Difference between revisions of "U.S. Environmental Protection Agency"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Spelling error)
Line 9: Line 9:
 
|year =  1970
 
|year =  1970
 
|website = http://www.epa.gov/
 
|website = http://www.epa.gov/
}}{{tnr}}The '''Environmental Protection Agency''' (EPA) is a United States agency formed in 1970 "to protect human health and the environment."<ref name="EPAmission">[http://www2.epa.gov/aboutepa/our-mission-and-what-we-do ''EPA'', "Our Mission and What We Do," accessed March 14, 2014]</ref> The current Director of the EPA is [[Gina McCarthy]], who was [[Appointment confirmation process|confirmed]] by the [[United States Senate|Senate]] on July 18, 2013.<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/huff-wires/20130718/us-filibuster-fight/?utm_hp_ref=politics&ir=politics ''Huffington Post'', "Senate approves Obama-pick McCarthy to head EPA," July 18, 2013]</ref>  
+
}}{{tnr}}The '''Environmental Protection Agency''' (EPA) is a United States agency formed in 1970 "to protect human health and the environment."<ref name="EPAmission">[http://www2.epa.gov/aboutepa/our-mission-and-what-we-do ''United States Environmental Protection Agency'', "Our Mission and What We Do," accessed March 14, 2014]</ref> The current Director of the EPA is [[Gina McCarthy]], who was [[Appointment confirmation process|confirmed]] by the [[United States Senate|Senate]] on July 18, 2013.<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/huff-wires/20130718/us-filibuster-fight/?utm_hp_ref=politics&ir=politics ''The Huffington Post'', "Senate approves Obama-pick McCarthy to head EPA," July 18, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
The EPA employed 15,913 people in 2013.<ref name="budget">[http://www2.epa.gov/planandbudget/budget ''United States Environmental Protection Agency'', "EPA's Budget and Spending," accessed March 14, 2014]</ref> The EPA develops and enforces regulations, gives grants to non-profit, educational institutions and state environmental agencies, studies environmental issues, publishes the agency's findings (as well as other educational materials) and sponsors partnerships.<ref name="EPAmission"/>
  
The EPA employed 15,913 people in 2013.<ref name="budget">[http://www2.epa.gov/planandbudget/budget ''EPA'', "EPA's Budget and Spending," accessed March 14, 2014]</ref> The EPA develops and enforces regulations, gives grants to non-profit, educational institutions and state environmental agencies, studies environmental issues, publishes their findings as well as other educational materials, sponsors partnerships.<ref name="EPAmission"/>
 
 
==History==
 
==History==
The EPA was formed in 1970, deriving its duties from the [[U.S. Department of the Interior]], [[U.S. Department of Agriculture]], U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Atomic Energy Commission, Federal Radiation Council and the Council on Environmental Equality.<ref>[http://www2.epa.gov/aboutepa/duties-transferred-epa ''EPA'', "Duties Transferred to EPA," accessed March 14, 2014]</ref>
+
The EPA was formed in 1970, deriving its duties from the [[U.S. Department of the Interior]], [[U.S. Department of Agriculture]], U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Atomic Energy Commission, Federal Radiation Council and the Council on Environmental Equality.<ref>[http://www2.epa.gov/aboutepa/duties-transferred-epa ''United States Environmental Protection Agency'', "Duties Transferred to EPA," accessed March 14, 2014]</ref>
Following are important dates in the EPA's history:<ref>[http://www2.epa.gov/aboutepa/epa-history ''EPA'', "EPA History," accessed March 14, 2014]</ref>
+
 
