Ted Cruz

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ted Cruz
Ted Cruz.jpg
Current candidacy
Running for President of the United States
General electionNovember 8, 2016
Current office
U.S. Senate, Texas
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2019
Years in position 2
PredecessorKay Bailey Hutchison (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Next generalNovember 2018
Campaign $$14,511,279
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Solicitor General of Texas
High schoolSecond Baptist High
Bachelor'sPrinceton University
Date of birthDec. 22, 1970
Place of birthCalgary, Alberta, Canada
Net worth(2012) $3,094,523
ReligionSouthern Baptist
Office website
Campaign website
Ted Cruz campaign logo
See also: Ted Cruz presidential campaign, 2016


Rafael Edward "Ted" Cruz (b. December 22, 1970, in Calgary, Alberta, Canada) is the Republican junior U.S. Senator from Texas.[1] He was first elected in 2012. He defeated David Dewhurst in the primary runoff on July 31, 2012, in what was described by The Washington Post as the biggest upset of 2012.[2] Cruz went on to win in the general election on November 6, 2012, defeating Paul Sadler (D), John Jay Myers (L) and David Collins (G).

Cruz announced on March 23, 2015, that he will seek the presidency in 2016.[3]

Cruz is one of three Latino members of the U.S. Senate.

Cruz identifies with the tea party movement. Although Cruz is considered a more moderate right of center Republican party vote, according to an analysis of multiple outside rankings, it is due to a tendency to vote against Republican-sponsored bills that are not conservative or libertarian enough. As a result, he may break with party lines and vote with Democrats in some cases, but for very different reasons.[4]


Cruz was born in Calgary in Alberta, Canada, where his parents were working in the Alberta oil fields. In 1974 they returned to the Houston area.[5]

Cruz graduated from Second Baptist High School as valedictorian in 1988. He earned his B.A. in Public Policy from Princeton University in 1992. He went on to receive his J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1995. Cruz then worked in the following positions in the law field: law clerk to Chief Justice of the United States William Rehnquist, associate deputy attorney general for the U.S. Department of Justice and director of the Office of Policy Planning for the Federal Trade Commission. He is currently a partner of Morgan, Lewis & Bockius Limited Liability Partnership.[6]

Cruz served as Solicitor General of Texas from 2003 to 2008. In this role he was the youngest Solicitor General in the nation, as well as the longest-serving and first Hispanic Solicitor General in the state. Among his accomplishments, Cruz argued 40 oral arguments, including nine before the U.S. Supreme Court.[7]

In August 2012, he was included in a list of 20 Latino political rising stars compiled by the San Francisco Chronicle.[8]

Cruz won election to the U.S. Senate on November 6, 2012.[9]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Cruz's academic, professional and political career:[10]

  • 2013-Present: U.S. Senator from Texas
  • 2003-2008: Solicitor General of Texas
  • 1995-2003: Worked in the following positions: law clerk to Chief Justice of the United States William Rehnquist, associate deputy attorney general for the U.S. Department of Justice and director of the Office of Policy Planning for the Federal Trade Commission.
  • 1995: Graduated from Harvard University with J.D.
  • 1992: Graduated from Princeton University with B.A.

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate


Cruz serves on the following committees:[11]


Cruz served on the following Senate committees:[12]

Key votes

114th Congress


The first session of the 114th Congress has enacted into law 6 out of the 2,616 introduced bills (0.2 percent). Comparatively, the 113th Congress had 1.3 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[13] The Senate has confirmed 3,934 out of 5,051 executive nominations received (77.9 percent). For more information pertaining to Cruz's voting record in the 114th Congress, please see the below sections.[14]

Economic and fiscal

2016 Budget proposal

Nay3.png On May 5, 2015, the Senate voted to approve SConRes11, a congressional budget proposal for fiscal year 2016, by a vote of 51-48. The non-binding resolution will be used to create 12 appropriations bills to fund the government before funding runs out on October 1. The vote marked the first time since 2009 that Congress approved a joint budget resolution. All 44 Democrats voted against the resolution. Cruz was one of two Republican senators to vote against the bill.[15][16][17]



