Difference between revisions of "Tom Cole"

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:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 
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Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Cole is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|rank-and-file Republican]]" as of June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/tom_cole/400077 ''Gov Track'' "Tom Cole," accessed June 7 2013]</ref>  
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Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Cole is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|rank-and-file Republican]]" as of June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/tom_cole/400077 ''GovTrack'', "Tom Cole," accessed June 7 2013]</ref>  
  
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
 
===Like-minded colleagues===

Revision as of 11:50, 25 March 2014

Tom Cole
Tom Cole.jpg
U.S. House, Oklahoma, District 4
Incumbent
In office
2003-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 11
PartyRepublican
PredecessorJ. C. Watts (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$4.38 in 2012
First electedNovember 5, 2002
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$6,330,047
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Secretary of State, State of Oklahoma
1995-1999
Senator, Oklahoma State Senate
1989-1991
Education
Bachelor'sGrinnell College, 1971
Master'sYale University, 1974
Ph.D.University of Oklahoma, 1984
Personal
BirthdayApril 28, 1949
Place of birthShreveport, LA
Net worth$4,358,035
ReligionUnited Methodist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website

Tom Cole (b. April 28, 1949, in Shreveport, Louisiana) is a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Oklahoma. Cole represents Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District and was first elected in 2002.

Cole most recently won re-election in 2012. He defeated challenger Gary D. Caissie in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012. He then defeated Donna Marie Bebo (D) and RJ Harris (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[1]

Prior to his congressional career, Cole served as a member of the Oklahoma State Senate from 1988 to 1991. He then served as Oklahoma Secretary of State from 1995 to 1999.

Cole is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Cole is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Cole was born in Shreveport, Louisiana. He attended Grinell College in Iowa for his undergraduate degree and went on to earn both a Master's and PhD. from Yale University and the University of Oklahoma, respectively.

While studying for his doctorate at the University of Oklahoma, Cole gained political experience as a staffer for former U.S. Rep. Marvin Mickey. After graduation, he launched his political career in earnest, becoming chair of the Oklahoma Republican Party in 1985. By 1988, he was serving in his first publicly elected office as a member of the state senate.

Career

  • 1971: Graduated from Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa
  • 1974: Graduated from Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
  • 1984: Graduated from University of Oklahoma, Norman, Okla.
  • 1982-1984: Staff, United States Representative Marvin (Mickey) Edwards of Oklahoma
  • 1985-1989: Chair, Oklahoma state Republican party
  • 1988-1991: Served as a member of the Oklahoma State Senate
  • 1995-1999: Served as Oklahoma Secretary of State
  • 2003-Present: U.S Representative from Oklahoma

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Cole serves on the following committees:[2]

2011-2012

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[3] For more information pertaining to Cole's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[4]

National security

American response in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

Cole is opposed to President Barack Obama's proposed military strikes against Syria. He stated, "Military intervention in Syria is not in America’s best interest and is ill-advised...The United States has not been attacked and neither have our allies. As it stands, this conflict is a civil war, a proxy war between Iran and Saudi Arabia and a religious war. America should avoid being drawn into this conflict. The president’s recent proposal is a gesture, not a clear policy or military strategy."[5]

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[6]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[7]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[8]

Economy

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[9] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[10] Cole voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[11]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[12] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Cole voted for HR 2775.[13]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[14]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[15] The vote largely followed party lines.[16]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[17]

Social issues

Washington Redskins

Sen. Maria Cantwell joined Cole and called for the National Football League to back a name change for the Washington Redskins, saying the name is offensive to Native Americans.[18]

In a letter to NFL Commissioner Roger Goodwell, Cantwell, chairwoman of the Indian Affairs Committee, and Cole, a member of the Native American Caucus, wrote, "Saying the Washington football team ‘honored Native Americans’ perpetuates a charade that dishonors Native people and their governments and erodes the reputation of the National Football League...We believe that the fact that this term does not honor — but rather disparages — Indian people and tribes is what will and should guide federal policymakers,” they wrote in the letter, which they plan to send Monday.[18]

Abortion

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[19]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[20]

Elections

2014

See also: Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014

Cole was set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He will seek the Republican nomination in the primary election on June 24, 2014, should he choose to run. The general election took place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012

Cole won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Oklahoma's 4th District. Cole defeated challenger Gary D. Caissie in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012.[1][21] He defeated Donna Marie Bebo (D) and RJ Harris (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[22]

