Terry E. Branstad
|Terry E. Branstad|
|Governor of Iowa|
|1983-1988, January 14, 2011 - Present|
|Years in position (current service)||4|
|Years in position (previous service)||5|
|Lieutenant Governor of Iowa|
|Iowa House of Representatives|
|Bachelor's||University of Iowa (1969)|
|J.D.||Drake University School of Law (1974)|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1969-1971|
|Citations||Army Commendation Medal|
|Date of birth||November 17, 1946|
|Place of birth||Leland, Iowa|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Political career
- 3 Elections
- 4 Campaign donors
- 5 Issues
- 6 Personal
- 7 See also
- 8 External links
- 9 References
Terry Branstad is an Iowa native, originally deriving form Norwegian ancestry. He studied at the Unveristy of Iowa and at Drake University, finishing his law degree in 1974. In between his undergraduate and graduate schooling, Branstad joined the Army and served in Vietnam from 1969 to 1971, earning the Army Commendation Medal.
Following three terms in Iowa's House of Representatives, Terry was elected Lt. Governor in 1978. In the following election cycle, he won the governorship. 36 at the time he entered the governor's office, he holds the distinction of being Iowa's youngest chief executive. Branstad's first stint as governor, covering four terms from 1983 to 1999, makes him Iowa's longest serving governor.
In 1991, he earned the perpetual animosity of organized labor when he vetoed a salary bill for labor unions in spite of binding arbitration. The union sued and eventually won, in AFSCME Iowa Council 61 et al., v. Branstad. Beginning in 2003, Branstad spent slightly over six years as President of Des Moines University, boosting the school's graduate ranking and seeing DMU become the Wellness Council of America's first Platinum Recognition university.
He also founded the law firm of Branstad and Associates, L.L.C and additionally accepted a partnership in Kaufman, Patee, Branstad & Miller. Simultaneously, Branstad served as financial adviser to Robert W. Baird and Co., Inc. and was a visiting professor at the University of Iowa. His appointment as Des Moines University's leader came after President George W. Bush named him head of the President's Commission for Excellence in Special Education.
He retired from DMU in October of 2009 to launch a gubernatorial exploratory committee and officially entered the race in January of 2010.
- BA, University of Iowa (1969)
- JD, Drake University School of Law (1974)
Governor (1983-1999, 2011-present)
Possibility to appoint entire Iowa Supreme Court after 2016
Since beginning his fifth nonconsecutive term as governor in January 2011, Branstad has appointed three Justices to the Iowa Supreme Court. Under the current judicial selection system, supreme court hopefuls submit applications to the State Judicial Nominating Commission, "a panel of licensed attorneys elected by lawyers and lay members appointed by the governor and all confirmed by the Iowa Senate," created by constitutional amendment in 1962. The Commission members, who now serve concurrent terms after 2010 redistricting decision changed it from staggered terms, reviews the applications for judicial vacancies and forwards three finalists to the governor, who in turn chooses one to appoint to the state Supreme Court. Since Branstad's return to office, Iowans and state government officials have speculated about a number of factors, such as the new contemporaneous terms of commissioners, and "hypotheticals," like Branstad's election to a record-breaking sixth-term in 2014 and Supreme Court Justice and Iowa voters ousting Justice David Wiggins in the 2012 general election. If Wiggins loses his retention vote in November, Branstad, with the help of the State Judicial Nominating Commission, would appoint a replacement. If that occurs, there will be only three remaining justices on the panel not appointed by Branstad, and they will be up for retention vote in 2016. All three, including the Chief Justice Mark Cady, were involved in the unanimous 2009 same-sex marriage legalization ruling, for which displeased voters fired three Justices in 2010. If Wiggins and the three Justices leftover from the 2009 ruling are all voted off the bench, and Branstad is re-elected in 2014, he will "become the first governor in history to appoint the entire Iowa Supreme Court."
