Difference between revisions of "Template:Kycandidateprocess"

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The process to become a candidate is governed by [http://law.justia.com/codes/kentucky/2012/chapter-118/ Chapter 118 of the Kentucky Statutes].
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There are three ways a candidate may gain ballot access in [[Kentucky]]: by political party primary, by political organization convention or by petition. Which way a candidate may use depends on the candidate's voter registration. Candidates must be registered with a political party if they wish to run in the political party primary, they must be registered with the political organization in whose convention they seek nomination, and they must be registered with the political group they designate affiliation with on their petition. This is also true for independent candidates as they must be registered as independent voters in order to use that designation on their nominating petition.<ref name=sosfaq>[http://www.sos.ky.gov/elections/BecomingACandidate/Pages/FAQs.aspx ''Kentucky Secretary of State Website'', "FAQs," Accessed January 15, 2014]</ref><ref name=codesection315>[http://law.justia.com/codes/kentucky/2012/chapter-118/118.315/ ''Kentucky Statutes'', "Chapter 118, Section 315," Accessed January 15, 2014]</ref> Candidates are also only allowed to run for one office at a time, as their name cannot be on a ballot more than once.<ref>[http://law.justia.com/codes/kentucky/2012/chapter-118/118.405/ ''Kentucky Statutes'', "Chapter 118, Section 405," Accessed January 15, 2014]</ref>
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'''Political party primary candidates'''
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*Are granted ballot access by winning their party's primary election.<ref name=codesection105>[http://law.justia.com/codes/kentucky/2012/chapter-118/118.105/ ''Kentucky Statutes'', "Chapter 118, Section 105," Accessed January 15, 2014]</ref>
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*Must file a notification and declaration form with the [[Kentucky Secretary of State]]. This form must be signed by the candidate and by no less than two registered voters from the same party as the candidate and from the same district in which the candidate is running. The earliest this form can be signed is the first Wednesday after the first Monday in November of the year preceding the election in which the candidate is running.<ref>[http://law.justia.com/codes/kentucky/2012/chapter-118/118.125/ ''Kentucky Statutes'', "Chapter 118, Section 125," Accessed January 15, 2014]</ref> The notification and declaration form must be filed by 4 p.m. on the last Tuesday in January preceding the primary election.<ref>[http://law.justia.com/codes/kentucky/2012/chapter-118/118.165/ ''Kentucky Statutes'', "Chapter 118, Section 165," Accessed January 14, 2015]</ref>
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*Candidates defeated at the primary election are not allowed to run in the general election, with the exception of candidates running in a presidential preference primary.<ref>[http://law.justia.com/codes/kentucky/2012/chapter-118/118.345/ ''Kentucky Statutes'', "Chapter 118, Section 345," Accessed January 15, 2014]</ref>
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'''Political organization convention candidates'''
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*Are granted ballot access by getting nominated at their political organization's convention.<ref name=codesection325>[http://law.justia.com/codes/kentucky/2012/chapter-118/118.325/ ''Kentucky Statutes'', "Chapter 118, Section 325," Accessed January 15, 2014]</ref>
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*Candidates running for [[Kentucky state executive offices|state executive office]] or [[Kentucky State Legislature|state legislative office]] must first file a statement of candidacy form with the [[Kentucky Secretary of State]]. This form must be filed by 4 p.m. on April 1, or the next business day if it falls on a weekend or holiday. No charge will be assessed for the filing of this form.<ref name=codesection367>[http://law.justia.com/codes/kentucky/2012/chapter-118/118.367/ ''Kentucky Statutes'', "Chapter 118, Section 367," Accessed January 15, 2014]</ref>
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*Must file nomination papers, including nomination certificate from the convention, by the second Tuesday in August preceding the general election in which the candidate is running.<ref name=codesection365>[http://law.justia.com/codes/kentucky/2012/chapter-118/118.365/ ''Kentucky Statutes'', "Chapter 118, Section 365," Accessed January 15, 2014]</ref>
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'''Petition Candidates'''
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*Political organization, political group and independent candidates may all run by petition method.<ref name=codesection325/><ref name=codesection315/>
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*Candidates running for [[Kentucky state executive offices|state executive office]] or [[Kentucky State Legislature|state legislative office]] must first file a statement of candidacy form with the [[Kentucky Secretary of State]]. This form must be filed by 4 p.m. on April 1, or the next business day if it falls on a weekend or holiday. No charge will be assessed for the filing of this form.<ref name=codesection367/>
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*A petition signed by the candidate and by registered voters in the district from which the candidate seeks nomination must be filed with the [[Kentucky Secretary of State]]. Candidates may begin gathering signatures after the first Wednesday after the first Monday in November of the year preceding the general election in which the candidate is running.<ref name=codesection315/> Petitions must be filed with nomination papers by the second Tuesday in August preceding the general election.<ref name=codesection365/>
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*Petition signature requirements vary depending on office sought. See the table below.<ref name=sosfaq/><ref name=codesection315/>
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{| class="wikitable" style="width:50%;"
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|-
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! valign="bottom" style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Office sought
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! valign="bottom" style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Number of signatures required
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|-
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| [[Kentucky state executive offices|Kentucky state executive office]] || 5,000
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|-
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| [[United States Congress|Member of the United States Congress]] || 400
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|-
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| [[Kentucky State Legislature|Member of the Kentucky General Assembly]] || 100
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|}
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All candidates, no matter how they gain ballot access, are subject to filing fees. These fees are outlined in the table below. The [[Kentucky Secretary of State]] accepts personal checks, campaign account checks, cash or money orders for payment of filing fees.<ref name=sosfaq/><ref>[http://www.sos.ky.gov/elections/BecomingACandidate/Pages/default.aspx ''Kentucky Secretary of State Website'', "Becoming a Candidate," Accessed January 15, 2014]</ref><ref>[http://law.justia.com/codes/kentucky/2012/chapter-118/118.255/ ''Kentucky Statutes'', "Chapter 118, Section 255,"Accessed January 15, 2014]</ref>
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{| class="wikitable" style="width:35%;"
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|-
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! valign="bottom" style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Office sought
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! valign="bottom" style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Filing fee
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|-
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| [[United States Congress|Member of the United States Congress]] || $500.00
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|-
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| [[Governor of Kentucky]] || $500.00
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|-
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| [[Kentucky Attorney General]] || $500.00
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|-
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| [[Kentucky Secretary of State]] || $500.00
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|-
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| [[Kentucky Auditor]] || $500.00
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|-
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| [[Kentucky Treasurer]] || $500.00
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|-
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| [[Kentucky Commissioner of Agriculture]] || $500.00
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|-
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| [[Kentucky State Senate|Kentucky Senator]] || $200.00
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|-
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| [[Kentucky House of Representatives|Kentucky Representative]] || $200.00
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|}
 
