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United States Congress

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General overview

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the United States of America federal government. It consists of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives, with members chosen through direct election. It meets in the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C..

Senate

See also: United States Senate

The Senate is the upper house of Congress. Each U.S state is represented by two senators, regardless of population. This ensures equal representation of each state in the Senate. U.S. Senators serve staggered six-year terms.

According to the U.S. Constitution, Senators must meet the following requirements:

  • Be at least 30 years old
  • Be a U.S. citizen for at least nine years
  • Be a resident of the state he or she represents

House of Representatives

See also: United States House of Representatives

The United States House of Representatives, commonly referred to as "the House", is the lower house of Congress. Each state receives representation in the House in proportion to its population, but is entitled to at least one Representative. The total number of voting representatives is currently fixed at 435. There are also five delegates and one resident commissioner, who do not have full voting rights. House representatives serve two-year terms.[1]

According to the U.S. Constitution, Representatives must meet the following requirements:

  • Be at least 25 years old
  • Be a U.S. citizen for at least seven years
  • Be a resident of the state he or she represents

Word meaning

The term congress not only refers to the collective legislative body, but also to a specific two-year period. For example, the congress for the years 2011-2012 is also called the 112th U.S. Congress.[2][3]

U.S. Constitution

All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.[4]

United States Constitution, Article 1, Section 1

The formation and powers of congress are laid out in ten sections of Article I of the United States Constitution:

  • Section 1: Gives all legislative powers to Congress
  • Section 2: Defines the basic formation of the House of Representatives and the qualifications for its members
  • Section 3: Defines the basic formation of the Senate and the qualifications for its members
  • Section 4: Defines how elections are held
  • Section 5: Defines how legislative meetings should be conducted
  • Section 6: Gives compensation for services to members, provides certain freedoms from arrest during sessions, limits membership in other civil offices
  • Section 7: Defines how bills originate and become law
  • Section 8: Lists specific powers granted to congress
  • Section 9: Provides limits to certain powers
  • Section 10: Limits certain powers of the states

Elections

2012

See also: U.S. Congress elections, 2012

A total of 468 seats in the U.S. Congress were up for election on November 6, 2012.

U.S. House

In a year where Barack Obama won re-election by 126 electoral votes, the Republican party maintained their control of the U.S. House winning 234 seats. The Democrats did make some gains, winning 201 seats. This is up from the 193 seats they held prior to the election.[5] This election marks only the fourth time in 100 years that the party that pulled the most total popular votes nationwide did not win control of the House.[6]

U.S. Senate

The Democratic Party retained control over the chamber, winning 25 of the 33 seats. With Republican candidates winning only eight seats, this was the worst performance by a major party since the 1950s.[5]

See also

External links

References

The Current Senate

The following is a simple list of the current members of the U.S. Senate broken down by state.

