Difference between revisions of "Ted Cruz"

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|Cost per vote 2012 = $3.16
 
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|Next election = November 2018
 
|Next election = November 2018
 
|Campaign $ = 14,511,279
 
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|Prior office =  
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|Prior office = Solicitor General of Texas
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|Prior office years = 2003-2008
 
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|Place of birth = Calgary, Alberta
 
|Place of birth = Calgary, Alberta
 
|Profession =  
 
|Profession =  
|Net worth = $1,661,021
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|Net worth = $3,094,523
 
|Religion = Southern Baptist
 
|Religion = Southern Baptist
 
|Office website = http://cruz.senate.gov/
 
|Office website = http://cruz.senate.gov/
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|Campaign logo =Ted Cruz logo.jpg
 
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{{tnr}}'''Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz''' (b. December 22, 1970, in Calgary, Alberta) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[U.S. Senate elections, 2012|U.S. Senate]] from [[Texas]].<ref name="cnnr">[http://www.cnn.com/election/2012/results/state/TX/senate ''CNN'' "Texas Senate Race - 2012 Election Center"]</ref>  He was first elected in 2012. He defeated [[David Dewhurst]] in the primary runoff on July 31, 2012, and went on to win in the general election on November 6, 2012.
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{{tnr}}'''Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz''' (b. December 22, 1970, in Calgary, Alberta) is the [[Republican]] junior [[U.S. Senate|U.S. Senator]] from [[Texas]].<ref name="cnnr">[http://www.cnn.com/election/2012/results/state/TX/senate ''CNN'' "Texas Senate Race - 2012 Election Center"]</ref>  He was first elected in 2012. He defeated [[David Dewhurst]] in the primary runoff on July 31, 2012, in what was described by ''The Washington Post'' as the biggest upset of 2012.<ref name=upset/> Cruz went on to win in the general election on November 6, 2012, defeating [[Paul Sadler]] (D), [[John Jay Myers]] (L) and [[David Collins]] (G).
  
According to various reports, Cruz is considering a presidential run in 2016.  However there is a question as to whether Cruz is actually eligible to become president, due to the fact that he was born in Canada.  The debate hinges on how the phrase from the [[United States Constitution|Constitution]] "No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President." is interpreted.<ref name=pres>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/05/ted-cruz-white-house-run-report-90823.html?utm_source=feedly ''Politico,'' "Report: Ted Cruz weighing W.H. run," May 1, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.newrepublic.com/article/113135/ted-cruz-2016-hes-his-own-worst-birther# ''New Republic,'' "Meet the Most Important Ted Cruz Birther: Ted Cruz Ted Cruz is eligible to be president under almost any reading of the Constitution—except his own," May 6, 2013]</ref> Cruz released his birth certificate in August of 2013, but there may still be questions as to whether he is a "natural born Citizen."<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/wp/2013/08/19/no-ted-cruz-birthers-are-not-the-same-as-obama-birthers/?wprss=rss_politics&clsrd ''The Washington Post,'' "No, Ted Cruz ‘birthers’ are not the same as Obama birthers," August 19, 2013]</ref>
+
Cruz is considering a presidential run in 2016, but he has not yet issued any official statements as to whether he will run or not.
  
Although Cruz is considered a more moderate right of center Republican party vote, according to an [[Ted Cruz#Analysis|analysis of multiple outside rankings]], it is due to a tendency to vote against Republican-sponsored bills that are not conservative or libertarian enough.  As a result. he may break with party lines on a vote and vote in the same way as many Democrats do, but for a very different reason.
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Cruz is one of three Latino members of the U.S. Senate.
 +
 
 +
Cruz identifies with the [[Tea Party]]. Although Cruz is considered a more moderate right of center Republican party vote, according to an [[Ted Cruz#Analysis|analysis of multiple outside rankings]], it is due to a tendency to vote against Republican-sponsored bills that are not conservative or libertarian enough.  As a result. he may break with party lines on a vote and vote in the same way as many Democrats do, but for a very different reason.<ref>[http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/politics/2012/07/18/ted-cruz-puts-dewhurst-on-defensive-in-final-debate-before-texas-primary-runoff/ ''Fox News Latino,'' "Ted Cruz Puts Dewhurst on Defensive in Last Debate Before Texas Runoff," July 18, 2012]</ref>
  
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
Ted Cruz earned his BA in Public Policy from Princeton University in 1992.  He went on to receive his J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1995.  Cruz has worked in a number of positions in the law field and is currently partner of Morgan, Lewis & Bockius Limited Liability Partnership.<ref name=PVS>[http://votesmart.org/candidate/biography/135705/ted-cruz Project Vote Smart biography]</ref>
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Cruz was born in Calgary, Alberta, where his parents were working in the Alberta oil fields. In 1974 they returned to the Houston area.<ref>[http://www.chron.com/news/politics/article/Cruz-s-life-defies-simplification-3946523.php ''Chron,'' "Cruz's life defies simplification," October 15, 2012]</ref>
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Ted Cruz graduated from Second Baptist High School as valedictorian in 1988. He earned his B.A. in Public Policy from Princeton University in 1992.  He went on to receive his J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1995.  Cruz then worked in the following positions in the law field: Law clerk to Chief Justice of the United States William Rehnquist, associate deputy attorney general for the U.S. Department of Justice, and director of the Office of Policy Planning for the Federal Trade Commission. He is currently partner of Morgan, Lewis & Bockius Limited Liability Partnership.<ref name=PVS>[http://votesmart.org/candidate/biography/135705/ted-cruz ''Project Vote Smart'', "Biography," accessed June 2, 2014]</ref>
  
 
Cruz served as Solicitor General of Texas from 2003-2008. In this role he was the youngest Solicitor General in the nation, as well as the longest-serving and first Hispanic Solicitor General in the state. Among his accomplishments, Cruz argued 40 oral arguments, including nine before the [[Judgepedia: United States Supreme Court|U.S. Supreme Court]].<ref>[http://www.tedcruz.org/bio/ ''Ted Cruz,'' "Bio," accessed November 1, 2012]</ref>
 
Cruz served as Solicitor General of Texas from 2003-2008. In this role he was the youngest Solicitor General in the nation, as well as the longest-serving and first Hispanic Solicitor General in the state. Among his accomplishments, Cruz argued 40 oral arguments, including nine before the [[Judgepedia: United States Supreme Court|U.S. Supreme Court]].<ref>[http://www.tedcruz.org/bio/ ''Ted Cruz,'' "Bio," accessed November 1, 2012]</ref>
  
In August 2012, he was included in a list of 20 Latino political rising stars compiled by the ''San Francisco Chronicle''.<ref>[http://blog.sfgate.com/nov05election/2012/08/25/20-latino-political-rising-stars-of-2012-with-photo-gallery/ ''San Francisco Chronicle'' "20 Latino political rising stars of 2012 (with PHOTO GALLERY)," August 25, 2012]</ref>
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In August 2012, he was included in a list of 20 Latino political rising stars compiled by the ''San Francisco Chronicle''.<ref>[http://blog.sfgate.com/nov05election/2012/08/25/20-latino-political-rising-stars-of-2012-with-photo-gallery/ ''San Francisco Chronicle'', "20 Latino political rising stars of 2012 (with PHOTO GALLERY)," August 25, 2012]</ref>
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Cruz won election to the U.S. Senate on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/Senate/2012/ ''Politico'', "2012 Election Map, Texas," November 6, 2012]</ref>
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 +
==Career==
 +
Below is an abbreviated outline of Cruz's academic, professional and political career:<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C001098 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'', "Rafael Edward (Ted) Cruz," accessed February 25, 2014]</ref>
  
Cruz won election to the U.S. Senate on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/Senate/2012/ ''Politico'' "2012 Election Map, Texas"]</ref>
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*1992: Graduated from Princeton University with B.A.
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*1995: Graduated from Harvard University with J.D.
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*1995-2003: Worked in the following positions: Law clerk to Chief Justice of the United States William Rehnquist, associate deputy attorney general for the U.S. Department of Justice and director of the Office of Policy Planning for the Federal Trade Commission.
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*2003-2008: Solicitor General of Texas
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*2013-Present: U.S. Senator from Texas
  
 
==Committee assignments==
 
==Committee assignments==
 
===U.S. Senate===
 
===U.S. Senate===
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Cruz serves on the following Senate committees<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/index.php?chamber=senate ''Congressional Quarterly'' "Senate Committee List" Accessed January 22, 2013]</ref>:
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Cruz serves on the following Senate committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/index.php?chamber=senate ''Congressional Quarterly'', "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013]</ref>
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Armed Services]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Armed Services]]
 
**Subcommittee on SeaPower
 
**Subcommittee on SeaPower
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*[[United States Senate Committee on Aging (Special)]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Aging (Special)]]
  
==Issues==
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==Key votes==
===Legislative actions===
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===113th Congress===
====113th Congress====
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[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 
{{113thVotes
 
{{113thVotes
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|Sen=9272
 
|Sen=9272
 
|SenTotal=15834
 
|SenTotal=15834
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record,'' "Resume of Congressional Activity," August 1, 2013]</ref>
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|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed August 1, 2013]</ref>
 
}}
 
}}
  
====National security====
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===National security===
=====American response in Syria=====
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====John Brennan CIA nomination====
:: ''See also: [[United States involvement in Syria]]''
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{{Nay vote}} Cruz voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/43133?s=party#.UkRU1D_TCgQ ''Project Vote Smart'', "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
 
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While speaking to a crowd at the Heritage Foundation, Cruz praised Obama's decision to seek congressional approval, while still acknowledging he would have voted "no." Cruz said, "I would have voted ‘no,’ great many others would have voted ‘no.’ But I think it reflected a wise and prudent judgement on the part of the president to postpone the vote, rather than have that authority rejected and I don’t believe that the president is going to ignore the views of the American people."<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/ted-cruz-praises-barack-obama-96665.html ''Politico'', "Pigs fly, Ted Cruz full of Obama praise," accessed September 12, 2013]</ref>
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=====John Brennan CIA nomination=====
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{{Oppose vote}} Cruz voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/43133?s=party#.UkRU1D_TCgQ ''Project Vote Smart,'' "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
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'''Drones filibuster'''
 
