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|U.S. House, Hawaii, District 2|
|January 3, 2013|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||2|
|Predecessor||Mazie K. Hirono (D)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 6, 2012|
|Cost per vote||$8.61 in 2012|
|First elected||November 6, 2012|
|Next primary||August 9, 2014|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|Hawaii House of Representatives, District 42|
|Bachelor's||Hawaii Pacific University|
|Service/branch||Army National Guard|
|Years of service||2003-Present|
|Date of birth||April 12, 1981|
|Place of birth||American Samoa|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Issues
- 4.1 Controversy
- 4.2 Legislative actions
- 4.2.1 113th Congress
- 4.2.2 National security
- 4.2.3 Economy
- 4.2.4 Immigration
- 4.2.5 Healthcare
- 4.2.6 Social issues
- 5 Elections
- 6 Campaign donors
- 7 Analysis
- 8 Personal
- 9 Recent news
- 10 See also
- 11 External links
- 12 References
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Gabbard is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.
Gabbard is a native of American Samoa, but was raised primarily in Hawaii with her four siblings by parents Mike and Carol Gabbard, each a member of Hawaii's political elite. Mike Gabbard is a current state Senator and Carol Gabbard was on the Hawaii state Board of Education. In addition to serving public office, the Gabbard's ran a family restaurant, where the five children all worked.
After being home-schooled through high school graduation, Gabbard went to Hawaii Pacific University to pursue an undergraduate degree, and graduated with a B.S. in business administration in 2009.
She is a Company Commander with the Hawaii Army National Guard and served two deployments in the Middle East.
- Cofounder, Healthy Hawaii Coalition (2000-present)
- Hawaii House of Representatives (2002-2004)
- Company Commander, Hawaii Army National Guard (2003-present, Iraq 2003-2004)
- Legislative aide to Senator Daniel Akaka (2006-2007)
- Elected to the Honolulu City Council (2010-present)
- Founder of Kanu Productions (2011-present)
- Committee on Foreign Affairs
- Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific
- Committee on Homeland Security
- Subcommittee on Border and Maritime Security
Man charged in threats against Gabbard
Anirruddha Sherbow was apprehended by Mexican law enforcement officers in Tijuana on August 28, 2013. The FBI and U.S. Capitol Police said Sherbow made threats against Gabbard in August 2013 that were "deemed credible."
Sherbow, a former resident of Hawaii, reportedly sent an e-mail to the FBI threatening to decapitate Gabbard. According to reports, Gabbard previously obtained a three-year restraining order against Sherbow in 2011.
Sherbow also faced a charge of transmission of threats in interstate commerce.
Gabbard's press secretary, Heather Fluit, said the congresswoman was "grateful for the work of the U.S. Capitol Police, FBI and all law enforcement officers involved in this investigation."
113th Congress113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session. For more information pertaining to Gabbard's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
American response in Syria
- See also: United States involvement in Syria
On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements." The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Gabbard was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.
On September 9, 2013, Gabbard announced that she was against intervention in Syria, calling it a “serious mistake.”
“I am sickened and outraged by the carnage and loss of lives caused by the use of chemical weapons in Syria. It is with gravity that I have carefully considered all the facts, arguments, and evidence and soberly weighed concerns regarding our national security and moral responsibility. As a result, I have come to the conclusion that a U.S. military strike against Syria would be a serious mistake,” Gabbard said in a press release.
Gabbard voted against HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.
Keystone Pipeline Amendment
Gabbard voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.
Gabbard voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.
Gabbard voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill. The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop. However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states. Gabbard voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.
On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and 3 Democrats voting against the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Gabbard did not vote on the bill.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201. At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference. Gabbard voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.
The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Gabbard voted for HR 2775.
Statement on government shutdown
Gabbard said on September 27, 2013, that "If a common-sense agreement is not reached, our hard-working troops, law enforcement and other essential personnel will continue to report for duty while receiving no pay, leaving their families at home with nothing but uncertainty. I sincerely hope a government shutdown does not occur, but if no deal is struck by next Tuesday, then Members of Congress should not be exempt from its very real, tough consequences."
Federal Pay Adjustment Act
Gabbard voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.
Morton Memos Prohibition
Gabbard voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Healthcare Reform Rules
Gabbard voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.
Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act
Gabbard voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.
Gabbard voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.
Despite her parents' firm activism against gay marriage, Gabbard supports extending equal marriage rights to same-sex couples.
Gabbard was rumored as a possible appointee to Daniel Inouye's U.S. Senate seat following his death on December 17, 2012. On December 26, 2012, Governor Neil Abercrombie (D) named his Lieutenant Governor, Brian E. Schatz, to fill the vacancy. Although she was not appointed, Gabbard could still potentially run for election to the remainder of the term in 2014.