Loretta Lynch AG nomination

Neutral/Abstain On April 23, 2015, the Senate voted to confirm Loretta Lynch as United States Attorney General by a vote of 56-43. All 44 Democratic senators and 10 Republican senators voted to confirm Lynch. Cruz was the only senator not to vote on Lynch's confirmation.[18]

After missing the vote on Lynch's confirmation, Cruz explained that his absence from the vote was essentially the same as voting against the nomination. He said, "There was no significance to the final vote, and I had a scheduling conflict. Under the Senate rules, absence is the equivalent of a no vote. It is identical procedurally."[19]

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[20] The Senate confirmed 13,949 out of 18,323 executive nominations received (76.1 percent). For more information pertaining to Cruz's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[21]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Nay3.png Cruz voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[22]

Drones filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists were critical of President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[23][24][25]

Cruz was one of the 13 Republican senators who joined Paul in his filibuster.[26][27]

According to the website Breitbart, 30 Republican senators did not support the filibuster.[28][29]

The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[30]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Farm bill

Nay3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[31] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[32] Cruz voted with 22 other Republican senators against the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[33][34] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[34] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[35] It increased the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel by 1 percent, increased Head Start funding for early childhood education by $1 billion, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts.

Cruz voted with 25 other Republican members against the bill.[33][34]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[36] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Cruz voted with the Republican Party against the bill.[37]

Cruz vowed to donate his paycheck to charity while the government was on shutdown.[38]

Cruz said the shutdown did not affect his family's visit to the D.C. area. He took his family apple picking and to Mount Vernon.[39]

After the government shutdown ended with Republicans failing to receive any concessions from President Barack Obama, Cruz blamed GOP senators for the loss. He said, "The reason this deal, the lousy deal was reached, is because unfortunately Senate Republicans made the choice not to support House Republicans." He later added, "I think that was unfortunate. I think it was unfortunate that you saw multiple members of the Senate Republicans going on television attacking House conservatives, attacking the effort to defund Obamacare, saying it can not win, it's a fools errand, we will lose, this must fail. That is a recipe for losing the fight, and it's a shame."[40]

Paul Ryan Budget Proposal

Nay3.png In March 2013 the U.S. Senate soundly rejected a balanced budget plan by House Budget Committee chair Paul Ryan (R).[41] Five Republicans joined every Democrat present to kill the measure, which failed on a 40-59 vote.[41]

Cruz was one of the five Senate Republicans who voted against Ryan's budget proposal.[41]

The proposed budget would have cut about $5 trillion over the next decade and aimed to balance the budget by the end of the 10-year period.[42]

Some tea party members of the GOP opposed the measure because of its reliance on $600 billion-plus in tax revenues on the wealthy enacted in January 2013, in order to balance the budget.[41] Others in the Senate opposed the Ryan plan because of cuts from safety net programs for the poor and the inclusion of a plan to turn the Medicare program for the elderly into a voucher-like system for future beneficiaries born in 1959 or later.[41]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Nay3.png Cruz voted against H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[43]


Mexico-U.S. border

Yea3.png Cruz voted for Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status could be granted. It also would have required 700 miles of fence to be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants could have been changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[44]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Nay3.png Cruz voted against S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[45]


On The Issues Vote Match

Ted Cruz's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Cruz is a Hard-Core Conservative. Cruz received a score of 17 percent on social issues and 89 percent on economic issues.[46] Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.

On The Issues organization logo.