'''Drones filibuster'''
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===Economy===
 
===Economy===
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{{find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-TedCruz-SponsoredLegislationBySubject</htmlet>|right|width=10}}
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====Farm bill====
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{{Senate Farm Bill GOP No|Name=Cruz}}
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====2014 Budget====
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{{Senate Budget 2014 GOP No|Name=Cruz}}
  
 
====Government shutdown====
 
====Government shutdown====
::''See also:[[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 
Cruz said he will donate his paycheck to charity while the government is on shutdown.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/10/government-shutdown-congress-donate-salary-97663.html?hp=lh_b1 ''Politico,'' "Hill pols plan to donate, halt salary," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref>
 
  
=====Paul Ryan Budget Proposal=====
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:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
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{{Nay vote}} During the shutdown in October 2013, the [[United States Senate|Senate]] rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for [[Obamacare]] subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from [[Republican]] members. Cruz voted with the Republican Party against the bill.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=113&session=1&vote=00219#top ''Senate.gov,'' "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
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Cruz vowed to donate his paycheck to charity while the government was on shutdown.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/10/government-shutdown-congress-donate-salary-97663.html?hp=lh_b1 ''Politico'', "Hill pols plan to donate, halt salary," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref>
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Cruz said the shutdown did not affect his family's visit to the D.C. area.  He took his family apple picking and to Mount Vernon.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/10/ted-cruz-shutdown-hit-family-trip-98063.html?hp=r1 ''Politico'', "Ted Cruz: Shutdown hit family trip," accessed October 9, 2013]</ref>
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After the government shutdown ended with Republicans failing to receive any concessions from President [[Barack Obama]], Cruz blamed GOP senators for the loss. He said, "The reason this deal, the lousy deal was reached, is because unfortunately Senate Republicans made the choice not to support House Republicans." He later added, "I think that was unfortunate. I think it was unfortunate that you saw multiple members of the Senate Republicans going on television attacking House conservatives, attacking the effort to defund Obamacare, saying it can not win, it's a fools errand, we will lose, this must fail. That is a recipe for losing the fight, and it's a shame."<ref>[http://www.politico.com/blogs/politico-live/2013/10/cruz-slams-fellow-gop-senators-175492.html ''Politico'', "Cruz slams fellow GOP senators," October 20, 2013]</ref>
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 +
====Paul Ryan Budget Proposal====
 
{{Ryan Budget 2013 GOP1|Name=Cruz}}
 
{{Ryan Budget 2013 GOP1|Name=Cruz}}
  
=====No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013=====
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====No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013====
{{Oppose vote}} Cruz voted against H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspended the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42338?s=party ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
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{{Nay vote}} Cruz voted against H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42338?s=party ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
  
====Immigration====
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===Immigration===
=====Completion of fence along Mexico border=====
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====Mexico-U.S. border====
{{Support vote}} Cruz voted for Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45516#.UkRPsD_TCgQ ''Project Vote Smart,'' "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
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{{Yea vote}} Cruz voted for Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45516#.UkRPsD_TCgQ ''Project Vote Smart'', "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
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===Social issues===
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====Violence Against Women (2013)====
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{{Nay vote}} Cruz voted against S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42501#.UkRXCD_TCgQ ''Project Vote Smart'', "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
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 +
==Issues==
 +
===On The Issues Vote Match===
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[[File:s020_090.gif|right|290px|thumb|Ted Cruz's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
 +
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
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''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2012.asp?quiz=Pres2012 VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Cruz is a '''Hard-Core Conservative'''. Cruz received a score of 20 percent on social issues and 89 percent on economic issues.<ref>[http://www.OnTheIssues.org/Ted_Cruz.htm ''On The Issues'' "Vote Match Result for Ted Cruz," accessed June 17, 2014]</ref>
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{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Cruz|Date=2014|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://www.OnTheIssues.org/Ted_Cruz.htm ''On The Issues'', "Ted Cruz Vote Match," accessed June 17, 2014]</ref>
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|Abortion= Strongly Opposes
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|Hiring= Neutral
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|Marriage= Strongly Opposes
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|God= Strongly Favors
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|ObamaCare=Strongly Opposes
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|Social Security= Favors
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|School Choice= Favors
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|Animals=Opposes
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|Crime= Strongly Favors
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|Guns= Favors
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|Taxes=Strongly Opposes
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|Citizenship=Strongly Opposes
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|Free Trade= Strongly Favors
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|United Nations=Strongly Favors
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|Military=Strongly Favors
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|Campaign Funds= Opposes
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|Iran=Neutral
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|Energy=Strongly Opposes
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|Marijuana=Unknown
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|Stimulus=Strongly Opposes
 +
}}
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===Immigration crisis===
 +
On June 30, 2014, President [[Barack Obama]] announced plans to take executive action on immigration reform. Obama blamed House Republicans for failing to act on this issue and said that he will do it on his own without Congress. This comes after thousands of unaccompanied children have showed up at the U.S. border in recent months.<ref>[http://www.breitbart.com/Big-Government/2014/06/30/Obama--Ill-act-on-my-own-on-immigration ''Breitbart'', "Obama: I'll Act on My Own on Immigration," June 30, 2014]</ref>
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 +
Cruz was one of many GOP leaders in Texas who responded negatively to Obama's decision. His press secretary issued the following statement, "President Obama made many excuses today, but the blame lies at his feet. He has forfeited endless opportunities to work with Congress to pass common sense immigration reform that secures the border and champions legal immigration, while respecting the rule of law. The humanitarian crisis at the border is a direct result of his own policy failures, and his past unilateral actions on immigration display a willingness to stretch his existing legal authorities well beyond the breaking point. This humanitarian crisis will not end until both the president and Congress make it clear that rule of law matters, and those who ignore it and come here illegally will not be allowed to stay and receive de facto amnesty."<ref>[http://www.breitbart.com/Breitbart-Texas/2014/07/01/Texas-Policitians-Lambast-Obamas-Immigration-Speech ''Breitbart'', "Texas Politicians Lambast Obama's Immigration Speech," July 1, 2014]</ref>
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===National security===
 +
====ISIS insurgency in Iraq====
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:: ''See also: [[ISIS insurgency in Iraq]]''
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Sen. Ted Cruz said that President [[Barack Obama]] must seek congressional authorization if airstrikes are to continue against ISIS forces in Iraq. Cruz said, "I believe initiating new military hostilities in a sustained basis in Iraq obligates the president to go back to Congress and to make the case and to seek congressional authorization. I hope that if he intends to continue this that he does that." Cruz has been largely supportive of the bombings and humanitarian aid, however. He stated, "I am glad that President Obama is finally beginning to take the threat of ISIS seriously."<ref>[http://time.com/3096874/republicans-iraq-isis-obama-cruz-santorum-huckabee-jindal/ ''Time'', "Ted Cruz: Obama Must Seek Congressional Authorization For Iraq Strikes," August 9, 2014]</ref>
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 +
On September 7, 2014, Cruz restated the need for action against ISIS and for Obama to get congressional approval for that action. He said, "President Obama should make the case to the American people and seek authorization from Congress. Formal congressional authorization is required by the Constitution and would force the president to commit to a clearly defined strategy to protect our national security. And it would unite the Congress in the mission to protect America and eradicate ISIS."<ref>[http://www.theblaze.com/blog/2014/09/08/ted-cruz-says-its-unacceptable-for-obama-to-proceed-against-islamic-state-without-congress/ ''The Blaze'', "Ted Cruz says it’s ‘unacceptable’ for Obama to proceed against Islamic State without Congress," September 8, 2014]</ref>
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 +
====Crisis in Gaza====
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Cruz announced on July 23, 2014, that he was placing holds on all federal nominees to the [[U.S. Department of State]] because of the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) decision to stop all flights from the U.S. to Israel, calling it an "economic boycott." The [[Barack Obama|Obama]] administration replied to Cruz' suggestion, calling the claim "ridiculous and offensive," which began a war of words between the two with Cruz placing his hold on the nominees, stating, "The only thing ‘offensive’ about this situation is how the Obama Administration is spurning our allies to embolden our enemies; the only thing ‘ridiculous’ is the administration’s response to basic questions. Until the State Department answers my questions, I will hold all State Department nominees."<ref>[http://blogs.rollcall.com/wgdb/cruz-tries-to-delay-state-department-nominees-over-faa-policy-on-flights-to-israel/?dcz= ''Roll Call'', "Cruz Threatens to Delay State Department Nominees Over FAA’s Israel Flight Ban," July 23, 2014]</ref>
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Cruz lifted the hold on July 28, 2014, after he received a briefing on the reasoning behind the flight ban by FAA officials. Cruz explained, "I appreciate the FAA’s efforts to respond to my questions, and so I have lifted my hold on State Department nominees. The hold was designed to force answers to important questions about why the Obama administration had banned flights to Israel. Thankfully, in response to widespread criticism, the administration has now reversed course and lifted its ban on flights to Ben Gurion International Airport."<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2014/07/ted-cruz-state-department-nominees-faa-tel-aviv-109459.html#ixzz38rbtSAxh ''Politico'', "Cruz lifts hold on State nominees," July 28, 2014]</ref>
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 +
=====Hamas=====
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Cruz and [[Kirsten Gillibrand]] (D-NY) condemned Hamas in a resolution they presented to the [[United States Senate|Senate]] on July 28, 2014. Cruz said of Hamas, "Hamas is undoubtedly guilty of violating international humanitarian law through its deliberate, repeated, and consistent use of civilians as human shields. The United States of America, along with the entire international community must expose and denounce Hamas’ barbaric tactics and unequivocally support Israel’s right to self-defense." Reps. [[Ileana Ros-Lehtinen]] (R-FL) and [[Ted Deutch]] (D-FL) filed the resolution in the House, as well.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2014/07/hamas-israel-ted-cruz-kirsten-gillibrand-109457.html#ixzz38nsd4UbO ''Politico'', "Ted Cruz, Kirsten Gillibrand team up on Hamas," July 28, 2014]</ref>
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 +
====American response in Syria====
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:: ''See also: [[United States involvement in Syria]]''
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 +
While speaking to a crowd at the Heritage Foundation, Cruz praised Obama's decision to seek congressional approval, while still acknowledging he would have voted "no." Cruz said, "I would have voted ‘no,’ great many others would have voted ‘no.’ But I think it reflected a wise and prudent judgement on the part of the president to postpone the vote, rather than have that authority rejected and I don’t believe that the president is going to ignore the views of the American people."<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/ted-cruz-praises-barack-obama-96665.html ''Politico'', "Pigs fly, Ted Cruz full of Obama praise," accessed September 12, 2013]</ref>
  
