Difference between revisions of "Tom Graves"

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Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Graves's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $288,015 and $1,169,999. That averages to '''$729,007''', which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Graves ranked as the 237th most wealthy representative in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00030788&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets'', "Graves, (R-GA), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014]</ref> Between 2009 and 2012, Graves' net worth decreased by 90.2 percent. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual increase<ref>Or, the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.</ref> in the net worth of a congressman was 15.4 percent.
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Graves's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $288,015 and $1,169,999. That averages to '''$729,007''', which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Graves ranked as the 237th most wealthy representative in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00030788&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets'', "Graves, (R-GA), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014]</ref> Between 2009 and 2012, Graves' net worth decreased by 90.2 percent. Between 2004 and 2014, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.<ref>This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.</ref>  
  
 
{{Net worth PIG
 
{{Net worth PIG

Revision as of 11:22, 3 July 2014

Tom Graves
Tom Graves.jpg
U.S. House, Georgia, District 14
Incumbent
In office
2010-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 4
PartyRepublican
PredecessorNathan Deal (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$7.05 in 2012
First elected2010
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$2,492,614
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Georgia House of Representatives, 12th District
2003-2010
Education
High schoolCass High School
Bachelor'sUniversity of Georgia
Personal
BirthdayFebruary 3, 1970
Place of birthSt. Petersburg, Florida
Net worth$729,007
ReligionSouthern Baptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
John Thomas "Tom" Graves, Jr. (b. February 3, 1970, in St. Petersburg, Florida) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Graves was elected to the U.S. House to represent the 14th Congressional District of Georgia. Graves was first elected in a special election in June 2010.

Due to redistricting, Graves ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House representing Georgia's 14th District.[1]

He is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He defeated Ken Herron for the Republican nomination in the primary election on May 20, 2014.[2] The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

Graves previously was a member of the Georgia House of Representatives from the 12th District from 2003 to 2010.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Graves is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Born in St. Petersburg, FL, Graves spent his early years in White, GA, and later attended the University of Georgia, where he graduated with a B.B.A in Finance.[4]

Career

  • Graves was a business owner prior to being elected to public office.[3] He resigned from his position as a member of the Georgia House of Representatives, 12th District in order to qualify for the special election of the 9th District congressional seat.

He explained why he resigned early, stating:

"Governor Perdue set the date for the special election to fill the 9th District Congressional seat on April 27. I will resign my House seat effective close of business Tuesday, March 23, 2010, in order to fill the unexpired term in the 9th District. This will enable the Governor to schedule both the election to fill my House seat and the on the same day and save taxpayer money."[5]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Graves serves on the following committees:[6][7]

2011-2012

  • Committee on Appropriations[8]
    • Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Financial Services and General Government

Georgia House of Representatives

2009-2010

Graves was serving on the following committees when he resigned:

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[9] For more information pertaining to Graves's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[10]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Graves voted in favor of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[11]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "No" Graves voted against House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[11]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Graves voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[12] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Graves voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[11]

Economy

Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[13] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[14][15] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[15] Graves voted with 62 other Republican representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[16][17] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[17] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[18] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Graves voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[16]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[19] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[20] Graves voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[21]

Voted "No" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[22] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Graves voted against HR 2775.[23]

Statement on government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Graves said in an interview on September 27, 2013, "We've provided a solution to keep the government open and heed the concerns of our constituents to protect them from the harmful effects" of the Affordable Care Act.[24]

"There are many different options and a lot of different strategies and ideas out there," he said. "I think what you'll see is one that reaches good consensus in the House ... and gives the Senate another opportunity to do the right thing for their constituents."

