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m (Text replace - "Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual increase<ref>Or, the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.</ref> in the net worth of a congressman was 15.4 percent." to "Bet)
m (Text replace - "==Personal Gain Index== 200px The aim of the Personal Gain Index (PGI) is to shine a light on how members of the U.S. Congress may benefit from their t)
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==Personal Gain Index==
==Personal Gain Index==
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px]]
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px|link=Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]
The aim of the Personal Gain Index (PGI) is to shine a light on how members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] may benefit from their tenure as public servants. Researchers at the [[Government Accountability Institute]] will look at four different metrics pointing to aspects of self-enrichment.<br>
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
The PGI will consist of the following metrics:
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have personally benefited from their tenure as public servants. <br>
*Net worth
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the [[Government Accountability Institute]]:
**How much did a member's net worth increase or decrease over a specified period?
*'''The Net Worth Metric'''
*The K-Street metric (''coming soon'')
*'''The K-Street Metric''' (coming soon)
**What percentage of a member's staff were previously lobbyists?
*'''The Donation Concentration Metric''' (coming soon)
*Donation concentration (''coming soon'')
*'''The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric''' (coming soon)
**What industries are contributing the most to each member?
*Stock trading (''coming soon'')
**What stocks are each member holding in their portfolio?
===PGI: Net worth===
===PGI: Net worth===

Revision as of 11:25, 3 July 2014

Tim Scott
Tim Scott.jpeg
U.S. Senate, South Carolina
In office
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 2
PredecessorJim DeMint (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$2,894,140
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
United States House, District 1
Representative, South Carolina House of Representative
Member, Charleston County Council
Bachelor'sCharleston Southern University, 1988
Date of birthSeptember 19, 1965
Place of birthNorth Charleston, SC
Net worth$4,005,006.50
Office website
Campaign website

Tim Scott (b. September 19, 1965 in North Charleston, SC) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate from the state of South Carolina. He previously served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 2011-2013. He vacated his seat in January 2013 to fill the vacancy left by the resignation of Senator Jim DeMint. Gov. Nikki Haley appointed Scott to serve as DeMint's replacement until the 2014 special election. Scott is the first black senator from the South since Reconstruction.[1] The appointments of Scott and Mo Cowan mark the first time in United States history where two black senators are serving in the U.S. Senate at the same time.[2]

Scott was seeking re-election in the special election for the U.S. Senate in 2014. Scott easily defeated Randall Young in the Republican primary on June 10, 2014.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Scott is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.


Below is an abbreviated outline of Scott's academic, professional and political career:[4]

  • 1988: Graduated from Charleston Southern University, Charleston, S.C.
  • 1995-2008: Served as a member of the Charleston County, S.C. council
  • 2009-2010: Served as a member of the South Carolina house of representatives
  • 2011-Present: U.S. Representative from South Carolina

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate


Scott serves on the following Senate committees:[5]

U.S. House


Scott served on the following committee:

Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[6] The Senate confirmed 13,949 out of 18,323 executive nominations received (76.1 percent). For more information pertaining to Scott's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

Drones filibuster
See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists were critical of President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[8][9][10]

Scott was one of the 13 Republican senators who joined Paul in his filibuster.[11][12]

According to the website Breitbart, 30 Republican senators did not support the filibuster.[13][14]

The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[15]


Farm bill

Nay3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[16] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[17] Scott voted with 22 other Republican senators against the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[18][19] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[19] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[20] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Scott voted with 25 other Republican members against the bill.[18][19]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[21] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Scott voted with the Republican Party against the bill.[22]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Voted "No" Scott voted against S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[23]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "No" Scott voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[24]

Campaign themes


According to Scott's website, his campaign themes included:

  • Jobs: "Creating an atmosphere for our small businesses to thrive means that government must let our nation’s entrepreneurs breathe."
  • Health care: "Common sense reforms for our families and future generations. Increased competition and choice of plans."
  • Energy: "I am committed to decreasing our dependence on foreign sources, creating good-paying jobs, safeguarding our national security, and lowering gas prices."[25]


On The Issues Vote Match

Scott's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of all Congressional members based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Scott is a Hard-Core Conservative. Scott received a score of 24 percent on personal issues and 86 percent on economic issues.[26]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[27]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Favors Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[26] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

On being black in the GOP

Scott spoke to business students at Howard University on February 25, 2014. During the speech, he discussed the challenges of being a black Republican. He said, "Part of the challenge of being a black Republican anywhere is that you start off with people walking in with chips on their shoulder trying to figure out what is wrong with you. I hope that people will judge me on my agenda, what I say, and how I vote."[28]



