energy jobs and ensuring our seniors are not asked to pay more because the wealthiest Americans are not paying their fair share,” Takai said.[30]

Campaign themes

2012

According to Duckworth's website, her campaign themes included:

  • Economy: "Small businesses are critical to the success of our economy. Without the ingenuity and determination that small businesses exhibit everyday in the 8th District, our economy could not thrive."
  • Education: "Education is a valuable resource that we need to invest in now to bolster our economic future. We need to invest in our public schools to make them better and more competitive."
  • Energy: "We need to think creatively about how to build an economy that is less dependent on foreign oil and instead champions American clean energy innovations. We need to build the foundation for a clean energy economy."[31]

Elections

2016

See also: United States Senate election in Illinois, 2016

Duckworth is running in the 2016 election for the U.S. Senate, to represent Illinois.[6]

2014

See also: Illinois' 8th Congressional District elections, 2014

Duckworth ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on March 18, 2014.[3] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Illinois District 8 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngTammy Duckworth Incumbent 55.7% 84,178
     Republican Lawrence Kaifesh 44.3% 66,878
Total Votes 151,056
Source: Illinois Secretary of State Official Results

2012

See also: Illinois' 8th Congressional District elections, 2012

Duckworth defeated incumbent Joe Walsh.[32] Duckworth ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Illinois' 8th District. Duckworth sought the nomination on the Democratic ticket.[33] The signature filing deadline was December 27, 2011, with the primary taking place on March 20, 2012. Incumbent Joe Walsh sought re-election on the Republican ticket.

U.S. House, Illinois District 8 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngTammy Duckworth 54.7% 123,206
     Republican Joe Walsh Incumbent 45.3% 101,860
     Independent Robert Gregory Canfield 0% 0
Total Votes 225,066
Source: Illinois Board of Elections "2012 General Election Official Vote Totals"
U.S. House, Illinois District 8 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTammy Duckworth 66.6% 16,991
Raja Krishnamoorthi 33.4% 8,519
Total Votes 25,510

Duckworth defeated Raja Krishnamoorthi in the Democratic primary on March 20, 2012.[34] Incumbent Joe Walsh ran unopposed in the Republican primary. Duckworth defeated Walsh in the general election on November 6, 2012.

Duckworth secured the backing of most of Illinois' influential political figures in the Democratic primary against Raja Krishnamoorthi.[35]

Duckworth had endorsements from Dick Durbin, Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel, and Obama advisor David Axelrod.[35] Krishnamoorthi was supported by Danny K. Davis and Cook County Board Chair Toni Preckwinkle.[35]

Polls

2012

8th Congressional District Race
Poll Tammy Duckworth Joe WalshUndecidedSample Size
"Illinois 8th Congressional District Poll" October 25-26
54%40%5%500
"2012 District 8 Poll" September 18-20
52%38%10%508
AVERAGES 53% 39% 7.5% 504
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Duckworth attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Duckworth is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Duckworth raised a total of $8,550,815 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 15, 2015.[36]

Tammy Duckworth's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (Illinois, District 8) Won $3,241,320
2012 U.S. House (Illinois, District 8) Won $5,309,495
Grand Total Raised $8,550,815


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Duckworth won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Duckworth's campaign committee raised a total of $3,241,320 and spent $2,289,837.[37] This is more than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[38]

Cost per vote

Duckworth spent $27.20 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, Illinois District 8, 2014 - Tammy Duckworth Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $3,241,320
Total Spent $2,289,837
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $332,032
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $331,672
Top contributors to Tammy Duckworth's campaign committee
JStreetPAC$22,000
Express Scripts$20,257
Willis Group Holdings$17,250
Oshkosh Corp$17,210
American Orthotic & Prosthetic Assn$15,987
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$162,567
Women's Issues$109,125
Health Professionals$104,950
Retired$94,843
Insurance$78,006

Below are Duckworth's FEC reports.[39]

Duckworth was a top freshman fundraiser in the 113th congress as a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's "Frontline" program.[48][49]

2012

Duckworth won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Duckworth's campaign committee raised a total of $5,309,495 and spent $5,208,691.[50] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[51]

Cost per vote

Duckworth spent $42.28 per vote received in 2012.


According to a report on July 12, 2012, Duckworth raised $886,000 in the second quarter.[52]

Duckworth raised over $1.5 million in the third quarter.[53] On October 15, 2012, quarterly reports were submitted by campaigns to the Federal Election Commission. The political blog Daily Kos did an analysis of the fundraising figures and found Democratic challenger Tammy Duckworth outraised Republican incumbent Joe Walsh in the third quarter. Duckworth raised $1,508,000 and had $763,000 cash-on-hand to Walsh's $254,000 in fundraising and $592,000 cash-on-hand.[54]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Duckworth's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $125,054 and $1,015,999. That averages to $570,526.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Duckworth ranked as the 256th most wealthy representative in 2012.[55] Between 2011 and 2012, Duckworth's calculated net worth[56] increased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[57]

Tammy Duckworth Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2011$559,372
2012$570,526
Growth from 2011 to 2012:2%
Average annual growth:2%[58]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[59]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Duckworth received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.

