Difference between revisions of "Tom Cole"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Text replace - "<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com'', "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"]</ref>" to "<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com'', "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 22,)
 
(129 intermediate revisions by 14 users not shown)
Line 23: Line 23:
 
|Per diem =
 
|Per diem =
 
|Pension =
 
|Pension =
|Last election =[[Oklahoma's 4th congressional district elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
+
|Last election =[[Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 +
|Cost per vote 2012 = $4.38
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|First elected = November 5, 2002
 
|First elected = November 5, 2002
 
|Term limits =
 
|Term limits =
|Next election =[[Oklahoma's 4th congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
+
|Next primary=
 +
|Next election =
 
|Campaign $=6,330,047
 
|Campaign $=6,330,047
 
|Prior office =Secretary of State, State of Oklahoma
 
|Prior office =Secretary of State, State of Oklahoma
Line 52: Line 54:
 
|Place of birth =Shreveport, LA
 
|Place of birth =Shreveport, LA
 
|Profession =
 
|Profession =
|Net worth = $3,713,537
+
|Net worth = $4,358,035
 
|Religion =United Methodist
 
|Religion =United Methodist
 
|Office website =http://www.cole.house.gov/
 
|Office website =http://www.cole.house.gov/
Line 58: Line 60:
 
|Personal website =
 
|Personal website =
 
}}{{tnr}}
 
}}{{tnr}}
'''Tom Cole''' (b. April 28, 1949 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is a member of the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] from the state of [[Oklahoma]]. Cole was first elected in 2002.
+
'''Tom Cole''' (b. April 28, 1949, in Shreveport, [[Louisiana]]) is a member of the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] from the state of [[Oklahoma]]. Cole represents [[Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District]] and was first elected in 2002.
  
Cole most recently won re-election in 2012. He defeated challenger [[Gary D. Caissie]] in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012. He then defeated [[Donna Marie Bebo]] (D) and [[RJ Harris]] (I) in the November 6, 2012 general election.<ref name="results">[http://results.enr.clarityelections.com/OK/39733/89386/Web01/en/summary.html ''Oklahoma Elections Division'' "Election Results" Accessed June 26, 2012]</ref>
+
Cole won [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. Cole won the Republican nomination in the primary on June 24, 2014.<ref name=ap>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2014/by_state/OK_US_House_0624.html?SITE=AP&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press'', "Oklahoma - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014]</ref> He went on to defeat [[Bert Smith]] (D) and [[Dennis B. Johnson (Oklahoma)|Dennis B. Johnson]] (I) in the general election on November 4, 2014.<ref name=results>[http://www.politico.com/2014-election/results/map/house/oklahoma/#.VF0C-vTF-Pd ''Politico'', "2014 Oklahoma House Election Results," accessed November 7, 2014]</ref>
 
+
Prior to his congressional career, Cole served as a member of the [[Oklahoma State Senate]] from 1988 to 1991.  He then served as [[Oklahoma Secretary of State]] from 1995 to 1999.
+
  
 
{{Introanalysis
 
{{Introanalysis
Line 71: Line 71:
 
|Lastname=Cole
 
|Lastname=Cole
 
}}
 
}}
 +
 +
==Biography==
 +
Cole was born in Shreveport, [[Louisiana]]. He attended Grinell College in Iowa for his undergraduate degree, earned a master's degree from Yale University and a Ph.D. from the University of Oklahoma. While studying for his doctorate at the University of Oklahoma, Cole was a staffer for former U.S. Rep. Marvin Mickey. After graduation, he became chair of the Oklahoma Republican Party in 1985. In 1988, he served as a member of the [[Oklahoma State Senate|state senate]].<ref name=bio>[http://cole.house.gov/about-me ''House.gov'', "About," accessed April 1, 2014]</ref> Prior to his congressional career, Cole served as a member of the [[Oklahoma State Senate]] from 1988 to 1991. He then served as [[Oklahoma Secretary of State]] from 1995 to 1999.
  