Christian summit

In September 2014, Cruz was scheduled to be a keynote speaker at the In Defense of Christians summit in Washington, D.C., in support of Middle East Christians. However, during his speech he began telling those present that they needed to support Israel. The crowd eventually turned on him and began booing as he continued to talk about Israel. In response to this, Cruz said, "If you will not stand with Israel and the Jews, then I will not stand with you," and left the stage.[47][48]

Immigration crisis

On June 30, 2014, President Barack Obama announced plans to take executive action on immigration reform. Obama blamed House Republicans for failing to act on this issue and said that he would do it on his own without Congress. This came after thousands of unaccompanied children began to show up at the U.S. border.[49]

Cruz was one of many GOP leaders in Texas who responded negatively to Obama's decision. His press secretary issued the following statement: "President Obama made many excuses today, but the blame lies at his feet. He has forfeited endless opportunities to work with Congress to pass common sense immigration reform that secures the border and champions legal immigration, while respecting the rule of law. The humanitarian crisis at the border is a direct result of his own policy failures, and his past unilateral actions on immigration display a willingness to stretch his existing legal authorities well beyond the breaking point. This humanitarian crisis will not end until both the president and Congress make it clear that rule of law matters, and those who ignore it and come here illegally will not be allowed to stay and receive de facto amnesty."[50]

National security

Letter to Iran

On March 9, 2015, Senator Tom Cotton (R-Ark.) wrote a letter to Iran's leadership, warning them that signing a nuclear deal with the Obama administration without congressional approval was merely an "executive agreement." The letter also stated that "The next president could revoke such an executive agreement with the stroke of a pen and future Congresses could modify the terms of the agreement at any time." The letter was signed by 47 Republican members of the Senate. Cruz was one of the 47 who signed the letter. No Democrats signed it.[51]

The letter caused intense backlash from both the Obama administration and the public. Vice President Joe Biden said of the letter, "In thirty-six years in the United States Senate, I cannot recall another instance in which senators wrote directly to advise another country — much less a longtime foreign adversary — that the president does not have the constitutional authority to reach a meaningful understanding with them."[52] On Twitter, the hashtag "47Traitors" became the top trending topic in the world, and a debate raged as to whether the 47 who signed the letter were traitors or patriots.[53]

ISIS insurgency in Iraq

See also: ISIS insurgency in Iraq and Syria

In August 2014, Cruz said that President Barack Obama needed to seek congressional authorization if airstrikes were to continue against ISIS forces in Iraq. Cruz said, "I believe initiating new military hostilities in a sustained basis in Iraq obligates the president to go back to Congress and to make the case and to seek congressional authorization. I hope that if he intends to continue this that he does that." Cruz has been largely supportive of the bombings and humanitarian aid, however. He stated, "I am glad that President Obama is finally beginning to take the threat of ISIS seriously."[54]

On September 7, 2014, Cruz restated the need for action against ISIS and for Obama to get congressional approval for that action. He said, "President Obama should make the case to the American people and seek authorization from Congress. Formal congressional authorization is required by the Constitution and would force the president to commit to a clearly defined strategy to protect our national security. And it would unite the Congress in the mission to protect America and eradicate ISIS."[55]

Crisis in Gaza

Cruz announced on July 23, 2014, that he was placing holds on all federal nominees to the U.S. Department of State because of the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) decision to stop all flights from the U.S. to Israel, calling it an "economic boycott." The Obama administration replied to Cruz's suggestion, calling the claim "ridiculous and offensive." This began a war of words between the two, with Cruz placing his hold on the nominees, stating, "The only thing ‘offensive’ about this situation is how the Obama Administration is spurning our allies to embolden our enemies; the only thing ‘ridiculous’ is the administration’s response to basic questions. Until the State Department answers my questions, I will hold all State Department nominees."[56]

Cruz lifted the hold on July 28, 2014, after he received a briefing on the reasoning behind the flight ban by FAA officials. Cruz explained, "I appreciate the FAA’s efforts to respond to my questions, and so I have lifted my hold on State Department nominees. The hold was designed to force answers to important questions about why the Obama administration had banned flights to Israel. Thankfully, in response to widespread criticism, the administration has now reversed course and lifted its ban on flights to Ben Gurion International Airport."[57]


