Difference between revisions of "United States Congress"

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{{tnr}}The '''United States Congress''' is the [[Bicameralism|bicameral]] legislature of the United States of America federal government. It consists of two houses, the [[United States Senate|Senate]] and the [[United States House of Representatives|House of Representatives]], with members chosen through direct [[Elections|election]].  
<table width="100%"><tr><td>
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=Overview=
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==General overview==
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The '''United States Congress''' is the [[Bicameralism|bicameral]] legislature of the United States of America federal government. It consists of two houses, the [[United States Senate|Senate]] and the [[United States House of Representatives|House of Representatives]], with members chosen through direct [[Elections|election]]. It meets in the U.S. Capitol in [[Washington, D.C.]].
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===Senate===
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<center>''Click on the map below to find your state's congressional delegation.''</center><br>
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{{US map cong}}
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==Overview==
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===General overview===
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[[File:US Capitol Building at night Jan 2006.jpg|left|250px|thumb|Congress meets in the U.S. Capitol in [[Washington, D.C.]].]]
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====Senate====
 
::''See also: [[United States Senate]]''
 
::''See also: [[United States Senate]]''
 
The Senate is the upper house of Congress. Each U.S state is represented by two senators, regardless of population. This ensures equal representation of each state in the Senate. U.S. Senators serve staggered six-year terms.  
 
The Senate is the upper house of Congress. Each U.S state is represented by two senators, regardless of population. This ensures equal representation of each state in the Senate. U.S. Senators serve staggered six-year terms.  
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*Be a U.S. citizen for at least nine years
 
*Be a U.S. citizen for at least nine years
 
*Be a resident of the state he or she represents
 
*Be a resident of the state he or she represents
 
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====House of Representatives====
===House of Representatives===
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::''See also: [[United States House of Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[United States House of Representatives]]''
  
The United States House of Representatives, commonly referred to as "the House", is the lower house of Congress. Each state receives representation in the House in proportion to its population, but is entitled to at least one Representative. The total number of voting representatives is currently fixed at 435. There are also five delegates and one resident commissioner, who do not have full voting rights. House representatives serve two-year terms.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/memberfaq.aspx ''Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives'', "Member FAQs"]</ref>
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The United States House of Representatives, commonly referred to as "the House," is the lower house of Congress. Each state receives representation in the House in proportion to its population, but is entitled to at least one Representative. The total number of voting representatives is currently fixed at 435. There are also five delegates and one resident commissioner, who do not have full voting rights. House representatives serve two-year terms.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/memberfaq.aspx ''Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives'', "Member FAQs"]</ref>
  
 
According to the [[U.S. Constitution]], Representatives must meet the following requirements:
 
According to the [[U.S. Constitution]], Representatives must meet the following requirements:
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*Be a resident of the state he or she represents
 
*Be a resident of the state he or she represents
  
===Word meaning===
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====Word meaning====
The term ''congress'' not only refers to the collective legislative body, but also to a specific two-year period. For example, the congress for the years 2011-2012 is also called the ''112th U.S. Congress''.<ref>[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/congress?s=t ''Dictionary.com'', "Congress"]</ref><ref>[http://www.house.gov/ ''The U.S. House of Representatives'']</ref>
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{{cong badge}}The term ''congress'' not only refers to the collective legislative body, but also to a specific two-year period. For example, the congress for the years 2011-2012 is also called the ''[[112th U.S. Congress]]''.<ref>[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/congress?s=t ''Dictionary.com'', "Congress"]</ref><ref>[http://www.house.gov/ ''The U.S. House of Representatives'']</ref>
  
==U.S. Constitution==
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===U.S. Constitution===
 
{{Quote|All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.|author=[[United States Constitution]], Article 1, Section 1}}
 
{{Quote|All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.|author=[[United States Constitution]], Article 1, Section 1}}
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[[File:US constitution.jpg|right|210px|Senate amendments to the U.S. Constitution.]]
 
The formation and powers of congress are laid out in ten sections of [[Article I, United States Constitution|Article I of the United States Constitution]]:
 
The formation and powers of congress are laid out in ten sections of [[Article I, United States Constitution|Article I of the United States Constitution]]:
 
 
*Section 1: Gives all legislative powers to Congress
 
*Section 1: Gives all legislative powers to Congress
 
*Section 2: Defines the basic formation of the House of Representatives and the qualifications for its members
 
*Section 2: Defines the basic formation of the House of Representatives and the qualifications for its members
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*Section 8: Lists specific powers granted to congress
 
*Section 8: Lists specific powers granted to congress
 
*Section 9: Provides limits to certain powers
 
*Section 9: Provides limits to certain powers
*Section 10: Limits certain powers of the states  
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*Section 10: Limits certain powers of the states
  