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
 +
Below is an abbreviated outline of Cole's academic, professional and political career:
 
*1971: Graduated from Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa
 
*1971: Graduated from Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa
 
*1974: Graduated from Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
 
*1974: Graduated from Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
Line 80: Line 84:
 
*1988-1991: Served as a member of the [[Oklahoma State Senate]]
 
*1988-1991: Served as a member of the [[Oklahoma State Senate]]
 
*1995-1999: Served as [[Oklahoma Secretary of State]]
 
*1995-1999: Served as [[Oklahoma Secretary of State]]
*2003-Present: U.S Representative from Oklahoma
+
*2003-Present: [[United States House of Representatives|U.S. Representative]] from [[Oklahoma]]
  
 
==Committee assignments==
 
==Committee assignments==
 
===U.S. House===
 
===U.S. House===
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Cole serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com,'' House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress]</ref>
+
Cole serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com'', "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 22, 2013]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations|Committee on Appropriations]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations|Committee on Appropriations]]
 
**Subcommittee on Defense
 
**Subcommittee on Defense
Line 93: Line 97:
  
 
====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
 +
Cole served on the following committees:
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations|Committee on Appropriations]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations|Committee on Appropriations]]
 
**Subcommittee on Defense
 
**Subcommittee on Defense
**Subcommittee on Interior and Environment, and Related Agencies
+
**Subcommittee on Interior and Environment and Related Agencies
**Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
+
**Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development and Related Agencies
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Budget|Committee on Budget]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Budget|Committee on Budget]]
 
*[[United States House Committee on Rules]]
 
*[[United States House Committee on Rules]]
 +
 +
==Key votes==
 +
===113th Congress===
 +
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 +
{{113thVotes
 +
|Lastname=Cole
 +
|Passed=22
 +
|Total=4315
 +
|Date=August 1, 2013
 +
|Sen=
 +
|SenTotal=
 +
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed August 1, 2013]</ref>
 +
}}
 +
 +
====National security====
 +
=====NDAA=====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cole voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45512#.UjdO8j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
=====DHS Appropriations=====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cole voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44545#.UjdO9j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
=====CISPA (2013)=====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cole voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/43791#.UjdO-j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
====Economy====
 +
=====Government shutdown=====
 +
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 +
{{Yea vote}} On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref> At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. [[Harry Reid]] rejected the call to conference.<ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/katenocera/government-shutdown-how-we-got-here?bffb ''Buzzfeed'', "Government shutdown: How we got here," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref> Cole voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{{Yea vote}} The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the [[United States Senate|Senate]]. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for [[Obamacare]] subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from [[Republican]] members. Cole voted for HR 2775.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll550.xml ''U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
=====Federal Pay Adjustment Act=====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cole voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42596#.UjdQCD9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
====Immigration====
 +
{{find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-TomCole-SponsoredLegislationBySubject</htmlet>|right|width=10}}
 +
=====Morton Memos Prohibition=====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cole voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:hamdt136: ''The Library of Congress'', "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref> The vote largely followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44693#.UjdQYz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
====Healthcare====
 +
=====Healthcare Reform Rules=====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cole voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45799#.UjdQtz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
====Social issues====
 +
=====Abortion=====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cole voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45098#.UjdRJz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
====Government affairs====
 +
=====HR 676=====
 +
{{Obama lawsuit GOP Yes|Name=Cole}}
 +
 +
===Previous congressional sessions===
 +
====Fiscal cliff====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cole voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
  
 
==Issues==
 
==Issues==
===Specific votes===
+
===On The Issues Vote Match===
====Fiscal Cliff====
+
[[File:s020_100.gif|right|290px|thumb|Cole's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
{{Support vote}}
+
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
Cole voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was one of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257/167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
+
''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2012.asp?quiz=Pres2012 VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Cole is a '''Hard-Core Conservative.''' Cole received a score of 24 percent on social issues and 96 percent on economic issues.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
 +
 
 +
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Cole|Date=2014|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://House.OnTheIssues.org/House/Tom_Cole.htm ''On The Issues'', "Cole Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014]</ref>
 +
|Abortion= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Hiring= Opposes
 +
|Marriage= Strongly Opposes
 +
|God= Strongly Favors
 +
|ObamaCare=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Social Security= Strongly Favors
 +
|School Choice= Strongly Favors
 +
|Animals=Strongly Favors
 +
|Crime= Favors
 +
|Guns= Strongly Favors
 +
|Taxes=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Citizenship=Opposes
 +
|Free Trade= Strongly Favors
 +
|United Nations=Strongly Favors
 +
|Military=Favors
 +
|Campaign Funds= Favors
 +
|Iran=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Energy=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Marijuana=Favors
 +
|Stimulus=Opposes
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
===American response in Syria===
 +
: ''See also: [[United States involvement in Syria]]''
 +
 