Cruz and Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) condemned Hamas in a resolution they presented to the Senate on July 28, 2014. Cruz said of Hamas, "Hamas is undoubtedly guilty of violating international humanitarian law through its deliberate, repeated, and consistent use of civilians as human shields. The United States of America, along with the entire international community must expose and denounce Hamas’ barbaric tactics and unequivocally support Israel’s right to self-defense." Reps. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) and Ted Deutch (D-FL) filed the resolution in the House, as well.[58]

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

While speaking to a crowd at the Heritage Foundation, Cruz praised Obama's decision to seek congressional approval, while still acknowledging he would have voted "no." Cruz said, "I would have voted ‘no,’ great many others would have voted ‘no.’ But I think it reflected a wise and prudent judgement on the part of the president to postpone the vote, rather than have that authority rejected and I don’t believe that the president is going to ignore the views of the American people."[59]


Cruz is one of the most vocal opponents of Obamacare and has led a number of efforts aimed at defunding it.[60]

Continuing Resolution filibuster

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Cruz spoke for over 21 hours on the floor of the Senate about defunding The Affordable Care Act. He relinquished control of the floor at noon on September 25, 2013. According to Senate rules, the latest he could have spoken was only an hour later at 1 p.m. According to Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.), "This is not a filibuster. This is an agreement that he and I made that he could talk."[61]

During the speech, Cruz was questioned by Democrats Tim Kaine of Virginia and Dick Durbin of Illinois and received the support of Utah Senator Mike Lee and Kentucky Senator Rand Paul.[61]

The speech took place after Cruz called for Republican senators to effectively filibuster the continuing resolution that passed the House in September 2013. He said, "Step two is the Senate, where all accounts suggest Harry Reid plans to use procedural gimmicks to try to add funding back in for Obamacare. If Reid pursues this plan — if he insists on using a 50-vote threshold to fund Obamacare with a partisan vote of only Democrats — then I hope that every Senate Republican will stand together and oppose cloture on the bill in order to keep the House bill intact and not let Harry Reid add Obamacare funding back in."[62]

He went on, "Now is a time for party unity; Senate Republicans should stand side-by-side with courageous House Republicans."[62]

Bataan death march apology

Cruz's apology to U.S. Filipino Veterans

Cruz issued an apology to Filipino veterans on September 30, 2013, for his comments during his 21-hour long floor speech referencing the Bataan death march.[63]

“I apologize for causing offense. I should not have said what I did,” Cruz said.[63]

At the end of his more than 21 hour long speech, Cruz wrapped up by acknowledging floor staff and individuals who worked during his speech, thanking “the men and women who have endured this — this Bataan death march.”[63]

Anti-Obamacare rally

Senators Cruz, Rand Paul and Mike Lee, who led calls in the Senate to defund Obamacare in any spending bills in 2013, headlined a September 10, 2013, "Exempt America from Obamacare" event, organized by Tea Party Patriots and ForAmerica, along with other conservative groups.[64]

Democrats will stop at nothing to protect the president’s signature legislation, and too many Republicans are afraid to fight,” rally organizers wrote.[64] They also took a shot at the Office of Personnel Management rule allowing the federal government to continue subsidizing health plans for lawmakers and their aides.[64] “Even Big Government is getting a carve out now,” they wrote.[64]

The rally came after 80 House members signed a letter in August 2013, calling on Congress to defund the health care law in upcoming fiscal battles.[64]

Reactions to Ted Cruz

Rand Paul.jpg

Rand Paul

On March 10, 2014, Senator Rand Paul called out Cruz and other Republicans for mischaracterizing his views on foreign policy. He said of Cruz, "We always have been good friends. I’m not real excited about him mischaracterizing my views and, you know, won’t let that pass. I think that, you know, sometimes people want to stand up and say, ‘Hey, look at me. I’m the next Ronald Reagan.’ Well, almost all of us in the party are big fans of Ronald Reagan." He went on by saying that, "trashing previous Republican nominees or holding oneself out as some paragon in the mold of Reagan, that splintering the party is not the route to victory."[65]

