Difference between revisions of "Tennessee House of Representatives"
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:: ''See also: [[Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions]]''
:: ''See also: [[Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions]]''
In 2011, the House was in session from January
In 2011, the House was in session from January through April 19.<ref>[https://archive.today/sJzR ''National Conference of State Legislatures'', "2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar," accessed June 6, 2014](Archived)</ref>
Revision as of 13:18, 30 June 2014
|Tennessee House of Representatives|
|2014 session start:||January 14, 2014|
|Website:||Official House Page|
|House Speaker:||Beth Harwell (R)|
|Majority Leader:||Gerald McCormick (R)|
|Minority leader:||Craig Fitzhugh (D)|
Democratic Party ( 27)
Republican Party ( 71)Carter County Republican (1)
|Length of term:||2 years|
|Authority:||Art III, Tennessee Constitution|
|Salary:||$19,009/year + per diem|
|Last Election:||November 6, 2012 (99 seats)|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014 (99 seats)|
|Redistricting:||Tennessee Legislature has control|
- 1 Sessions
- 2 Ethics and transparency
- 3 Elections
- 4 Redistricting
- 5 Representatives
- 6 Standing committees
- 7 History
- 8 External links
- 9 References
As of August 2014, Tennessee is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.
The Tennessee General Assembly, which the House is a part of, convenes on the second Tuesday in January on the years following elections as outlined by Article II, Section 8 of the Tennessee Constitution. The legislature is limited to 90 paid legislative days within a two year term.
- See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions
In 2014, the Legislature will be in session from January 14 through May 1.
Major issues during the 2014 legislative session include education, guns in work parking lots, and requiring prescriptions for drugs used to make methamphetamine.
- See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions
In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 8 through April 19. Republicans had a supermajority for the first time since the Civil War era.
Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included guns, school vouchers, and tax cuts to wine in grocery stores.
- See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the House was in session from January 10 through May 1.
Republican legislators began the session by passing new congressional and state legislative maps, but redistricting may remain a major issue as Democrats have threatened a lawsuit over the new districts. Republican leaders said the session will focus on job creation and eliminating policies and regulations that restrict businesses, including the inheritance tax, and reforming unemployment insurance.
- See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions
In 2011, the House was in session from January 9 through April 19.
- See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions
In 2010, the House was in regular session from January 12th to June 10th. Additionally, the General Assembly met in special session from January 12th to January 25th to deal with educational issues related to Race to the Top funds.
Role in state budget
- See also: Tennessee state budget
- Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in August of the year preceding the start of the new fiscal year.
- State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in October.
- Agency hearings are held in November. Public hearings are held in November and December.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in February.
- The legislature typically adopts a budget in April or May. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The fiscal year begins July 1.
In Tennessee, the governor may exercise line item veto or item veto of appropriations authority.
The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the legislature is legally required to adopt a balanced budget.
The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 which indicated that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. Among the challenges states faced were a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. Tennessee was one of 29 states with mixed results regarding the frequency and effectiveness in its use of cost-benefit analysis.
Ethics and transparency
Following the Money report
- See also: Following the Money 2014 Report
The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending. According to the report, Tennessee received a grade of B and a numerical score of 83, indicating that Tennessee was "advancing" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.
Open States Transparency
The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Tennessee was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.
Elections for 99 seats in the Tennessee House of Representatives will take place in 2014. A primary election took place on August 7, 2014. The general election will be held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was April 3, 2014.
The signature filing deadline was April 5, 2012.
This chamber was mentioned in a November 2012 Pew Center on the States article that addressed supermajorities at stake in the 2012 election. Supermajority generally means a party controls two-thirds of all seats. While it varies from state to state, being in this position gives a party much greater power. Going into the election, Republicans in the Tennessee House have a solid majority and are seeking a supermajority.