====Healthcare====
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===Healthcare===
=====Continuing Resolution filibuster=====
+
Cruz is one of the most vocal opponents of Obamacare and has led a number of efforts aimed at defunding it.
 +
====Continuing Resolution filibuster====
 
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
  
Cruz spoke for over 21 hours on the floor of the Senate in a faux filibuster about defunding The Affordable Care Act. He relinquished control of the floor at noon on September 25, 2013. According to Senate rules, the latest he could have spoken was only an hour later at 1 p.m. According to Majority Leader [[Harry Reid]], "This is not a filibuster. This is an agreement that he and I made that he could talk."<ref name=filibuster>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/harry-reid-filibuster-government-shutdown-97263.html ''Politico,'' "Ted Cruz ends marathon speech," September 25, 2013]</ref>
+
Cruz spoke for over 21 hours on the floor of the Senate about defunding The Affordable Care Act. He relinquished control of the floor at noon on September 25, 2013. According to Senate rules, the latest he could have spoken was only an hour later at 1 p.m. According to Majority Leader [[Harry Reid]], "This is not a filibuster. This is an agreement that he and I made that he could talk."<ref name=filibuster>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/harry-reid-filibuster-government-shutdown-97263.html ''Politico'', "Ted Cruz ends marathon speech," September 25, 2013]</ref>
  
 
During the speech, Cruz was questioned by Democrats [[Tim Kaine]] of Virginia and [[Dick Durbin]] of Illinois and received the support of Utah Senator [[Mike Lee]] and Kentucky Senator [[Rand Paul]].<ref name=filibuster/>
 
During the speech, Cruz was questioned by Democrats [[Tim Kaine]] of Virginia and [[Dick Durbin]] of Illinois and received the support of Utah Senator [[Mike Lee]] and Kentucky Senator [[Rand Paul]].<ref name=filibuster/>
  
The speech took place after Cruz called for Republican senators to effectively filibuster the continuing resolution which passed the House in September 2013. He said, "Step two is the Senate, where all accounts suggest Harry Reid plans to use procedural gimmicks to try to add funding back in for Obamacare. If Reid pursues this plan — if he insists on using a 50-vote threshold to fund Obamacare with a partisan vote of only Democrats — then I hope that every Senate Republican will stand together and oppose cloture on the bill in order to keep the House bill intact and not let Harry Reid add Obamacare funding back in."<ref name=CR>[http://www3.blogs.rollcall.com/wgdb/filibuster-the-house-cr-some-conservatives-say-yes/ ''Roll Call,'' "Filibuster the House CR? Cruz, Other Conservatives Say ‘Yes’ (Updated)," September 20, 2013]</ref>
+
The speech took place after Cruz called for Republican senators to effectively filibuster the continuing resolution which passed the House in September 2013. He said, "Step two is the Senate, where all accounts suggest Harry Reid plans to use procedural gimmicks to try to add funding back in for Obamacare. If Reid pursues this plan — if he insists on using a 50-vote threshold to fund Obamacare with a partisan vote of only Democrats — then I hope that every Senate Republican will stand together and oppose cloture on the bill in order to keep the House bill intact and not let Harry Reid add Obamacare funding back in."<ref name=CR>[http://www3.blogs.rollcall.com/wgdb/filibuster-the-house-cr-some-conservatives-say-yes/ ''Roll Call'', "Filibuster the House CR? Cruz, Other Conservatives Say ‘Yes’ (Updated)," September 20, 2013]</ref>
  
 
He went on, "Now is a time for party unity; Senate Republicans should stand side-by-side with courageous House Republicans."<ref name=CR/>
 
He went on, "Now is a time for party unity; Senate Republicans should stand side-by-side with courageous House Republicans."<ref name=CR/>
  
=====Bataan death march apology=====
+
'''Bataan death march apology'''
 
{{youtube|title=lrSRKPfvF0k|size=250|caption=Cruz's apology to U.S. Filipino Veterans}}  
 
{{youtube|title=lrSRKPfvF0k|size=250|caption=Cruz's apology to U.S. Filipino Veterans}}  
  
Cruz issued an apology to Filipino veterans on September 30, 2013, for his comments during his 21-hour long floor speech referencing the Bataan death march.<ref name="bataan">[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/10/ted-cruz-apologies-for-bataan-remark-97701.html ''Politico,'' "Ted Cruz apologizes for Bataan remark," accessed October 2, 2013]</ref>
+
Cruz issued an apology to Filipino veterans on September 30, 2013, for his comments during his 21-hour long floor speech referencing the Bataan death march.<ref name="bataan">[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/10/ted-cruz-apologies-for-bataan-remark-97701.html ''Politico'', "Ted Cruz apologizes for Bataan remark," accessed October 2, 2013]</ref>
  
 
“I apologize for causing offense. I should not have said what I did,” Cruz said.<ref name="bataan"/>
 
“I apologize for causing offense. I should not have said what I did,” Cruz said.<ref name="bataan"/>
Line 159: Line 240:
 
At the end of his more than 21 hour long speech, Cruz wrapped up by acknowledging floor staff and individuals who worked during his speech, thanking “the men and women who have endured this — this Bataan death march.”<ref name="bataan"/>
 
At the end of his more than 21 hour long speech, Cruz wrapped up by acknowledging floor staff and individuals who worked during his speech, thanking “the men and women who have endured this — this Bataan death march.”<ref name="bataan"/>
  
=====Anti-Obamacare rally=====
+
====Anti-Obamacare rally====
[[United States Senate|Senators]] Cruz, [[Rand Paul]] and [[Mike Lee]], who have been leading calls in the [[United States Senate|Senate]] to defund Obamacare in any spending bills, headlined a September 10, 2013, "Exempt America from Obamacare" event, organized by Tea Party Patriots and ForAmerica, along with other conservative groups.<ref name="rally">[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/08/defund-obamacare-advocates-rally-95917.html#ixzz2dAzgiIzd ''Politico,'' "Rand Paul, Ted Cruz plan anti-Obamacare rally," accessed August 27, 2013]</ref>
+
[[United States Senate|Senators]] Cruz, [[Rand Paul]] and [[Mike Lee]], who led calls in the [[United States Senate|Senate]] to defund Obamacare in any spending bills in 2013, headlined a September 10, 2013, "Exempt America from Obamacare" event, organized by Tea Party Patriots and ForAmerica, along with other conservative groups.<ref name="rally">[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/08/defund-obamacare-advocates-rally-95917.html#ixzz2dAzgiIzd ''Politico'', "Rand Paul, Ted Cruz plan anti-Obamacare rally," accessed August 27, 2013]</ref>
  
 
“[[Democrats]] will stop at nothing to protect the president’s signature legislation, and too many [[Republicans]] are afraid to fight,” rally organizers wrote.<ref name="rally"/> They also took a shot at the Office of Personnel Management rule allowing the federal government to continue subsidizing health plans for lawmakers and their aides.<ref name="rally"/> “Even Big Government is getting a carve out now,” they wrote.<ref name="rally"/>
 
“[[Democrats]] will stop at nothing to protect the president’s signature legislation, and too many [[Republicans]] are afraid to fight,” rally organizers wrote.<ref name="rally"/> They also took a shot at the Office of Personnel Management rule allowing the federal government to continue subsidizing health plans for lawmakers and their aides.<ref name="rally"/> “Even Big Government is getting a carve out now,” they wrote.<ref name="rally"/>
  
The rally comes after 80 [[U.S. House|House]] members signed a letter in August 2013, calling on [[Congress]] to defund the health care law in upcoming fiscal battles.<ref name="rally"/>
+
The rally came after 80 [[U.S. House|House]] members signed a letter in August 2013, calling on [[Congress]] to defund the health care law in upcoming fiscal battles.<ref name="rally"/>
  
====Social Issues====
+
==Reactions to Ted Cruz==
=====Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013=====
+
[[File:Rand Paul.jpg|right|125px]]
{{Oppose vote}} Cruz voted against S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42501#.UkRXCD_TCgQ ''Project Vote Smart,'' "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
+
===Rand Paul===
 +
On March 10, 2014, Senator [[Rand Paul]] called out Cruz and other Republicans for mischaracterizing his views on foreign policy. He said of Cruz, "We always have been good friends. I’m not real excited about him mischaracterizing my views and, you know, won’t let that pass. I think that, you know, sometimes people want to stand up and say, ‘Hey, look at me. I’m the next Ronald Reagan.’ Well, almost all of us in the party are big fans of Ronald Reagan." He went on by saying that, "trashing previous Republican nominees or holding oneself out as some paragon in the mold of Reagan, that splintering the party is not the route to victory."<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2014/03/rand-paul-ted-cruz-foreign-policy-104515.html ''Politico'', "Rand Paul: Ted Cruz ‘mischaracterizing’ views," March 11, 2014]</ref>
  
