Difference between revisions of "Tom Cotton"
|Line 187:||Line 187:|
*[[Club for Growth]]<ref name=announce/>
*[[Club for Growth]]<ref name=announce/>
Revision as of 09:00, 18 September 2013
|Running for U.S. Senate, Arkansas|
|Date of primary||May 20, 2014|
|General election||November 6, 2014|
|U.S. House, Arkansas, District 4|
|January 3, 2013-Present|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||2|
|Predecessor||Mike Ross (D)|
|Elections and appointments|
|First elected||November 6, 2012|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|High school||Dardanelle High School|
|J.D.||Harvard Law School|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||2004-2009|
|Date of birth||May 13, 1977|
|Place of birth||Dardanelle, AR|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Issues
- 4.1 Campaign website
- 4.2 Legislative actions
- 4.2.1 113th Congress
- 4.2.2 National security
- 4.2.3 Economy
- 4.2.4 Immigration
- 4.2.5 Healthcare
- 4.2.6 Social issues
- 5 Elections
- 6 Campaign donors
- 7 Analysis
- 8 Recent news
- 9 External links
- 10 References
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Cotton is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.
Cotton received a bachelor's degree from Harvard College. He went on to earn his law degree from Harvard Law School. After completing school, he was a clerk for the U.S. Court of Appeals. He then worked as a private practice attorney.
Cotton joined the United States Army and served five years of active duty. He then worked as a management consultant for McKinsey and Company.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Cotton's academic, professional and political career:
- 1998: Graduated from Harvard University with B.A.
- 2002: Graduated from Harvard University with J.D.
- 2002-2003: Clerk, U.S. Court of Appeals
- 2004-2009: United States Army Officer
- 2010-2011: Management consultant, McKinsey & Co
- 2013-Present: Member of the U.S. House, representing Arkansas's 4th district
Cotton serves on the following committees:
- Financial Services Committee
- Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Debt
- Subcommittee on Monetary Policy and Trade
- Foreign Affairs Committee
- Subcommittee on Middle East and North Africa
- Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade
Cotton's campaign website listed the following issues:
- Defend the Constitution
- Excerpt: "As an Army officer, I took an oath of office to defend the Constitution against all enemies, foreign and domestic, and I administered that oath to many soldiers. I will proudly take the same oath as your congressman..."
- Promote Job Creation
- Excerpt: "Beware of politicians who promise to create jobs, because only businesses and entrepreneurs—not politicians—can create jobs."
- Stop the Spending and Cut the Debt
- Excerpt: "Our country faces a debt crisis because of Washington’s reckless spending and borrowing. The federal debt is now $15 trillion, the size of the entire American economy."
- Reduce and Simplify Taxes
- Excerpt: "Our taxes are too high and too complicated. The individual and corporate tax codes distort the financial decisions of individuals and businesses, leading them to base spending, investment, and saving on tax considerations, not economic benefits."
- Repeal and Replace ObamaCare
- Excerpt: "ObamaCare is a job-killer, a health-care disaster, and an assault on liberty. I will fight to repeal and replace ObamaCare with free-market reforms that empower patients and doctors to make health-care decisions."
- Secure Energy Independence
- Excerpt: "America has the world’s largest fossil-fuel reserves in the world. I view our fossil fuels as a valuable asset to be used, not an embarrassing liability to be restrained. In Congress, I will support policies that unleash our energy producers, put America on the path to energy independence, and reduce our dependence on unreliable and hostile countries."
- Protect National Security
- Excerpt: "The foremost responsibility of the federal government is to provide for the common defense."
- Secure the Border and Enforce Immigration Laws
- Excerpt: "America is a nation of immigrants, but it is also a nation of laws. Our federal government is failing at a core duty: protecting our borders and enforcing our immigration laws. In Congress, I will oppose amnesty in all forms, fight to secure our borders, and improve enforcement of the immigration laws."
- Promote Parental and Local Control in Education
- Excerpt: "In Congress, I will work to empower parents with better information and more options to make the right choices for their children’s education and I will work to restore local control over our educational system."