Alabama

  1. Jeff Sessions
  2. Richard Shelby

Alaska

  1. Lisa Murkowski
  2. Mark Begich

Arizona

  1. Jeff Flake
  2. John McCain

Arkansas

  1. John Boozman
  2. Mark Pryor

California

  1. Barbara Boxer
  2. Dianne Feinstein

Colorado

  1. Mark Udall
  2. Michael Bennet

Connecticut

  1. Chris Murphy (Connecticut)
  2. Richard Blumenthal

Delaware

  1. Chris Coons
  2. Tom Carper

Florida

  1. Bill Nelson (Florida)
  2. Marco Rubio

Georgia

  1. Johnny Isakson
  2. Saxby Chambliss

Hawaii

  1. Brian Schatz
  2. Mazie Hirono

Idaho

  1. Jim Risch
  2. Mike Crapo

Illinois

  1. Dick Durbin
  2. Mark Kirk

Indiana

  1. Dan Coats
  2. Joe Donnelly

Iowa

  1. Chuck Grassley
  2. Tom Harkin

Kansas

  1. Jerry Moran
  2. Pat Roberts

Kentucky

  1. Mitch McConnell
  2. Rand Paul

Louisiana

  1. David Vitter
  2. Mary Landrieu

Maine

  1. Angus King
  2. Susan Collins

Maryland

  1. Barbara Mikulski
  2. Ben Cardin

Massachusetts

  1. Ed Markey
  2. Elizabeth Warren

Michigan

  1. Carl Levin
  2. Debbie Stabenow

Minnesota

  1. Al Franken
  2. Amy Klobuchar

Mississippi

  1. Roger Wicker
  2. Thad Cochran

Missouri

  1. Claire McCaskill
  2. Roy Blunt

Montana

  1. John Walsh (Montana)
  2. Jon Tester

Nebraska

  1. Deb Fischer
  2. Mike Johanns

Nevada

  1. Dean Heller
  2. Harry Reid

New Hampshire

  1. Jeanne Shaheen
  2. Kelly Ayotte

New Jersey

  1. Bob Menendez
  2. Cory Booker

New Mexico

  1. Martin Heinrich
  2. Tom Udall

New York

  1. Chuck Schumer
  2. Kirsten Gillibrand

North Carolina

  1. Kay Hagan
  2. Richard Burr

North Dakota

  1. Heidi Heitkamp
  2. John Hoeven

Ohio

  1. Rob Portman
  2. Sherrod Brown

Oklahoma

  1. Jim Inhofe
  2. Tom Coburn

Oregon

  1. Jeff Merkley
  2. Ron Wyden

Pennsylvania

  1. Bob Casey, Jr.
  2. Pat Toomey

Rhode Island

  1. Jack Reed
  2. Sheldon Whitehouse

South Carolina

  1. Lindsey Graham
  2. Tim Scott

South Dakota

  1. John Thune
  2. Tim Johnson, South Dakota

Tennessee

  1. Bob Corker
  2. Lamar Alexander

Texas

  1. John Cornyn
  2. Ted Cruz

Utah

  1. Mike Lee
  2. Orrin Hatch

Vermont

  1. Bernie Sanders
  2. Patrick Leahy

Virginia

  1. Mark Warner
  2. Tim Kaine

Washington

  1. Maria Cantwell
  2. Patty Murray

West Virginia

  1. Jay Rockefeller
  2. Joe Manchin III

Wisconsin

  1. Ron Johnson (Wisconsin)
  2. Tammy Baldwin

Wyoming

  1. John Barrasso
  2. Mike Enzi


The Current House of Representatives

The following is a simple list of the current members of the U.S. Representatives broken down by state.

Alabama

  1. Bradley Byrne
  2. Martha Roby
  3. Mike Rogers (Alabama)
  4. Mo Brooks
  5. Robert Aderholt
  6. Spencer Bachus
  7. Terri Sewell

Alaska

  1. Don Young

Arizona

  1. Ann Kirkpatrick
  2. David Schweikert
  3. Ed Pastor
  4. Kyrsten Sinema
  5. Matt Salmon
  6. Paul Gosar
  7. Raul Grijalva
  8. Ron Barber
  9. Trent Franks

Arkansas

  1. Rick Crawford (Arkansas)
  2. Steve Womack
  3. Tim Griffin
  4. Tom Cotton

California

  1. Adam Schiff
  2. Alan Lowenthal
  3. Ami Bera
  4. Anna Eshoo
  5. Barbara Lee
  6. Brad Sherman
  7. Buck McKeon
  8. Dana Rohrabacher
  9. Darrell Issa
  10. David Valadao
  11. Devin Nunes
  12. Doris Matsui
  13. Doug LaMalfa
  14. Duncan Hunter
  15. Edward Royce
  16. Eric Swalwell
  17. Gary Miller
  18. George Miller
  19. Gloria Negrete McLeod
  20. Grace Napolitano
  21. Henry Waxman
  22. Jackie Speier
  23. Janice Hahn
  24. Jared Huffman
  25. Jeff Denham
  26. Jerry McNerney
  27. Jim Costa
  28. John Campbell (California)
  29. John Garamendi
  30. Juan Vargas
  31. Judy Chu
  32. Julia Brownley
  33. Karen Bass
  34. Ken Calvert
  35. Kevin McCarthy (California)
  36. Linda Sanchez
  37. Lois Capps
  38. Loretta Sanchez
  39. Lucille Roybal-Allard
  40. Mark Takano
  41. Maxine Waters
  42. Mike Honda
  43. Mike Thompson (California)
  44. Nancy Pelosi
  45. Paul Cook (California)
  46. Raul Ruiz
  47. Sam Farr
  48. Scott Peters
  49. Susan Davis
  50. Tom McClintock
  51. Tony Cardenas
  52. Xavier Becerra
  53. Zoe Lofgren

