United States Congress

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General overview

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the United States of America federal government. It consists of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives, with members chosen through direct election. It meets in the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C..

Senate

See also: United States Senate

The Senate is the upper house of Congress. Each U.S state is represented by two senators, regardless of population. This ensures equal representation of each state in the Senate. U.S. Senators serve staggered six-year terms.

According to the U.S. Constitution, Senators must meet the following requirements:

  • Be at least 30 years old
  • Be a U.S. citizen for at least nine years
  • Be a resident of the state he or she represents

House of Representatives

See also: United States House of Representatives

The United States House of Representatives, commonly referred to as "the House", is the lower house of Congress. Each state receives representation in the House in proportion to its population, but is entitled to at least one Representative. The total number of voting representatives is currently fixed at 435. There are also five delegates and one resident commissioner, who do not have full voting rights. House representatives serve two-year terms.[1]

According to the U.S. Constitution, Representatives must meet the following requirements:

  • Be at least 25 years old
  • Be a U.S. citizen for at least seven years
  • Be a resident of the state he or she represents

Word meaning

The term congress not only refers to the collective legislative body, but also to a specific two-year period. For example, the congress for the years 2011-2012 is also called the 112th U.S. Congress.[2][3]

U.S. Constitution

All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.[4]

United States Constitution, Article 1, Section 1

The formation and powers of congress are laid out in ten sections of Article I of the United States Constitution:

  • Section 1: Gives all legislative powers to Congress
  • Section 2: Defines the basic formation of the House of Representatives and the qualifications for its members
  • Section 3: Defines the basic formation of the Senate and the qualifications for its members
  • Section 4: Defines how elections are held
  • Section 5: Defines how legislative meetings should be conducted
  • Section 6: Gives compensation for services to members, provides certain freedoms from arrest during sessions, limits membership in other civil offices
  • Section 7: Defines how bills originate and become law
  • Section 8: Lists specific powers granted to congress
  • Section 9: Provides limits to certain powers
  • Section 10: Limits certain powers of the states