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Graves voted in favor of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224-201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[11]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "Yes" Graves voted in favor of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[11]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Voted "Yes" Graves voted in favor of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[11]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Voted "Yes" Graves voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[11]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "No" Graves voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[25]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Tom Graves's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of all Congressional members based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Graves is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Graves received a score of 25 percent on personal issues and 83 percent on economic issues.[26]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[27]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[26]

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

Graves gave a statement August 31, 2013, praising President Barack Obama's decision to seek congressional authorization of military strikes against the Bashar al-Assad's regime in Syria.[28]

"I welcome the president's decision to seek congressional authorization for military action in Syria, and I look forward to the important national debate in the days ahead," said Graves. "In seeking support and legitimacy from Congress, President Obama must clearly explain to the American people what our objectives are in Syria and to what extent our military and treasury will be used to achieve those ends," Graves said.[28][29]

In a statement released September 9, 2013, after attending a classified briefing on Syria, Graves announced his vote against the authorization of military strikes against the Syrian government.[30][31]

“I intend to vote against authorizing the president to use military force in Syria," said Graves in a statement. "The Obama Administration has not provided a clear or convincing strategy for inserting our military into the conflict. I am also deeply concerned about the extent to which al-Qaeda affiliated terrorists are involved in the rebellion."[31]

Graves also warned that if Congress does not approve U.S. military involvement in the conflict, President Barack Obama should not ignore it.[31]

“President Obama has made clear his opinion that this situation does not currently present a direct or imminent threat to the United States," said Graves. "If a resolution to authorize force fails to pass, the president must refrain from engaging militarily in Syria.”[31]

Elections

2014

See also: Georgia's 14th Congressional District elections, 2014

Graves is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He defeated Ken Herron for the Republican nomination in the primary election on May 20, 2014.[2] The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Georgia District 14 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTom Graves Incumbent 74.1% 32,343
Kenneth Herron 25.9% 11,324
Total Votes 43,667
Source: Georgia Secretary of State

Endorsements

2012

See also: Georgia's 14th Congressional District elections, 2012

Due to redistricting, Graves ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Georgia's 14th District. Graves sought the nomination on the Republican ticket. The signature filing deadline was May 25, 2012, with the primary on July 31, 2012. He was unopposed in the primary and moved on to win the general election.[33]

U.S. House, Georgia District 14 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTom Graves Incumbent 73% 159,947
     Democratic Daniel Grant 27% 59,245
Total Votes 219,192
Source: Georgia Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Graves is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Graves raised a total of $2,492,614 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 5, 2013.[34]

Tom Graves's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Georgia, District 14) Won $1,179,676
2010 U.S. House (Georgia, District 14) Won $1,312,938
Grand Total Raised $2,492,614

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Grave's reports.[35]

Tom Graves (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[36]April 15, 2013$55,946.80$197,581.72$(78,382.74)$175,145.78
July Quarterly[37]July 15, 2013$175,145.78$127,638.20$(103,117.10)$199,666.88
October Quarterly[38]October 13, 2013$199,666.88$69,359.73$(87,716.27)$181,310.34
Year-end[39]January 31, 2014$181,310$114,817$(92,848)$203,279
April Quarterly[40]April 15, 2014$203,279$106,665$(71,288)$238,655
July QuarterlyJuly 15, 2014$184,016.00$66,105.00$(92,384.00)$157,736.00
Running totals
$682,166.65$(525,736.11)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Graves's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Graves won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Graves's campaign committee raised a total of $1,179,676 and spent $1,126,844.[41] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[42]

Cost per vote

Graves spent $7.05 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Graves's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Graves won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Graves's campaign committee raised a total of $1,312,938 and spent $1,309,824[43]

Personal Gain Index

See also: Personal Gain Index
Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png

The aim of the Personal Gain Index (PGI) is to shine a light on how members of the U.S. Congress may benefit from their tenure as public servants. Researchers at the Government Accountability Institute will look at four different metrics pointing to aspects of self-enrichment.
The PGI will consist of the following metrics:

  • Net worth
    • How much did a member's net worth increase or decrease over a specified period?
  • The K-Street metric (coming soon)
    • What percentage of a member's staff were previously lobbyists?
  • Donation concentration (coming soon)
    • What industries are contributing the most to each member?
  • Stock trading (coming soon)
    • What stocks are each member holding in their portfolio?