 +
Cole opposed [[President]] [[Barack Obama]]'s proposed military strikes against Syria. He stated, "Military intervention in Syria is not in America’s best interest and is ill-advised...The United States has not been attacked and neither have our allies. As it stands, this conflict is a civil war, a proxy war between Iran and Saudi Arabia and a religious war. America should avoid being drawn into this conflict. The president’s recent proposal is a gesture, not a clear policy or military strategy."<ref>[http://cole.house.gov/press-release/cole-opposes-military-intervention-syria ''United States Congressman Tom Cole, Serving Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District'', "Cole Opposes Military Intervention in Syria," September 5, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Washington Redskins===
 +
Sen. [[Maria Cantwell]] joined Cole and called for the National Football League to back a name change for the Washington Redskins because they argued that the name is offensive to Native Americans.<ref name="wr"/>
 +
 
 +
In a letter to NFL Commissioner Roger Goodwell, [[Maria Cantwell|Cantwell]], chairwoman of the Indian Affairs Committee, and Cole, a member of the Native American Caucus, wrote, "Saying the Washington football team ‘honored Native Americans’ perpetuates a charade that dishonors Native people and their governments and erodes the reputation of the National Football League...We believe that the fact that this term does not honor — but rather disparages — Indian people and tribes is what will and should guide federal policymakers.<ref name="wr">[http://www.politico.com/story/2014/02/nfl-redskins-name-maria-cantwell-tom-cole-103317.html#ixzz2swnXsR1x ''Politico'', "Lawmakers: 'Redskins' is insulting," accessed February 10, 2014]</ref>
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 +
===2014===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014]]''
 +
 +
Cole won [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. He defeated [[Anna Flatt]] in the Republican primary on June 24, 2014.<ref name=ap/> Cole defeated [[Bert Smith]] (D) and [[Dennis B. Johnson (Oklahoma)|Dennis B. Johnson]] (I) in the general election.<ref name=results>[http://www.politico.com/2014-election/results/map/house/oklahoma/#.VF0C-vTF-Pd ''Politico'', "2014 Oklahoma House Election Results," accessed November 7, 2014]</ref> {{Nov2014genelection}}
 +
{{Okdis4genelecbox14}}
 +
{{Ok04GOPprimary2014}}
 +
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
:: ''See also: [[Oklahoma's 4th congressional district elections, 2012]]''
+
:: ''See also: [[Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012]]''
  
Cole ran in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Oklahoma, 2012|Oklahoma's]] [[Oklahoma's 4th congressional district elections, 2012|4th District]]. Cole defeated challenger [[Gary D. Caissie]] in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012.<ref name="results"/><ref>[http://results.enr.clarityelections.com/OK/39733/90635/Web01/en/summary.html Oklahoma Secretary of State "2012 Primary Results"]</ref> He defeated [[Donna Marie Bebo]] (D) and [[RJ Harris]] (I) in the November 6, 2012 general election.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/ ''Politico'' "2012 Election Map"]</ref>
+
Cole won re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Oklahoma, 2012|Oklahoma's]] [[Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012|4th District]]. Cole defeated challenger [[Gary D. Caissie]] in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012.<ref name="results">[http://results.enr.clarityelections.com/OK/39733/89386/Web01/en/summary.html ''Oklahoma Elections Division'', "Election Results," accessed June 26, 2012]</ref>
 +
<ref>[http://results.enr.clarityelections.com/OK/39733/90635/Web01/en/summary.html ''Oklahoma Secretary of State'', "2012 Primary Results"]</ref> He defeated [[Donna Marie Bebo]] (D) and [[RJ Harris]] (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/ ''Politico'', "2012 Election Map," accessed November 6, 2012]</ref>
  
 
{{Template:Okdis4genelecbox12}}
 
{{Template:Okdis4genelecbox12}}
  
 
{{Primary election box 2012
 
{{Primary election box 2012
|Chamber= Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District
+
|Chamber= U.S. House, Oklahoma District 4
 
|party= Republican
 
|party= Republican
 
|winner1 =Tom Cole
 
|winner1 =Tom Cole
Line 132: Line 232:
 
|Content =  
 
|Content =  
 
<big>'''2010'''</big><br>
 
<big>'''2010'''</big><br>
On November 2, 2010, Cole won re-election to the [[United States House of Representatives]]. He ran in the general election unopposed. According to Oklahoma law, the names of uncontested candidates are not printed on the ballot.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2010election.pdf ''U.S. Congress House Clerk'' "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"]</ref><br>
+
On November 2, 2010, Cole won re-election to the [[United States House of Representatives]]. He ran in the general election unopposed. According to Oklahoma law, the names of uncontested candidates are not printed on the ballot.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2010election.pdf ''U.S. Congress House Clerk'' , "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"]</ref><br>
 
<big>'''2008'''</big>
 
<big>'''2008'''</big>
  
Line 149: Line 249:
  