2013 best year

Cruz was named by The Hill as one of the members of Congress who had the best year in 2013.[66]

Harry Reid.jpg

Harry Reid

Harry Reid stated that he partly thinks it would be good for Cruz to be the 2016 presidential nominee for the Republican Party. He said, "If I didn’t care so much about our country, I would hope he would get the Republican nomination for president, because that would mean the end of the Republican Party. With Ted Cruz, I am sure this will help him raise more money." He went on to say about Cruz, "He stands for everything America doesn’t."[67]

Fox News interview

Before Cruz appeared on Fox News' Hannity in September 2013, Chris Wallace said that he had received opposition research and questions from fellow Republicans so that he could hammer Cruz on the show. Cruz responded to this news by saying, "I mean folks can do whatever they want to resist change, and there are a lot of people that have been in Washington a long time that are fearful of change. They’re fearful of risk, they’re fearful of anything that changes the clubby way Washington does business." He went on, "And you know, no matter what insults others choose to hurl at me and in the last few weeks they have picked quite a few, some of them have been pretty amusing actually, but no matter what they do I’m not going to respond in kind."[68]

Iowa Reagan Dinner

Cruz gave a 45 minute long speech as the keynote speaker at Iowa's annual Reagan Dinner on October 25, 2013. He spoke about Obamacare and applauded House Republicans for standing up to Democrats. He also mentioned Obama's failed gun control policies saying, "When it came time for a vote [on gun control] every single proposal of the president’s that would have undermined the Second Amendment was voted down. That was the power of the grass roots."[69]




See also: Ted Cruz presidential campaign, 2016 and Presidential election, 2016

Cruz is a Republican candidate for the office of President of the United States in 2016. He announced the launch of his campaign in a tweet on March 23, 2015.[70] Cruz, who was born in Canada, has an American mother and a Cuban father; in 2014, he officially renounced his Canadian dual citizenship. "The renunciation became official on May 14, roughly 9 months after he learned he wasn’t only an American," according to the Dallas Morning News.[71] "The U.S. Constitution requires presidents to be 'natural born' citizens, which is commonly believed to include Americans born with the right to citizenship, even if they were not born on American soil specifically," according to Time.[72]


Pat Roberts tour

Cruz began campaigning for Sen. Pat Roberts (R-Kan.) in October of 2014. He helped launch a bus tour for the Roberts campaign. Cruz said about the campaign, "To stop the liberal Harry Reid-Barack Obama agenda, we must win the Senate Majority – and we can’t do that without Pat Roberts back in the Senate." At the time of the tour, Roberts was trailing independent candidate Greg Orman by 10 points in the polls.[73]

Primary endorsements

See also: Contested primaries in U.S. Congressional elections, 2014

Cruz initially refused to endorse fellow Texas senator John Cornyn or any other incumbent Republican in 2014. He stated, "I think every elected official, including me, owes it to the people, owes it the grass roots, to go and make the case to the grass roots why he or she is representing their interests." It was thought that his silence could embolden conservatives seeking to challenge incumbents in 2014.[74]

Cruz officially made his first Senate primary endorsement on April 16, 2014, when he endorsed T.W. Shannon in Oklahoma's special election to the U.S. Senate. In a statement Cruz said, "T.W. Shannon is a strong Constitutional conservative who will fight for individual liberty and help turn our country around. T.W. embodies the American dream. I’m proud to offer T.W. my enthusiastic endorsement because not only will he vote the right way, but he’ll stand up and fight with us in the Senate to stop President Obama’s assault on our liberties and defend America’s founding principles."[75]