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
|2012 Margin of Victory, Tennessee House of Representatives|
|District||Winner||Margin of Victory||Total Votes||Top Opponent|
|District 60||Darren Jernigan||0.4%||24,525||Jim Gotto|
|District 50||Bo Mitchell||0.6%||26,260||Charles Williamson|
|District 13||Gloria Johnson||1.4%||20,832||Gary Loe|
|District 33||John Ragan||2.8%||24,954||Jim Hackworth|
|District 43||Charles Curtiss||3.3%||20,563||Robert Dunham|
|District 74||John Tidwell||5.3%||17,773||Lauri Day|
|District 70||Barry Doss||6.1%||22,482||Calvin Moore|
|District 4||Kent Williams||7.4%||21,360||Thomas Gray III|
|District 76||Andy Holt||8.6%||20,477||Mark Maddox|
|District 53||Jason Powell||8.7%||19,700||Ben Claybaker|
Elections for the office of Tennessee House of Representatives were held in Tennessee on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was April 1, 2010 and the primary election day was on August 5, 2010.
In 2010, the candidates for state house raised a total of $9,478,590 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were:
|2010 Donors, Tennessee House of Representatives|
|Tennessee Legislative Campaign Cmte||$449,568|
|Tennessee Trial Lawyers Association||$184,650|
|Tennessee Bankers Association||$153,250|
|House Democratic Caucus||$145,953|
|Tennessee Education Association||$138,376|
|Tennessee Medical Association||$132,550|
|Tennessee Democratic Party||$122,126|
|Tennessee Association of Realtors||$119,750|
Elections for the office of Tennessee House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 7, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.
During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $8,438,759. The top 10 contributors were:
|2008 Donors, Tennessee House of Representatives|
|Tennessee Legislative Campaign Cmte||$235,338|
|Tennessee Association of Realtors||$197,000|
|The Speakers Fund||$129,500|
|Tennessee Bankers Association||$116,750|
|Tennessee Medical Association||$115,000|
|Tennessee Trial Lawyers Association||$96,200|
|Tennessee Democratic Party||$94,551|
|Tennessee Dental Association||$84,500|
Elections for the office of Tennessee House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 3, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.
During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $8,399,196. The top 10 contributors were:
|2006 Donors, Tennessee House of Representatives|
|House Republican Caucus of Tennessee||$246,380|
|Tennessee Legislative Campaign Cmte||$233,098|
|Tennessee Democratic Party||$187,491|
|Tennessee Trial Lawyers Association||$172,500|
|Tennessee Association of Realtors||$137,250|
|The Speakers Fund||$124,500|
|Tennessee Bankers Association||$112,000|
|Tennessee Medical Association||$85,918|
Elections for the office of Tennessee House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 5, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.
During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $8,782,967. The top 10 contributors were:
|2004 Donors, Tennessee House of Representatives|
|Tennessee Democratic Party||$260,332|
|Tennessee Legislative Campaign Cmte||$218,899|
|Tennessee Bankers Association||$152,000|
|House Republican Caucus of Tennessee||$148,199|
|Tennessee Trial Lawyers Association||$140,000|
|Tennessee Association of Realtors||$132,150|
|Tennessee Conservative PAC||$110,500|
|House Senate Democratic Caucus of Tennessee||$101,650|
Elections for the office of Tennessee House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 1, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.
During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $4,826,538. The top 10 contributors were:
|2002 Donors, Tennessee House of Representatives|
|Tennessee Democratic Party||$326,122|
|Tennessee Legislative Campaign Cmte||$186,133|
|Tennessee Education Association||$132,025|
|Tennessee Trial Lawyers Association||$126,500|
|Tennessee Bankers Association||$116,600|
|House Republican Caucus of Tennessee||$104,400|
|Tennessee Employees Action Movement||$103,550|
|Tennessee Medical Association||$73,200|
|Tennessee Association of Realtors||$69,100|
Elections for the office of Tennessee House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 3, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.
During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $7,397,812. The top 10 contributors were:
|2000 Donors, Tennessee House of Representatives|
|Tennessee Bankers Association||$106,650|
|House Democratic Caucus of Tennessee||$105,647|
|Tennessee Employees Action Movement||$101,700|
|Tennessee Education Association||$101,150|
|House Republican Caucus of Tennessee||$96,893|
|Tennessee Democratic Party||$96,215|
|Tennessee Republican Assembly PAC||$94,707|
|Tennessee Trial Lawyers Association||$80,000|
|Flinn III, George||$50,000|
To be eligible to serve in the Tennessee House of Representatives, a candidate must be:
- A U.S. citizen
- 21 years old before the general election
- A three-year resident of Tennessee before the general election
- A county resident for 1 year prior to the general election
- A qualified voter
- The following situations would eliminate a candidate from qualifying for office:
- Those who have been convicted of offering or giving a bribe, or of larceny, or any other offense declared infamous by law, unless restored to citizenship in the mode pointed out by law;
- Those against whom there is a judgment unpaid for any moneys received by them, in any official capacity, due to the United States, to this state, or any county thereof;
- Those who are defaulters to the treasury at the time of the election, and the election of any such person shall be void;
- Soldiers, seamen, marines, or airmen in the regular army or navy or air force of the United States; and
- Members of congress, and persons holding any office of profit or trust under any foreign power, other state of the union, or under the United States.
