Ted Poe

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Ted Poe
Ted Poe.jpg
U.S. House, Texas, District 2
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2005-present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 9
PartyRepublican
PredecessorJim Turner (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$3.01 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2004
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$5,340,823
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
District attorney, Harris County, TX
1973-1981
Judge, Harris County, TX
1981-2003
Education
Bachelor'sAbilene Christian University
J.D.University of Houston
Military service
Service/branchU.S. Air Force Reserves
Years of service1970-1976
Personal
BirthdaySeptember 10, 1948
Place of birthTemple, TX
ProfessionLawyer and judge
Net worth$446,006
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Ted Poe (b. September 10, 1948, in Temple, TX) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Texas. Poe serves Texas' 2nd Congressional District. He was first elected to the House in 2004.

Poe most recently won re-election in 2012. He defeated Jim Dougherty (D), Kenneth Duncan (L) and Mark Roberts (G) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[1]

Poe is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on March 4, 2014. He will face Niko Letsos (D), James Veasaw (L) and Mark Roberts (G) in the general election on November 4, 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Poe is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

After receiving his bachelor's degree from Abilene Christian University, Poe served in the U.S. Air Force Reserves for six years. During that time, he also earned his J.D. from the University of Houston and started his career as a district attorney.[2] He went on to serve as county judge for over 20 years and earned a reputation for his unique sentences.[3]

Career

  • 1973-1981: Harris County district attorney
  • 1981-2003: Harris County judge
  • 2005-present: U.S. House of Representatives

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Poe serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Poe was a member of the following House committees:[5]

  • Committee on the Judiciary
    • Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security
    • Subcommittee on Immigration Policy and Enforcement
    • Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Competition, and the Internet
  • Committee on Foreign Affairs
    • Subcommittee on Europe and Eurasia
    • Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[6] For more information pertaining to Poe's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

NDAA

Neutral/Abstain Poe did not vote on HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[8]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Poe voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Poe voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[11] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[12][13] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[13] Poe voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[14][15] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[15] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[16] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Poe joined with the 63 other Republicans and 3 Democrats who voted against the bill.[14][15]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[17] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[18] Poe voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Nay3.pngThe shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[20] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Poe voted against HR 2775.[21]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Yea3.png Poe voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[22]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Poe voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[23] The vote largely followed party lines.[24]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Poe voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[25]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Poe voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[26]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[27] Poe joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[28][29]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Nay3.png Poe voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[30]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Ted Poe's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Poe is a Hard-Core Conservative. Poe received a score of 12 percent on social issues and 91 percent on economic issues.[31]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[32]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[31]

Campaign themes

2014

Poe's campaign website lists the following issues:[33]

  • Economy and Jobs
Excerpt: "America is not short of entrepreneurs with ideas. This country became great thanks to the innovation and ambition of many. Success should be encouraged, not punished. The private sector will expand and hire individuals if it is given incentives to invest and if it is not hampered by costly, unnecessary regulations."
  • Taxes
Excerpt: "I’ve pledged not to vote for any tax increase while in Congress. Americans for Tax Reform has awarded me with the “Champion of the Taxpayer Award” for my steadfastness on this issue. The National Taxpayers Union recognized me as a “Taxpayer’s Friend” and gave me an “A” grade."
  • Energy
Excerpt: "I support an all-of-the above (not a none-from-below) energy policy that includes feasible alternative energies. The U.S. must take advantage of its own natural resources instead of relying on unstable Middle Eastern dictators."
  • Immigration/Border
Excerpt: "Immigration and border security — or border protection — are two separate issues but must be handled in tandem. The current crisis along the U/S Mexico border has a devastating impact on our criminal justice and social systems throughout the country, but particularly here in Texas. The drug cartels wreck havoc on and instill fear within our communities. We must protect our border first and then reform our broken immigration system."
  • Healthcare
Excerpt: "I opposed the government takeover of healthcare bill because it was unconstitutional, and I voted for its repeal last year. I believe our current healthcare system needs reform, but I do not support the “reform” that was passed. I believe in the doctor/patient relationship and that a patient must retain a choice in determining his/her doctor."

