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:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
  
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Cole is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|rank-and-file Republican]]" as of June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/tom_cole/400077 ''GovTrack'', "Tom Cole," accessed June 7 2013]</ref>  
+
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Cole is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|rank-and-file Republican]]" as of July 2014.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/tom_cole/400077 ''GovTrack'', "Tom Cole," accessed July 22, 2014]</ref> This was the same rating Cole received in June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/tom_cole/400077 ''GovTrack'', "Tom Cole," accessed June 7, 2013]</ref>
  
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400077_Tom_Cole ''OpenCongress'', "Tom Cole," accessed August 8, 2013]</ref>
+
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400077_Tom_Cole ''OpenCongress'', "Tom Cole," accessed July 22, 2014]</ref>
 
{{col-begin}}
 
{{col-begin}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
Cole most often votes with:
 
Cole most often votes with:
 
*{{reddot}} [[Ken Calvert]]
 
*{{reddot}} [[Ken Calvert]]
*{{bluedot}} [[John Barrow]]
+
*{{bluedot}} [[Mike McIntyre]]
 
{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
Cole least often votes with:
 
Cole least often votes with:
*{{reddot}} [[Justin Amash]]
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*{{reddot}} [[Walter Jones]]
 
*{{bluedot}} [[Barbara Lee]]
 
*{{bluedot}} [[Barbara Lee]]
 
{{col-end}}
 
{{col-end}}
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===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Cole missed 177 of 7,680 roll call votes from January 2003 to April 2013. This amounts to 2.3 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving as of April 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/tom_cole/400077 ''GovTrack'', "Tom Cole," accessed April 17, 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Cole missed 226 of 8,644 roll call votes from January 2003 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.6%, which is worse than the median of 2.5% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving as of June 2014.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/tom_cole/400077 ''GovTrack'', "Tom Cole," accessed July 22, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cole paid his congressional staff a total of $1,002,618 in 2011. Overall, [[Oklahoma]] ranked 19th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2801/Rep_Tom_Cole.html ''LegiStorm'', "Tom Cole," accessed September 25, 2012]</ref>
 
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cole paid his congressional staff a total of $1,002,618 in 2011. Overall, [[Oklahoma]] ranked 19th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2801/Rep_Tom_Cole.html ''LegiStorm'', "Tom Cole," accessed September 25, 2012]</ref>
 
 
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
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Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
 
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
 +
 +
====2013====
 +
Cole was one of two members of Congress who ranked 213th in the conservative rankings in 2013.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2013-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," July 22, 2014]</ref>
  
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
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===Voting with party===
 
===Voting with party===
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====2014====
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|percent=92 percent
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|rank=185th
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|total=234
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====2013====
 
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{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent

Revision as of 13:54, 22 July 2014

Tom Cole
Tom Cole.jpg
U.S. House, Oklahoma, District 4
Incumbent
In office
2003-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 11
PartyRepublican
PredecessorJ. C. Watts (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$4.38 in 2012
First electedNovember 5, 2002
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$6,330,047
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Secretary of State, State of Oklahoma
1995-1999
Senator, Oklahoma State Senate
1989-1991
Education
Bachelor'sGrinnell College, 1971
Master'sYale University, 1974
Ph.D.University of Oklahoma, 1984
Personal
BirthdayApril 28, 1949
Place of birthShreveport, LA
Net worth$4,358,035
ReligionUnited Methodist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website

Tom Cole (b. April 28, 1949, in Shreveport, Louisiana) is a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Oklahoma. Cole represents Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District and was first elected in 2002.

Cole most recently won re-election in 2012. He defeated challenger Gary D. Caissie in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012. He then defeated Donna Marie Bebo (D) and RJ Harris (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[1]

Prior to his congressional career, Cole served as a member of the Oklahoma State Senate from 1988 to 1991. He then served as Oklahoma Secretary of State from 1995 to 1999.

Cole is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. Cole won the Republican nomination in the primary on June 24, 2014.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Cole is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Cole was born in Shreveport, Louisiana. He attended Grinell College in Iowa for his undergraduate degree and went on to earn a master's degree from Yale University and a Ph.D. from the University of Oklahoma. While studying for his doctorate at the University of Oklahoma, Cole was a staffer for former U.S. Rep. Marvin Mickey. After graduation, he became chair of the Oklahoma Republican Party in 1985. In 1988, he served as a member of the state senate.[3]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Cole's academic, professional and political career:

  • 1971: Graduated from Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa
  • 1974: Graduated from Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
  • 1984: Graduated from University of Oklahoma, Norman, Okla.
  • 1982-1984: Staff, United States Representative Marvin (Mickey) Edwards of Oklahoma
  • 1985-1989: Chair, Oklahoma state Republican party
  • 1988-1991: Served as a member of the Oklahoma State Senate
  • 1995-1999: Served as Oklahoma Secretary of State
  • 2003-Present: U.S. Representative from Oklahoma

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Cole serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] For more information pertaining to Cole's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

American response in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

Cole is opposed to President Barack Obama's proposed military strikes against Syria. He stated, "Military intervention in Syria is not in America’s best interest and is ill-advised...The United States has not been attacked and neither have our allies. As it stands, this conflict is a civil war, a proxy war between Iran and Saudi Arabia and a religious war. America should avoid being drawn into this conflict. The president’s recent proposal is a gesture, not a clear policy or military strategy."[7]

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[8]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

Economy

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[11] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[12] Cole voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[13]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[14] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Cole voted for HR 2775.[15]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[16]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[17] The vote largely followed party lines.[18]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[19]

Social issues

Washington Redskins

Sen. Maria Cantwell joined Cole and called for the National Football League to back a name change for the Washington Redskins because they believe that the name is offensive to Native Americans.[20]