The Current Senate

The following is a simple list of the current members of the U.S. Senate

Alabama

  1. Jeff Sessions
  2. Richard Shelby

Alaska

  1. Daniel S. Sullivan
  2. Lisa Murkowski

Arizona

  1. Jeff Flake
  2. John McCain

Arkansas

  1. John Boozman
  2. Tom Cotton

California

  1. Barbara Boxer
  2. Dianne Feinstein

Colorado

  1. Cory Gardner
  2. Michael Bennet

Connecticut

  1. Chris Murphy (Connecticut)
  2. Richard Blumenthal

Delaware

  1. Chris Coons
  2. Tom Carper

Florida

  1. Bill Nelson (Florida)
  2. Marco Rubio

Georgia

  1. David Perdue
  2. Johnny Isakson

Hawaii

  1. Brian Schatz
  2. Mazie Hirono

Idaho

  1. Jim Risch
  2. Mike Crapo

Illinois

  1. Dick Durbin
  2. Mark Kirk

Indiana

  1. Dan Coats
  2. Joe Donnelly

Iowa

  1. Chuck Grassley
  2. Joni Ernst

Kansas

  1. Jerry Moran
  2. Pat Roberts

Kentucky

  1. Mitch McConnell
  2. Rand Paul

Louisiana

  1. Bill Cassidy
  2. David Vitter

Maine

  1. Angus King
  2. Susan Collins

Maryland

  1. Barbara Mikulski
  2. Ben Cardin

Massachusetts

  1. Ed Markey
  2. Elizabeth Warren

Michigan

  1. Debbie Stabenow
  2. Gary Peters

Minnesota

  1. Al Franken
  2. Amy Klobuchar

Mississippi

  1. Roger Wicker
  2. Thad Cochran

Missouri

  1. Claire McCaskill
  2. Roy Blunt

Montana

  1. Jon Tester
  2. Steve Daines

Nebraska

  1. Ben Sasse
  2. Deb Fischer

Nevada

  1. Dean Heller
  2. Harry Reid

New Hampshire

  1. Jeanne Shaheen
  2. Kelly Ayotte

New Jersey

  1. Bob Menendez
  2. Cory Booker

New Mexico

  1. Martin Heinrich
  2. Tom Udall

New York

  1. Chuck Schumer
  2. Kirsten Gillibrand

North Carolina

  1. Richard Burr
  2. Thom Tillis

North Dakota

  1. Heidi Heitkamp
  2. John Hoeven

Ohio

  1. Rob Portman
  2. Sherrod Brown

Oklahoma

  1. James Lankford
  2. Jim Inhofe

Oregon

  1. Jeff Merkley
  2. Ron Wyden

Pennsylvania

  1. Bob Casey, Jr.
  2. Pat Toomey

Rhode Island

  1. Jack Reed
  2. Sheldon Whitehouse

South Carolina

  1. Lindsey Graham
  2. Tim Scott

South Dakota

  1. John Thune
  2. Mike Rounds

Tennessee

  1. Bob Corker
  2. Lamar Alexander

Texas

  1. John Cornyn
  2. Ted Cruz

Utah

  1. Mike Lee
  2. Orrin Hatch

Vermont

  1. Bernie Sanders
  2. Patrick Leahy

Virginia

  1. Mark Warner
  2. Tim Kaine

Washington

  1. Maria Cantwell
  2. Patty Murray

West Virginia

  1. Joe Manchin III
  2. Shelley Moore Capito

Wisconsin

  1. Ron Johnson (Wisconsin)
  2. Tammy Baldwin

Wyoming

  1. John Barrasso
  2. Mike Enzi


The Current House of Representatives

The following is a simple list of the current members of the U.S. Representatives

Alabama

  1. Bradley Byrne
  2. Gary Palmer
  3. Martha Roby
  4. Mike Rogers (Alabama)
  5. Mo Brooks
  6. Robert Aderholt
  7. Terri Sewell

Alaska

  1. Don Young

Arizona

  1. Ann Kirkpatrick
  2. David Schweikert
  3. Martha McSally
  4. Matt Salmon
  5. Paul Gosar
  6. Raul Grijalva
  7. Ruben Gallego
  8. Trent Franks

Arkansas

  1. Bruce Westerman
  2. French Hill
  3. Rick Crawford (Arkansas)
  4. Steve Womack

California

  1. Adam Schiff
  2. Alan Lowenthal
  3. Ami Bera
  4. Anna Eshoo
  5. Barbara Lee
  6. Brad Sherman
  7. Dana Rohrabacher
  8. Darrell Issa
  9. David Valadao
  10. Devin Nunes
  11. Doris Matsui
  12. Doug LaMalfa
  13. Duncan Hunter
  14. Edward Royce
  15. Eric Swalwell
  16. Grace Napolitano
  17. Jackie Speier
  18. Janice Hahn
  19. Jared Huffman
  20. Jeff Denham
  21. Jerry McNerney
  22. Jim Costa
  23. John Garamendi
  24. Juan Vargas
  25. Judy Chu
  26. Julia Brownley
  27. Karen Bass
  28. Ken Calvert
  29. Kevin McCarthy (California)
  30. Linda Sanchez
  31. Lois Capps
  32. Loretta Sanchez
  33. Lucille Roybal-Allard
  34. Mark DeSaulnier
  35. Mark Takano
  36. Maxine Waters
  37. Mike Honda
  38. Mike Thompson (California)
  39. Mimi Walters
  40. Nancy Pelosi
  41. Norma Torres
  42. Paul Cook (California)
  43. Pete Aguilar
  44. Raul Ruiz
  45. Sam Farr
  46. Scott Peters
  47. Stephen Knight
  48. Susan Davis
  49. Ted Lieu
  50. Tom McClintock
  51. Tony Cardenas
  52. Xavier Becerra
  53. Zoe Lofgren