*1970: The Environmental Protection Agency formed by President Richard Nixon under its first Administrator, William D. Ruckelshaus
+
Following are important dates in the EPA's history:<ref>[http://www2.epa.gov/aboutepa/epa-history ''United States Environmental Protection Agency'', "EPA History," accessed March 14, 2014]</ref>
*1970: Clean Air Act authorizes the EPA to set standards for pollution, auto emissions and air quality
+
*1970: The Environmental Protection Agency is formed by President Richard Nixon under its first Administrator, William D. Ruckelshaus.
*1972: EPA bans the pesticide DDT
+
*1970: Clean Air Act authorizes the EPA to set standards for pollution, auto emissions and air quality.
*1972: Clean Water Act passed by [[United States Congress|Congress]]
+
*1972: EPA bans the pesticide DDT.
*1972: Ocean Dumping Act passed, allowing EPA to restrict ocean pollution
+
*1972: Clean Water Act passed by [[United States Congress|Congress]].
*1973: Transportation controls established in cities, such as carpool and bus lanes
+
*1972: Ocean Dumping Act passed, allowing EPA to restrict ocean pollution.
*1973: EPA begins to gradually decrease lead in gasoline
+
*1973: Transportation controls established in cities, such as carpool and bus lanes.
*1974: Safe Drinking Water Act passed, allowing EPA to regulate drinking water quality
+
*1973: EPA begins to gradually decrease lead in gasoline.
*1977: Clean Water Act and Clean Air Act regulatory control strengthened through amendments passed by Congress
+
*1974: Safe Drinking Water Act passed, allowing EPA to regulate drinking water quality.
*1979: EPA chosen to monitor radiation levels after Three Mile Island incident
+
*1977: Clean Water Act and Clean Air Act regulatory control strengthened through amendments passed by Congress.
*1982: Nuclear Waste Policy Act passed, allowing for safe disposal of nuclear waste
+
*1979: EPA chosen to monitor radiation levels after Three Mile Island incident.
*1986: Safe Drinking Water Act regulations tightened through amendments passed by Congress
+
*1982: Nuclear Waste Policy Act passed, allowing for safe disposal of nuclear waste.
*1990: Pollution Prevention Act passed
+
*1986: Safe Drinking Water Act regulations tightened through amendments passed by Congress.
*1996: Leaded gasoline completely phased out
+
*1990: Pollution Prevention Act passed.
*1996: Renters and home buyers required to be informed about lead-based paint hazards
+
*1996: Leaded gasoline completely phased out.
*2006: EPA signs contract to offset all electricity the agency uses by investing in wind power
+
*1996: Renters and home buyers required to be informed about lead-based paint hazards.
*2007: BP pays largest environmental fine in history, $62 million
+
*2006: EPA signs contract to offset all electricity the agency uses by investing in wind power.
 +
*2007: BP pays largest environmental fine in history, $62 million.
  
 
==Structure==
 
==Structure==
Line 41: Line 43:
 
[[Gina McCarthy]] is currently the Administrator of the EPA.
 
[[Gina McCarthy]] is currently the Administrator of the EPA.
 
{{EPAAdminhistoricallist}}
 
{{EPAAdminhistoricallist}}
 +
 
===EPA's themes===
 
===EPA's themes===
The EPA released seven themes of the agency's future. They are as follows:
+
The EPA released seven themes of the agency's future. They are as follows:<ref>[http://www2.epa.gov/aboutepa/epas-themes-meeting-challenge-ahead ''United States Environmental Protection Agency'', "EPA's Themes - Meeting the Challenge Ahead," accessed August 5, 2014]</ref>
 +
{{Quote|
 
*Making a Visible Difference in Communities across the Country
 
*Making a Visible Difference in Communities across the Country
 
*Addressing Climate Change and Improving Air Quality
 
*Addressing Climate Change and Improving Air Quality
Line 49: Line 53:
 
*Launching a New Era of State, Tribal and Local Partnerships
 
*Launching a New Era of State, Tribal and Local Partnerships
 
*Embracing EPA as a High Performing Organization
 
*Embracing EPA as a High Performing Organization
*Working Toward a Sustainable Future
+
*Working Toward a Sustainable Future|author=U.S. Environmental Protection Agency}}
  