U.S. House, Oklahoma District 4 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Donna Marie Bebo 27.6% 71,846
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTom Cole Incumbent 67.9% 176,740
     Independent RJ Harris 4.5% 11,745
Total Votes 260,331
Source: Oklahoma Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Oklahoma District 4 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTom Cole Incumbent 87.7% 22,840
Gary Caissie 12.3% 3,195
Total Votes 26,035

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Cole is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Cole raised a total of $6,330,047 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 22, 2013.[28]

Tom Cole's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,016,545
2010 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $852,384
2008 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,123,657
2006 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,020,035
2004 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,125,699
2002 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,191,727
Grand Total Raised $6,330,047

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Cole’s reports.[29]

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Cole’s reports.[30]

Tom Cole (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[31]April 15, 2013$792,630.17$66,570.09$(61,263.18)$797,937.08
July Quarterly[32]July 15, 2013$797,937.08$294,479.83$(71,159.03)$1,021,257.88
October Quarterly[33]October 15, 2013$1,021,257.88$77,457.50$(30,007.21)$1,068,708.17
Year-End Quarterly[34]December 31, 2013$1,068,708$145,107$(20,300)$1,193,195
April Quarterly[35]April 15, 2014$1,193,195.97$119,749.97$(72,543.40)$1,240,402.54
Pre-Primary[36]July 15, 2014$1,240,402.54$232,101.63$(161,624.68)$1,310,879.49
July Quarterly[37]August 28, 2014$1,310,879.49$62,879.06$(104,042.79)$1,269,715.76
October Quarterly[38]October 15, 2014$1,269,715.76$232,317.62$(161,658.13)$1,340,375.25
Pre-General[39]October 23, 2014$1,340,375.25$30,517.18$(369,399.12)$1,001,493.31
Running totals
$1,261,179.88$(1,051,997.54)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Cole's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Cole won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Cole's campaign committee raised a total of $1,016,546 and spent $773,950.[40]

Cost per vote

Cole spent $4.38 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Cole won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Cole's campaign committee raised a total of $852,384 and spent $657,762.[41]

His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Cole is a "rank-and-file Republican" as of June 2013.[42]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[43]

Cole most often votes with:

Cole least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Cole missed 177 of 7,680 roll call votes from January 2003 to April 2013. This amounts to 2.3% which is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving as of April 2013.[44]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cole paid his congressional staff a total of $1,002,618 in 2011. Overall, Oklahoma ranked 19th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[45]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2012

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Cole's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $2,465,070 to $6,251,000 . That averages to $4,358,035, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Cole ranked as the 82nd most wealthy representative in 2012.[46]

Tom Cole Yearly Net Worth
YearAvg. Net Worth% Difference from previous year
2012$4,358,03517.36%
2011$3,713,537-0.64%
2010$3,737,538.50N/A

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2012

Cole ranked 170th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[47]

2011

Cole ranked 196th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[48]

Voting with party

2013

Cole voted with the Republican Party 91.7% of the time, which ranked 216th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[49]

Personal

Cole and his wife, Ellen, have one child.

Recent news

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See also

External links


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Oklahoma Elections Division "Election Results" accessed June 26, 2012
  2. CQ.com, House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress
  3. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  5. United States Congressman Tom Cole, Serving Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District, "Cole Opposes Military Intervention in Syria," September 5, 2013
  6. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  7. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  10. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  11. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  12. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  13. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  14. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  15. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  16. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  17. Project Votesmart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  18. 18.0 18.1 Politico, "Lawmakers: 'Redskins' is insulting," accessed February 10, 2014
  19. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  20. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  21. Oklahoma Secretary of State "2012 Primary Results"
  22. Politico "2012 Election Map"
  23. U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"
  24. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  25. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  26. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  27. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  28. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Tom Cole," accessed April 22, 2013
  29. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cole Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
  30. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cole Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
  31. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed August 1, 2013
  32. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  33. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  34. Federal Election Commission, "Cole Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 12, 2014
  35. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  36. Federal Election Commission, "Pre-Primary," accessed October 31, 2014
  37. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  38. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Pre-General," accessed October 31, 2014
  40. Open Secrets, "Tom Cole 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  41. Open Secrets, "Cole 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  42. GovTrack, "Tom Cole," accessed June 7 2013
  43. OpenCongress, "Tom Cole," accessed August 8, 2013
  44. GovTrack, "Tom Cole," accessed April 17, 2013
  45. LegiStorm, "Tom Cole," accessed September 25, 2012
  46. OpenSecrets.org "Cole, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  47. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013
  48. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  49. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
J. C. Watts
U.S. House of Representatives - Oklahoma District 4
2003–present
Succeeded by
-