===Fox News interview===
+
===2013 best year===
Before Cruz appeared on Fox News's "Hannity," Chris Wallace said that he had received opposition research and questions from fellow Republicans so that he could hammer Cruz on the show. Cruz responded to this news by saying, "I mean folks can do whatever they want to resist change, and there are a lot of people that have been in Washington a long time that are fearful of change. They’re fearful of risk, they’re fearful of anything that changes the clubby way Washington does business." He went on, "And you know, no matter what insults others choose to hurl at me and in the last few weeks they have picked quite a few, some of them have been pretty amusing actually, but no matter what they do I’m not going to respond in kind."<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/ted-cruz-chris-wallace-97249.html ''Politico,'' "Ted Cruz responds to Chris Wallace," September 24, 2013]</ref>
+
Cruz was named by ''The Hill'' as one of the members of [[Congress]] who had the best year in 2013.<ref>[http://thehill.com/homenews/house/193786-which-lawmakers-had-best-worst-years ''The Hill'', "Best, worst years in Washington," accessed January 13, 2014]</ref>
  
===Endorsements===
+
[[File:Harry Reid.jpg|right|125px]]
Cruz declined to endorse fellow Texas senator [[John Cornyn]] or any other incumbent Republican in 2014. He stated, "I think every elected official, including me, owes it to the people, owes it the grass roots, to go and make the case to the grass roots why he or she is representing their interests." It is thought that his silence could embolden conservatives seeking to challenge incumbents in 2014.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/cruz-speaks-volumes-with-his-silence-on-senate-gop-colleagues-primary-races/2013/08/24/fcb94c06-0cfb-11e3-9941-6711ed662e71_story.html?wprss=rss_politics ''The Washington Post,'' "Cruz speaks volumes with his silence on Senate GOP colleagues’ primary races," August 24, 2013]</ref>
+
===Harry Reid===
 +
[[Harry Reid]] stated that he partly thinks it would be good for Cruz to be the 2016 presidential nominee for the Republican Party. He said, "If I didn’t care so much about our country, I would hope he would get the Republican nomination for president, because that would mean the end of the Republican Party. With Ted Cruz, I am sure this will help him raise more money." He went on to say about Cruz, "He stands for everything America doesn’t."<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/10/harry-reid-ted-cruz-2016-election-gop-99157.html ''Politico'', "Harry Reid: Ted Cruz ‘16 would be end of GOP," October 31, 2013]</ref>
  
Despite a pledge to steer clear of endorsing incumbents, Cruz has financially backed a handful of [[United States Senate|Senate]] [[Republicans]], including fellow Texan [[John Cornyn]].<ref name="fund">[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-politics/wp/2013/08/24/cruz-backed-cornyn-other-incumbents-despite-no-endorsement-pledge/?wprss=rss_politics&clsrd ''Washington Post,'' "Cruz backed Cornyn, other incumbents, despite no-endorsement pledge," accessed August 26, 2013]</ref>
+
===Fox News interview===
 +
Before Cruz appeared on Fox News' "Hannity," Chris Wallace said that he had received opposition research and questions from fellow Republicans so that he could hammer Cruz on the show. Cruz responded to this news by saying, "I mean folks can do whatever they want to resist change, and there are a lot of people that have been in Washington a long time that are fearful of change. They’re fearful of risk, they’re fearful of anything that changes the clubby way Washington does business." He went on, "And you know, no matter what insults others choose to hurl at me and in the last few weeks they have picked quite a few, some of them have been pretty amusing actually, but no matter what they do I’m not going to respond in kind."<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/ted-cruz-chris-wallace-97249.html ''Politico'', "Ted Cruz responds to Chris Wallace," September 24, 2013]</ref>
  
Cruz’s leadership political action committee, Jobs Growth and Freedom Fund, made only five donations in the first six months of its existence, and all of those dollars went to incumbents. On May 10, 2013, according to Federal Election Commission records, Cruz wrote a $2,500 check to the campaign of [[John Cornyn|Cornyn]].<ref name="fund"/>
+
===Iowa Reagan Dinner===
 
+
[[File:Steve King.jpg|right|125px]]
Cruz also handed out out four other $2,500 donations to incumbents that same day: [[Jim Inhofe]], [[Mike Lee]], [[Jim Risch]] and [[Tim Scott]], who was appointed to the [[United States Senate|Senate]] after [[Jim DeMint]] resigned and is running in 2014 for the remaining years of [[Jim DeMint|DeMint’s]] term.<ref name="fund"/>
+
Cruz gave a 45 minute long speech as the keynote speaker at Iowa's annual Reagan Dinner on October 25, 2013.  He spoke about Obamacare and applauded House Republicans for standing up to Democrats.  He also mentioned Obama's failed gun control policies saying, "When it came time for a vote [on gun control] every single proposal of the president’s that would have undermined the Second Amendment was voted down.  That was the power of the grass roots."<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/10/ted-cruz-delivers-stemwinder-iowa-ronald-reagan-dinner-98883_Page2.html ''Politico'', "Ted Cruz delivers stemwinder at Iowa’s Reagan Dinner," accessed October 25, 2013]</ref>
  
 
===Pheasant hunting with Steve King===
 
===Pheasant hunting with Steve King===
Line 189: Line 273:
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 
===2016===
 
===2016===
According to a report, Cruz is considering a presidential run in 2016.<ref name=pres/>
+
{{Cruz2016}}
 +
===2014===
 +
====Primary endorsements====
 +
:: ''See also: [[Contested primaries in U.S. Congressional elections, 2014]]''
 +
 
 +
Cruz declined to endorse fellow Texas senator [[John Cornyn]] or any other incumbent Republican in 2014. He stated, "I think every elected official, including me, owes it to the people, owes it the grass roots, to go and make the case to the grass roots why he or she is representing their interests." It is thought that his silence could embolden conservatives seeking to challenge incumbents in 2014.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/cruz-speaks-volumes-with-his-silence-on-senate-gop-colleagues-primary-races/2013/08/24/fcb94c06-0cfb-11e3-9941-6711ed662e71_story.html?wprss=rss_politics ''The Washington Post'', "Cruz speaks volumes with his silence on Senate GOP colleagues’ primary races," August 24, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
Despite a pledge to steer clear of endorsing incumbents, Cruz financially backed a handful of [[United States Senate|Senate]] [[Republicans]], including fellow Texan [[John Cornyn]].<ref name="fund">[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-politics/wp/2013/08/24/cruz-backed-cornyn-other-incumbents-despite-no-endorsement-pledge/?wprss=rss_politics&clsrd ''Washington Post'', "Cruz backed Cornyn, other incumbents, despite no-endorsement pledge," accessed August 26, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
Cruz’s leadership political action committee, Jobs Growth and Freedom Fund, made only five donations in the first six months of its existence, and all of those dollars went to incumbents. On May 10, 2013, according to Federal Election Commission records, Cruz wrote a $2,500 check to the campaign of [[John Cornyn|Cornyn]].<ref name="fund"/>
 +
 
 +
Cruz also handed out four other $2,500 donations to incumbents that same day: [[Jim Inhofe]], [[Mike Lee]], [[Jim Risch]] and [[Tim Scott]], who was appointed to the [[United States Senate|Senate]] after [[Jim DeMint]] resigned and is running in 2014 for the remaining years of [[Jim DeMint|DeMint’s]] term.<ref name="fund"/>
 +
 
 +
Cruz officially made his first Senate primary endorsement on April 16, 2014, when he endorsed [[T.W. Shannon]] in [[United States Senate special election in Oklahoma, 2014|Oklahoma's special election to the U.S. Senate]]. In a statement Cruz said, "T.W. Shannon is a strong Constitutional conservative who will fight for individual liberty and help turn our country around. T.W. embodies the American dream. I’m proud to offer T.W. my enthusiastic endorsement because not only will he vote the right way, but he’ll stand up and fight with us in the Senate to stop President Obama’s assault on our liberties and defend America’s founding principles."<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-politics/wp/2014/04/16/ted-cruz-backs-t-w-shannon-with-first-senate-primary-endorsement-of-2014/?wprss=rss_politics ''The Washington Post'', "Ted Cruz backs T.W. Shannon with first Senate primary endorsement of 2014," April 16, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
=====Senate Conservatives Fund=====
 +
Cruz privately told his fellow Republican senators that he would not engage in the [[Senate Conservatives Fund]]'s tactics to defeat them in primary elections. A spokeswoman, Catherine Frazier, said, "He’ll continue working with them to promote common conservative policies but not get involved in their endorsement or fundraising decisions. SCF’s organization is not just about primary politics but promoting conservative causes that Republicans across the spectrum can support.”<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/10/ted-cruz-republican-senators-99125.html ''Politico'', "Ted Cruz extends olive branch to GOP senators," October 30, 2013]</ref>
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
 
:: ''See also: [[United States Senate elections in Texas, 2012]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[United States Senate elections in Texas, 2012]]''
  
Cruz ran in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. Senate elections, 2012|U.S. Senate]], representing [[Texas]]. He and [[David Dewhurst]] defeated [[Joe Agris]], [[Curt Cleaver]], [[Glenn Addison]], [[Ben Gambini]], [[Craig James]], [[Tom Leppert]] and [[Lela Pittenger]] in the May 29, 2012, Republican primaryHe then defeated Dewhurst in the primary runoff on July 31, 2012. He won in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref name="cnnr"/><ref>[http://candidates.texasgop.org/offices/united-states-senator Texas GOP - candidate list]</ref><ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/TX_US_Senate_0731.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS Associated Press Election results]</ref>
+
Cruz won election to the [[U.S. Senate elections, 2012|U.S. Senate]] in [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012]], representing [[Texas]]. He and [[David Dewhurst]] defeated [[Joe Agris]], [[Curt Cleaver]], [[Glenn Addison]], [[Ben Gambini]], [[Craig James]], [[Tom Leppert]] and [[Lela Pittenger]] in the Republican primary on May 29, 2012.  Cruz then defeated Dewhurst in the primary runoff on July 31, 2012, in what was described as the biggest upset of 2012.<ref name=upset>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/wp/2012/11/28/the-biggest-upset-of-2012/ ''The Washington Post'', "The biggest upset of 2012," November 28, 2012]</ref> He went on to win the general election on November 6, 2012, defeating [[Paul Sadler]] (D), [[John Jay Myers]] (L) and [[David Collins]] (G).<ref name="cnnr"/><ref>[http://candidates.texasgop.org/offices/united-states-senator ''Texas GOP,'' "Candidate list," November 6, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/TX_US_Senate_0731.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press'', "Election results," November 6, 2012]</ref>
  