 
==Campaign donors==
 
==Campaign donors==
 +
===Fundraising events===
 +
The below chart from [http://members-of-congress.findthebest.com/l/510/Tom-Cole Find The Best] tracks the fundraising events Cole attends.
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-TomCole-FundraisingEvents</htmlet>|float="center"|width=400px}}
 +
<br>
 +
 +
===Comprehensive donor history===
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
|Name=Cole
 
|Name=Cole
 
|year=2002
 
|year=2002
 
|Editdate=April 22, 2013
 
|Editdate=April 22, 2013
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=Career&cid=N00025726&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "Career Fundraising for Tom Cole," Accessed April 22, 2013]</ref>
+
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=Career&cid=N00025726&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Career Fundraising for Tom Cole," accessed April 22, 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
 
|totalraised2012=1016545
 
|totalraised2012=1016545
 
|result2012=Won
 
|result2012=Won
|office2012=US House (Oklahoma, [[Oklahoma's 4th congressional district{{!}}District 4]])
+
|office2012=US House (Oklahoma, [[Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District{{!}}District 4]])
 
|totalraised2010=852384
 
|totalraised2010=852384
 
|result2010=Won
 
|result2010=Won
|office2010=US House (Oklahoma, [[Oklahoma's 4th congressional district{{!}}District 4]])
+
|office2010=US House (Oklahoma, [[Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District{{!}}District 4]])
 
|totalraised2008=1123657
 
|totalraised2008=1123657
 
|result2008=Won
 
|result2008=Won
|office2008=US House (Oklahoma, [[Oklahoma's 4th congressional district{{!}}District 4]])
+
|office2008=US House (Oklahoma, [[Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District{{!}}District 4]])
 
|totalraised2006=1020035
 
|totalraised2006=1020035
 
|result2006=Won
 
|result2006=Won
|office2006=US House (Oklahoma, [[Oklahoma's 4th congressional district{{!}}District 4]])
+
|office2006=US House (Oklahoma, [[Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District{{!}}District 4]])
 
|totalraised2004=1125699
 
|totalraised2004=1125699
 
|result2004=Won
 
|result2004=Won
|office2004=US House (Oklahoma, [[Oklahoma's 4th congressional district{{!}}District 4]])
+
|office2004=US House (Oklahoma, [[Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District{{!}}District 4]])
 
|totalraised2002=1191727
 
|totalraised2002=1191727
 
|result2002=Won
 
|result2002=Won
|office2002=US House (Oklahoma, [[Oklahoma's 4th congressional district{{!}}District 4]])
+
|office2002=US House (Oklahoma, [[Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District{{!}}District 4]])
}}
+
}}<br>
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-TomCole-CampaignContributions</htmlet>|float=right|width=300px}}
 +
 
 +
===2014===
 +
{{Tom Cole 2014 FEC}}
 +
 
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
[[File:Tom Cole 2012 Donor Breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cole's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
+
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Tom Cole 2012 Donor Breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cole's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]}}
Cole won election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Cole's campaign committee raised a total of $1,016,546 and spent $773,950.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00025726&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'' "Tom Cole 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed March 4, 2013]</ref>
+
Cole won election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Cole's campaign committee raised a total of $1,016,546 and spent $773,950.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00025726&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'', "Tom Cole 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Cost per vote====
 +
Cole spent $4.38 per vote received in 2012.
  
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
|winner = Y
 
|winner = Y
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives, Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District  
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, Oklahoma District 4
 
|party = Republican
 
|party = Republican
 
|total raised = $1,016,546
 
|total raised = $1,016,546
Line 209: Line 323:
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
Cole won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Cole's campaign committee raised a total of $852,384 and spent $657,762.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00025726&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'' "Cole 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed November 16, 2011]</ref>
+
Cole won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Cole's campaign committee raised a total of $852,384 and spent $657,762.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00025726&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'', "Cole 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011]</ref>
  
His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:
+
His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives, Oklahoma Congressional District 4 Election
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, Oklahoma District 4
 
|party = Republican
 
|party = Republican
 
|total raised = $852,384
 
|total raised = $852,384
Line 239: Line 353:
 