See also: United States Senate special election in South Carolina, 2014

On December 17, 2012, Gov. Nikki Haley announced she had chosen to appoint Scott to fill outgoing Senator Jim DeMint's seat beginning in January 2013. DeMint resigned from the U.S. Senate to take a new job as president of the Heritage Foundation.[29] Scott's appointed term expires in November 2014, when the voters will elect a successor to serve an abbreviated term. He is running in the special election to serve the remainder of the term.[30][31][32][33][34]

Scott easily defeated Randall Young in the Republican primary on June 10, 2014.[3]

U.S. Senate, South Carolina Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTim Scott 90% 275,018
Randall Young 10% 30,646
Total Votes 305,664
Source: Results via Associated Press


  • Sen. Ted Cruz made a $2,500 donations to Scott's campaign for re-election in 2014.[35]


See also: South Carolina's 1st Congressional District elections, 2012

Scott won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, to represent South Carolina's 1st District. He was unopposed in the Republican primary on June 12 and defeated Bobbie Rose (D) and Keith Blandford (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[37][38]

U.S. House, South Carolina District 1 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Bobbie Rose 35.7% 103,557
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTimothy Scott Incumbent 62% 179,908
     Libertarian Keith Blandford 2.2% 6,334
     N/A Write-In 0.1% 214
Total Votes 290,013
Source: South Carolina State Election Commission "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history

On November 2, 2010, Tim Scott won election to the United States House. He defeated Ben Frasier (D), Robert Dobbs (Working Families), Rob Groce (G), Keith Blandford (L) and Jimmy Wood (I) in the general election.[39]

U.S. House, South Carolina District 1 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTim Scott 65.7% 152,755
     Democratic Ben Frasier 28.8% 67,008
     Working Families Rob Groce 1.8% 4,148
     Green Robert Dobbs 1.4% 3,369
     Libertarian Keith Blandford 1.2% 2,750
     Independence Jimmy Wood 1.1% 2,489
Total Votes 232,519


  • During an interview on CNN's Crossfire, Scott declined to endorse Sen. Lindsey Graham, fellow South Carolina senator.
"I am up for re-election next year myself. I’m going to allow for all the other folks on the ballot to represent themselves very well. I’m going to continue to work hard for my election," Scott said.[40]


On November 4, 2008, Scott won election to the South Carolina House of Representatives with 9,080 votes, representing District 117. He was unopposed.

Scott raised $147,471 for his campaign.[41]

South Carolina House of Representatives, District 117 (2008)
Candidates Votes
Green check mark transparent.png Timothy Scott (R) 9,080

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Scott is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Scott raised a total of $2,894,140 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 28, 2013.[42]

Tim Scott's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (South Carolina, District 1) Won $1,680,566
2010 US House (South Carolina, District 1) Won $1,213,574
Grand Total Raised $2,894,140


Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Scott's reports.[43]

Defense contractors

According to a July 2013 Politico report, Scott made the top 10 list of Hill members receiving defense industry contributions. As of July 2013, Scott had received more than $41,000 from top defense firms.[50]


As of March 31, 2012, Scott raised $1,077,016 during the 2012 election cycle and spent $647,443, leaving him with $506,416 cash on hand. His top three contributors were Burroughs & Chapin, which gave $18,200; Blue Cross/Blue Shield, which donated $15,000; and Goldman Sachs, which gave $14,999.[51]

Throughout his career, Scott has raised $190,725 from the real estate industry, $164,125 from the insurance industry, and $107,260 from Republican individual contributors.[52]

Breakdown of the source of Scott's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Scott won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that re-election cycle, Scott's campaign committee raised a total of $1,680,567 and spent $1,363,197.[53]


Scott won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Scott's campaign committee raised a total of $1,213,574 and spent $1,136,730.[54]

His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:


Scott raised $147,471 in the 2008 election cycle.

His major contributors are listed below.[55]

Donor Amount
Blank $3,919
Gregory Padgett $2,000
Palmetto Leadership Council $2,000
4220 Broadway $2,000
Locke Marine LLC $1,500

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have personally benefited from their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

  • The Net Worth Metric
  • The K-Street Metric (coming soon)
  • The Donation Concentration Metric (coming soon)
  • The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric (coming soon)

PGI: Net worth

See also: Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Scott's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,552,014 to $6,457,999. That averages to $4,005,006.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican Senate members in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Scott ranked as the 34th most wealthy senator in 2012.[56] Between 2009 and 2012, Scott‘s net worth decreased by 3.5 percent. Between 2004 and 2014, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[57]

Tim Scott Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2009 to 2012:-4%
Average annual growth:-1%[58]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[59]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.


Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[60]

Scott most often votes with:

Scott least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Scott missed 0 of 94 roll call votes from January 2013 to April 2013. This amounts to 0%, which is better than the median of 1.7% among current senators as of April 2013.[61]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Scott missed 0 of 93 roll call votes from January 2013 to April 2013. This amounts to 0.0%, which is better than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[62]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Scott paid his congressional staff a total of $1,011,949 in 2011. Overall, South Carolina ranks 31st in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[63]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Scott was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Scott's staff was given an apparent $24,500.00 in bonus money.[64]

National Journal vote ratings


Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Scott ranked 92nd in the conservative rankings in 2012.[65]


See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Scott was 1 of 4 members of congress who ranked 80th in the conservative rankings.[66]

Voting with party


Tim Scott voted with the Republican Party 88.1% of the time, which ranked 20th among the 46 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.[67]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Tim + Scott + South Carolina + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Tim Scott News Feed

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See also

External links

Suggest a link


  1. USA Today, "South Carolina to get first black senator in Tim Scott," December 17, 2012
  2., "For the First Time Ever, We'll Have Two Black Senators Serving at the Same Time," January 30, 2013
  3. 3.0 3.1 Associated Press, "South Carolina - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 10, 2014
  4. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Tim Scott," accessed July 2, 2013
  5. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  9. USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  10. ABC News, "Rand Paul Wins Applause From GOP and Liberals," March 7, 2013
  11. The Blaze, "Here Are All the GOP Senators That Participated in Rand Paul’s 12+ Hour Filibuster… and the Ones Who Didn’t," March 7, 2013
  12. Los Angeles Times, "Sen. Rand Paul ends marathon filibuster of John Brennan," March 7, 2013
  13. Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet The GOP Senators Who Refused to Stand With Rand," March 7, 2013
  14. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  15. Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
  16., "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
  17. New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  20. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  21. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  22., "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" accessed January 4, 2013
  25. Vote Tim Scott, "The Issues," accessed September 6, 2012
  26. 26.0 26.1 On The Issues, "Scott Vote Match," accessed July 1, 2014
  27. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  28. The Washington Post, "Tim Scott: Hardest part of being black in GOP? Always being asked, ‘what’s wrong with you?’," February 25, 2014
  29. Political, "Haley to announce DeMint's replacement at noon," December 17, 2012
  30. The Washington Post, "Gov. Nikki Haley to fill DeMint’s seat by appointment," December 6, 2012
  31. Roll Call, "Appointment Speculation Centers on Rep. Tim Scott," December 6, 2012
  32. Politico, "All eyes on Nikki Haley to pick Jim DeMint successor," December 7, 2012
  33. National Journal, "DeMint Resignation Sets Off South Carolina Scramble," December 6, 2012
  34., "First on CNN: Haley finalizes short list for DeMint seat," December 11, 2012
  35. Washington Post, "Cruz backed Cornyn, other incumbents, despite no-endorsement pledge," accessed August 26, 2013
  36. Politico, "FreedomWorks backs Ted Yoho, Tim Scott, Mark Sanford," accessed March 19, 2014
  37. Associated Press, "2012 Primary Results"
  38. Politico, "2012 Election Map," accessed November 6, 2012
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. Politico, "Sen. Tim Scott: Lindsey Graham is on his own," accessed November 21, 2013
  41. Follow the Money, "2008 Campaign donations in South Carolina," accessed May 1, 2014
  42. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Tim Scott," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Scott 2014 Summary reports," accessed August 1, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed August 1, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed August 1, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 30, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Year-End," accessed May 13, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed May 13, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2014
  50. Politico, "Top 10 Hill recipients of defense contributions," accessed July 11, 2013
  51., "Tim Scott," accessed May 19, 2012
  52., "Scott," accessed May 19, 2012
  53., "Scott Campaign Contributions," accessed February 27, 2013
  54. Open Secrets, "Tim Scott 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  55., "Campaign contributors to Tim Scott"
  56. OpenSecrets, "Scott, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  57. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  58. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  59. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  60. OpenCongress, "Tim Scott," accessed August 8, 2013
  61. GovTrack, "Scott," accessed April 11, 2013
  62. GovTrack, "Scott," accessed April 10, 2013
  63. LegiStorm, "Tim Scott," accessed September 18, 2012
  64. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  65. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  66. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  67. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Jim DeMint
U.S. Senate - South Carolina
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Henry Brown
U.S. House of Representatives 1st Congressional District, South Carolina
Succeeded by
Mark Sanford
Preceded by
South Carolina House of Representatives District 117
Succeeded by
Bill Crosby (R)