Difference between revisions of "United States House of Representatives"

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The '''United States House of Representatives''', commonly referred to as "the House", is one of the [[Bicameralism|two chambers]] of the [[United States Congress]]; the other is the [[United States Senate|Senate]]. Each state receives representation in the House in proportion to its population but is entitled to at least one Representative. The most populous state, [[California]], currently has 53 representatives. The total number of voting representatives is currently fixed at 435. Each representative serves for a two-year term. The presiding officer of the House is the speaker, and is elected by the members of the house.
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The '''United States House of Representatives''', commonly referred to as "the House", is one of the [[Bicameralism|two chambers]] of the [[United States Congress]]; the other is the [[United States Senate|Senate]].  
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Each state receives representation in the House in proportion to its population but is entitled to at least one Representative. The most populous state, [[California]], currently has 53 representatives. There are seven states with only one representative.
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*[[Alaska]]
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*[[Delaware]]
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*[[Montana]]
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*[[North Dakota]]
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*[[South Dakota]]
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*[[Vermont]]
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*[[Wyoming]]
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The total number of voting representatives is currently fixed at 435. Each representative serves for a two-year term. The presiding officer of the House is the speaker, and is elected by the members of the house.
  
 
Because its members are generally elected from smaller (an average of 693,000 residents as of 2007) and more commonly homogeneous districts than those from the Senate, the House is generally considered to be a more partisan chamber. The House was granted its own exclusive powers: the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach officials, and elect the president in electoral college deadlocks.
 
Because its members are generally elected from smaller (an average of 693,000 residents as of 2007) and more commonly homogeneous districts than those from the Senate, the House is generally considered to be a more partisan chamber. The House was granted its own exclusive powers: the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach officials, and elect the president in electoral college deadlocks.
  
<small>''Portions of this article were adapted from [http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia]''.</small>
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==Qualifications==
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In order to be a member of the U.S. House, a representative must meet the following requirements:<ref>[http://www.house.gov/content/learn/ ''U.S. House Official Website'' "Learn," Accessed October 12, 2011]</ref>
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*At least 25 years old
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*A U.S. citizen for at least seven years
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*A resident of the state he or she represents
  
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Additionally, all 50 states maintain requirements related to running for election. These filing requirements vary, and can include:
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*A filing fee
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*A petition with a minimum number of valid signatures
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==Salary==
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Members of the U.S. House receive $174,000 per year. This figure was most recently adjusted in January 2009, when it was increased from $169,300. Additionally, several positions receive salaries above the baseline level.<ref name="sal">[http://www.house.gov/daily/salaries.htm ''U.S. House'' "Salaries," Accessed October 12, 2011]</ref>
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*Speaker of the House: $223,500<ref name="sal"/>
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*House Majority and Minority leader: $193,400<ref name="sal"/>
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Some historical facts about the salary of U.S. House members:
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*In 1789, members of Congress received $6 per diem<ref name="sal"/>
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*In 1874, members of Congress earned $5,000 per year<ref name="sal"/>
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*In 1990, members of Congress earned $96,600 per year<ref name="sal"/>
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*From 2000-2006, the salary of a member of the U.S. House increased every year, going from $141,300-$165,200 in that time span.<ref name="sal"/>
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
  
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==References==
 
==References==
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{{reflist}}
  
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_House_of_Representatives ''Wikipedia'', United States House of Representatives]
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[[Category:Congress project]]
 
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[[Category:United States Government]]
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Revision as of 08:20, 12 October 2011

The United States House of Representatives, commonly referred to as "the House", is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate.

Each state receives representation in the House in proportion to its population but is entitled to at least one Representative. The most populous state, California, currently has 53 representatives. There are seven states with only one representative.

The total number of voting representatives is currently fixed at 435. Each representative serves for a two-year term. The presiding officer of the House is the speaker, and is elected by the members of the house.

Because its members are generally elected from smaller (an average of 693,000 residents as of 2007) and more commonly homogeneous districts than those from the Senate, the House is generally considered to be a more partisan chamber. The House was granted its own exclusive powers: the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach officials, and elect the president in electoral college deadlocks.

Qualifications

In order to be a member of the U.S. House, a representative must meet the following requirements:[1]

  • At least 25 years old
  • A U.S. citizen for at least seven years
  • A resident of the state he or she represents

Additionally, all 50 states maintain requirements related to running for election. These filing requirements vary, and can include:

  • A filing fee
  • A petition with a minimum number of valid signatures

Salary

Members of the U.S. House receive $174,000 per year. This figure was most recently adjusted in January 2009, when it was increased from $169,300. Additionally, several positions receive salaries above the baseline level.[2]

  • Speaker of the House: $223,500[2]
  • House Majority and Minority leader: $193,400[2]

Some historical facts about the salary of U.S. House members:

  • In 1789, members of Congress received $6 per diem[2]
  • In 1874, members of Congress earned $5,000 per year[2]
  • In 1990, members of Congress earned $96,600 per year[2]
  • From 2000-2006, the salary of a member of the U.S. House increased every year, going from $141,300-$165,200 in that time span.[2]

External links

U.S. House of Representatives website
THOMAS Text archive of all congressional legislation.

See also: United States House of Representatives on Sunshine Review

References