<noinclude>{{reflist}}[[Category:Candidate ballot access processes by state]]</noinclude>
 
<noinclude>{{reflist}}[[Category:Candidate ballot access processes by state]]</noinclude>

Revision as of 15:51, 15 January 2014

The process to become a candidate is governed by Chapter 118 of the Kentucky Statutes.

There are three ways a candidate may gain ballot access in Kentucky: by political party primary, by political organization convention or by petition. Which way a candidate may use depends on the candidate's voter registration. Candidates must be registered with a political party if they wish to run in the political party primary, they must be registered with the political organization in whose convention they seek nomination, and they must be registered with the political group they designate affiliation with on their petition. This is also true for independent candidates as they must be registered as independent voters in order to use that designation on their nominating petition.[1][2] Candidates are also only allowed to run for one office at a time, as their name cannot be on a ballot more than once.[3]

Political party primary candidates

  • Are granted ballot access by winning their party's primary election.[4]
  • Must file a notification and declaration form with the Kentucky Secretary of State. This form must be signed by the candidate and by no less than two registered voters from the same party as the candidate and from the same district in which the candidate is running. The earliest this form can be signed is the first Wednesday after the first Monday in November of the year preceding the election in which the candidate is running.[5] The notification and declaration form must be filed by 4 p.m. on the last Tuesday in January preceding the primary election.[6]
  • Candidates defeated at the primary election are not allowed to run in the general election, with the exception of candidates running in a presidential preference primary.[7]

Political organization convention candidates

  • Are granted ballot access by getting nominated at their political organization's convention.[8]
  • Candidates running for state executive office or state legislative office must first file a statement of candidacy form with the Kentucky Secretary of State. This form must be filed by 4 p.m. on April 1, or the next business day if it falls on a weekend or holiday. No charge will be assessed for the filing of this form.[9]
  • Must file nomination papers, including nomination certificate from the convention, by the second Tuesday in August preceding the general election in which the candidate is running.[10]

Petition Candidates

  • Political organization, political group and independent candidates may all run by petition method.[8][2]
  • Candidates running for state executive office or state legislative office must first file a statement of candidacy form with the Kentucky Secretary of State. This form must be filed by 4 p.m. on April 1, or the next business day if it falls on a weekend or holiday. No charge will be assessed for the filing of this form.[9]
  • A petition signed by the candidate and by registered voters in the district from which the candidate seeks nomination must be filed with the Kentucky Secretary of State. Candidates may begin gathering signatures after the first Wednesday after the first Monday in November of the year preceding the general election in which the candidate is running.[2] Petitions must be filed with nomination papers by the second Tuesday in August preceding the general election.[10]
  • Petition signature requirements vary depending on office sought. See the table below.[1][2]
Office sought Number of signatures required
Kentucky state executive office 5,000
Member of the United States Congress 400
Member of the Kentucky General Assembly 100

All candidates, no matter how they gain ballot access, are subject to filing fees. These fees are outlined in the table below. The Kentucky Secretary of State accepts personal checks, campaign account checks, cash or money orders for payment of filing fees.[1][11][12]

Office sought Filing fee
Member of the United States Congress $500.00
Governor of Kentucky $500.00
Kentucky Attorney General $500.00
Kentucky Secretary of State $500.00
Kentucky Auditor $500.00
Kentucky Treasurer $500.00
Kentucky Commissioner of Agriculture $500.00
Kentucky Senator $200.00
Kentucky Representative $200.00