Senate Conservatives Fund

Cruz privately told his fellow Republican senators that he would not engage in the Senate Conservatives Fund's tactics to defeat them in primary elections. A spokeswoman, Catherine Frazier, said, "He’ll continue working with them to promote common conservative policies but not get involved in their endorsement or fundraising decisions. SCF’s organization is not just about primary politics but promoting conservative causes that Republicans across the spectrum can support.”[76]


See also: United States Senate elections in Texas, 2012

Cruz won election to the U.S. Senate in 2012, representing Texas. He and David Dewhurst defeated Joe Agris, Curt Cleaver, Glenn Addison, Ben Gambini, Craig James, Tom Leppert and Lela Pittenger in the Republican primary on May 29, 2012. Cruz then defeated Dewhurst in the primary runoff on July 31, 2012, in what was described as the biggest upset of 2012.[2] He went on to win the general election on November 6, 2012, defeating Paul Sadler (D), John Jay Myers (L) and David Collins (G).[1][77][78]

U.S. Senate, Texas General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTed Cruz 56.5% 4,440,137
     Democratic Paul Sadler 40.6% 3,194,927
     Libertarian John Jay Myers 2.1% 162,354
     Green David B. Collins 0.9% 67,404
Total Votes 7,864,822
Source: Texas Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. Senate Runoff Election, Texas Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTed Cruz 56.8% 631,812
David Dewhurst 43.2% 480,126
Total Votes 1,111,938

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Cruz attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Cruz is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Cruz raised a total of $14,511,279 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.[79]

Ted Cruz's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. Senate (Texas) Won $14,511,279
Grand Total Raised $14,511,279

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Cruz won election to the U.S. Senate in 2012. During that election cycle, Cruz's campaign committee raised a total of $14,511,279 and spent $14,031,864.[80] This is more than the average $10.2 million spent by Senate winners in 2012.[81]

Cost per vote

Cruz spent $3.16 per vote received in the 2012 general election. This is the third lowest among U.S. senators who won election in 2012.

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Cruz's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,029,049 and $5,159,997. That averages to $3,094,523, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Cruz ranked as the 45th most wealthy senator in 2012.[82] Between 2011 and 2012, Cruz's calculated net worth[83] increased by an average of 83 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[84]

Ted Cruz Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2011 to 2012:83%
Average annual growth:83%[85]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[86]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Cruz received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Republican/Conservative industry.

From 2011-2014, 27.78 percent of Cruz's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[87]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Ted Cruz Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $17,812,695
Total Spent $15,686,140
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$930,584
Oil & Gas$927,368
Securities & Investment$684,141
% total in top industry8.84%
% total in top two industries14.06%
% total in top five industries27.78%


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Cruz was a "rank-and-file Republican" as of July 2014. In June 2013, Cruz was rated as a "centrist Republican follower."[88]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[89]

Cruz most often votes with:

Cruz least often votes with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Cruz missed 30 of 519 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 5.8 percent, which is worse than the median of 2 percent among current senators as of July 2014.[90]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.


Cruz ranked fourth in the conservative rankings among U.S. senators in 2013.[91]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Cruz voted with the Republican Party 83.6 percent of the time, which ranked 33rd among the 45 Senate Republican members as of July 2014.[92]


Cruz voted with the Republican Party 85.4 percent of the time, which ranked 38th among the 44 Senate Republican members as of May 2013.[93]


Cruz and his wife, Heidi, have two daughters.[6] Heidi works as head of the Southwest Region in the Investment Management Division of Goldman Sachs, assigned to the Houston area.[94]

Cruz was born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, on December 22, 1970. His father, a Cuban immigrant, fled his home country in 1957 after fighting against the dictator Fulgencio Batista. His mother is Irish-American.[95]

Rafael Cruz

Cruz's father, Rafael, has made headlines through speaking engagements. At one such engagement in July 2013, Rafael compared President Obama to Fidel Castro.[96]