Gabbard won the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Hawaii's 2nd District. She won the nomination on the Democratic ticket after winning the primary on August 11, 2012. Incumbent Mazie Hirono vacated the seat, leaving it open. Gabbard defeated Mufi Hannemann, Rafael del Castillo, Esther Kiaaina, Bob Marx and Miles Shiratori in the primary. She then defeated David Crowley (R) and Patric Brock in the general election on November 6, 2012.
|U.S. House, Hawaii District 2 General Election, 2012|
|Republican||Kawika "David" Crowley||18.6%||40,707|
|Source: Hawaii Office of Elections "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"|
Gabbard reportedly received endorsements from VoteVets, EMILY's List and the Sierra Club.
|Hawaii House of Representatives District 42 Democratic Primary, 2004|
|Tulsi Gabbard Incumbent||22.9%||579|
|Hawaii House of Representatives District 42 General Election, 2002|
Comprehensive donor information for Gabbard is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Gabbard raised a total of $1,772,211 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 5, 2012.
|Tulsi Gabbard's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||U.S. House (Hawaii, District 2)||$1,772,211|
|Grand Total Raised||$1,772,211|
Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Gabbard's reports.
|Tulsi Gabbard (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2013||$312,383.30||$84,360.10||$(75,875.34)||$320,868.06|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$32,088.06||$150,232.31||$(50,505.33)||$410,495.04|
|October Quarterly||October 13, 2013||$410,495.04||$276,944.85||$(75,342.14)||$612,097.75|
|Year-end||January 31, 2014||$612,097||$319,491||$(117,516)||$814,072|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2014||$814,072||$274,697||$(216,306)||$872,463|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2014||$872,463||$238,105||$(147,072)||$964,611|
Gabbard won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Gabbard's campaign committee raised a total of $1,772,211 and spent $1,451,619. This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.
Cost per vote
Gabbard spent $8.61 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, Hawaii District 2, 2012 - Tulsi Gabbard Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||N/A|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||N/A|
|Top contributors to Tulsi Gabbard's campaign committee|
|Mitsunaga & Assoc||$19,900|
|State of Hawaii||$13,320|
|Coastal Construction Group||$12,500|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
Gabbard led all 2nd Congressional District candidates in fundraising in the second quarter of 2012, according to contribution reports filed with the Federal Election Commission. Gabbard’s campaign raised $320,505 from April 1 through June 30, outpacing former Honolulu Mayor Mufi Hannemann’s campaign, which closed the quarter with 252,392 in contributions. Gabbard's total included a $10,000 personal loan to her campaign.
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Gabbard most often votes with:
Gabbard least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Gabbard missed 10 of 89 roll call votes from January 2013 to March 2013. This amounts to 11.2%, which is worse than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Gabbard's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $45,014 and $776,998. That averages to $411,006, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Gabbard ranked as the 292nd most wealthy representative in 2012.
|Tulsi Gabbard Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Avg. Net Worth||% Difference from previous year|
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.
Information on 2012 vote rating is unavailable.
Voting with party
Tulsi Gabbard voted with the Democratic Party 94.7% of the time, which ranked 110th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Tulsi + Gabbard + Hawaii + House
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- United States congressional delegations from Hawaii
- United States House of Representatives
- Hawaii's 2nd Congressional District
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Financial (state level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Collected columns at The Huffington Post
- Hawaii Reporter "Hannemann All a Twitter About His Congressional Run, But for Some, Bad Memories Still Linger," August 30, 2011
- ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Hawaii," November 7, 2012
- AP Results "Hawaii U.S. House Primary Election Results" accessed August 12, 2012
- The Examiner "Woman first Hindu elected to Congress," November 8, 2012
- Project Vote Smart "Biography" accessed June 14, 2013
- CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
- U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
- CNN.com, "Man charged in threats to Rep. Tulsi Gabbard," accessed August 29, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
- Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
- Politico, "Tulsi Gabbard: Military strike a ‘mistake’," accessed September 9, 2013
- Project Votesmart, "Tulsi Gabbard Key Votes," accessed September 30, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
- Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
- NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- CNN.com "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
- Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
- Honolulu Civil Beat, "Tulsi Gabbard's Leftward Journey," accessed August 29, 2013
- Washington Post, "Gov. Abercrombie to appoint Inouye’s replacement," December 17, 2012
- The Washington Post, "Hawaii governor picks Brian Schatz for Inouye’s seat," December 26, 2012
- Roll Call "Tulsi Gabbard Running to Succeed Hirono in Hawaii (VIDEO)" accessed December 5, 2011
- ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Hawaii," November 7, 2012
- Washington Times "Hawaii’s August 11th primary a hot race in paradise to watch" accessed August 9, 2012
- State of Hawaii "September 18, 2004 Primary Election Results"
- State of Hawaii "
- Open Secrets, "Tulsi Gabbard" accessed April 5, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Tulsi Gabbard 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 23, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 11, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
- Open Secrets, "Tulsi Gabbard 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 22, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013
- Star Advertiser "Gabbard outpaces Hannemann in April-June fundraising for U.S. House race" accessed July 23, 2012
- GovTrack, "Tulsi Gabbard," accessed June 14, 2013
- OpenCongress, "Rep. Tulsi Gabbard," accessed August 1, 2013
- GovTrack, "Tulsi Gabbard," accessed April 1, 2013
- OpenSecrets.org, "Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- U.S. House of Representatives, "Gabbard Full Biography," accessed December 9, 2013
Mazie K. Hirono (D)
|U.S. House of Representatives - Hawaii District 2
| Succeeded by|
|Hawaii House of Representatives - District 42
| Succeeded by|