Despite concerns that this possible outcome would give the governor unprecedented influence over the Supreme Court and threaten the nonpartisan credibility of the judicial, former Republican lawmaker and Branstad staffer asserted that "filtration process... really minimizes the potential danger of one governor appointing all the justices,” alluding to the State Judicial Nominating Commission's check on the governor's authority to exercise excessive bias in his appointments. “I think our merit selection system insulates the system from that concern or at least helps to assure that that should not be a cause for alarm,” agreed Iowa State Bar Association President Cynthia Moser, however Iowa State Bar Association officials point out the potential vulnerabilities facing the merit-based selection system. Since the commission's term structure changed, Branstad stands to appoint half of the panel's new members.
Veto found unconstitutional
Polk District Court Judge Brad McCall ruled on December 8, 2011 that Branstad's line-item veto that closed 36 unemployment offices is unconstitutional. Branstad called the case a key test of gubernatorial authority and expressed confidence that the state Supreme Court would uphold the veto.
At a news conference On December 12, Branstad stated, "It's really more of a question of precedent and the power of the governor to control spending through the item veto process. This is an important case because it is going to determine for the future and for future governors their ability to control spending and provide the best and most efficient services to the people of Iowa."
The case began in July 2011 when Branstad vetoed portions of a budget bill that would have prohibited closure of the offices. In taking the action, the governor stated that allowing the legislation to proceed would have hurt the ability of the Iowa Workforce Development Department from creating a more efficient system for helping the unemployed.
The AFSCME and five state representatives filed suit in August, arguing the veto was unconstitutional as it redirected the money. Senate Majority Leader Michael Gronstal (D) stated, "You can't reject the purpose for the spending, but keep the money, which is exactly what he did." The court agreed, stating the allocation would have to be vetoed as well in order for the action to be legal.
Branstad said they are asking for a stay of the district court's decision, and will ask for an expedited review by the state Supreme Court.
Lieutenant Governor, State of Iowa (1979-1983)
Representative, Iowa State House of Representatives (1973-1979)
Branstad defeated Bob Vander Plaats and Rod Roberts in the June 8 primary, winning with 50.33% of the vote.
Ballotpedia collects information on campaign donors for each year in which a candidate or incumbent is running for election. The following table offers a breakdown of Terry Branstad's donors each year. Click [show] for more information.
|Terry Branstad's Campaign Contributions|
Governor of Iowa
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$6,519,028|
|Top 5 contributors||Republican Governors Association||$1,230,331|
|Eldon & Regina Roth||$152,000|
Early look at 2012 presidential election
In May 2011, Gov. Branstad offered heaping praise for U.S. House Budget Committee Chairman Paul Ryan for his ideas to tackle the country’s mushrooming national debt.
“I have been very impressed with this young man,” Branstad said. “I think he has great courage. Nobody of either party has had the guts to stand up and say, ‘We need to take on entitlements’ … I think this is the first real effort to do something significant about it.”
Branstad sharply criticized Republican presidential candidate Newt Gingrich, President Barack Obama and U.S. Senate Democrats for playing politics with the issue and attacking Ryan for his plan. Ryan's plan includes turning Medicare into a voucher program, rather than offering alternatives.
Terry and Chris Branstad have three grown children and four grandchildren.
- News: Veto by Iowa Governor ruled unconstitutional, December 13, 2011
- Terry E. Branstad for Governor campaign website
- Project Vote Smart biography
- Terry Branstad on Facebook
- Terry Branstad on Twitter
- Terry Branstad on YouTube
- Terry Branstad on Flickr
- Quad-City Times, "Branstad has chance of being 1st governor to appoint all 7 Supreme Court justices," October 27, 2012
- BusinessWeek, "Iowa Gov: Workforce Development veto will prevail," December 12, 2011
- Des Moines Register, "Branstad unemployment office veto unconstitutional, judge says," December 8, 2011
- KCCI, "Court Rules In IWD Office Closing Lawsuit," December 8, 2011
- Chicago Tribune, "Branstad: Workforce Development veto will prevail," December 12, 2011
- Follow the Money.org, "Home," accessed February 17, 2015
- "Branstad: Impressed with Ryan; says Gingrich made a mistake," By Lynn Campbell, IowaPolitics.com, May 23, 2011
- The Hill, "Iowa Gov. Branstad endorses Romney after criticizing his Iowa campaign," April 10, 2012
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