In a letter to NFL Commissioner Roger Goodwell, Cantwell, chairwoman of the Indian Affairs Committee, and Cole, a member of the Native American Caucus, wrote, "Saying the Washington football team ‘honored Native Americans’ perpetuates a charade that dishonors Native people and their governments and erodes the reputation of the National Football League...We believe that the fact that this term does not honor — but rather disparages — Indian people and tribes is what will and should guide federal policymakers.”[20]

Abortion

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[21]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Cole voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[22]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Cole's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Cole is a Hard-Core Conservative. Cole received a score of 24 percent on social issues and 96 percent on economic issues.[23]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[24]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[23]

Elections

2014

See also: Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014

Cole is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. Cole defeated Anna Flatt in the Republican primary on June 24, 2014.[2] The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Oklahoma District 4 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTom Cole Incumbent 84.4% 40,762
Anna Flatt 15.6% 7,510
Total Votes 48,272
Source: Results via Associated Press

2012

See also: Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012

Cole won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Oklahoma's 4th District. Cole defeated challenger Gary D. Caissie in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012.[1][25] He defeated Donna Marie Bebo (D) and RJ Harris (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[26]

U.S. House, Oklahoma District 4 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Donna Marie Bebo 27.6% 71,846
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTom Cole Incumbent 67.9% 176,740
     Independent RJ Harris 4.5% 11,745
Total Votes 260,331
Source: Oklahoma Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Oklahoma District 4 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTom Cole Incumbent 87.7% 22,840
Gary Caissie 12.3% 3,195
Total Votes 26,035

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Cole is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Cole raised a total of $6,330,047 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 22, 2013.[32]

Tom Cole's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,016,545
2010 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $852,384
2008 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,123,657
2006 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,020,035
2004 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,125,699
2002 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,191,727
Grand Total Raised $6,330,047

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Cole’s reports.[33]

Tom Cole (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[34]April 15, 2013$792,630.17$66,570.09$(61,263.18)$797,937.08
July Quarterly[35]July 15, 2013$797,937.08$294,479.83$(71,159.03)$1,021,257.88
October Quarterly[36]October 15, 2013$1,021,257.88$77,457.50$(30,007.21)$1,068,708.17
Year-End Quarterly[37]December 31, 2013$1,068,708$145,107$(20,300)$1,193,195
April Quarterly[38]April 15, 2014$1,193,195.97$119,749.97$(72,543.40)$1,240,402.54
Running totals
$703,364.39$(255,272.82)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Cole's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Cole won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Cole's campaign committee raised a total of $1,016,546 and spent $773,950.[39]

Cost per vote

Cole spent $4.38 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Cole won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Cole's campaign committee raised a total of $852,384 and spent $657,762.[40]

His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Cole's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $2,465,070 to $6,251,000 . That averages to $4,358,035, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Cole ranked as the 82nd most wealthy representative in 2012.[41] Between 2004 and 2012, Cole's calculated net worth[42] increased by an average of 4 percent per year.  Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[43]

Tom Cole Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$3,263,487
2012$4,358,035
Growth from 2004 to 2012:34%
Average annual growth:4%[44]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[45]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Cole is a "rank-and-file Republican" as of July 2014.[46] This was the same rating Cole received in June 2013.[47]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[48]

Cole most often votes with:

Cole least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Cole missed 226 of 8,644 roll call votes from January 2003 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.6%, which is worse than the median of 2.5% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving as of June 2014.[49]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cole paid his congressional staff a total of $1,002,618 in 2011. Overall, Oklahoma ranked 19th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[50]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Cole was one of two members of Congress who ranked 213th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[51]

2012

Cole ranked 170th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[52]

2011

Cole ranked 196th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[53]

Voting with party

2014

Cole voted with the Republican Party 92 percent of the time, which ranked 185th among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[54]

2013

Cole voted with the Republican Party 91.7 percent of the time, which ranked 216th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[55]

Personal

Cole and his wife, Ellen, have one child.[3]

Recent news

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See also

External links

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Political Tracker has an article on:
Tom Cole


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Oklahoma Elections Division, "Election Results," accessed June 26, 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 Associated Press, "Oklahoma - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 House.gov, "About," accessed April 1, 2014
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. United States Congressman Tom Cole, Serving Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District, "Cole Opposes Military Intervention in Syria," September 5, 2013
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  12. Buzzfeed, "Government shutdown: How we got here," accessed October 1, 2013
  13. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  14. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  15. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  17. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  20. 20.0 20.1 Politico, "Lawmakers: 'Redskins' is insulting," accessed February 10, 2014
  21. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  23. 23.0 23.1 On The Issues, "Cole Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  24. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  25. Oklahoma Secretary of State, "2012 Primary Results"
  26. Politico, "2012 Election Map," accessed November 6, 2012
  27. U.S. Congress House Clerk , "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"
  28. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  29. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  30. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Tom Cole," accessed April 22, 2013
  33. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cole Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
  34. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed August 1, 2013
  35. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  36. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "Cole Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 12, 2014
  38. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  39. Open Secrets, "Tom Cole 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  40. Open Secrets, "Cole 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  41. Open Secrets, "Cole, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  42. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  43. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  44. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  45. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  46. GovTrack, "Tom Cole," accessed July 22, 2014
  47. GovTrack, "Tom Cole," accessed June 7, 2013
  48. OpenCongress, "Tom Cole," accessed July 22, 2014
  49. GovTrack, "Tom Cole," accessed July 22, 2014
  50. LegiStorm, "Tom Cole," accessed September 25, 2012
  51. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," July 22, 2014
  52. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013
  53. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  54. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  55. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
J. C. Watts
U.S. House of Representatives - Oklahoma District 4
2003–present
Succeeded by
-