Text of Proposition 25, the "On-Time Budget Act of 2010" (California)

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This page is the complete text of the act that will become law if California Proposition 25, Majority Vote for Legislature to Pass the Budget is approved.

Note: Proposition 25, if approved, will alter parts of the California Constitution. In the text displayed below, parts of the California Constitution that Proposition 25 proposes to delete are printed in strikeout type. New provisions that Proposition 25 proposes to add to the California Constitution appear in italic type to indicate that they are new.

++Text of Proposition 25 begins here++

This initiative measure is submitted to the people in accordance with the provisions of Section 8 of Article II of the California Constitution.

This initiative measure amends a section of the California Constitution; therefore, existing provisions proposed to be deleted are printed in strikeout type and new provisions proposed to be added are printed in italic type to indicate that they are new.


SECTION 1. Title.

This measure shall be known and may be cited as the “On-Time Budget Act of 2010.”

SECTION 2. Findings and Declarations.

2010 propositions
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June 8
Proposition 13
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November 2
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Local measures

The people of the State of California find and declare that:

1. For more than 20 years, the California Legislature has been unable to meet its constitutional duty to pass a Budget Act by June 15. In many of those years, the Legislature did not pass a Budget Act until the month of August, and in 2008, the Budget Act was not passed until September 16, more than three months late.

2. Late budget passage can have a sudden and devastating effect on individual Californians and California businesses. Individuals and families can be deprived of essential governmental services and businesses are subject to protracted delays in payments for services rendered to the State.

3. A major cause of the inability of the Legislature to pass a budget in a timely manner is the supermajority two-thirds vote required to pass a budget. Political party leaders refuse to compromise to solve the state’s budget problem and have used the two-thirds vote requirement to hold up the budget or to leverage special interest concessions that benefit only a handful of politicians.

4. California, Rhode Island and Arkansas are the only states in the country that require a vote of two-thirds or more of the legislature to pass a budget.

5. A second major cause of the inability of the Legislature to pass a budget on time is that individual legislators have no incentive for doing so. Whether they adopt a budget on time or not has no effect upon those elected to represent the voters. In order to give the Legislature an incentive to pass the annual state budget on time, legislators should not be paid or reimbursed for living expenses if they fail to enact the budget on time. This measure requires incumbents to permanently forfeit their salaries and expenses for each day the budget is late.

SECTION 3. Purpose and Intent.

1. The people enact this measure to end budget delays by changing the legislative vote necessary to pass the budget from two-thirds to a majority vote and by requiring legislators to forfeit their pay if the Legislature fails to pass the budget on time.

2. This measure will not change Proposition 13’s property tax limitations in any way. This measure will not change the two-thirds vote requirement for the Legislature to raise taxes.


Section 12 of Article IV of the California Constitution is amended to read:

SEC. 12. (a) Within the first 10 days of each calendar year, the Governor shall submit to the Legislature, with an explanatory message, a budget for the ensuing fiscal year containing itemized statements for recommended state expenditures and estimated state revenues. If recommended expenditures exceed estimated revenues, the Governor shall recommend the sources from which the additional revenues should be provided.

(b) The Governor and the Governor-elect may require a state agency, officer or employee to furnish whatever information is deemed necessary to prepare the budget.

(c) (l) The budget shall be accompanied by a budget bill itemizing recommended expenditures.

(2) The budget bill shall be introduced immediately in each house by the persons chairing the committees that consider the budget.
(3) The Legislature shall pass the budget bill by midnight on June 15 of each year.
(4) Until the budget bill has been enacted, the Legislature shall not send to the Governor for consideration any bill appropriating funds for expenditure during the fiscal year for which the budget bill is to be enacted, except emergency bills recommended by the Governor or appropriations for the salaries and expenses of the Legislature.

(d) No bill except the budget bill may contain more than one item of appropriation, and that for one certain, expressed purpose. Appropriations from the General Fund of the State, except appropriations for the public schools, and appropriations in the budget bill and in other bills providing for appropriations related to the budget bill, are void unless passed in each house by rollcall vote entered in the journal, two-thirds of the membership concurring.

(e) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law or of this Constitution, the budget bill and other bills providing for appropriations related to the budget bill may be passed in each house by rollcall vote entered in the journal, a majority of the membership concurring, to take effect immediately upon being signed by the Governor or upon a date specified in the legislation. Nothing in this subdivision shall affect the vote requirement for appropriations for the public schools contained in subdivision (d) of this section and in subdivision (b) of Section 8 of this article.

(2) For purposes of this section, “other bills providing for appropriations related to the budget bill” shall consist only of bills identified as related to the budget in the budget bill passed by the Legislature.

(e)(f) The Legislature may control the submission, approval, and enforcement of budgets and the filing of claims for all state agencies.

(f)(g) For the 2004–05 fiscal year, or any subsequent fiscal year, the Legislature may not send to the Governor for consideration, nor may the Governor sign into law, a budget bill that would appropriate from the General Fund, for that fiscal year, a total amount that, when combined with all appropriations from the General Fund for that fiscal year made as of the date of the budget bill’s passage, and the amount of any General Fund moneys transferred to the Budget Stabilization Account for that fiscal year pursuant to Section 20 of Article XVI, exceeds General Fund revenues for that fiscal year estimated as of the date of the budget bill’s passage. That estimate of General Fund revenues shall be set forth in the budget bill passed by the Legislature.

(h) Notwithstanding any other provision of law or of this Constitution, including subdivision (c) of this section, Section 4 of this article, and Sections 4 and 8 of Article III, in any year in which the budget bill is not passed by the Legislature by midnight on June 15, there shall be no appropriation from the current budget or future budget to pay any salary or reimbursement for travel or living expenses for Members of the Legislature during any regular or special session for the period from midnight on June 15 until the day that the budget bill is presented to the Governor. No salary or reimbursement for travel or living expenses forfeited pursuant to this subdivision shall be paid retroactively.

SECTION 5. Severability.

If any of the provisions of this measure or the applicability of any provision of this measure to any person or circumstances shall be found to be unconstitutional or otherwise invalid, such finding shall not affect the remaining provisions or applications of this measure to other persons or circumstances, and to that extent the provisions of this measure are deemed to be severable.

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