Difference between revisions of "Tennessee House of Representatives"
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Revision as of 06:33, 30 July 2013
|Tennessee House of Representatives|
|2014 session start:||January 8, 2013|
|Website:||Official House Page|
|House Speaker:||Beth Harwell, (R)|
|Majority Leader:||Gerald McCormick, (R)|
|Minority leader:||Craig Fitzhugh, (D)|
| Democratic Party (26) |
Republican Party (73)
|Length of term:||2 years|
|Authority:||Art III, Tennessee Constitution|
|Salary:||$19,009/year + per diem|
|Last Election:||November 6, 2012 (99 seats)|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014 (99 seats)|
|Redistricting:||Tennessee Legislature has control|
- 1 Sessions
- 2 Ethics and transparency
- 3 Elections
- 4 Redistricting
- 5 Representatives
- 6 Standing committees
- 7 History
- 8 External links
- 9 References
As of December 2014, Tennessee is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.
The Tennessee General Assembly, which the House is a part of, convenes on the second Tuesday in January on the years following elections as outlined by Article II, Section 8 of the Tennessee Constitution. The legislature is limited to 90 paid legislative days within a two year term.
- See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions
In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 8 through April 19. Republicans had a supermajority for the first time since the Civil War era.
Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included guns, school vouchers, and tax cuts to wine in grocery stores.
- See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the House was in session from January 10 through May 1.
Republican legislators began the session by passing new congressional and state legislative maps, but redistricting may remain a major issue as Democrats have threatened a lawsuit over the new districts. Republican leaders said the session will focus on job creation and eliminating policies and regulations that restrict businesses, including the inheritance tax, and reforming unemployment insurance.
- See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions
In 2011, the House will be in session from January 11 through mid May. 
- See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions
In 2010, the House was in regular session from January 12th to June 10th. Additionally, the General Assembly met in special session from January 12th to January 25th to deal with educational issues related to Race to the Top funds.
Ethics and transparency
Open States Transparency
The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Tennessee was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.
The signature filing deadline was April 5, 2012.
This chamber was mentioned in a November 2012 Pew Center on the States article that addressed supermajorities at stake in the 2012 election. Supermajority generally means a party controls two-thirds of all seats. While it varies from state to state, being in this position gives a party much greater power. Going into the election, Republicans in the Tennessee House have a solid majority and are seeking a supermajority.
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
|2012 Margin of Victory, Tennessee House of Representatives|
|District||Winner||Margin of Victory||Total Votes||Top Opponent|
|District 60||Darren Jernigan||0.4%||24,525||Jim Gotto|
|District 50||Bo Mitchell||0.6%||26,260||Charles Williamson|
|District 13||Gloria Johnson||1.4%||20,832||Gary Loe|
|District 33||John Ragan||2.8%||24,954||Jim Hackworth|
|District 43||Charles Curtiss||3.3%||20,563||Robert Dunham|
|District 74||John Tidwell||5.3%||17,773||Lauri Day|
|District 70||Barry Doss||6.1%||22,482||Calvin Moore|
|District 4||Kent Williams||7.4%||21,360||Thomas Gray III|
|District 76||Andy Holt||8.6%||20,477||Mark Maddox|
|District 53||Jason Powell||8.7%||19,700||Ben Claybaker|
Elections for the office of Tennessee House of Representatives were held in Tennessee on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was April 1, 2010 and the primary election day was on August 5, 2010.
In 2010, the candidates for state house raised a total of $9,478,590 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: 
|2010 Donors, Tennessee House of Representatives|
|Tennessee Legislative Campaign Cmte||$449,568|
|Tennessee Trial Lawyers Association||$184,650|
|Tennessee Bankers Association||$153,250|
|House Democratic Caucus||$145,953|
|Tennessee Education Association||$138,376|
|Tennessee Medical Association||$132,550|
|Tennessee Democratic Party||$122,126|
|Tennessee Association of Realtors||$119,750|
To be eligible to serve in the Tennessee House of Representatives, a candidate must be:
- A U.S. citizen
- 21 years old before the general election
- A three-year resident of Tennessee before the general election
- A county resident for 1 year prior to the general election
- A qualified voter
- The following situations would eliminate a candidate from qualifying for office:
- Those who have been convicted of offering or giving a bribe, or of larceny, or any other offense declared infamous by law, unless restored to citizenship in the mode pointed out by law;
- Those against whom there is a judgment unpaid for any moneys received by them, in any official capacity, due to the United States, to this state, or any county thereof;
- Those who are defaulters to the treasury at the time of the election, and the election of any such person shall be void;
- Soldiers, seamen, marines, or airmen in the regular army or navy or air force of the United States; and
- Members of congress, and persons holding any office of profit or trust under any foreign power, other state of the union, or under the United States.
| How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures |
In Tennessee, there are two ways a vacancy can be filled in the House. When twelve months or more remain in a unfilled term, a special election must be held within the allowable time frame set by law. If less than twelve months remain in a term, members of the State House must vote on a replacement.
- See also: Redistricting in Tennessee
The state's redistricting process is handled by the General Assembly, with the Governor wielding veto power.
The redistricting process began in January 2012; it was the first time in the state's history where the process was controlled entirely by Republicans. The two chambers passed maps, both of which Governor Bill Haslam signed. While Senate Democrats threatened a lawsuit, House Democrats went through with filing one in March, arguing that the House map unnecessarily split too many counties.
- See also: Partisan composition of state houses
|Party||As of December 2014|
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2013, members of the Tennessee Legislature are paid $19,009/year. Legislators receive $173/day per diem tied to the federal rate.
When sworn in
Tennessee legislators assume office the 15th of January following the election.
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. Duties of the Speaker include preserving order and decorum and appointing all committee and subcommittee members and officers. In the event that the Speaker is absent, the Speaker Pro Tempore assumes the duties of the office.
The Tennessee House has 14 standing committees:
- Agriculture and Natural Resources
- Business and Utilities
- Calendar and Rules
- Civil Justice
- Consumer and Human Resources
- Criminal Justice
- Finance, Ways, and Means
- Government Operations
- Insurance and Banking
- Local Government
- State Government
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Tennessee State House of Representatives for first 18 years while the Republicans were the majority for the last four years. The Tennessee House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Tennessee was under Republican trifectas for the final three years of the study.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
- Official website of the Tennessee House of Representatives
- Official list of the current members of the Tennessee House of Representatives
- Tennessee District Map
- Population in 2010 of the American states
- Population in 2000 of the American states
- Commercial Appeal, "Guns, wine, vouchers again in Tennessee legislature," January 5, 2013
- The Tennessean, "TN lawmakers gear up for fast session, re-election," January 8, 2012
- 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
- 2010 session dates for Tennessee legislature
- Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
- Stateline, "In Legislative Elections, Majorities and Supermajorities at Stake," November 2, 2012
- Follow the Money: "Tennessee House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
- Qualifications for running for Tennessee House of Representatives
- Tennessee Legislature "Tennessee Constitution"(Referenced Section Article II, Section 15)
- U.S. Census Bureau, "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Tennessee's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," March 16, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
- USA Today, Census 2010 - Tennessee, retrieved July 11, 2012.
- NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
- Rules of the Tennessee House - 106th General Assembly
- Tennessee House Leadership
State of Tennessee
|State executive officers||
Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Comptroller | Treasurer | Commissioner of Education | Commissioner of Insurance| Commissioner of Agriculture | Commissioner of Environment & Conservation | Commissioner of Labor and Workforce Development | Chairman of Regulatory Authority |