| How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures |
In Tennessee, there are two ways a vacancy can be filled in the house. When twelve months or more remain in a unfilled term, a special election must be held within the allowable time frame set by law. If less than twelve months remain in the term, the current members of the house must vote on a replacement.
- See also: Redistricting in Tennessee
The state's redistricting process is handled by the General Assembly, with the Governor wielding veto power.
The redistricting process began in January 2012; it was the first time in the state's history where the process was controlled entirely by Republicans. The two chambers passed maps, both of which Governor Bill Haslam signed. While Senate Democrats threatened a lawsuit, House Democrats went through with filing one in March, arguing that the House map unnecessarily split too many counties.
- See also: Partisan composition of state houses
|Party||As of August 2014|
|Carter County Republican||1|
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2013, members of the Tennessee Legislature are paid $19,009/year. Legislators receive $173/day per diem tied to the federal rate.
When sworn in
Tennessee legislators assume office the 15th of January following the election.
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. Duties of the Speaker include preserving order and decorum and appointing all committee and subcommittee members and officers. In the event that the Speaker is absent, the Speaker Pro Tempore assumes the duties of the office.
The Tennessee House has 14 standing committees:
- Agriculture and Natural Resources
- Business and Utilities
- Calendar and Rules
- Civil Justice
- Consumer and Human Resources
- Criminal Justice
- Finance, Ways, and Means
- Government Operations
- Insurance and Banking
- Local Government
- State Government
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Tennessee State House of Representatives for first 18 years while the Republicans were the majority for the last four years. The Tennessee House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Tennessee was under Republican trifectas for the final three years of the study.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Tennessee state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Tennessee experienced both Democratic and Republican trifectas during the years of the study. Its best ranking, finishing 21st, occurred in 2012 during a Republican trifecta. Its worst ranking, finishing 40th, occurred in 2004 during a Democratic trifecta.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 34.00
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 23.00
- SQLI average with divided government: 31.71
- Official website of the Tennessee House of Representatives
- Official list of the current members of the Tennessee House of Representatives
- Tennessee District Map
- census.gov, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed May 15, 2014
- U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population: 2000," April 2, 2001
- knoxnews.com, "Top issues facing Tenn. lawmakers in 2014," January 11, 2014
- Commercial Appeal, "Guns, wine, vouchers again in Tennessee legislature," January 5, 2013
- The Tennessean, "TN lawmakers gear up for fast session, re-election," January 8, 2012
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar," accessed June 6, 2014(Archived)
- 2010 session dates for Tennessee legislature
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
- U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
- Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
- Stateline, "In Legislative Elections, Majorities and Supermajorities at Stake," November 2, 2012
- Follow the Money: "Tennessee House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
- Follow the Money, "Tennessee 2008 Candidates," accessed August 2, 2013
- Follow the Money, "Tennessee 2006 Candidates," accessed August 2, 2013
- Follow the Money, "Tennessee 2004 Candidates," accessed August 2, 2013
- Follow the Money, "Tennessee 2002 Candidates," accessed August 2, 2013
- Follow the Money, "Tennessee 2000 Candidates," accessed August 2, 2013
- Tennessee Secretary of State, "Qualifications for elected offices in Tennessee," accessed December 18, 2013
- Tennessee Legislature, "Tennessee Constitution," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Section Article II, Section 15)
- U.S. Census Bureau, "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Tennessee's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," March 16, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2012
- USA Today, Census 2010 - Tennessee, retrieved July 11, 2012
- NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
- Rules of the Tennessee House - 106th General Assembly
- Tennessee House Leadership
State of Tennessee
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