Rafael Cruz endorsed Katrina Pierson in her primary challenge against Republican incumbent Pete Sessions in Texas' 32nd Congressional District in 2014.[97]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Ted + Cruz + Texas + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Ted Cruz News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

Suggest a link
Political Tracker has an article on:
Ted Cruz


  1. 1.0 1.1 CNN, "Texas Senate Race - 2012 Election Center," accessed November 9, 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Washington Post, "The biggest upset of 2012," November 28, 2012
  3. NPR, "Republican Thorn Ted Cruz Announces Run For President," March 23, 2015
  4. Fox News Latino, "Ted Cruz Puts Dewhurst on Defensive in Last Debate Before Texas Runoff," July 18, 2012
  5. Chron, "Cruz's life defies simplification," October 15, 2012
  6. 6.0 6.1 Project Vote Smart, "Biography," accessed June 2, 2014
  7. Ted Cruz, "Bio," accessed November 1, 2012
  8. San Francisco Chronicle, "20 Latino political rising stars of 2012 (with PHOTO GALLERY)," August 25, 2012
  9. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Texas," November 6, 2012
  10. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Rafael Edward (Ted) Cruz," accessed February 25, 2014
  11. United States Senate, "Committee Assignments of the 114th Congress," accessed February 17, 2015
  12. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  13. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 113th Congress," accessed April 29, 2015
  14. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress," April 13, 2015
  15. Congress.gov, "S.Con.Res.11," accessed May 5, 2015
  16. Senate.gov, "On the Conference Report (Conference Report to Accompany S. Con. Res. 11)," accessed May 5, 2015
  17. The Hill, "Republicans pass a budget, flexing power of majority," accessed May 5, 2015
  18. Senate.gov, "On the Nomination (Confirmation Loretta E. Lynch, of New York, to be Attorney General)," accessed April 29, 2015
  19. The Hill, "Cruz on Loretta Lynch: Absence is a no vote," May 1, 2015
  20. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  21. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  22. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  23. CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  24. USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  25. ABC News, "Rand Paul Wins Applause From GOP and Liberals," March 7, 2013
  26. The Blaze, "Here Are All the GOP Senators That Participated in Rand Paul’s 12+ Hour Filibuster… and the Ones Who Didn’t," March 7, 2013
  27. Los Angeles Times, "Sen. Rand Paul ends marathon filibuster of John Brennan," March 7, 2013
  28. Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet The GOP Senators Who Refused to Stand With Rand," March 7, 2013
  29. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  30. Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
  31. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
  32. New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  33. 33.0 33.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  35. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  36. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  37. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  38. Politico, "Hill pols plan to donate, halt salary," accessed October 1, 2013
  39. Politico, "Ted Cruz: Shutdown hit family trip," accessed October 9, 2013
  40. Politico, "Cruz slams fellow GOP senators," October 20, 2013
  41. 41.0 41.1 41.2 41.3 41.4 CBS News, "Senate Rejects Paul Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  42. Washington Post, "10 House Republicans Vote Against Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  43. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  44. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  45. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  46. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ontheissues
  47. The Week, "Ted Cruz and the most cynical, despicable political stunt of the year," September 12, 2014
  48. National Review Online, "Booing Ted Cruz," September 15, 2014