- Uphold the Second Amendment
- Excerpt: "I will always defend our Second Amendment rights in Congress. As a combat veteran of Iraq and Afghanistan, my soldiers and I kept our rifles and guns within arms’ reach because of a fundamental truth: at critical moments, your life depends on being armed and ready to defend yourself."
- Defend Traditional Values
- Excerpt: "Strong families are the cornerstones of a strong, free, and prosperous country. As your congressman, I will work to strengthen families and I will stand up for the traditional values I learned growing up on my family’s farm."
- Honor Veterans
- Excerpt: "I understand personally the sacrifices of our veterans and I will always ensure that we honor their service and patriotism."
The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session. For more information pertaining to Cotton's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
National Defense Authorization Act
Cotton voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
Department of Homeland Security Appropriations
Cotton voted for HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.
Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act
Cotton voted for HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.
Federal Statutory Pay Adjustment Elimination
Cotton voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.
Morton Memos Enforcement Prohibition
Cotton voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Health Care Reform Rules
Cotton voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.
Cotton voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.
Cotton won the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Arkansas's 4th District. He defeated John Cowart and Beth Anne Rankin in the May 22 Republican primary. He then defeated Gene Jeffress (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.
|U.S. House, Arkansas District 4 General Election, 2012|
|Source: Arkansas Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"|
|U.S. House, Arkansas District 4 Republican Primary, 2012|
|Beth Anne Rankin||37.1%||13,460|
Comprehensive donor information for Cotton is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Cotton raised a total of $2,213,218 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.
|Tom Cotton's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||US House (Arkansas, District 4)||$2,213,218|
|Grand Total Raised||$2,213,218|
|Tom Cotton (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2013||$118,350.97||$526,515.02||$(84,386.59)||$560,479.40|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$560,479.40||$611,341.04||$(126,448.00)||$1,045,372.44|
Cotton won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Cotton's campaign committee raised a total of $2,213,218 and spent $2,094,867. This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.
Cost per vote
Cotton spent $13.59 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, Arkansas District 4, 2012 - Tom Cotton Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$100,330|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$98,040|
|Top contributors to Tom Cotton's campaign committee|
|Club for Growth||$249,833|
|McKinsey & Co||$38,700|
|Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher||$28,000|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$135,400|
|Oil & Gas||$92,600|
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Cotton most often votes with:
Cotton least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Cotton missed 1 of 89 roll call votes from January 2013 to March 2013. This amounts to 1.1%, which is better than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Cotton's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $165,003 and $400,000. That averages to $282,501, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2011 of $7,859,232.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Salmon has voted with the Republican Party 94.3% of the time. This ranked 184th among the 233 House Republicans as of June 2013.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Tom + Cotton + Arkansas + House
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Tom Cotton Letter at Snopes
- Fox News, "Arkansas Rep. Cotton leaves the door open for Senate run in 2014," January 25, 2013
- Politico, "Arkansas' Tom Cotton to run for U.S. Senate," July 31, 2013
- Washington Post, "Cotton grabs Club for Growth endorsement, SCF ‘open’ to backing him," August 7, 2013
- National Journal, "Arkansas, 4th House District," November 6, 2012
- CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
- Campaign website, Issues
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Votesmart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Fox News, "Arkansas Rep. Cotton leaves the door open for Senate run in 2014," January 25, 2013
- National Review, "Gang of Eight Critic Tom Cotton Wins Rubio Endorsement," accessed September 18, 2013
- New Orleans Times Picayune "Cotton wins GOP nod for south Arkansas US House seat," May 22, 2012
- Politico "2012 Election Map"
- Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for Tom Cotton," Accessed March 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission "Tom Cotton Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013
- 'Federal Election Commission "Tom Cotton April Quarterly," Accessed July 23, 2013
- 'Federal Election Commission "Tom Cotton July Quarterly," Accessed July 23, 2013
- Open Secrets "Tom Cotton 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 19, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013
- Gov Track "Tom Cotton," Accessed June 4, 2013
- OpenCongress, "Tom Cotton," Accessed July 30, 2013
- GovTrack, "Tom Cotton," Accessed April 2, 2013
- OpenSecrets.org, "Cotton, (R-Arkansas), 2011"
- OpenCongress "Voting With Party," Accessed June 4, 2013
|U.S. House - Arkansas District 4
| Succeeded by|