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==Current leadership and partisan balance==
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===Leadership===
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<center>{{CongressCurrentLeadership}}</center>
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===Partisan balance===
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<center>{{Partisan Balance template}}</center>
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
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===2014===
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::''See also: [[United States Congress elections, 2014]]''
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A total of 471 seats will be up for election on November 4, 2014.
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====U.S. House====
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:''See also: [[United States House of Representatives elections, 2014]] and [[U.S. House battleground districts, 2014]]''
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All 435 seats of the [[United States House of Representatives|U.S. House]] are up for election in 2014. To regain control of the House, Democrats would need a pick-up of 15 seats. According to original analysis by Ballotpedia, only [[U.S. House battleground districts, 2014|27 congressional districts]] will be truly competitive in 2014.
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====U.S. Senate====
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:''See also: [[United States Senate elections, 2014]]
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The 33 Class II [[United States Senate elections, 2014|U.S. Senate seats]] are up for election. Of those 33 seats, 20 are currently held by Democrats and 13 by Republican senators. Additionally, three special elections will take place in 2014 to fill vacancies that occurred during the [[113th Congress]] ([[United States Senate special election in Hawaii, 2014|Hawaii]], [[United States Senate special election in Oklahoma, 2014|Oklahoma]] and [[United States Senate special election in South Carolina, 2014|South Carolina]]). All three of these special elections will also take place on November 4, 2014, for a total of 36 [[United States Senate|Senate]] elections.
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===2012===
 
===2012===
::''See also: [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012]]''
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::''See also: [[United States Congress elections, 2012]]''
 
A total of 468 seats in the U.S. Congress were up for election on November 6, 2012.  
 
A total of 468 seats in the U.S. Congress were up for election on November 6, 2012.  
 
====U.S. House====
 
====U.S. House====
In a year where [[Barack Obama]] won re-election by 126 electoral votes, the [[Republican]] party maintained their control of the U.S. House winning 234 seats. The Democrats did make some gains, winning 201 seats. This is up from the 193 seats they held prior to the election.<ref name="salon">[http://www.salon.com/2013/01/13/the_house_gop_cant_be_beat_its_worse_than_gerrymandering/ ''Salon.com'' "The House GOP can’t be beat: It’s worse than gerrymandering," January 13, 2013]</ref>  This election marks only the fourth time in 100 years that the party that pulled the most total popular votes nationwide did not win control of the House.<ref>[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-03-19/republicans-win-congress-as-democrats-get-most-votes.html?alcmpid=politics ''Bloomberg,'' "Republicans Win Congress as Democrats Get Most Votes," March 18, 2013]</ref>
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In a year where [[Barack Obama]] won re-election by 126 electoral votes, the [[Republican]] party maintained their control of the U.S. House winning 234 seats. The Democrats did make some gains, winning 201 seats. This is up from the 193 seats they held prior to the election.<ref name="salon">[http://www.salon.com/2013/01/13/the_house_gop_cant_be_beat_its_worse_than_gerrymandering/ ''Salon.com'', "The House GOP can’t be beat: It’s worse than gerrymandering," January 13, 2013]</ref>  This election marks only the fourth time in 100 years that the party that pulled the most total popular votes nationwide did not win control of the House.<ref>[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-03-19/republicans-win-congress-as-democrats-get-most-votes.html?alcmpid=politics ''Bloomberg'', "Republicans Win Congress as Democrats Get Most Votes," March 18, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====U.S. Senate====
 
====U.S. Senate====
 
The Democratic Party retained control over the chamber, winning 25 of the 33 seats. With Republican candidates winning only eight seats, this was the worst performance by a major party since the 1950s.<ref name="salon"/>
 
The Democratic Party retained control over the chamber, winning 25 of the 33 seats. With Republican candidates winning only eight seats, this was the worst performance by a major party since the 1950s.<ref name="salon"/>
  
==See also==
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==Congressional committees==
* [[United States Senate]]
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===U.S. House===
* [[United States House of Representatives]]
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{{#dpl:
* [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012]]
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|category =Standing committee, U.S. House
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|notnamespace = Category
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|addpagecounter = true
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|addpagesize = true
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|resultsheader = <h3>Congressional committees (House)</h3>
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|format = <table border="1" width="65%" class="sortable" style="text-align:center;"><tr><th>Page:</th></tr>,<tr><td>[[%PAGE%|%TITLE%]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>,</tr>,</table>
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|ordermethod    = counter
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|order          = descending
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|}}
  
==External links==
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===U.S. Senate===
*[http://www.senate.gov/ U.S. Senate website]
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{{#dpl:
*[http://www.house.gov/ U.S. House of Representatives website]
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|category =Standing committee, U.S. Senate
*[http://thomas.loc.gov/ THOMAS] Text archive of all congressional legislation.<br>
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|notnamespace = Category
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|addpagecounter = true
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|addpagesize = true
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|resultsheader = <h3>Congressional committees (Senate)</h3>
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|format = <table border="1" width="65%" class="sortable" style="text-align:center;"><tr><th>Page:</th></tr>,<tr><td>[[%PAGE%|%TITLE%]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>,</tr>,</table>
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|ordermethod    = counter
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|order          = descending
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|}}
  