Colorado

  1. Diana DeGette
  2. Doug Lamborn
  3. Ed Perlmutter
  4. Jared Polis
  5. Ken Buck
  6. Mike Coffman
  7. Scott Tipton

Connecticut

  1. Elizabeth Esty
  2. Jim Himes
  3. Joe Courtney
  4. John Larson
  5. Rosa DeLauro

Delaware

  1. John C. Carney Jr.

Florida

  1. Alan Grayson
  2. Alcee Hastings
  3. Ander Crenshaw
  4. Bill Posey
  5. Carlos Curbelo
  6. Corrine Brown
  7. Curt Clawson
  8. Daniel Webster (Florida)
  9. David Jolly
  10. Debbie Wasserman Schultz
  11. Dennis Ross
  12. Frederica Wilson
  13. Gus Bilirakis
  14. Gwen Graham
  15. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
  16. Jeff Miller (Florida)
  17. John Mica
  18. Kathy Castor
  19. Lois Frankel
  20. Mario Diaz-Balart
  21. Patrick Murphy (Florida)
  22. Richard Nugent
  23. Ron DeSantis
  24. Ted Deutch
  25. Ted Yoho
  26. Thomas Rooney
  27. Vern Buchanan

Georgia

  1. Austin Scott
  2. Barry Loudermilk
  3. David Scott (Georgia)
  4. Doug Collins
  5. Earl "Buddy" Carter
  6. Hank Johnson
  7. Jody Hice
  8. John Lewis (Georgia)
  9. Lynn Westmoreland
  10. Rick Allen
  11. Rob Woodall
  12. Sanford D. Bishop, Jr.
  13. Tom Graves
  14. Tom Price

Hawaii

  1. Mark Takai
  2. Tulsi Gabbard

Idaho

  1. Michael K. Simpson
  2. Raul Labrador

Illinois

  1. Aaron Schock
  2. Adam Kinzinger
  3. Bill Foster
  4. Bobby Rush
  5. Cheri Bustos
  6. Daniel Lipinski
  7. Danny K. Davis
  8. Jan Schakowsky
  9. John Shimkus
  10. Luis Gutierrez
  11. Mike Bost
  12. Mike Quigley
  13. Peter Roskam
  14. Randy Hultgren
  15. Robert Dold
  16. Robin Kelly
  17. Rodney Davis (Illinois)
  18. Tammy Duckworth

Indiana

  1. Andre Carson
  2. Jackie Walorski
  3. Larry Bucshon
  4. Luke Messer
  5. Marlin Stutzman
  6. Peter Visclosky
  7. Susan Brooks
  8. Todd Rokita
  9. Todd Young

Iowa

  1. Dave Loebsack
  2. David Young
  3. Rod Blum
  4. Steve King (Iowa)

Kansas

  1. Kevin Yoder
  2. Lynn Jenkins
  3. Mike Pompeo
  4. Tim Huelskamp

Kentucky

  1. Andy Barr
  2. Brett Guthrie
  3. Ed Whitfield
  4. Hal Rogers
  5. John Yarmuth
  6. Thomas Massie

Louisiana

  1. Cedric Richmond
  2. Charles Boustany Jr.
  3. Garret Graves
  4. John Fleming (Louisiana)
  5. Ralph Abraham
  6. Steve Scalise

Maine

  1. Bruce Poliquin
  2. Chellie Pingree

Maryland

  1. Andrew Harris
  2. Chris Van Hollen
  3. Donna Edwards
  4. Dutch Ruppersberger
  5. Elijah Cummings
  6. John Delaney
  7. John Sarbanes
  8. Steny Hoyer

Massachusetts

  1. Bill Keating
  2. Jim McGovern (Massachusetts)
  3. Joseph Kennedy III
  4. Katherine Clark
  5. Michael Capuano
  6. Niki Tsongas
  7. Richard Neal
  8. Seth Moulton
  9. Stephen Lynch