|inddonor4 = Commercial Banks
 
|inddonor4 = Commercial Banks
 
|inddonor5 = Lobbyists
 
|inddonor5 = Lobbyists
 +
|}}
 +
 +
==Personal Gain Index==
 +
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px|link=Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]
 +
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
 +
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants. <br>
 +
It consists of four different metrics:
 +
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
 +
*[[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Donation Concentration Metric]]
 +
*[[The K-Street Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The K-Street Metric]]
 +
*[[The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric]]
 +
 +
===PGI: Change in net worth===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)]] and [[Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
[[File:Net Worth Metric graphic.png|left|170px]]
 +
Based on [[Household net worth (Member of Congress)|congressional financial disclosure forms]] and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Cole's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $2,465,070 to $6,251,000 . That averages to '''$4,358,035''', which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96.  Cole ranked as the 82nd most wealthy representative in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00025726&year=2012 ''Open Secrets'', "Cole, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014]</ref> Between 2004 and 2012, Cole's calculated net worth<ref>This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).</ref> increased by an average of 4 percent per year.
 +
 Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.<ref>This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.</ref>
 +
 +
{{Net worth PIG
 +
|Collapse=
 +
|Name =Tom Cole
 +
|Political Party =Republican
 +
|2010 = 3737538.50
 +
|2011 =3713537
 +
|2012 =4358035
 +
|Year 0 = 2004
 +
|Average 0 = 3263487
 +
}}
 +
 +
===PGI: Donation Concentration Metric===
 +
:: ''See also: [[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)]]''
 +
 +
Filings required by the [[Federal Election Commission]] report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Cole received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the ''Oil & Gas'' industry. Comparatively, the top industry employer in [[Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District]] was ''Educational services, and health care and social assistance,'' according to a 2012 U.S. Census survey.<ref>[http://www.census.gov/mycd/ ''Census.gov'', "My Congressional District," accessed September 24, 2014]</ref>
 +
 +
From 2001-2014, '''27.73 percent of Cole's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.'''<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=Career&type=I&cid=N00025726&newMem=N ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Rep. Tom Cole," accessed September 24, 2014]</ref>
 +
[[File:Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png|left|179px]]
 +
{{Cong career industries
 +
|party =Republican
 +
|total raised = 7320867
 +
|total spent =6022508
 +
|ind1 =Oil & Gas
 +
|ind2 =Casinos/Gambling
 +
|ind3 =Lawyers/Law Firms
 +
|ind4 =Commercial Banks
 +
|ind5 =Leadership PACs
 +
|inddonor1 =618750
 +
|inddonor2 = 530357
 +
|inddonor3 = 357866
 +
|inddonor4 = 262400
 +
|inddonor5 = 260549
 +
|district =Educational services, and health care and social assistance
 
|}}
 
|}}
  
Line 245: Line 410:
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
  
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Cole is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|rank-and-file Republican]]" as of June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/tom_cole/400077 ''Gov Track'' "Tom Cole," Accessed June 7 2013]</ref>  
+
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Cole is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|rank-and-file Republican]]" as of July 2014.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/tom_cole/400077 ''GovTrack'', "Tom Cole," accessed July 22, 2014]</ref> This was the same rating Cole received in June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/tom_cole/400077 ''GovTrack'', "Tom Cole," accessed June 7, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Like-minded colleagues===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400077_Tom_Cole ''OpenCongress'', "Tom Cole," accessed July 22, 2014]</ref>
 +
{{col-begin}}
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Cole most often votes with:
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Ken Calvert]]
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Mike McIntyre]]
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Cole least often votes with:
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Walter Jones]]
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Barbara Lee]]
 +
{{col-end}}
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-TomCole-IdeologyBreakdown</htmlet>|width=450px}}
  
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Cole missed 177 of 7,680 roll call votes from January 2003 to April 2013. This amounts to 2.3% which is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving as of April 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/tom_cole/400077 ''GovTrack,'' "Tom Cole," Accessed April 17, 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Cole missed 226 of 8,644 roll call votes from January 2003 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.6 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving as of June 2014.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/tom_cole/400077 ''GovTrack'', "Tom Cole," accessed July 22, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cole paid his congressional staff a total of $1,002,618 in 2011. Overall, [[Oklahoma]] ranked 19th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2801/Rep_Tom_Cole.html ''LegiStorm'', "Tom Cole," Accessed September 25, 2012]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cole paid his congressional staff a total of $1,002,618 in 2011. Overall, [[Oklahoma]] ranked 19th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2801/Rep_Tom_Cole.html ''LegiStorm'', "Tom Cole," accessed September 25, 2012]</ref>
 
+
===Net worth===
+
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
+
====2011====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Cole's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $2,036,074 to $5,391,000. That averages to $3,713,537, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2011 of $7,859,232. His average net worth decreased by 0.64% from 2010.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00025726&year=2011 ''OpenSecrets.org'' "Tom Cole (R-Okla), 2011," accessed February 22, 2013]</ref>
+
 