==References==
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===Joint committees===
{{reflist}}
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{{#dpl:
{{congress}}
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|category =Standing joint committee, U.S. Congress
 
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|notnamespace = Category
=Senate Members=
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|addpagecounter = true
==The Current Senate==
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|addpagesize = true
The following is a simple list of the current members of the U.S. Senate broken down by state.
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|resultsheader = <h3>Congressional committees (Joint)</h3>
{{Simple senate list}}
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|format = <table border="1" width="65%" class="sortable" style="text-align:center;"><tr><th>Page:</th></tr>,<tr><td>[[%PAGE%|%TITLE%]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>,</tr>,</table>
 
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|ordermethod    = counter
=House Members=
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|order          = descending
==The Current House of Representatives==
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|}}
The following is a simple list of the current members of the U.S. Representatives broken down by state.
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==Recent news==
{{Simple house list}}
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===2014 news===
 
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=Recent News=
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<DPL>
 
<DPL>
category              = Congressional news, 2012 | Congressional news, 2013
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category              = Congressional news, 2014
 
ordermethod            = firstedit
 
ordermethod            = firstedit
 
order                  = descending
 
order                  = descending
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</DPL>
 
</DPL>
  
<headertabs/>
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==See also==
<!--Second Column and second row break-->
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* [[United States Senate]]
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* [[United States House of Representatives]]
<td valign="top" width="125px">
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* [[United States Congress elections, 2014]]
{{Cong badge}}
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* [[U.S. House battleground districts, 2014]]
</td></tr>
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* [[United States Congress elections, 2012]]
</table>
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==External links==
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*[http://www.senate.gov/ U.S. Senate website]
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*[http://www.house.gov/ U.S. House of Representatives website]
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*[http://beta.congress.gov/ CONGRESS.GOV] Text archive of all congressional legislation.<br>
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
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{{congress}}
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[[Category:Terms and definitions]]
 
[[Category:Congress project]]
 
[[Category:Congress project]]
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[[Category:Unique congress pages]]
 
__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__

Latest revision as of 16:17, 16 May 2014

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the United States of America federal government. It consists of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives, with members chosen through direct election.
Click on the map below to find your state's congressional delegation.

United States congressional delegations from NevadaUnited States congressional delegations from AlaskaUnited States congressional delegations from HawaiiUnited States congressional delegations from ArizonaUnited States congressional delegations from UtahUnited States congressional delegations from New MexicoUnited States congressional delegations from ColoradoUnited States congressional delegations from WyomingUnited States congressional delegations from CaliforniaUnited States congressional delegations from OregonUnited States congressional delegations from WashingtonUnited States congressional delegations from IdahoUnited States congressional delegations from MontanaUnited States congressional delegations from North DakotaUnited States congressional delegations from South DakotaUnited States congressional delegations from NebraskaUnited States congressional delegations from KansasUnited States congressional delegations from OklahomaUnited States congressional delegations from TexasUnited States congressional delegations from MinnesotaUnited States congressional delegations from IowaUnited States congressional delegations from MissouriUnited States congressional delegations from ArkansasUnited States congressional delegations from LouisianaUnited States congressional delegations from MississippiUnited States congressional delegations from AlabamaUnited States congressional delegations from WisconsinUnited States congressional delegations from IllinoisUnited States congressional delegations from TennesseeUnited States congressional delegations from KentuckyUnited States congressional delegations from IndianaUnited States congressional delegations from MichiganUnited States congressional delegations from OhioUnited States congressional delegations from GeorgiaUnited States congressional delegations from FloridaUnited States congressional delegations from South CarolinaUnited States congressional delegations from North CarolinaUnited States congressional delegations from VirginiaUnited States congressional delegations from West VirginiaUnited States congressional delegations from PennsylvaniaUnited States congressional delegations from New YorkUnited States congressional delegations from VermontUnited States congressional delegations from New HampshireUnited States congressional delegations from MassachusettsUnited States congressional delegations from Rhode IslandUnited States congressional delegations from ConnecticutUnited States congressional delegations from New JerseyUnited States congressional delegations from DelawareUnited States congressional delegations from MarylandUnited States congressional delegations from MaineUS map.png

Overview

General overview

Congress meets in the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C..

Senate

See also: United States Senate

The Senate is the upper house of Congress. Each U.S state is represented by two senators, regardless of population. This ensures equal representation of each state in the Senate. U.S. Senators serve staggered six-year terms.