Michigan

  1. Bill Huizenga
  2. Brenda Lawrence
  3. Candice Miller
  4. Dan Benishek
  5. Dan Kildee
  6. David Trott
  7. Debbie Dingell
  8. Fred Upton
  9. John Conyers, Jr.
  10. John Moolenaar
  11. Justin Amash
  12. Michael Bishop
  13. Sandy Levin
  14. Tim Walberg

Minnesota

  1. Betty McCollum
  2. Collin Peterson
  3. Erik Paulsen
  4. John Kline
  5. Keith Ellison
  6. Rick Nolan
  7. Tim Walz
  8. Tom Emmer

Mississippi

  1. Alan Nunnelee
  2. Bennie Thompson
  3. Gregg Harper
  4. Steven Palazzo

Missouri

  1. Ann Wagner
  2. Billy Long
  3. Blaine Luetkemeyer
  4. Emanuel Cleaver
  5. Jason Smith (Missouri representative)
  6. Sam Graves
  7. Vicky Hartzler
  8. William Lacy Clay

Montana

  1. Ryan Zinke

Nebraska

  1. Adrian Smith
  2. Brad Ashford
  3. Jeff Fortenberry

Nevada

  1. Cresent Hardy
  2. Dina Titus
  3. Joe Heck
  4. Mark Amodei

New Hampshire

  1. Annie Kuster
  2. Frank Guinta

New Jersey

  1. Albio Sires
  2. Bill Pascrell
  3. Bonnie Watson Coleman
  4. Chris Smith (New Jersey)
  5. Donald Norcross
  6. Donald Payne, Jr.
  7. Frank LoBiondo
  8. Frank Pallone
  9. Leonard Lance
  10. Rodney Frelinghuysen
  11. Scott Garrett
  12. Tom MacArthur

New Mexico

  1. Ben Ray Lujan
  2. Michelle Lujan Grisham
  3. Steve Pearce

New York

  1. Brian Higgins
  2. Carolyn Maloney
  3. Charles Rangel
  4. Chris Collins
  5. Chris Gibson
  6. Eliot Engel
  7. Elise Stefanik
  8. Grace Meng
  9. Gregory Meeks
  10. Hakeem Jeffries
  11. Jerrold Nadler
  12. John Katko
  13. Jose Serrano
  14. Joseph Crowley
  15. Kathleen M. Rice
  16. Lee Zeldin
  17. Louise Slaughter
  18. Nita Lowey
  19. Nydia Velazquez
  20. Paul Tonko
  21. Peter King
  22. Richard Hanna
  23. Sean Maloney
  24. Steve Israel
  25. Tom Reed
  26. Yvette Clarke

North Carolina

  1. Alma Adams
  2. David Price
  3. David Rouzer
  4. G.K. Butterfield
  5. George Holding
  6. Mark Meadows (North Carolina)
  7. Mark Walker (North Carolina)
  8. Patrick McHenry
  9. Renee Ellmers
  10. Richard Hudson
  11. Robert Pittenger
  12. Virginia Foxx
  13. Walter Jones

North Dakota

  1. Kevin Cramer

Ohio

  1. Bill Johnson (Ohio)
  2. Bob Gibbs
  3. Bob Latta
  4. Brad Wenstrup
  5. David Joyce
  6. Jim Jordan
  7. Jim Renacci
  8. John Boehner
  9. Joyce Beatty
  10. Marcia Fudge
  11. Marcy Kaptur
  12. Michael Turner (Ohio)
  13. Patrick Tiberi
  14. Steve Chabot
  15. Steve Stivers
  16. Tim Ryan (Ohio)