 
{{Txsengenelecbox12}}
 
{{Txsengenelecbox12}}
  
:'''Primary'''
 
::On July 31, 2012, Cruz defeated [[Lieutenant Governor of Texas|Lieutenant Governor]] [[David Dewhurst]] for the Republican nomination for U.S. Senate in a primary runoff.<ref>[http://elections.sos.state.tx.us/elchist.exe ''Texas Secretary of State,'' "Race Summary Report-2012 Republican Party Primary Runoff," accessed August 30, 2012]</ref>
 
 
{{Primary election box 2012
 
{{Primary election box 2012
 
|Chamber= U.S. Senate Runoff Election, Texas  
 
|Chamber= U.S. Senate Runoff Election, Texas  
Line 211: Line 309:
  
 
==Campaign donors==
 
==Campaign donors==
 +
===Fundraising events===
 +
The below chart from [http://members-of-congress.findthebest.com/l/487/Ted-Cruz Find The Best] tracks the fundraising events Cruz attends.
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-TedCruz-FundraisingEvents</htmlet>|float="center"|width=400px}}
 +
<br>
 +
 +
===Comprehensive donor history===
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
|Name=Cruz
 
|Name=Cruz
 
|Editdate=March 25, 2013
 
|Editdate=March 25, 2013
 
|year=2012
 
|year=2012
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00033085&newMem=Y&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "Career Fundraising for Ted Cruz," Accessed March 25, 2013]</ref>
+
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00033085&newMem=Y&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Career Fundraising for Ted Cruz," accessed March 25, 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
 
|totalraised2012=14511279
 
|totalraised2012=14511279
Line 221: Line 325:
 
|office2012=[[US Senate]] (Texas)
 
|office2012=[[US Senate]] (Texas)
 
}}
 
}}
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-TedCruz-CampaignContributions</htmlet>|width=300px}}
 +
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
[[File:Ted Cruz 2012 Donor Breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cruz's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
+
Cruz won election to the [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Cruz's campaign committee raised a total of $14,511,279 and spent $14,031,864.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00033085&newmem=Y ''Open Secrets'', "Ted Cruz 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013]</ref> This is more than the average $10.2 million spent by Senate winners in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/06/2012-overview.html ''Open Secrets'', "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013]</ref>
Cruz won election to the [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Cruz's campaign committee raised a total of $14,511,279 and spent $14,031,864.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00033085&newmem=Y ''Open Secrets'' "Ted Cruz 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed March 4, 2013]</ref> This is more than the average $10.2 million spent by Senate winners in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/06/2012-overview.html ''Open Secrets,'' "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013]</ref>
+
  
 
====Cost per vote====
 
====Cost per vote====
Cruz spent $3.16 per vote received in 2012.
+
Cruz spent $3.16 per vote received in the 2012 general election. This is the third lowest among U.S. Senators who won election in 2012.
  
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
Line 257: Line 362:
 
|inddonor5 = $533,657
 
|inddonor5 = $533,657
 
|}}
 
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Ted Cruz 2012 Donor Breakdown.png|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cruz's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]}}
 +
 +
==Personal Gain Index==
 +
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px|link=Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]
 +
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
 +
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants. <br>
 +
It consists of four different metrics:
 +
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
 +
*[[The K-Street Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The K-Street Metric]]
 +
*[[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Donation Concentration Metric]]
 +
*[[The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric]]
 +
 +
===PGI: Change in net worth===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)]] and [[Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
[[File:Net Worth Metric graphic.png|left|170px]]
 +
Based on [[Household net worth (Member of Congress)|congressional financial disclosure forms]] and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Cruz's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,029,049 and $5,159,997. That averages to '''$3,094,523''', which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Cruz ranked as the 45th most wealthy senator in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00033085&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets'', "Ted Cruz (R-Texas), 2012," accessed March 4, 2013]</ref> Between 2011 and 2012, Cruz's calculated net worth<ref>This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).</ref> increased by an average of 83 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.<ref>This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.</ref>
 +
 +
{{Net worth PIG
 +
|Collapse=
 +
|Name = Ted Cruz
 +
|Political Party = Republican
 +
|2012 = 3094523
 +
|Year 0 = 2011
 +
|Average 0 = 1661021
 +
|Citizen 0 = 71982
 +
|Year 0 = 2011
 +
|Average 0 = 1695395
 +
}}
  
 
==Analysis==
 
==Analysis==
Line 262: Line 395:
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
  
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Cruz is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|centrist Republican follower]]" as of June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/ted_cruz/412573 ''Gov Track'' "Ted Cruz," Accessed June 7, 2013]</ref>
+
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Cruz is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|rank-and-file Republican]]" as of July 2014. In June 2013, Cruz was rated as a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|centrist Republican follower]]."<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/ted_cruz/412573 ''GovTrack'', "Ted Cruz," accessed July 17, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/412573_Ted_Cruz ''OpenCongress,'' "Ted Cruz," Accessed July 30, 2013]</ref>
+
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/412573_Ted_Cruz ''OpenCongress'', "Ted Cruz," accessed July 14, 2014]</ref>
 
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{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-TedCruz-IdeologyBreakdown</htmlet>|width=450px}}
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===Lifetime voting record===
 +
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
According to the website ''GovTrack'', Cruz missed 30 of 519 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014.  This amounts to 5.8 percent, which is worse than the median of 2 percent among current senators as of July 2014.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/ted_cruz/412573 ''GovTrack'', "Ted Cruz," accessed July 17, 2014]</ref>
 +
 +
===National Journal vote ratings===
 +
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 +
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
 +
====2013====
 +
Cruz ranked 4th in the conservative rankings among U.S. senators in 2013.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2013-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2013 Senate Vote Ratings," accessed July 17, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Voting with party===
 
===Voting with party===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
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====2014====
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{{Congress vote percent
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|name=Cruz
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|party=Republican
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|percent=83.6 percent
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|rank=33rd
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|total=45
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|chamber=Senate
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|year=July 2014
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|RSen=Y
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}}
 
====2013====
 
====2013====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
|name=Cruz
 
|name=Cruz
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
|percent=85.4%
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|percent=85.4 percent
 
|rank=38th
 
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===Lifetime missed votes===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Cruz missed 1 of 92 roll call votes from January 2013 to March 2013.  This amounts to 1.1%, which is better than the median of 1.7% among current senators as of March 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/ted_cruz/412573 ''GovTrack,'' "Ted Cruz," Accessed April 2, 2013]</ref>
 
 
===Net worth===
 
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
====2011====
 
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Cruz's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between  $-204,951 to $3,526,994. That averages to $1,661,021, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2011 of $6,358,668.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00033085&year=2011 ''OpenSecrets.org'' "Ted Cruz (R-Texas), 2011," accessed February 22, 2013]</ref>
 
  
 
==Personal==
 
==Personal==
Cruz and his wife, Heidi, have two children.<ref name=PVS/> Heidi works as a vice-president for Goldman Sachs, assigned to the Houston area.<ref>[http://www.linkedin.com/pub/heidi-cruz/4/811/777?_mSplash=1 Heidi Cruz], LinkedIn</ref>
+
Cruz and his wife, Heidi, have two daughters.<ref name=PVS/> Heidi works as head of the Southwest Region in the Investment Management Division of Goldman Sachs, assigned to the Houston area.<ref>[http://www.linkedin.com/pub/heidi-cruz/4/811/777?_mSplash=1 ''LinkedIn'', "Heidi Cruz," accessed November 30, 2012]</ref>
  
Cruz was born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada on December 22, 1970. His father, a Cuban immigrant, fled his home country in 1957 after fighting against the dictator Fulgencio Batista. His mother is Irish-American.<ref>[http://www.texastribune.org/directory/bio/ted-cruz/ ''Texas Tribune,'' "Bio of Ted Cruz," accessed November 1, 2012]</ref>
+
Cruz was born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, on December 22, 1970. His father, a Cuban immigrant, fled his home country in 1957 after fighting against the dictator Fulgencio Batista. His mother is Irish-American.<ref>[http://www.texastribune.org/directory/bio/ted-cruz/ ''Texas Tribune,'' "Bio of Ted Cruz," accessed November 1, 2012]</ref>
  
 
===Rafael Cruz===
 
===Rafael Cruz===
Cruz's father, Rafael, has made headlines through increasing speaking engagements. At a speaking engagement in July 2013, Rafael compared President Obama to Fidel Castro. <ref>[http://dailycaller.com/2013/07/08/ted-cruzs-dad-obama-is-just-like-castro/, ''Daily Caller'', "Ted Cruz’s dad: Obama is ‘just like’ Castro," accessed July 22, 2013]</ref>
+
Cruz's father, Rafael, has made headlines through speaking engagements. At one such engagement in July 2013, Rafael compared President Obama to Fidel Castro.<ref>[http://dailycaller.com/2013/07/08/ted-cruzs-dad-obama-is-just-like-castro/, ''Daily Caller'', "Ted Cruz’s dad: Obama is ‘just like’ Castro," accessed July 22, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
Rafael Cruz endorsed [[Katrina Pierson]] in her primary challenge against Republican incumbent [[Pete Sessions]] in [[Texas' 32nd Congressional District elections, 2014|Texas' 32nd Congressional District]] in 2014.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2014/01/rafael-cruz-pete-sessions-katrina-pierson-101821.html ''Politico'', "Ted Cruz's dad backs Pete Sessions challenger," January 7, 2014]</ref>
  