PGI: Net worth

See also: Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Graves's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $288,015 and $1,169,999. That averages to $729,007, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Graves ranked as the 237th most wealthy representative in 2012.[44] Between 2009 and 2012, Graves' net worth decreased by 90.2 percent. Between 2004 and 2014, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[45]

Tom Graves Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$7,426,012
2012$729,007
Growth from 2009 to 2012:-90%
Average annual growth:-30%[46]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[47]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Graves is a "rank-and-file Republican," as of June 14, 2013.[48]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[49]

Graves most often votes with:

Graves least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Graves missed 8 of 2,004 roll call votes from Jun 2010 to Mar 2013. This amounts to 0.4%, which is better than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[50]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Graves paid his congressional staff a total of $888,558 in 2011. He ranks 104th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranks 128th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Georgia ranks 24th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[51]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.

2012

Graves ranked 68th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[52]

2011

Graves ranked 159th in the conservative rankings.[53]

Voting with party

2013

Tom Graves voted with the Republican Party 94.8% of the time, which ranked 170th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[54]

Personal

Graves and his wife Julie have three children. He and his family live on their farm in Ranger, Georgia.[4]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Tom + Graves + Georgia + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Tom Graves News Feed

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See also

External links

References

  1. Atlanta Journal Constitution, "GOP redistricting plan would tighten grip on congressional delegation," accessed December 4, 2011
  2. 2.0 2.1 Associated Press, "Georgia Election Results," accessed May 20, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Graves, Tom, "Biographical Information," accessed October 25, 2011
  4. 4.0 4.1 Congressman Tom Graves, "Biography," accessed October 25, 2011
  5. The Weekly, "Graves to Resign House Seat Tuesday," accessed March 22, 2010
  6. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  7. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  8. Congressman Tom Graves, "Committees," accessed October 25, 2011
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 Project Vote Smart, "Tom Graves Key Votes," accessed September 30, 2013
  12. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  13. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, With clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  21. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. Times Free Press, "Georgia's Tom Graves helping to lead the high-risk effort to defund Obamacare," accessed September 28, 2013
  25. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 On The Issues, "Tom Graves Vote Match," accessed June 24, 2014
  27. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  28. 28.0 28.1 Examiner, "Ga Rep.Tom Graves unclear on support for Syria, 'welcomes' inclusion of Congress (Video)," accessed September 2, 2013
  29. 11 Alive.com, "Georgia lawmakers explain their positions on Syria," accessed September 5, 2013
  30. Examiner, "Ga Rep. Tom Graves will vote against Syria strike (Video)," accessed September 11, 2013
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 Office of Tom Graves, "Rep. Graves Opposed To Authorizing Military Force In Syria," accessed September 11, 2013
  32. Politico, "FreedomWorks backs Ted Yoho, Tim Scott, Mark Sanford," accessed March 19, 2014
  33. Georgia Secretary of State, "2012 Primary Results," accessed 2012
  34. Open Secrets, "Tom Graves," accessed April 5, 2013
  35. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Graves 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 23, 2013
  36. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly" accessed July 23, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly" accessed July 23, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 11, 2014
  40. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  41. Open Secrets, "Tom Graves 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 20, 2013
  42. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  43. Open Secrets, "Tom Graves 2010 Election Cycle," accessed October 26, 2011
  44. OpenSecrets, "Graves, (R-GA), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  45. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  46. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  47. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  48. GovTrack, "Graves," accessed June 14, 2013
  49. OpenCongress, "Rep. Tom Graves," accessed August 1, 2013
  50. GovTrack, "Tom Graves," accessed April 1, 2013
  51. LegiStorm, "Tom Graves," accessed 2012
  52. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed February 27, 2013
  53. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  54. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
NA
U.S. House of Representatives - Georgia District 14
2013-Present
Succeeded by
NA
Preceded by
Nathan Deal
U.S. House of Representatives - Georgia District 9
2010–2013
Succeeded by
Doug Collins (R)
Preceded by
'
Georgia House of Representatives - District 12
2003–2010
Succeeded by
'