+
====2010====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Cole's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $2,039,077 to $5,436,000. This averages out to $3,737,538.50 which was lower than the average net worth of Republicans in 2010 of $7,561,133.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00025726&year=2010 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Tom Cole (R-Okla), 2010," Accessed September 25, 2012]</ref>
+
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 +
 +
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
 +
 +
====2013====
 +
Cole was one of two members of Congress who ranked 213th in the conservative rankings in 2013.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2013-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," July 22, 2014]</ref>
  
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. Cole tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 170th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal,'' "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013]</ref>
+
Cole ranked 170th in the conservative rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. Cole ranked 196th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
Cole ranked 196th in the conservative rankings in 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012]</ref>
  
 
===Voting with party===
 
===Voting with party===
 +
====2014====
 +
{{Congress vote percent
 +
|name=Cole
 +
|party=Republican
 +
|percent=92 percent
 +
|rank=185th
 +
|total=233
 +
|chamber=House
 +
|year=July 2014
 +
|RHouse=Y
 +
}}
 
====2013====
 
====2013====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
|name=Tom Cole
+
|name=Cole
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
|percent=91.7%
+
|percent=91.7 percent
 
|rank=216th
 
|rank=216th
 
|total=233
 
|total=233
Line 286: Line 473:
  
 
==Personal==
 
==Personal==
Cole is married to Ellen. They have 1 child.
+
Cole and his wife, Ellen, have one child.<ref name=bio>[http://cole.house.gov/about-me ''House.gov'', "About," accessed April 1, 2014]</ref>
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==
 
{{submit a bio}}
 
{{submit a bio}}
This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term "'''Tom + Cole + Oklahoma + House'''"
+
This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term "'''Tom + Cole + Oklahoma + Congress'''"
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this legislator due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this legislator due to the nature of the search engine.''
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Tom+Cole+Oklahoma+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Tom Cole News Feed</rss>
+
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Tom+Cole+Oklahoma+Congress&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Tom Cole News Feed}}
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives]]
 +
*[[United States congressional delegations from Oklahoma]]
 +
*[[Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014]]
 +
*[[Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District]]
 +
 
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 +
{{political tracker|Link=http://politicaltracker.com/officials/congress/activity/rep-thomas-cole/46034|Name=Tom Cole}}
 
*[http://cole.house.gov/ U.S. House website]
 
*[http://cole.house.gov/ U.S. House website]
 
*[http://tomcoleforcongress.com/ Campaign website]
 
*[http://tomcoleforcongress.com/ Campaign website]
Line 299: Line 494:
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
{{reflist}}
+
{{reflist|2}}
  
 
{{start box}}
 
{{start box}}
Line 315: Line 510:
 
[[Category:112th Congress]][[Category:113th Congress]]
 
[[Category:112th Congress]][[Category:113th Congress]]
 
[[Category:Oklahoma]]
 
[[Category:Oklahoma]]
 +
[[Category:Former Oklahoma secretary of state]]
 +
[[Category:Former Republican secretary of state]]
 +
[[Category:Former secretaries of state]]
 +
[[Category:Former member, Oklahoma State Senate]]
 +
<!--2014 categories-->
 +
{{congcandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}}

Latest revision as of 11:47, 11 November 2014

Tom Cole
Tom Cole.jpg
U.S. House, Oklahoma, District 4
Incumbent
In office
2003-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 11
PartyRepublican
PredecessorJ. C. Watts (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$4.38 in 2012
First electedNovember 5, 2002
Campaign $$6,330,047
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Secretary of State, State of Oklahoma
1995-1999
Senator, Oklahoma State Senate
1989-1991
Education
Bachelor'sGrinnell College, 1971
Master'sYale University, 1974
Ph.D.University of Oklahoma, 1984
Personal
BirthdayApril 28, 1949
Place of birthShreveport, LA
Net worth$4,358,035
ReligionUnited Methodist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website

Tom Cole (b. April 28, 1949, in Shreveport, Louisiana) is a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Oklahoma. Cole represents Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District and was first elected in 2002.

Cole won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. Cole won the Republican nomination in the primary on June 24, 2014.[1] He went on to defeat Bert Smith (D) and Dennis B. Johnson (I) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Cole is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Cole was born in Shreveport, Louisiana. He attended Grinell College in Iowa for his undergraduate degree, earned a master's degree from Yale University and a Ph.D. from the University of Oklahoma. While studying for his doctorate at the University of Oklahoma, Cole was a staffer for former U.S. Rep. Marvin Mickey. After graduation, he became chair of the Oklahoma Republican Party in 1985. In 1988, he served as a member of the state senate.[3] Prior to his congressional career, Cole served as a member of the Oklahoma State Senate from 1988 to 1991. He then served as Oklahoma Secretary of State from 1995 to 1999.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Cole's academic, professional and political career:

  • 1971: Graduated from Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa
  • 1974: Graduated from Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
  • 1984: Graduated from University of Oklahoma, Norman, Okla.
  • 1982-1984: Staff, United States Representative Marvin (Mickey) Edwards of Oklahoma
  • 1985-1989: Chair, Oklahoma state Republican party
  • 1988-1991: Served as a member of the Oklahoma State Senate
  • 1995-1999: Served as Oklahoma Secretary of State
  • 2003-Present: U.S. Representative from Oklahoma

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Cole serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Cole served on the following committees:

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] For more information pertaining to Cole's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Cole voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[7]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Cole voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[8]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Cole voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]

Economy

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[10] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[11] Cole voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[12]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[13] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Cole voted for HR 2775.[14]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Yea3.png Cole voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[15]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Cole voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[16] The vote largely followed party lines.[17]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Cole voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[18]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Cole voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[19]

Government affairs

HR 676
See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[20] Cole joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[21][22]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal cliff

Yea3.png Cole voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[23]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Cole's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Cole is a Hard-Core Conservative. Cole received a score of 24 percent on social issues and 96 percent on economic issues.[24]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[25]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[24]

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

Cole opposed President Barack Obama's proposed military strikes against Syria. He stated, "Military intervention in Syria is not in America’s best interest and is ill-advised...The United States has not been attacked and neither have our allies. As it stands, this conflict is a civil war, a proxy war between Iran and Saudi Arabia and a religious war. America should avoid being drawn into this conflict. The president’s recent proposal is a gesture, not a clear policy or military strategy."[26]

Washington Redskins

Sen. Maria Cantwell joined Cole and called for the National Football League to back a name change for the Washington Redskins because they argued that the name is offensive to Native Americans.[27]

In a letter to NFL Commissioner Roger Goodwell, Cantwell, chairwoman of the Indian Affairs Committee, and Cole, a member of the Native American Caucus, wrote, "Saying the Washington football team ‘honored Native Americans’ perpetuates a charade that dishonors Native people and their governments and erodes the reputation of the National Football League...We believe that the fact that this term does not honor — but rather disparages — Indian people and tribes is what will and should guide federal policymakers.”[27]

Elections

2014

See also: Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014

Cole won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He defeated Anna Flatt in the Republican primary on June 24, 2014.[1] Cole defeated Bert Smith (D) and Dennis B. Johnson (I) in the general election.[2] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Oklahoma District 4 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTom Cole Incumbent 70.8% 117,721
     Democratic Bert Smith 24.7% 40,998
     Independent Dennis B. Johnson 4.5% 7,549
Total Votes 166,268
Source: Oklahoma State Election Board
U.S. House, Oklahoma District 4 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTom Cole Incumbent 84.4% 40,762
Anna Flatt 15.6% 7,510
Total Votes 48,272
Source: Results via Associated Press

2012

See also: Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012

Cole won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Oklahoma's 4th District. Cole defeated challenger Gary D. Caissie in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012.[2] [28] He defeated Donna Marie Bebo (D) and RJ Harris (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[29]

U.S. House, Oklahoma District 4 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Donna Marie Bebo 27.6% 71,846
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTom Cole Incumbent 67.9% 176,740
     Independent RJ Harris 4.5% 11,745
Total Votes 260,331
Source: Oklahoma Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Oklahoma District 4 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTom Cole Incumbent 87.7% 22,840
Gary Caissie 12.3% 3,195
Total Votes 26,035

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Cole attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Cole is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Cole raised a total of $6,330,047 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 22, 2013.[35]

Tom Cole's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,016,545
2010 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $852,384
2008 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,123,657
2006 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,020,035
2004 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,125,699
2002 US House (Oklahoma, District 4) Won $1,191,727
Grand Total Raised $6,330,047


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Cole’s reports.[36]

Tom Cole (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[37]April 15, 2013$792,630.17$66,570.09$(61,263.18)$797,937.08
July Quarterly[38]July 15, 2013$797,937.08$294,479.83$(71,159.03)$1,021,257.88
October Quarterly[39]October 15, 2013$1,021,257.88$77,457.50$(30,007.21)$1,068,708.17
Year-End Quarterly[40]December 31, 2013$1,068,708$145,107$(20,300)$1,193,195
April Quarterly[41]April 15, 2014$1,193,195.97$119,749.97$(72,543.40)$1,240,402.54
Pre-Primary[42]July 15, 2014$1,240,402.54$232,101.63$(161,624.68)$1,310,879.49
July Quarterly[43]August 28, 2014$1,310,879.49$62,879.06$(104,042.79)$1,269,715.76
October Quarterly[44]October 15, 2014$1,269,715.76$232,317.62$(161,658.13)$1,340,375.25
Pre-General[45]October 23, 2014$1,340,375.25$30,517.18$(369,399.12)$1,001,493.31
Running totals
$1,261,179.88$(1,051,997.54)