 
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==See also==
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*[[United States Senate]]
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*[[United States Senate elections in Texas, 2014]]
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*[[United States congressional delegations from Texas]]
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==External links==
 
==External links==
 
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{{political tracker|Link=http://politicaltracker.com/officials/congress/activity/sen-ted-cruz/141400|Name=Ted Cruz}}
 
*[http://cruz.senate.gov/ Official U.S. Senate website]
 
*[http://cruz.senate.gov/ Official U.S. Senate website]
 
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{{CongLinks | congbio = C001098 | rollcall = 44748 | votesmart = 135705 | govtrack = 412573 | opencong = 412573 | ontheissues = senate/Ted_Cruz.htm | congress = ted-cruz/2175 | natjournal = 3549 | legistorm = 2872/Sen_Ted_Cruz.html | fec = S2TX00312 | opensecrets = N00033085 | followthemoney = | c-span = rcruz | rose = | imdb = nm5563034 | factcheck = ted-cruz | politifact = ted-cruz | bloomberg = ted-cruz | nyt = c/ted_cruz | wsj = | washpo = b8d4a00a-4bbb-11e2-8758-b64a2997a921 | worldcat = | fb = SenatorTedCruz | flickr = | twitter = SenTedCruz | youtube = SenTedCruz | nndb = 839/000354774 | wikipedia = Ted_Cruz | merge=TXJR}}

Latest revision as of 12:40, 9 September 2014

Ted Cruz
Ted Cruz.jpg
U.S. Senate, Texas
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2019
Years in position 1
PartyRepublican
PredecessorKay Bailey Hutchison (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Cost per vote$3.16 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Next generalNovember 2018
Campaign $$14,511,279
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Solicitor General of Texas
2003-2008
Education
High schoolSecond Baptist High
Bachelor'sPrinceton University
J.D.Harvard
Personal
BirthdayDec. 22, 1970
Place of birthCalgary, Alberta
Net worth$3,094,523
ReligionSouthern Baptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Ted Cruz campaign logo
Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz (b. December 22, 1970, in Calgary, Alberta) is the Republican junior U.S. Senator from Texas.[1] He was first elected in 2012. He defeated David Dewhurst in the primary runoff on July 31, 2012, in what was described by The Washington Post as the biggest upset of 2012.[2] Cruz went on to win in the general election on November 6, 2012, defeating Paul Sadler (D), John Jay Myers (L) and David Collins (G).

Cruz is considering a presidential run in 2016, but he has not yet issued any official statements as to whether he will run or not.

Cruz is one of three Latino members of the U.S. Senate.

Cruz identifies with the Tea Party. Although Cruz is considered a more moderate right of center Republican party vote, according to an analysis of multiple outside rankings, it is due to a tendency to vote against Republican-sponsored bills that are not conservative or libertarian enough. As a result. he may break with party lines on a vote and vote in the same way as many Democrats do, but for a very different reason.[3]

Biography

Cruz was born in Calgary, Alberta, where his parents were working in the Alberta oil fields. In 1974 they returned to the Houston area.[4]

Ted Cruz graduated from Second Baptist High School as valedictorian in 1988. He earned his B.A. in Public Policy from Princeton University in 1992. He went on to receive his J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1995. Cruz then worked in the following positions in the law field: Law clerk to Chief Justice of the United States William Rehnquist, associate deputy attorney general for the U.S. Department of Justice, and director of the Office of Policy Planning for the Federal Trade Commission. He is currently partner of Morgan, Lewis & Bockius Limited Liability Partnership.[5]

Cruz served as Solicitor General of Texas from 2003-2008. In this role he was the youngest Solicitor General in the nation, as well as the longest-serving and first Hispanic Solicitor General in the state. Among his accomplishments, Cruz argued 40 oral arguments, including nine before the U.S. Supreme Court.[6]

In August 2012, he was included in a list of 20 Latino political rising stars compiled by the San Francisco Chronicle.[7]

Cruz won election to the U.S. Senate on November 6, 2012.[8]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Cruz's academic, professional and political career:[9]

  • 1992: Graduated from Princeton University with B.A.
  • 1995: Graduated from Harvard University with J.D.
  • 1995-2003: Worked in the following positions: Law clerk to Chief Justice of the United States William Rehnquist, associate deputy attorney general for the U.S. Department of Justice and director of the Office of Policy Planning for the Federal Trade Commission.
  • 2003-2008: Solicitor General of Texas
  • 2013-Present: U.S. Senator from Texas

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Cruz serves on the following Senate committees:[10]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[11] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8 percent). For more information pertaining to Cruz's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[12]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Nay3.png Cruz voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[13]

Drones filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists were critical of President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[14][15][16]

Cruz was 1 of the 13 Republican senators who joined Paul in his filibuster.[17][18]

According to the website Breitbart, 30 Republican senators did not support the filibuster.[19][20]

The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[21]

Economy


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Farm bill

Nay3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[22] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[23] Cruz voted with 22 other Republican senators against the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[24][25] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[25] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[26] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Cruz voted with 25 other Republican members against the bill.[24][25]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[27] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Cruz voted with the Republican Party against the bill.[28]

Cruz vowed to donate his paycheck to charity while the government was on shutdown.[29]

Cruz said the shutdown did not affect his family's visit to the D.C. area. He took his family apple picking and to Mount Vernon.[30]

After the government shutdown ended with Republicans failing to receive any concessions from President Barack Obama, Cruz blamed GOP senators for the loss. He said, "The reason this deal, the lousy deal was reached, is because unfortunately Senate Republicans made the choice not to support House Republicans." He later added, "I think that was unfortunate. I think it was unfortunate that you saw multiple members of the Senate Republicans going on television attacking House conservatives, attacking the effort to defund Obamacare, saying it can not win, it's a fools errand, we will lose, this must fail. That is a recipe for losing the fight, and it's a shame."[31]

Paul Ryan Budget Proposal

Nay3.png In March 2013 the U.S. Senate soundly rejected a balanced budget plan by House Budget Committee chair Paul Ryan (R).[32] Five Republicans joined every Democrat present to kill the measure, which failed on a 40-59 vote.[32]

Cruz was one of the five Senate Republicans who voted against Ryan's budget proposal.[32]

The proposed budget would have cut about $5 trillion over the next decade and aimed to balance the budget by the end of the 10-year period.[33]

Some tea party members of the GOP opposed the measure because of its reliance on $600 billion-plus in tax revenues on the wealthy enacted in January 2013, in order to balance the budget.[32] Others in the Senate opposed the Ryan plan because of cuts from safety net programs for the poor and the inclusion of a plan to turn the Medicare program for the elderly into a voucher-like system for future beneficiaries born in 1959 or later.[32]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Nay3.png Cruz voted against H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[34]

Immigration

Mexico-U.S. border

Yea3.png Cruz voted for Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[35]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Nay3.png Cruz voted against S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[36]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Ted Cruz's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Cruz is a Hard-Core Conservative. Cruz received a score of 20 percent on social issues and 89 percent on economic issues.[37]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[38]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Neutral Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Favors Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Opposes Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Neutral
Privatize Social Security Favors Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[39]

Immigration crisis

On June 30, 2014, President Barack Obama announced plans to take executive action on immigration reform. Obama blamed House Republicans for failing to act on this issue and said that he will do it on his own without Congress. This comes after thousands of unaccompanied children have showed up at the U.S. border in recent months.[40]

Cruz was one of many GOP leaders in Texas who responded negatively to Obama's decision. His press secretary issued the following statement, "President Obama made many excuses today, but the blame lies at his feet. He has forfeited endless opportunities to work with Congress to pass common sense immigration reform that secures the border and champions legal immigration, while respecting the rule of law. The humanitarian crisis at the border is a direct result of his own policy failures, and his past unilateral actions on immigration display a willingness to stretch his existing legal authorities well beyond the breaking point. This humanitarian crisis will not end until both the president and Congress make it clear that rule of law matters, and those who ignore it and come here illegally will not be allowed to stay and receive de facto amnesty."[41]

National security

ISIS insurgency in Iraq

See also: ISIS insurgency in Iraq

Sen. Ted Cruz said that President Barack Obama must seek congressional authorization if airstrikes are to continue against ISIS forces in Iraq. Cruz said, "I believe initiating new military hostilities in a sustained basis in Iraq obligates the president to go back to Congress and to make the case and to seek congressional authorization. I hope that if he intends to continue this that he does that." Cruz has been largely supportive of the bombings and humanitarian aid, however. He stated, "I am glad that President Obama is finally beginning to take the threat of ISIS seriously."[42]

On September 7, 2014, Cruz restated the need for action against ISIS and for Obama to get congressional approval for that action. He said, "President Obama should make the case to the American people and seek authorization from Congress. Formal congressional authorization is required by the Constitution and would force the president to commit to a clearly defined strategy to protect our national security. And it would unite the Congress in the mission to protect America and eradicate ISIS."[43]

Crisis in Gaza

Cruz announced on July 23, 2014, that he was placing holds on all federal nominees to the U.S. Department of State because of the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) decision to stop all flights from the U.S. to Israel, calling it an "economic boycott." The Obama administration replied to Cruz' suggestion, calling the claim "ridiculous and offensive," which began a war of words between the two with Cruz placing his hold on the nominees, stating, "The only thing ‘offensive’ about this situation is how the Obama Administration is spurning our allies to embolden our enemies; the only thing ‘ridiculous’ is the administration’s response to basic questions. Until the State Department answers my questions, I will hold all State Department nominees."[44]

Cruz lifted the hold on July 28, 2014, after he received a briefing on the reasoning behind the flight ban by FAA officials. Cruz explained, "I appreciate the FAA’s efforts to respond to my questions, and so I have lifted my hold on State Department nominees. The hold was designed to force answers to important questions about why the Obama administration had banned flights to Israel. Thankfully, in response to widespread criticism, the administration has now reversed course and lifted its ban on flights to Ben Gurion International Airport."[45]

Hamas

Cruz and Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) condemned Hamas in a resolution they presented to the Senate on July 28, 2014. Cruz said of Hamas, "Hamas is undoubtedly guilty of violating international humanitarian law through its deliberate, repeated, and consistent use of civilians as human shields. The United States of America, along with the entire international community must expose and denounce Hamas’ barbaric tactics and unequivocally support Israel’s right to self-defense." Reps. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) and Ted Deutch (D-FL) filed the resolution in the House, as well.[46]

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

While speaking to a crowd at the Heritage Foundation, Cruz praised Obama's decision to seek congressional approval, while still acknowledging he would have voted "no." Cruz said, "I would have voted ‘no,’ great many others would have voted ‘no.’ But I think it reflected a wise and prudent judgement on the part of the president to postpone the vote, rather than have that authority rejected and I don’t believe that the president is going to ignore the views of the American people."[47]

Healthcare

Cruz is one of the most vocal opponents of Obamacare and has led a number of efforts aimed at defunding it.