  49. Breitbart, "Obama: I'll Act on My Own on Immigration," June 30, 2014
  50. Breitbart, "Texas Politicians Lambast Obama's Immigration Speech," July 1, 2014
  51. The Wall Street Journal, "Text of GOP Senators’ Letter to Iran’s Leaders on Nuclear Talks," March 9, 2015
  52. Fox News, "Firestorm erupts over GOP letter challenging Obama's power to approve Iran nuclear deal," March 10, 2015
  53. Ut San Diego, "Traitors or patriots? Senator's letter to Iran creates firestorm," March 11, 2015
  54. Time, "Ted Cruz: Obama Must Seek Congressional Authorization For Iraq Strikes," August 9, 2014
  55. The Blaze, "Ted Cruz says it’s ‘unacceptable’ for Obama to proceed against Islamic State without Congress," September 8, 2014
  56. Roll Call, "Cruz Threatens to Delay State Department Nominees Over FAA’s Israel Flight Ban," July 23, 2014
  57. Politico, "Cruz lifts hold on State nominees," July 28, 2014
  58. Politico, "Ted Cruz, Kirsten Gillibrand team up on Hamas," July 28, 2014
  59. Politico, "Pigs fly, Ted Cruz full of Obama praise," accessed September 12, 2013
  60. The Washington Post, "Cruz launches extended remarks in opposition to Obamacare," September 24, 2013
  61. 61.0 61.1 Politico, "Ted Cruz ends marathon speech," September 25, 2013
  62. 62.0 62.1 Roll Call, "Filibuster the House CR? Cruz, Other Conservatives Say ‘Yes’ (Updated)," September 20, 2013
  63. 63.0 63.1 63.2 Politico, "Ted Cruz apologizes for Bataan remark," accessed October 2, 2013
  64. 64.0 64.1 64.2 64.3 64.4 Politico, "Rand Paul, Ted Cruz plan anti-Obamacare rally," accessed August 27, 2013
  65. Politico, "Rand Paul: Ted Cruz ‘mischaracterizing’ views," March 11, 2014
  66. The Hill, "Best, worst years in Washington," accessed January 13, 2014
  67. Politico, "Harry Reid: Ted Cruz ‘16 would be end of GOP," October 31, 2013
  68. Politico, "Ted Cruz responds to Chris Wallace," September 24, 2013
  69. Politico, "Ted Cruz delivers stemwinder at Iowa’s Reagan Dinner," accessed October 25, 2013
  70. Twitter, "Ted Cruz," accessed March 23, 2015
  71. Dallas Morning News, "No, Canada: Sen. Ted Cruz has formally shed his dual citizenship," accessed March 5, 2015
  72. Time, "Ted Cruz Renounces Newly Discovered Canadian Citizenship," June 10, 2014
  73. The Washington Post, "Ted Cruz to campaign for Pat Roberts," accessed October 6, 2014
  74. The Washington Post, "Cruz speaks volumes with his silence on Senate GOP colleagues’ primary races," August 24, 2013
  75. The Washington Post, "Ted Cruz backs T.W. Shannon with first Senate primary endorsement of 2014," April 16, 2014
  76. Politico, "Ted Cruz extends olive branch to GOP senators," October 30, 2013
  77. Texas GOP, "Candidate list," November 6, 2012
  78. Associated Press, "Election results," November 6, 2012
  79. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Ted Cruz," accessed March 25, 2013
  80. Open Secrets, "Ted Cruz 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  81. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  82. OpenSecrets, "Ted Cruz (R-Texas), 2012," accessed March 4, 2013
  83. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  84. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  85. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  86. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  87. OpenSecrets.org, "Sen. Ted Cruz," accessed September 18, 2014
  88. GovTrack, "Ted Cruz," accessed July 17, 2014
  89. OpenCongress, "Ted Cruz," accessed July 14, 2014
  90. GovTrack, "Ted Cruz," accessed July 17, 2014
  91. National Journal, "2013 Senate Vote Ratings," accessed July 17, 2014
  92. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  93. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  94. LinkedIn, "Heidi Cruz," accessed November 30, 2012
  95. Texas Tribune, "Bio of Ted Cruz," accessed November 1, 2012
  96. Daily Caller, "Ted Cruz’s dad: Obama is ‘just like’ Castro," accessed July 22, 2013 (dead link)
  97. Politico, "Ted Cruz's dad backs Pete Sessions challenger," January 7, 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Kay Bailey Hutchison
U.S. Senate - Texas
Succeeded by