2012


Cole won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Cole's campaign committee raised a total of $1,016,546 and spent $773,950.[46]

Cost per vote

Cole spent $4.38 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Cole won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Cole's campaign committee raised a total of $852,384 and spent $657,762.[47]

His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Cole's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $2,465,070 to $6,251,000 . That averages to $4,358,035, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Cole ranked as the 82nd most wealthy representative in 2012.[48] Between 2004 and 2012, Cole's calculated net worth[49] increased by an average of 4 percent per year.  Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[50]

Tom Cole Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$3,263,487
2012$4,358,035
Growth from 2004 to 2012:34%
Average annual growth:4%[51]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[52]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Cole received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Oil & Gas industry. Comparatively, the top industry employer in Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District was Educational services, and health care and social assistance, according to a 2012 U.S. Census survey.[53]

From 2001-2014, 27.73 percent of Cole's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[54]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Tom Cole Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $7,320,867
Total Spent $6,022,508
Top industry in the districtEducational services, and health care and social assistance
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Oil & Gas$618,750
Casinos/Gambling$530,357
Lawyers/Law Firms$357,866
Commercial Banks$262,400
Leadership PACs$260,549
% total in top industry8.45%
% total in top two industries15.7%
% total in top five industries27.73%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Cole is a "rank-and-file Republican" as of July 2014.[55] This was the same rating Cole received in June 2013.[56]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[57]

Cole most often votes with:

Cole least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Cole missed 226 of 8,644 roll call votes from January 2003 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.6 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving as of June 2014.[58]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cole paid his congressional staff a total of $1,002,618 in 2011. Overall, Oklahoma ranked 19th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[59]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Cole was one of two members of Congress who ranked 213th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[60]

2012

Cole ranked 170th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[61]

2011

Cole ranked 196th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[62]

Voting with party

2014

Cole voted with the Republican Party 92 percent of the time, which ranked 185th among the 233 House Republican members as of July 2014.[63]

2013

Cole voted with the Republican Party 91.7 percent of the time, which ranked 216th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[64]

Personal

Cole and his wife, Ellen, have one child.[3]

Recent news

BP-Initials-UPDATED.png
Know more information about this profile?
Submit a bio

This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term "Tom + Cole + Oklahoma + Congress"

All stories may not be relevant to this legislator due to the nature of the search engine.

Tom Cole News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Tom Cole


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Associated Press, "Oklahoma - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Politico, "2014 Oklahoma House Election Results," accessed November 7, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 House.gov, "About," accessed April 1, 2014
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 22, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  11. Buzzfeed, "Government shutdown: How we got here," accessed October 1, 2013
  12. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  13. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  14. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  15. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  16. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  20. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  21. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  22. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  23. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  24. 24.0 24.1 On The Issues, "Cole Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  25. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  26. United States Congressman Tom Cole, Serving Oklahoma's 4th Congressional District, "Cole Opposes Military Intervention in Syria," September 5, 2013
  27. 27.0 27.1 Politico, "Lawmakers: 'Redskins' is insulting," accessed February 10, 2014
  28. Oklahoma Secretary of State, "2012 Primary Results"
  29. Politico, "2012 Election Map," accessed November 6, 2012
  30. U.S. Congress House Clerk , "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Tom Cole," accessed April 22, 2013
  36. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cole Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed August 1, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Cole Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 12, 2014
  41. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Pre-Primary," accessed October 31, 2014
  43. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  44. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Pre-General," accessed October 31, 2014
  46. Open Secrets, "Tom Cole 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  47. Open Secrets, "Cole 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  48. Open Secrets, "Cole, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  49. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  50. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  51. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  52. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  53. Census.gov, "My Congressional District," accessed September 24, 2014
  54. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Tom Cole," accessed September 24, 2014
  55. GovTrack, "Tom Cole," accessed July 22, 2014
  56. GovTrack, "Tom Cole," accessed June 7, 2013
  57. OpenCongress, "Tom Cole," accessed July 22, 2014
  58. GovTrack, "Tom Cole," accessed July 22, 2014
  59. LegiStorm, "Tom Cole," accessed September 25, 2012
  60. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," July 22, 2014
  61. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013
  62. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  63. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  64. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
J. C. Watts
U.S. House of Representatives - Oklahoma District 4
2003–present
Succeeded by
-