Continuing Resolution filibuster

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Cruz spoke for over 21 hours on the floor of the Senate about defunding The Affordable Care Act. He relinquished control of the floor at noon on September 25, 2013. According to Senate rules, the latest he could have spoken was only an hour later at 1 p.m. According to Majority Leader Harry Reid, "This is not a filibuster. This is an agreement that he and I made that he could talk."[48]

During the speech, Cruz was questioned by Democrats Tim Kaine of Virginia and Dick Durbin of Illinois and received the support of Utah Senator Mike Lee and Kentucky Senator Rand Paul.[48]

The speech took place after Cruz called for Republican senators to effectively filibuster the continuing resolution which passed the House in September 2013. He said, "Step two is the Senate, where all accounts suggest Harry Reid plans to use procedural gimmicks to try to add funding back in for Obamacare. If Reid pursues this plan — if he insists on using a 50-vote threshold to fund Obamacare with a partisan vote of only Democrats — then I hope that every Senate Republican will stand together and oppose cloture on the bill in order to keep the House bill intact and not let Harry Reid add Obamacare funding back in."[49]

He went on, "Now is a time for party unity; Senate Republicans should stand side-by-side with courageous House Republicans."[49]

Bataan death march apology


Cruz's apology to U.S. Filipino Veterans

Cruz issued an apology to Filipino veterans on September 30, 2013, for his comments during his 21-hour long floor speech referencing the Bataan death march.[50]

“I apologize for causing offense. I should not have said what I did,” Cruz said.[50]

At the end of his more than 21 hour long speech, Cruz wrapped up by acknowledging floor staff and individuals who worked during his speech, thanking “the men and women who have endured this — this Bataan death march.”[50]

Anti-Obamacare rally

Senators Cruz, Rand Paul and Mike Lee, who led calls in the Senate to defund Obamacare in any spending bills in 2013, headlined a September 10, 2013, "Exempt America from Obamacare" event, organized by Tea Party Patriots and ForAmerica, along with other conservative groups.[51]

Democrats will stop at nothing to protect the president’s signature legislation, and too many Republicans are afraid to fight,” rally organizers wrote.[51] They also took a shot at the Office of Personnel Management rule allowing the federal government to continue subsidizing health plans for lawmakers and their aides.[51] “Even Big Government is getting a carve out now,” they wrote.[51]

The rally came after 80 House members signed a letter in August 2013, calling on Congress to defund the health care law in upcoming fiscal battles.[51]

Reactions to Ted Cruz

Rand Paul.jpg

Rand Paul

On March 10, 2014, Senator Rand Paul called out Cruz and other Republicans for mischaracterizing his views on foreign policy. He said of Cruz, "We always have been good friends. I’m not real excited about him mischaracterizing my views and, you know, won’t let that pass. I think that, you know, sometimes people want to stand up and say, ‘Hey, look at me. I’m the next Ronald Reagan.’ Well, almost all of us in the party are big fans of Ronald Reagan." He went on by saying that, "trashing previous Republican nominees or holding oneself out as some paragon in the mold of Reagan, that splintering the party is not the route to victory."[52]

2013 best year

Cruz was named by The Hill as one of the members of Congress who had the best year in 2013.[53]

Harry Reid.jpg

Harry Reid

Harry Reid stated that he partly thinks it would be good for Cruz to be the 2016 presidential nominee for the Republican Party. He said, "If I didn’t care so much about our country, I would hope he would get the Republican nomination for president, because that would mean the end of the Republican Party. With Ted Cruz, I am sure this will help him raise more money." He went on to say about Cruz, "He stands for everything America doesn’t."[54]

Fox News interview

Before Cruz appeared on Fox News' "Hannity," Chris Wallace said that he had received opposition research and questions from fellow Republicans so that he could hammer Cruz on the show. Cruz responded to this news by saying, "I mean folks can do whatever they want to resist change, and there are a lot of people that have been in Washington a long time that are fearful of change. They’re fearful of risk, they’re fearful of anything that changes the clubby way Washington does business." He went on, "And you know, no matter what insults others choose to hurl at me and in the last few weeks they have picked quite a few, some of them have been pretty amusing actually, but no matter what they do I’m not going to respond in kind."[55]

Iowa Reagan Dinner

Steve King.jpg

Cruz gave a 45 minute long speech as the keynote speaker at Iowa's annual Reagan Dinner on October 25, 2013. He spoke about Obamacare and applauded House Republicans for standing up to Democrats. He also mentioned Obama's failed gun control policies saying, "When it came time for a vote [on gun control] every single proposal of the president’s that would have undermined the Second Amendment was voted down. That was the power of the grass roots."[56]

Pheasant hunting with Steve King

Cruz announced on August 30, 2013, that he accepted an invitation to hunt pheasants on October 26, 2013, in northwest Iowa with Steve King on the opening day of Iowa’s pheasant hunting season.[57]

“Yes, we are confirmed for a hunt with King,” Cruz spokeswoman Catherine Frazier said in an email statement. “The senator has enjoyed getting to know him and work with him on important issues before Congress. He’s honored to have received the invite.”[57]

Elections

2016

Cruz has not openly stated whether or not he's considering a bid for the 2016 presidential election.[58] There have been 16 Senators elected to the presidency, including Barack Obama.[59]

It has been debated whether or not Cruz is eligible for the presidency as he was born in Canada to his American mother, but Cruz insists he is eligible.[60] Cruz received notification on June 10, 2014, that he had successfully renounced his Canadian citizenship, effective May 14, 2014. Cruz gave up his dual citizenship upon learning of it in August 2013. Despite this news, the battle over whether Cruz is eligible to be president will likely continue.[61]

Preparations

On September 10, 2014, Cruz' chief of staff, Chip Roy, took a new position as a senior adviser with Cruz' campaign team, fueling speculation that Cruz was preparing to make a presidential run in 2016.[62] He visited Iowa in August 2014, giving multiple speeches, and he visited New Hampshire to help campaign for Republican House candidate Marilinda Garcia on September 7, 2014.[63][64]

Comments on possible campaign

  • Former Governor Mitt Romney: When running through a list of names he thought would potentially make winning presidential candidates, he did not name Cruz as being one of "the most effective in becoming elected."[65]

Public opinion polls

  • Cruz won the presidential straw poll held at the Republican Leadership Conference held in New Orleans, Louisiana, on May 31, 2014. Cruz drew 30% of the votes, followed closely by Fox News reporter Dr. Ben Carson with 29% and Rand Paul with 10%.[66]

2014

Primary endorsements

See also: Contested primaries in U.S. Congressional elections, 2014

Cruz declined to endorse fellow Texas senator John Cornyn or any other incumbent Republican in 2014. He stated, "I think every elected official, including me, owes it to the people, owes it the grass roots, to go and make the case to the grass roots why he or she is representing their interests." It is thought that his silence could embolden conservatives seeking to challenge incumbents in 2014.[67]

Despite a pledge to steer clear of endorsing incumbents, Cruz financially backed a handful of Senate Republicans, including fellow Texan John Cornyn.[68]

Cruz’s leadership political action committee, Jobs Growth and Freedom Fund, made only five donations in the first six months of its existence, and all of those dollars went to incumbents. On May 10, 2013, according to Federal Election Commission records, Cruz wrote a $2,500 check to the campaign of Cornyn.[68]

Cruz also handed out four other $2,500 donations to incumbents that same day: Jim Inhofe, Mike Lee, Jim Risch and Tim Scott, who was appointed to the Senate after Jim DeMint resigned and is running in 2014 for the remaining years of DeMint’s term.[68]

Cruz officially made his first Senate primary endorsement on April 16, 2014, when he endorsed T.W. Shannon in Oklahoma's special election to the U.S. Senate. In a statement Cruz said, "T.W. Shannon is a strong Constitutional conservative who will fight for individual liberty and help turn our country around. T.W. embodies the American dream. I’m proud to offer T.W. my enthusiastic endorsement because not only will he vote the right way, but he’ll stand up and fight with us in the Senate to stop President Obama’s assault on our liberties and defend America’s founding principles."[69]

Senate Conservatives Fund

Cruz privately told his fellow Republican senators that he would not engage in the Senate Conservatives Fund's tactics to defeat them in primary elections. A spokeswoman, Catherine Frazier, said, "He’ll continue working with them to promote common conservative policies but not get involved in their endorsement or fundraising decisions. SCF’s organization is not just about primary politics but promoting conservative causes that Republicans across the spectrum can support.”[70]