According to the U.S. Constitution, Senators must meet the following requirements:

  • Be at least 30 years old
  • Be a U.S. citizen for at least nine years
  • Be a resident of the state he or she represents

House of Representatives

See also: United States House of Representatives

The United States House of Representatives, commonly referred to as "the House," is the lower house of Congress. Each state receives representation in the House in proportion to its population, but is entitled to at least one Representative. The total number of voting representatives is currently fixed at 435. There are also five delegates and one resident commissioner, who do not have full voting rights. House representatives serve two-year terms.[1]

According to the U.S. Constitution, Representatives must meet the following requirements:

  • Be at least 25 years old
  • Be a U.S. citizen for at least seven years
  • Be a resident of the state he or she represents

Word meaning

Portal:Congress
The term congress not only refers to the collective legislative body, but also to a specific two-year period. For example, the congress for the years 2011-2012 is also called the 112th U.S. Congress.[2][3]

U.S. Constitution

All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.[4]

United States Constitution, Article 1, Section 1

Senate amendments to the U.S. Constitution.

The formation and powers of congress are laid out in ten sections of Article I of the United States Constitution:

  • Section 1: Gives all legislative powers to Congress
  • Section 2: Defines the basic formation of the House of Representatives and the qualifications for its members
  • Section 3: Defines the basic formation of the Senate and the qualifications for its members
  • Section 4: Defines how elections are held
  • Section 5: Defines how legislative meetings should be conducted
  • Section 6: Gives compensation for services to members, provides certain freedoms from arrest during sessions, limits membership in other civil offices
  • Section 7: Defines how bills originate and become law
  • Section 8: Lists specific powers granted to congress
  • Section 9: Provides limits to certain powers
  • Section 10: Limits certain powers of the states

Current leadership and partisan balance

Leadership

Partisan balance

Senate Partisan Balance
Party As of September 2014
Democratic 53
Republican 45
Independent 2
Total 100
House Partisan Balance
Party As of September 2014
Democratic 199
Republican 234
Vacancies 2
Total 435

Elections

2014

See also: United States Congress elections, 2014

A total of 471 seats will be up for election on November 4, 2014.

U.S. House

See also: United States House of Representatives elections, 2014 and U.S. House battleground districts, 2014

All 435 seats of the U.S. House are up for election in 2014. To regain control of the House, Democrats would need a pick-up of 15 seats. According to original analysis by Ballotpedia, only 27 congressional districts will be truly competitive in 2014.

U.S. Senate

See also: United States Senate elections, 2014

The 33 Class II U.S. Senate seats are up for election. Of those 33 seats, 20 are currently held by Democrats and 13 by Republican senators. Additionally, three special elections will take place in 2014 to fill vacancies that occurred during the 113th Congress (Hawaii, Oklahoma and South Carolina). All three of these special elections will also take place on November 4, 2014, for a total of 36 Senate elections.

2012

See also: United States Congress elections, 2012

A total of 468 seats in the U.S. Congress were up for election on November 6, 2012.

U.S. House

In a year where Barack Obama won re-election by 126 electoral votes, the Republican party maintained their control of the U.S. House winning 234 seats. The Democrats did make some gains, winning 201 seats. This is up from the 193 seats they held prior to the election.[5] This election marks only the fourth time in 100 years that the party that pulled the most total popular votes nationwide did not win control of the House.[6]

U.S. Senate

The Democratic Party retained control over the chamber, winning 25 of the 33 seats. With Republican candidates winning only eight seats, this was the worst performance by a major party since the 1950s.[5]

Congressional committees

U.S. House

Congressional committees (House)

Page:
United States House of Representatives Committee on Financial Services    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Agriculture    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Armed Services    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, and Technology    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Homeland Security    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Education and the Workforce    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Natural Resources    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Small Business    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Judiciary    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Budget    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Intelligence (Permanent Select)    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Veterans' Affairs    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Ethics    
United States House of Representatives Committee on Rules    
United States House of Representatives Committee on House Administration    

U.S. Senate

Congressional committees (Senate)

Page:
United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation    
United States Senate Committee on Appropriations    
United States Senate Committee on Armed Services    
United States Senate Committee on Aging (Special)    
United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary    
United States Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs    
United States Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry    
United States Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions    
United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations    
United States Senate Committee on Budget    
United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works    
United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs    
United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources    
United States Senate Committee on Intelligence (Select)    
United States Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship    
United States Senate Committee on Finance    
United States Senate Committee on Ethics (Select)    
United States Senate Committee on Rules and Administration    
United States Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs    
United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs    

Joint committees

Congressional committees (Joint)

Page:
United States Congress Joint Economic Committee    
United States Congress Joint Committee on Taxation    
United States Congress Joint Committee on the Library    
United States Congress Joint Committee on Printing    

Recent news

2014 news


See also

External links

References