Colorado

  1. Cory Gardner
  2. Diana DeGette
  3. Doug Lamborn
  4. Ed Perlmutter
  5. Jared Polis
  6. Mike Coffman
  7. Scott Tipton

Connecticut

  1. Elizabeth Esty
  2. Jim Himes
  3. Joe Courtney
  4. John Larson
  5. Rosa DeLauro

Delaware

  1. John C. Carney Jr.

Florida

  1. Alan Grayson
  2. Alcee Hastings
  3. Ander Crenshaw
  4. Bill Posey
  5. Corrine Brown
  6. Curt Clawson
  7. Daniel Webster (Florida)
  8. David Jolly
  9. Debbie Wasserman Schultz
  10. Dennis Ross
  11. Frederica Wilson
  12. Gus Bilirakis
  13. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
  14. Jeff Miller (Florida)
  15. Joe Garcia (Florida)
  16. John Mica
  17. Kathy Castor
  18. Lois Frankel
  19. Mario Diaz-Balart
  20. Patrick Murphy (Florida)
  21. Richard Nugent
  22. Ron DeSantis
  23. Steve Southerland II
  24. Ted Deutch
  25. Ted Yoho
  26. Thomas Rooney
  27. Vern Buchanan

Georgia

  1. Austin Scott
  2. David Scott (Georgia)
  3. Doug Collins
  4. Hank Johnson
  5. Jack Kingston
  6. John Barrow
  7. John Lewis (Georgia)
  8. Lynn Westmoreland
  9. Paul Broun
  10. Phil Gingrey
  11. Rob Woodall
  12. Sanford D. Bishop, Jr.
  13. Tom Graves
  14. Tom Price

Hawaii

  1. Colleen Hanabusa
  2. Tulsi Gabbard

Idaho

  1. Michael K. Simpson
  2. Raul Labrador

Illinois

  1. Aaron Schock
  2. Adam Kinzinger
  3. Bill Foster
  4. Bobby Rush
  5. Brad Schneider
  6. Cheri Bustos
  7. Daniel Lipinski
  8. Danny K. Davis
  9. Jan Schakowsky
  10. John Shimkus
  11. Luis Gutierrez
  12. Mike Quigley
  13. Peter Roskam
  14. Randy Hultgren
  15. Robin Kelly
  16. Rodney Davis (Illinois)
  17. Tammy Duckworth
  18. William Enyart

Indiana

  1. Andre Carson
  2. Jackie Walorski
  3. Larry Bucshon
  4. Luke Messer
  5. Marlin Stutzman
  6. Peter Visclosky
  7. Susan Brooks
  8. Todd Rokita
  9. Todd Young

Iowa

  1. Bruce Braley
  2. Dave Loebsack
  3. Steve King (Iowa)
  4. Tom Latham

Kansas

  1. Kevin Yoder
  2. Lynn Jenkins
  3. Mike Pompeo
  4. Tim Huelskamp

Kentucky

  1. Andy Barr
  2. Brett Guthrie
  3. Ed Whitfield
  4. Hal Rogers
  5. John Yarmuth
  6. Thomas Massie

Louisiana

  1. Bill Cassidy
  2. Cedric Richmond
  3. Charles Boustany Jr.
  4. John Fleming (Louisiana)
  5. Steve Scalise
  6. Vance McAllister