 
==Initiatives==
 
==Initiatives==
Line 55: Line 59:
 
{{Energy general nav box sm}}
 
{{Energy general nav box sm}}
 
====Carbon cap executive order====
 
====Carbon cap executive order====
On June 2, 2014, President [[Barack Obama]] signed an executive order intended to cut carbon pollution in the United States by 30% of 2005 levels by 2030. The order allowed states to individually determine which policies would be more effective for them to reach their goals. A similar bill was debated by [[United States Congress|Congress]] during Obama's first term in office, but it failed to pass. Obama used powers established by the 1970 Clean Air Act to sign the executive order.<ref name="nyteo">[http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/02/us/politics/epa-to-seek-30-percent-cut-in-carbon-emissions.html?_r=0 ''New York Times'', "Obama to Take Action to Slash Coal Pollution," June 1, 2014]</ref> Legal challenges were expected to arise over the 645 page order. EPA Administrator [[Gina McCarthy]] said of the rule, "This is not just about disappearing polar bears or melting ice caps. This is about protecting our health and our homes. This is about protecting local economies and jobs."<ref name="usacap">[http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2014/06/02/epa-proposes-sharp-cuts-power-plant-emissions/9859913/ ''USA Today'', "EPA seeks 30% cut in power plant carbon emissions by 2030," June 2, 2014]</ref>
+
On June 2, 2014, President [[Barack Obama]] signed an executive order intended to cut carbon pollution in the United States by 30 percent of 2005 levels by 2030. The order allowed states to individually determine which policies would be more effective for them to reach their goals. A similar bill was debated by [[United States Congress|Congress]] during Obama's first term in office, but it failed to pass. Obama used powers established by the 1970 Clean Air Act to sign the executive order.<ref name="nyteo">[http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/02/us/politics/epa-to-seek-30-percent-cut-in-carbon-emissions.html?_r=0 ''The New York Times'', "Obama to Take Action to Slash Coal Pollution," June 1, 2014]</ref> Legal challenges were expected to arise over the 645 page order. EPA Administrator [[Gina McCarthy]] said of the rule, "This is not just about disappearing polar bears or melting ice caps. This is about protecting our health and our homes. This is about protecting local economies and jobs."<ref name="usacap">[http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2014/06/02/epa-proposes-sharp-cuts-power-plant-emissions/9859913/ ''USA Today'', "EPA seeks 30% cut in power plant carbon emissions by 2030," June 2, 2014]</ref>
  
 
President Obama gave the EPA until June 2015 to finalize the rule and states have until June 2016 to submit their plans, but the EPA pushed the deadline for states back to 2017 for those working individually and 2018 for those working together on plans.<ref name="usacap"/>
 
President Obama gave the EPA until June 2015 to finalize the rule and states have until June 2016 to submit their plans, but the EPA pushed the deadline for states back to 2017 for those working individually and 2018 for those working together on plans.<ref name="usacap"/>
Line 62: Line 66:
 
[[Coal]] plants were most likely to be hit the hardest with estimates in the hundreds of the nation's 6,000 plants that would be shut down by 2030. The Chamber of Commerce estimated that the new rule could result in a lowering of the gross domestic product (GDP) by as much as $50 billion annually.<ref name="nyteo"/>
 
[[Coal]] plants were most likely to be hit the hardest with estimates in the hundreds of the nation's 6,000 plants that would be shut down by 2030. The Chamber of Commerce estimated that the new rule could result in a lowering of the gross domestic product (GDP) by as much as $50 billion annually.<ref name="nyteo"/>
  