From 2005-2014, 25.1 percent of Duckworth's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[60]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Tammy Duckworth Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $11,841,271
Total Spent $10,476,084
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$905,352
Women's Issues$897,852
Retired$484,222
Leadership PACs$375,250
Democratic/Liberal$309,560
% total in top industry7.65%
% total in top two industries15.23%
% total in top five industries25.1%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Duckworth was a "centrist Democrat," as of July 29, 2014. This was the same rating Duckworth received in June 2013.[61]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[62]

Duckworth most often votes with:

Duckworth least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.

2013

Duckworth ranked 157th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[63]

2012

Information on 2012 vote rating is unavailable.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Duckworth missed 29 of 1,097 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.6 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[64]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Duckworth voted with the Democratic Party 89.7 percent of the time, which ranked 162nd among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[65]

2013

Duckworth voted with the Democratic Party 92.8 percent of the time, which ranked 149th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[66]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Tammy + Duckworth + Illinois + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Tammy Duckworth News Feed

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See also

External links

BP-Initials-UPDATED.png
Suggest a link
Track-at-political-tracker-com.png


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Tammy Duckworth for Congress, "About Tammy," accessed January 14, 2012
  2. Politico, "Senate Election Results," accessed November 12, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Associated Press, "Primary Election 2014," accessed March 18, 2014
  4. Boston Globe, "For freshman in Congress, focus is on raising money," accessed May 13, 2013
  5. Boston Globe, "For freshman in Congress, focus is on raising money," accessed May 13, 2013
  6. 6.0 6.1 Chicago Tribune, "Duckworth to challenge Kirk for U.S. Senate," March 30, 2015
  7. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "DUCKWORTH, Tammy, (1968 - )," accessed February 10, 2015
  8. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 18, 2015
  9. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  10. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  12. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7 Project Vote Smart, "Tammy Duckworth Key Votes," accessed October 10, 2013
  14. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  15. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  20. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  21. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  23. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  25. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 On The Issues, "Tammy Duckworth Vote Match," accessed April 19, 2015
  27. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  28. Tammy Duckworth, "Tell House Republicans to pass comprehensive immigration reform," accessed August 28, 2013
  29. Daily Kos, "IL-08: Tammy Duckworth (D) Puts The Pressure On House Republicans To Pass Immigration Reform," accessed August 28, 2013
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 Watchdog.org, "Illinois congresswoman backs fellow Iraq vet in competitive Hawaii congressional race," accessed November 27, 2013
  31. Tammy Duckworth for Congress, "Issues," accessed September 27, 2012
  32. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Illinois," accessed 2012
  33. Chicago Tribune, "Duckworth to file for congressional race," accessed December 5, 2011
  34. ABC News 7, "Election Results Primary 2012," accessed March 20, 2012 (dead link)
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 The Hill, "Illinois House races heating up," accessed March 12, 2012
  36. Open Secrets, "Tammy Duckworth," accessed April 15, 2015
  37. Open Secrets, "Tammy Duckworth 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 6, 2015
  38. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 6, 2015
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Tammy Duckworth 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 24, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 11, 2014
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Pre-Primary," accessed April 23, 2014
  45. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  46. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 14, 2014
  47. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  48. Boston Globe, "For freshman in Congress, focus is on raising money," accessed May 13, 2013
  49. Boston Globe, "For freshman in Congress, focus is on raising money," accessed May 13, 2013
  50. Open Secrets, "Tammy Duckworth 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 22, 2013
  51. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  52. Tammy Duckworth, "Duckworth Breaks One Million Raised For General Election," accessed July 17, 2012
  53. Tammy Duckworth campaign website, "News," accessed 2012
  54. Daily Kos, "Third quarter House fundraising: who's got the cash?," accessed October 18, 2012
  55. OpenSecrets, "Duckworth (D-IL), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  56. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  57. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  58. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  59. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  60. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Tammy Duckworth," accessed September 24, 2014
  61. GovTrack, "Tammy Duckworth," accessed July 29, 2014
  62. OpenCongress, "Rep. Tammy Duckworth," accessed July 29, 2014
  63. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 29, 2014
  64. GovTrack, "Tammy Duckworth," accessed July 29, 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  66. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Joe Walsh (R)
U.S. House of Representatives - Illinois, District 8
2013-Present
Succeeded by
NA