Maine

  1. Chellie Pingree
  2. Mike Michaud

Maryland

  1. Andrew Harris
  2. Chris Van Hollen
  3. Donna Edwards
  4. Dutch Ruppersberger
  5. Elijah Cummings
  6. John Delaney
  7. John Sarbanes
  8. Steny Hoyer

Massachusetts

  1. Bill Keating
  2. Jim McGovern (Massachusetts)
  3. John Tierney
  4. Joseph Kennedy III
  5. Katherine Clark
  6. Michael Capuano
  7. Niki Tsongas
  8. Richard Neal
  9. Stephen Lynch

Michigan

  1. Bill Huizenga
  2. Candice Miller
  3. Dan Benishek
  4. Dan Kildee
  5. Dave Camp
  6. Fred Upton
  7. Gary Peters
  8. John Conyers, Jr.
  9. John Dingell
  10. Justin Amash
  11. Kerry Bentivolio
  12. Mike Rogers (Michigan)
  13. Sandy Levin
  14. Tim Walberg

Minnesota

  1. Betty McCollum
  2. Collin Peterson
  3. Erik Paulsen
  4. John Kline
  5. Keith Ellison
  6. Michele Bachmann
  7. Rick Nolan
  8. Tim Walz

Mississippi

  1. Alan Nunnelee
  2. Bennie Thompson
  3. Gregg Harper
  4. Steven Palazzo

Missouri

  1. Ann Wagner
  2. Billy Long
  3. Blaine Luetkemeyer
  4. Emanuel Cleaver
  5. Jason Smith (Missouri representative)
  6. Sam Graves
  7. Vicky Hartzler
  8. William Lacy Clay

Montana

  1. Steve Daines

Nebraska

  1. Adrian Smith
  2. Jeff Fortenberry
  3. Lee Terry

Nevada

  1. Dina Titus
  2. Joe Heck
  3. Mark Amodei
  4. Steven Horsford

New Hampshire

  1. Annie Kuster
  2. Carol Shea-Porter

New Jersey

  1. Albio Sires
  2. Bill Pascrell
  3. Chris Smith (New Jersey)
  4. Donald Payne, Jr.
  5. Frank LoBiondo
  6. Frank Pallone
  7. Jon Runyan
  8. Leonard Lance
  9. Rodney Frelinghuysen
  10. Rush D. Holt, Jr.
  11. Scott Garrett

New Mexico

  1. Ben Ray Lujan
  2. Michelle Lujan Grisham
  3. Steve Pearce

New York

  1. Bill Owens
  2. Brian Higgins
  3. Carolyn Maloney
  4. Carolyn McCarthy
  5. Charles Rangel
  6. Chris Collins
  7. Chris Gibson
  8. Dan Maffei
  9. Eliot Engel
  10. Grace Meng
  11. Gregory Meeks
  12. Hakeem Jeffries
  13. Jerrold Nadler
  14. Jose Serrano
  15. Joseph Crowley
  16. Louise Slaughter
  17. Michael Grimm
  18. Nita Lowey
  19. Nydia Velazquez
  20. Paul Tonko
  21. Peter King
  22. Richard Hanna
  23. Sean Maloney
  24. Steve Israel
  25. Tim Bishop
  26. Tom Reed
  27. Yvette Clarke

North Carolina

  1. David Price
  2. G.K. Butterfield
  3. George Holding
  4. Howard Coble
  5. Mark Meadows (North Carolina)
  6. Mike McIntyre
  7. Patrick McHenry
  8. Renee Ellmers
  9. Richard Hudson
  10. Robert Pittenger
  11. Virginia Foxx
  12. Walter Jones

North Dakota

  1. Kevin Cramer

Ohio

  1. Bill Johnson (Ohio)
  2. Bob Gibbs
  3. Bob Latta
  4. Brad Wenstrup
  5. David Joyce
  6. Jim Jordan
  7. Jim Renacci
  8. John Boehner
  9. Joyce Beatty
  10. Marcia Fudge
  11. Marcy Kaptur
  12. Michael Turner (Ohio)
  13. Patrick Tiberi
  14. Steve Chabot
  15. Steve Stivers
  16. Tim Ryan (Ohio)

