Difference between revisions of "United States House of Representatives"

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*In 1990, members of Congress earned $96,600 per year<ref name="sal"/>
 
*In 1990, members of Congress earned $96,600 per year<ref name="sal"/>
 
*From 2000-2006, the salary of a member of the U.S. House increased every year, going from $141,300-$165,200 in that time span.<ref name="sal"/>
 
*From 2000-2006, the salary of a member of the U.S. House increased every year, going from $141,300-$165,200 in that time span.<ref name="sal"/>
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==Elections==
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Every two years all 435 members of the House are up for election.
 +
===2012===
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::''See also: [[U.S. House elections, 2012]]''
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Elections to the [[U.S. House]] will be held on November 6, 2012. All 435 seats will be up for election.
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
  

Revision as of 09:43, 29 November 2011

The United States House of Representatives, commonly referred to as "the House", is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate.

Each state receives representation in the House in proportion to its population but is entitled to at least one Representative. The most populous state, California, currently has 53 representatives. There are seven states with only one representative.

The total number of voting representatives is currently fixed at 435. Each representative serves for a two-year term. The presiding officer of the House is the speaker, and is elected by the members of the house.

Because its members are generally elected from smaller (an average of 693,000 residents as of 2007) and more commonly homogeneous districts than those from the Senate, the House is generally considered to be a more partisan chamber. The House was granted its own exclusive powers: the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach officials, and elect the president in electoral college deadlocks.

Qualifications

In order to be a member of the U.S. House, a representative must meet the following requirements:[1]

  • At least 25 years old
  • A U.S. citizen for at least seven years
  • A resident of the state he or she represents

Additionally, all 50 states maintain requirements related to running for election. These filing requirements vary, and can include:

  • A filing fee
  • A petition with a minimum number of valid signatures

Salary

Members of the U.S. House receive $174,000 per year. This figure was most recently adjusted in January 2009, when it was increased from $169,300. Additionally, several positions receive salaries above the baseline level.[2]

  • Speaker of the House: $223,500[2]
  • House Majority and Minority leader: $193,400[2]

Some historical facts about the salary of U.S. House members:

  • In 1789, members of Congress received $6 per diem[2]
  • In 1874, members of Congress earned $5,000 per year[2]
  • In 1990, members of Congress earned $96,600 per year[2]
  • From 2000-2006, the salary of a member of the U.S. House increased every year, going from $141,300-$165,200 in that time span.[2]

Elections

Every two years all 435 members of the House are up for election.

2012

See also: U.S. House elections, 2012

Elections to the U.S. House will be held on November 6, 2012. All 435 seats will be up for election.

External links

See also: United States House of Representatives on Sunshine Review

References