Oklahoma

  1. Frank Lucas
  2. Jim Bridenstine
  3. Markwayne Mullin
  4. Steve Russell
  5. Tom Cole

Oregon

  1. Earl Blumenauer
  2. Greg Walden
  3. Kurt Schrader
  4. Peter DeFazio
  5. Suzanne Bonamici

Pennsylvania

  1. Bill Shuster
  2. Brendan Boyle
  3. Chaka Fattah
  4. Charlie Dent
  5. Glenn Thompson
  6. Joseph Pitts (Pennsylvania)
  7. Keith Rothfus
  8. Lou Barletta
  9. Matt Cartwright
  10. Michael Doyle (Pennsylvania Congress)
  11. Michael G. Fitzpatrick
  12. Mike Kelly (Pennsylvania)
  13. Patrick Meehan
  14. Robert Brady
  15. Ryan Costello
  16. Scott Perry
  17. Tim Murphy (Pennsylvania)
  18. Tom Marino

Rhode Island

  1. David Cicilline
  2. Jim Langevin

South Carolina

  1. James E. Clyburn
  2. Jeff Duncan (Congress)
  3. Joe Wilson
  4. Mark Sanford
  5. Mick Mulvaney
  6. Tom Rice (South Carolina)
  7. Trey Gowdy

South Dakota

  1. Kristi Noem

Tennessee

  1. Charles Fleischmann
  2. Diane Black
  3. Jim Cooper (Tennessee)
  4. John Duncan, Jr.
  5. Marsha Blackburn
  6. Phil Roe
  7. Scott DesJarlais
  8. Stephen Lee Fincher
  9. Steve Cohen

Texas

  1. Al Green
  2. Beto O'Rourke
  3. Bill Flores
  4. Blake Farenthold
  5. Brian Babin
  6. Eddie Bernice Johnson
  7. Filemon Vela
  8. Gene Green
  9. Henry Cuellar
  10. Jeb Hensarling
  11. Joaquin Castro
  12. Joe Barton
  13. John Carter
  14. John Culberson
  15. John Ratcliffe
  16. Kay Granger
  17. Kenny Marchant
  18. Kevin Brady
  19. Lamar Smith
  20. Lloyd Doggett
  21. Louie Gohmert
  22. Mac Thornberry
  23. Marc Veasey
  24. Michael Burgess
  25. Michael McCaul
  26. Mike Conaway
  27. Pete Olson
  28. Pete Sessions
  29. Randy Neugebauer
  30. Randy Weber
  31. Roger Williams (Texas)
  32. Ruben Hinojosa
  33. Sam Johnson (Texas)
  34. Sheila Jackson Lee
  35. Ted Poe
  36. Will Hurd

Utah

  1. Chris Stewart (Utah)
  2. Jason Chaffetz
  3. Mia Love
  4. Rob Bishop

Vermont

  1. Peter Welch

Virginia

  1. Barbara Comstock
  2. Bob Goodlatte
  3. Bobby Scott
  4. David Brat
  5. Don Beyer
  6. Gerald Connolly
  7. Morgan Griffith
  8. Randy Forbes
  9. Rob Wittman
  10. Robert Hurt
  11. Scott Rigell

Washington

  1. Adam Smith
  2. Cathy McMorris Rodgers
  3. Dan Newhouse
  4. Dave Reichert
  5. Denny Heck
  6. Derek Kilmer
  7. Jaime Herrera Beutler
  8. Jim McDermott (Washington)
  9. Rick Larsen
  10. Suzan DelBene

West Virginia

  1. Alexander Mooney
  2. David McKinley
  3. Evan Jenkins

Wisconsin

  1. Glenn Grothman
  2. Gwen Moore
  3. Jim Sensenbrenner
  4. Mark Pocan
  5. Paul Ryan
  6. Reid Ribble
  7. Ron Kind
  8. Sean Duffy

Wyoming

  1. Cynthia Lummis

Elections

2012

See also: U.S. Congress elections, 2012

A total of 468 seats in the U.S. Congress will be up for election on November 6, 2012.

Portal:Congress

See also

External links

References

  1. Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives, "Member FAQs"
  2. Dictionary.com, "Congress"
  3. The U.S. House of Representatives
  4. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.