Oklahoma

  1. Frank Lucas
  2. James Lankford
  3. Jim Bridenstine
  4. Markwayne Mullin
  5. Tom Cole

Oregon

  1. Earl Blumenauer
  2. Greg Walden
  3. Kurt Schrader
  4. Peter DeFazio
  5. Suzanne Bonamici

Pennsylvania

  1. Allyson Schwartz
  2. Bill Shuster
  3. Chaka Fattah
  4. Charlie Dent
  5. Glenn Thompson
  6. Jim Gerlach
  7. Joseph Pitts (Pennsylvania)
  8. Keith Rothfus
  9. Lou Barletta
  10. Matt Cartwright
  11. Michael Doyle (Pennsylvania Congress)
  12. Michael G. Fitzpatrick
  13. Mike Kelly (Pennsylvania)
  14. Patrick Meehan
  15. Robert Brady
  16. Scott Perry
  17. Tim Murphy (Pennsylvania)
  18. Tom Marino

Rhode Island

  1. David Cicilline
  2. Jim Langevin

South Carolina

  1. James E. Clyburn
  2. Jeff Duncan (Congress)
  3. Joe Wilson
  4. Mark Sanford
  5. Mick Mulvaney
  6. Tom Rice (South Carolina)
  7. Trey Gowdy

South Dakota

  1. Kristi Noem

Tennessee

  1. Charles Fleischmann
  2. Diane Black
  3. Jim Cooper (Tennessee)
  4. John Duncan, Jr.
  5. Marsha Blackburn
  6. Phil Roe
  7. Scott DesJarlais
  8. Stephen Lee Fincher
  9. Steve Cohen

Texas

  1. Al Green
  2. Beto O'Rourke
  3. Bill Flores
  4. Blake Farenthold
  5. Eddie Bernice Johnson
  6. Filemon Vela
  7. Gene Green
  8. Henry Cuellar
  9. Jeb Hensarling
  10. Joaquin Castro
  11. Joe Barton
  12. John Carter
  13. John Culberson
  14. Kay Granger
  15. Kenny Marchant
  16. Kevin Brady
  17. Lamar Smith
  18. Lloyd Doggett
  19. Louie Gohmert
  20. Mac Thornberry
  21. Marc Veasey
  22. Michael Burgess
  23. Michael McCaul
  24. Mike Conaway
  25. Pete Gallego
  26. Pete Olson
  27. Pete Sessions
  28. Ralph Hall
  29. Randy Neugebauer
  30. Randy Weber
  31. Roger Williams (Texas)
  32. Ruben Hinojosa
  33. Sam Johnson
  34. Sheila Jackson Lee
  35. Steve Stockman
  36. Ted Poe

Utah

  1. Chris Stewart (Utah)
  2. Jason Chaffetz
  3. Jim Matheson
  4. Rob Bishop

Vermont

  1. Peter Welch

Virginia

  1. Bob Goodlatte
  2. Bobby Scott
  3. Eric Cantor
  4. Frank Wolf
  5. Gerald Connolly
  6. Jim Moran
  7. Morgan Griffith
  8. Randy Forbes
  9. Rob Wittman
  10. Robert Hurt
  11. Scott Rigell

Washington

  1. Adam Smith
  2. Cathy McMorris Rodgers
  3. Dave Reichert
  4. Denny Heck
  5. Derek Kilmer
  6. Doc Hastings
  7. Jaime Herrera Beutler
  8. Jim McDermott (Washington)
  9. Rick Larsen
  10. Suzan DelBene

West Virginia

  1. David McKinley
  2. Nick Rahall
  3. Shelley Moore Capito

Wisconsin

  1. Gwen Moore
  2. Jim Sensenbrenner
  3. Mark Pocan
  4. Paul Ryan
  5. Reid Ribble
  6. Ron Kind
  7. Sean Duffy
  8. Tom Petri

Wyoming

  1. Cynthia Lummis



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