Difference between revisions of "Tom Cotton"

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|First elected = [[Arkansas's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
 
|First elected = [[Arkansas's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
 
|Term limits =
 
|Term limits =
 +
|Next primary = May 20, 2014
 
|Next election = [[Arkansas's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 
|Next election = [[Arkansas's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 
|Campaign $ = 2213218
 
|Campaign $ = 2213218

Revision as of 13:48, 18 February 2014

Tom Cotton
Tom Cotton.jpg
Current candidacy
Running for U.S. Senate, Arkansas
Date of primaryMay 20, 2014
General electionNovember 4, 2014
Current office
U.S. House, Arkansas, District 4
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 1
PartyRepublican
PredecessorMike Ross (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Cost per vote$13.59 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Next primaryMay 20, 2014
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$2,213,218
Term limitsN/A
Education
High schoolDardanelle High School
Bachelor'sHarvard College
J.D.Harvard Law School
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service2004-2009
Personal
BirthdayMay 13, 1977
Place of birthDardanelle, AR
ProfessionBusinessman
Net worth$282,501
ReligionChristian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Tom Cotton (b. May 13, 1977, in Dardanelle, Arkansas) is a Republican member of the U.S. House representing Arkansas's 4th Congressional District. He was first elected in 2012. Cotton defeated John Cowart and Beth Anne Rankin in the May 22 Republican primary. He then overtook Gene Jeffress (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.

Cotton is seeking election to the U.S. Senate seat currently held by Democrat Mark Pryor in 2014. He officially announced his candidacy on August 6, 2013.[1][2][3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Cotton is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Cotton received a bachelor's degree from Harvard College. He went on to earn his law degree from Harvard Law School. After completing school, he was a clerk for the U.S. Court of Appeals. He then worked as a private practice attorney.

Cotton joined the United States Army and served five years of active duty. He then worked as a management consultant for McKinsey and Company.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Cotton's academic, professional and political career:[4]

  • 1998: Graduated from Harvard University with B.A.
  • 2002: Graduated from Harvard University with J.D.
  • 2002-2003: Clerk, U.S. Court of Appeals
  • 2004-2009: United States Army Officer
  • 2010-2011: Management consultant, McKinsey & Co
  • 2013-Present: Member of the U.S. House, representing Arkansas's 4th District

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Cotton serves on the following committees:[5]

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[6] For more information pertaining to Cotton's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Cotton voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[8]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Cotton voted for HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Cotton voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

Economy

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[11] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[12] Cotton voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[13]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[14] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Cotton voted for HR 2775.[15]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budge debate, 2013

Cotton declined to accept his salary while the government was shutdown.[16]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Voted "Yes" Cotton voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[17]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Cotton voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[18] The vote largely followed party lines.[19]

Healthcare

Health Care Reform Rules

Voted "Yes" Cotton voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[20]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "Yes" Cotton voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[21]

Campaign themes

2012

Cotton's campaign website listed the following issues:[22]

  • Defend the Constitution
Excerpt: "As an Army officer, I took an oath of office to defend the Constitution against all enemies, foreign and domestic, and I administered that oath to many soldiers. I will proudly take the same oath as your congressman..."
  • Promote Job Creation
Excerpt: "Beware of politicians who promise to create jobs, because only businesses and entrepreneurs—not politicians—can create jobs."
  • Stop the Spending and Cut the Debt
Excerpt: "Our country faces a debt crisis because of Washington’s reckless spending and borrowing. The federal debt is now $15 trillion, the size of the entire American economy."
  • Reduce and Simplify Taxes
Excerpt: "Our taxes are too high and too complicated. The individual and corporate tax codes distort the financial decisions of individuals and businesses, leading them to base spending, investment, and saving on tax considerations, not economic benefits."
  • Repeal and Replace ObamaCare
Excerpt: "ObamaCare is a job-killer, a health-care disaster, and an assault on liberty. I will fight to repeal and replace ObamaCare with free-market reforms that empower patients and doctors to make health-care decisions."
  • Secure Energy Independence
Excerpt: "America has the world’s largest fossil-fuel reserves in the world. I view our fossil fuels as a valuable asset to be used, not an embarrassing liability to be restrained. In Congress, I will support policies that unleash our energy producers, put America on the path to energy independence, and reduce our dependence on unreliable and hostile countries."
  • Protect National Security
Excerpt: "The foremost responsibility of the federal government is to provide for the common defense."
  • Secure the Border and Enforce Immigration Laws
Excerpt: "America is a nation of immigrants, but it is also a nation of laws. Our federal government is failing at a core duty: protecting our borders and enforcing our immigration laws. In Congress, I will oppose amnesty in all forms, fight to secure our borders, and improve enforcement of the immigration laws."
  • Promote Parental and Local Control in Education
Excerpt: "In Congress, I will work to empower parents with better information and more options to make the right choices for their children’s education and I will work to restore local control over our educational system."
  • Uphold the Second Amendment
Excerpt: "I will always defend our Second Amendment rights in Congress. As a combat veteran of Iraq and Afghanistan, my soldiers and I kept our rifles and guns within arms’ reach because of a fundamental truth: at critical moments, your life depends on being armed and ready to defend yourself."
  • Defend Traditional Values
Excerpt: "Strong families are the cornerstones of a strong, free, and prosperous country. As your congressman, I will work to strengthen families and I will stand up for the traditional values I learned growing up on my family’s farm."
  • Honor Veterans
Excerpt: "I understand personally the sacrifices of our veterans and I will always ensure that we honor their service and patriotism."