Elections

2014

See also: Texas' 2nd Congressional District elections, 2014

Poe is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the Republican nomination in the primary election on March 4, 2014, with no opposition. He will face Niko Letsos (D), James Veasaw (L) and Mark Roberts (G) in the general election on November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: Texas' 2nd Congressional District elections, 2012

Poe won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Texas' 2nd District. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on May 29, 2012. He defeated Jim Dougherty (D), Kenneth Duncan (L) and Mark Roberts (G) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[34][35]

U.S. House, Texas District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTed Poe Incumbent 64.8% 159,664
     Democratic Jim Dougherty 32.7% 80,512
     Libertarian Kenneth Duncan 1.7% 4,140
     Green Mark A. Roberts 0.8% 2,012
Total Votes 246,328
Source: Texas Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Poe attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Poe is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Poe raised a total of $5,340,823 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.[40]

Ted Poe's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Texas, District 2) Won $966,270
2010 US House (Texas, District 2) Won $876,075
2008 US House (Texas, District 2) Won $800,692
2006 US House (Texas, District 2) Won $1,021,390
2004 US House (Texas, District 2) Won $1,676,396
Grand Total Raised $5,340,823


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Poe's reports.[41]

Ted Poe (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[42]April 13, 2013$1,432,598.60$88,327.84$(32,873.86)$1,488,052.58
July Quarterly[43]July 13, 2013$1,488,052.58$151,494.93$(37,699.51)$1,601,848.00
October Quarterly[44]October 14, 2013$1,601,848.00$140,131.74$(32,691.13)$1,709,288.61
Year-End[45]January 29, 2014$1,709,288$82,438$(91,065)$1,700,662
Pre-Primary[46]February 20, 2014$1,700,662$41,776$(11,100)$1,731,338
April Quarterly[47]April 14, 2014$1,731,338$90,774$(19,102)$1,803,011
July Quarterly[48]July 15, 2014$1,803,011$152,314$(122,513)$1,832,812
Running totals
$747,256.51$(347,044.5)

2012

Poe won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Poe's campaign committee raised a total of $966,271 and spent $480,982.[49] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[50]

Cost per vote

Poe spent $3.01 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Poe won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Poe's campaign committee raised a total of $876,075 and spent $569,846.[51]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Poe's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $237,012 and $655,000. That averages to $446,006, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Poe ranked as the 283rd most wealthy representative in 2012.[52] Between 2004 and 2012, Poe's calculated net worth[53] increased by an average of 161 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[54]

Ted Poe Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$32,211
2012$446,006
Growth from 2004 to 2012:1,285%
Average annual growth:161%[55]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[56]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Poe is a "moderate Republican leader" as of July 2014. In June 2013, Poe was rated as a "far-right Republican leader."[57]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[58]

Poe most often votes with:

Poe least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Poe missed 285 of 7,423 roll call votes from January 2005 to July 2014. This amounts to 3.8 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[59]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Poe paid his congressional staff a total of $867,427 in 2011. Overall, Texas ranked 27th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[60]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Poe ranked 178th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[61]

2012

Poe ranked 144th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[62]

2011

Poe was tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 60th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[63]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Poe voted with the Republican Party 92.1 percent of the time, which ranked 183rd among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[64]

2013

Poe voted with the Republican Party 93.3 percent of the time, which ranked 203rd among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[65]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Ted + Poe + Texas + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Ted Poe News Feed

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See also

External links

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References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Texas," November 6, 2012
  2. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Ted Poe," accessed October 21, 2011
  3. Official House website, "Biography," accessed October 21, 2011
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  5. Official House website, "Committees," accessed October 21, 2011
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  23. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  28. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  29. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  30. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  31. 31.0 31.1 On The Issues, "Ted Poe Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  32. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  33. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed January 14, 2014
  34. Texas GOP, "Republican candidate list," accessed May 10, 2012
  35. Texas Secretary of State, "Unofficial Republican primary results," May 29, 2012
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Ted Poe," accessed March 25, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Ted Poe Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Ted Poe April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Ted Poe July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Ted Poe October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Ted Poe Year-End," accessed February 6, 2014
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Ted Poe Pre-Primary," accessed April 20, 2014
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Ted Poe April Quarterly," accessed April 20, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Ted Poe July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  49. Open Secrets, "Ted Poe 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 5, 2013
  50. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  51. Open Secrets, "Ted Poe 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 29, 2011
  52. OpenSecrets, "Ted Poe (R-Texas), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  53. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  54. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  55. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  56. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  57. GovTrack, "Ted Poe," accessed July 21, 2014
  58. OpenCongress, "Ted Poe," accessed July 18, 2014
  59. GovTrack, "Ted Poe," accessed July 21, 2014
  60. LegiStorm, "Ted Poe," accessed September 17, 2012
  61. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  62. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013
  63. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  64. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Jim Turner
U.S. House of Representatives - Texas, District 2
2005-Present
Succeeded by
-