The United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) president spoke out against the action, suggesting 75,000 jobs could be lost by 2020. He stated, "The proposed rule … will lead to long-term and irreversible job losses for thousands of coal miners, electrical workers, utility workers, boilermakers, railroad workers and others without achieving any significant reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions."<ref>[http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2014/06/03/unions-slam-obama-epa-rule/ ''Fox News'', "Unions slam Obama EPA rule," June 3, 2014]</ref> Additionally, Democratic lawmakers and candidates in coal-driven states have come out in opposition to the president's plan. Those lawmakers include: [[Alison Lundergan Grimes]], [[Natalie Tennant]] and Rep. [[Nick Rahall]] (D-WV).<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/03/us/carbon-plan-puts-democrats-in-coal-states-on-the-defensive.html ''New York Times'', "Democrats in Coal Country Run From E.P.A.," June 2, 2014]</ref>
+
The United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) president spoke out against the action, suggesting 75,000 jobs could be lost by 2020. He stated, "The proposed rule … will lead to long-term and irreversible job losses for thousands of coal miners, electrical workers, utility workers, boilermakers, railroad workers and others without achieving any significant reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions."<ref>[http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2014/06/03/unions-slam-obama-epa-rule/ ''Fox News'', "Unions slam Obama EPA rule," June 3, 2014]</ref> Additionally, Democratic lawmakers and candidates in coal-driven states have come out in opposition to the president's plan. Those lawmakers include: [[Alison Lundergan Grimes]], [[Natalie Tennant]] and Rep. [[Nick Rahall]] (D-WV).<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/03/us/carbon-plan-puts-democrats-in-coal-states-on-the-defensive.html ''The New York Times'', "Democrats in Coal Country Run From E.P.A.," June 2, 2014]</ref>
  
 
==Analysis==
 
==Analysis==
Line 89: Line 93:
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Environmental+Protection+Agency&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=EPA News Feed}}
+
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Environmental+Protection+Agency&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=U.S. Environmental Protection Agency News Feed}}
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
Line 101: Line 105:
 
*[http://www.instagram.com/epagov EPA on Instagram]
 
*[http://www.instagram.com/epagov EPA on Instagram]
 
*[http://www.flickr.com/photos/usepagov EPA on Flickr]
 
*[http://www.flickr.com/photos/usepagov EPA on Flickr]
*[http://www.youtube.com/USEPAgov EPA Youtube channel]
+
*[http://www.youtube.com/USEPAgov EPA YouTube channel]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
[[Category:Federal agencies of the United States]]
 
{{federal affairs}}
 
[[Category:Energy policy terms]]
 
  
 +
{{federal affairs}}
 
{{Plp energy hnt}}
 
{{Plp energy hnt}}
 
{{policypedia hnt}}
 
{{policypedia hnt}}
 +
 +
[[Category:Federal agencies of the United States]]
 +
[[Category:Energy policy terms]]

Revision as of 09:11, 6 August 2014

Environmental Protection Agency
Environmental Protection Agency logo.svg
Director:Gina McCarthy
Deputy Director:Bob Perciasepe
Annual budget:$8.2 billion (2014)
Total employed:15,913 (2013)
Year created:1970
Official website:Office website
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is a United States agency formed in 1970 "to protect human health and the environment."[1] The current Director of the EPA is Gina McCarthy, who was confirmed by the Senate on July 18, 2013.[2]

The EPA employed 15,913 people in 2013.[3] The EPA develops and enforces regulations, gives grants to non-profit, educational institutions and state environmental agencies, studies environmental issues, publishes the agency's findings (as well as other educational materials) and sponsors partnerships.[1]

History

The EPA was formed in 1970, deriving its duties from the U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Atomic Energy Commission, Federal Radiation Council and the Council on Environmental Equality.[4]

Following are important dates in the EPA's history:[5]