Elections

2014

See also: United States Senate elections in Arkansas, 2014

Cotton is a Republican candidate for the U.S. Senate seat currently held by Democrat Mark Pryor. He officially announced his candidacy on August 6, 2013.[23][3]

Endorsements

2012

See also: Arkansas' 4th Congressional District elections, 2012

Cotton won the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Arkansas's 4th District. He defeated John Cowart and Beth Anne Rankin in the May 22, 2012, Republican primary. He then defeated Gene Jeffress (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[25][26]

U.S. House, Arkansas District 4 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Gene Jeffress 36.7% 95,013
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTom Cotton 59.5% 154,149
     Green Joshua Drake 1.9% 4,807
     Libertarian Bobby Tullis 1.9% 4,984
Total Votes 258,953
Source: Arkansas Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Arkansas District 4 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTom Cotton 57.6% 20,899
Beth Anne Rankin 37.1% 13,460
John Cowart 5.4% 1,953
Total Votes 36,312

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Cotton is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Cotton raised a total of $2,213,218 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[27]

Tom Cotton's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Arkansas, District 4) Won $2,213,218
Grand Total Raised $2,213,218

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Cotton's reports.[28]

Tom Cotton (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[29]April 15, 2013$118,350$526,515$(84,386)$560,479
July Quarterly[30]July 15, 2013$560,479$611,341$(126,448)$1,045,372
October Quarterly[31]October 14, 2013$1,045,372$1,071,561$(311,696)$1,805,237
Year-End[32]January 31, 2014$1,805,237$1,241,256$(815,700)$2,231,063
April Quarterly[33]April 15, 2014$2,231,063$1,358,200$(868,433)$2,720,830
Pre-Primary[34]May 8, 2014$2,720,830$571,090$(927,883)$2,364,036
Running totals
$5,379,963$(3,134,546)

Legal elite fundraiser

In October 2013, the D.C. law firm Gibson Dunn held a fundraiser on behalf of Cotton's campaign. Among the notable attendees were former Solicitor General Ted Olson, former National Republican Congressional Committee Chair Tom Davis and blocked appeals court nominee during the Bush administration, Miguel Estrada.[35]

2012

Breakdown of the source of Cotton's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Cotton won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Cotton's campaign committee raised a total of $2,213,218 and spent $2,094,867.[36] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[37]

Cost per vote

Cotton spent $13.59 per vote received in 2012.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Cotton is a "rank-and-file Republican" as of June 4, 2013.[38]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[39]

Cotton most often votes with:

Cotton least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Cotton missed 1 of 89 roll call votes from January 2013 to March 2013. This amounts to 1.1%, which is better than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[40]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Cotton's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $165,003 and $400,000. That averages to $282,501, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Cotton ranked as the 323rd most wealthy representative in 2012.[41]

Tom Cotton Yearly Net Worth
YearAvg. Net Worth% Difference from previous year
2012$282,5010%
2011$282,501N/A

Voting with party

2013

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Cotton has voted with the Republican Party 94.3% of the time. This ranked 184th among the 233 House Republicans as of June 2013.[42]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Tom + Cotton + Arkansas + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Tom Cotton News Feed

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See also

External links

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References

  1. Fox News, "Arkansas Rep. Cotton leaves the door open for Senate run in 2014," January 25, 2013
  2. Politico, "Arkansas' Tom Cotton to run for U.S. Senate," July 31, 2013
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Washington Post, "Cotton grabs Club for Growth endorsement, SCF ‘open’ to backing him," August 7, 2013
  4. National Journal, "Arkansas, 4th House District," November 6, 2012
  5. CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  12. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  13. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  14. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  15. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  18. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  20. Project Votesmart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  21. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  22. Campaign website, Issues
  23. Fox News, "Arkansas Rep. Cotton leaves the door open for Senate run in 2014," January 25, 2013
  24. National Review, "Gang of Eight Critic Tom Cotton Wins Rubio Endorsement," accessed September 18, 2013
  25. New Orleans Times Picayune "Cotton wins GOP nod for south Arkansas US House seat," May 22, 2012
  26. Politico "2012 Election Map"
  27. Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for Tom Cotton," Accessed March 22, 2013
  28. Federal Election Commission "Tom Cotton Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013
  29. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  30. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  31. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  32. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton Year-End," accessed February 14, 2014
  33. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton April Quarterly," accessed April 29, 2014
  34. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton Pre-Primary," accessed May 12, 2014
  35. Politico, "GOP legal elite to raise cash for Tom Cotton," accessed October 10, 2013
  36. Open Secrets "Tom Cotton 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 19, 2013
  37. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013
  38. Gov Track "Tom Cotton," Accessed June 4, 2013
  39. OpenCongress, "Tom Cotton," Accessed July 30, 2013
  40. GovTrack, "Tom Cotton," Accessed April 2, 2013
  41. OpenSecrets.org, "Tom Cotton (R-Ark), 2012"
  42. OpenCongress "Voting With Party," Accessed June 4, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Mike Ross
U.S. House - Arkansas District 4
2013-present
Succeeded by
'