2012

See also: United States Senate elections in Texas, 2012

Cruz won election to the U.S. Senate in 2012, representing Texas. He and David Dewhurst defeated Joe Agris, Curt Cleaver, Glenn Addison, Ben Gambini, Craig James, Tom Leppert and Lela Pittenger in the Republican primary on May 29, 2012. Cruz then defeated Dewhurst in the primary runoff on July 31, 2012, in what was described as the biggest upset of 2012.[2] He went on to win the general election on November 6, 2012, defeating Paul Sadler (D), John Jay Myers (L) and David Collins (G).[1][71][72]

U.S. Senate, Texas General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTed Cruz 56.5% 4,440,137
     Democratic Paul Sadler 40.6% 3,194,927
     Libertarian John Jay Myers 2.1% 162,354
     Green David B. Collins 0.9% 67,404
Total Votes 7,864,822
Source: Texas Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. Senate Runoff Election, Texas Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTed Cruz 56.8% 631,812
David Dewhurst 43.2% 480,126
Total Votes 1,111,938

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Cruz attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Cruz is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Cruz raised a total of $14,511,279 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.[73]

Ted Cruz's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US Senate (Texas) Won $14,511,279
Grand Total Raised $14,511,279

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2012

Cruz won election to the U.S. Senate in 2012. During that election cycle, Cruz's campaign committee raised a total of $14,511,279 and spent $14,031,864.[74] This is more than the average $10.2 million spent by Senate winners in 2012.[75]

Cost per vote

Cruz spent $3.16 per vote received in the 2012 general election. This is the third lowest among U.S. Senators who won election in 2012.


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Cruz's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,029,049 and $5,159,997. That averages to $3,094,523, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Cruz ranked as the 45th most wealthy senator in 2012.[76] Between 2011 and 2012, Cruz's calculated net worth[77] increased by an average of 83 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[78]

Ted Cruz Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2011$1,695,395
2012$3,094,523
Growth from 2011 to 2012:83%
Average annual growth:83%[79]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[80]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Cruz is a "rank-and-file Republican" as of July 2014. In June 2013, Cruz was rated as a "centrist Republican follower."[81]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[82]

Cruz most often votes with:

Cruz least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Cruz missed 30 of 519 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 5.8 percent, which is worse than the median of 2 percent among current senators as of July 2014.[83]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Cruz ranked 4th in the conservative rankings among U.S. senators in 2013.[84]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Cruz voted with the Republican Party 83.6 percent of the time, which ranked 33rd among the 45 Senate Republican members as of July 2014.[85]

2013

Cruz voted with the Republican Party 85.4 percent of the time, which ranked 38th among the 44 Senate Republican members as of May 2013.[86]

Personal

Cruz and his wife, Heidi, have two daughters.[5] Heidi works as head of the Southwest Region in the Investment Management Division of Goldman Sachs, assigned to the Houston area.[87]

Cruz was born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, on December 22, 1970. His father, a Cuban immigrant, fled his home country in 1957 after fighting against the dictator Fulgencio Batista. His mother is Irish-American.[88]

Rafael Cruz

Cruz's father, Rafael, has made headlines through speaking engagements. At one such engagement in July 2013, Rafael compared President Obama to Fidel Castro.[89]

Rafael Cruz endorsed Katrina Pierson in her primary challenge against Republican incumbent Pete Sessions in Texas' 32nd Congressional District in 2014.[90]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Ted + Cruz + Texas + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Ted Cruz News Feed

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See also

External links

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 CNN "Texas Senate Race - 2012 Election Center"
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Washington Post, "The biggest upset of 2012," November 28, 2012
  3. Fox News Latino, "Ted Cruz Puts Dewhurst on Defensive in Last Debate Before Texas Runoff," July 18, 2012
  4. Chron, "Cruz's life defies simplification," October 15, 2012
  5. 5.0 5.1 Project Vote Smart, "Biography," accessed June 2, 2014
  6. Ted Cruz, "Bio," accessed November 1, 2012
  7. San Francisco Chronicle, "20 Latino political rising stars of 2012 (with PHOTO GALLERY)," August 25, 2012
  8. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Texas," November 6, 2012
  9. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Rafael Edward (Ted) Cruz," accessed February 25, 2014
  10. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  12. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  13. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  14. CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  15. USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  16. ABC News, "Rand Paul Wins Applause From GOP and Liberals," March 7, 2013
  17. The Blaze, "Here Are All the GOP Senators That Participated in Rand Paul’s 12+ Hour Filibuster… and the Ones Who Didn’t," March 7, 2013
  18. Los Angeles Times, "Sen. Rand Paul ends marathon filibuster of John Brennan," March 7, 2013
  19. Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet The GOP Senators Who Refused to Stand With Rand," March 7, 2013
  20. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  21. Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
  22. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
  23. New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  24. 24.0 24.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  26. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  27. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  28. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  29. Politico, "Hill pols plan to donate, halt salary," accessed October 1, 2013
  30. Politico, "Ted Cruz: Shutdown hit family trip," accessed October 9, 2013
  31. Politico, "Cruz slams fellow GOP senators," October 20, 2013
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 CBS News, "Senate Rejects Paul Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  33. Washington Post, "10 House Republicans Vote Against Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  34. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  35. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  36. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  37. On The Issues "Vote Match Result for Ted Cruz," accessed June 17, 2014
  38. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  39. On The Issues, "Ted Cruz Vote Match," accessed June 17, 2014
  40. Breitbart, "Obama: I'll Act on My Own on Immigration," June 30, 2014
  41. Breitbart, "Texas Politicians Lambast Obama's Immigration Speech," July 1, 2014
  42. Time, "Ted Cruz: Obama Must Seek Congressional Authorization For Iraq Strikes," August 9, 2014
  43. The Blaze, "Ted Cruz says it’s ‘unacceptable’ for Obama to proceed against Islamic State without Congress," September 8, 2014
  44. Roll Call, "Cruz Threatens to Delay State Department Nominees Over FAA’s Israel Flight Ban," July 23, 2014
  45. Politico, "Cruz lifts hold on State nominees," July 28, 2014
  46. Politico, "Ted Cruz, Kirsten Gillibrand team up on Hamas," July 28, 2014
  47. Politico, "Pigs fly, Ted Cruz full of Obama praise," accessed September 12, 2013
  48. 48.0 48.1 Politico, "Ted Cruz ends marathon speech," September 25, 2013
  49. 49.0 49.1 Roll Call, "Filibuster the House CR? Cruz, Other Conservatives Say ‘Yes’ (Updated)," September 20, 2013
  50. 50.0 50.1 50.2 Politico, "Ted Cruz apologizes for Bataan remark," accessed October 2, 2013
  51. 51.0 51.1 51.2 51.3 51.4 Politico, "Rand Paul, Ted Cruz plan anti-Obamacare rally," accessed August 27, 2013
  52. Politico, "Rand Paul: Ted Cruz ‘mischaracterizing’ views," March 11, 2014
  53. The Hill, "Best, worst years in Washington," accessed January 13, 2014
  54. Politico, "Harry Reid: Ted Cruz ‘16 would be end of GOP," October 31, 2013
  55. Politico, "Ted Cruz responds to Chris Wallace," September 24, 2013
  56. Politico, "Ted Cruz delivers stemwinder at Iowa’s Reagan Dinner," accessed October 25, 2013
  57. 57.0 57.1 Des Moines Register, "Cruz confirms Iowa pheasant hunt on Oct. 26 with Congressman Steve King," accessed August 30, 2013
  58. Politico, "After Iowa, Ted Cruz heading to South Carolina," October 29, 2013
  59. United States Senate, "Senators Who Became President," accessed October 16, 2013
  60. New Republic, "Meet the most important Ted Cruz birther: Ted Cruz," May 6, 2013
  61. Time, "Ted Cruz Renounces Newly Discovered Canadian Citizenship," June 10, 2014
  62. The Hill, "Cruz moves chief of staff to campaign arm," September 10, 2014
  63. The Hill, "Rick Perry's Iowa comeback?," August 12, 2014
  64. The Hill, "Cruz stumps for GOP candidate in NH," September 7, 2014
  65. Huffington Post, "Mitt Romney Leaves Ted Cruz Off List Of Electable Republicans For 2016," November 3, 2013
  66. CNN, "Ted Cruz wins presidential straw poll at Republican Leadership Conference," May 31, 2014
  67. The Washington Post, "Cruz speaks volumes with his silence on Senate GOP colleagues’ primary races," August 24, 2013
  68. 68.0 68.1 68.2 Washington Post, "Cruz backed Cornyn, other incumbents, despite no-endorsement pledge," accessed August 26, 2013
  69. The Washington Post, "Ted Cruz backs T.W. Shannon with first Senate primary endorsement of 2014," April 16, 2014
  70. Politico, "Ted Cruz extends olive branch to GOP senators," October 30, 2013
  71. Texas GOP, "Candidate list," November 6, 2012
  72. Associated Press, "Election results," November 6, 2012
  73. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Ted Cruz," accessed March 25, 2013
  74. Open Secrets, "Ted Cruz 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  75. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  76. OpenSecrets, "Ted Cruz (R-Texas), 2012," accessed March 4, 2013
  77. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  78. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  79. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  80. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  81. GovTrack, "Ted Cruz," accessed July 17, 2014
  82. OpenCongress, "Ted Cruz," accessed July 14, 2014
  83. GovTrack, "Ted Cruz," accessed July 17, 2014
  84. National Journal, "2013 Senate Vote Ratings," accessed July 17, 2014
  85. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  86. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  87. LinkedIn, "Heidi Cruz," accessed November 30, 2012
  88. Texas Tribune, "Bio of Ted Cruz," accessed November 1, 2012
  89. Daily Caller, "Ted Cruz’s dad: Obama is ‘just like’ Castro," accessed July 22, 2013
  90. Politico, "Ted Cruz's dad backs Pete Sessions challenger," January 7, 2014
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