  • 1970: The Environmental Protection Agency is formed by President Richard Nixon under its first Administrator, William D. Ruckelshaus.
  • 1970: Clean Air Act authorizes the EPA to set standards for pollution, auto emissions and air quality.
  • 1972: EPA bans the pesticide DDT.
  • 1972: Clean Water Act passed by Congress.
  • 1972: Ocean Dumping Act passed, allowing EPA to restrict ocean pollution.
  • 1973: Transportation controls established in cities, such as carpool and bus lanes.
  • 1973: EPA begins to gradually decrease lead in gasoline.
  • 1974: Safe Drinking Water Act passed, allowing EPA to regulate drinking water quality.
  • 1977: Clean Water Act and Clean Air Act regulatory control strengthened through amendments passed by Congress.
  • 1979: EPA chosen to monitor radiation levels after Three Mile Island incident.
  • 1982: Nuclear Waste Policy Act passed, allowing for safe disposal of nuclear waste.
  • 1986: Safe Drinking Water Act regulations tightened through amendments passed by Congress.
  • 1990: Pollution Prevention Act passed.
  • 1996: Leaded gasoline completely phased out.
  • 1996: Renters and home buyers required to be informed about lead-based paint hazards.
  • 2006: EPA signs contract to offset all electricity the agency uses by investing in wind power.
  • 2007: BP pays largest environmental fine in history, $62 million.

Structure

Mission

EPA office locations throughout the U.S.
The official EPA mission statement is as follows:
The mission of EPA is to protect human health and the environment.[1][6]

Leadership

Gina McCarthy is currently the Administrator of the EPA.

Note: Votes marked "N/A" represent voice votes or unrecorded votes. Missing votes will be filled as they are researched.


EPA's themes

The EPA released seven themes of the agency's future. They are as follows:[7]

  • Making a Visible Difference in Communities across the Country
  • Addressing Climate Change and Improving Air Quality
  • Taking Action on Toxics and Chemical Safety
  • Protecting Water: A Precious, Limited Resource
  • Launching a New Era of State, Tribal and Local Partnerships
  • Embracing EPA as a High Performing Organization
  • Working Toward a Sustainable Future[6]

—U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Initiatives

Obama administration

Policypedia
Policypedia energy logo.PNG
State energy policy

State fracking policy

Energy policy terms

Fracking in the U.S.

Energy use in the U.S.

Energy policy in the U.S.


See also
Local fracking on the ballot

Statewide fracking on the ballot

Carbon cap executive order

On June 2, 2014, President Barack Obama signed an executive order intended to cut carbon pollution in the United States by 30 percent of 2005 levels by 2030. The order allowed states to individually determine which policies would be more effective for them to reach their goals. A similar bill was debated by Congress during Obama's first term in office, but it failed to pass. Obama used powers established by the 1970 Clean Air Act to sign the executive order.[8] Legal challenges were expected to arise over the 645 page order. EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy said of the rule, "This is not just about disappearing polar bears or melting ice caps. This is about protecting our health and our homes. This is about protecting local economies and jobs."[9]

President Obama gave the EPA until June 2015 to finalize the rule and states have until June 2016 to submit their plans, but the EPA pushed the deadline for states back to 2017 for those working individually and 2018 for those working together on plans.[9]

Possible ramifications

Coal plants were most likely to be hit the hardest with estimates in the hundreds of the nation's 6,000 plants that would be shut down by 2030. The Chamber of Commerce estimated that the new rule could result in a lowering of the gross domestic product (GDP) by as much as $50 billion annually.[8]

The United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) president spoke out against the action, suggesting 75,000 jobs could be lost by 2020. He stated, "The proposed rule … will lead to long-term and irreversible job losses for thousands of coal miners, electrical workers, utility workers, boilermakers, railroad workers and others without achieving any significant reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions."[10] Additionally, Democratic lawmakers and candidates in coal-driven states have come out in opposition to the president's plan. Those lawmakers include: Alison Lundergan Grimes, Natalie Tennant and Rep. Nick Rahall (D-WV).[11]

Analysis

Budget

Obama administration

EPA[3] Annual Budget
YearBudget (in billions)% Difference from previous year
2014$8.23.8%
2013$7.9-5.95%
2012$8.4-3.45%
2011$8.7-15.53%
2010$10.335.53%
2009$7.6N/A

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Environmental + Protection + Agency

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

References