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{{UShouse2012toc}}{{tnr}}Elections to the [[U.S. House]] will be held on [[United States Congress elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]. All '''435 seats''' will be up for election.
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{{UShouse2012toc}}{{tnr}}Elections to the [[U.S. House]] were held on [[United States Congress elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]. All '''435 seats''' were up for election.
  
The 2012 elections will be the first using new [[Redistricting in the states|redistricting]] maps based on 2010 Census data. As a result of redistricting, the number of swing races that are competitive is expected to drop below 100.<ref>[http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/politics/story/2012-04-23/redistricting-house-swing-districts/54492050/1 ''USA Today'' "Redistricting takes some of the 'swing' out of House fights," April 23, 2012]</ref> Redistricting was considered a draw between Democrats and Republicans, with both parties gaining advantages in some states.<ref>[http://articles.latimes.com/2012/jan/14/nation/la-na-redistricting-congress-20120114 ''Los Angeles Times'' "Nationally, redistricting looks like a draw between the parties," January 14, 2012]</ref> Democrats will require a net gain of 25 seats to re-take control of the [[United States House of Representatives|U.S. House]]. Because of redistricting, that number may be closer to 30 or 35.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/20/us/politics/north-carolina-a-front-in-democrats-battle-for-house.html?_r=2& ''New York Times'' "New District Maps Toughen Democrats’ Race for House," April 19, 2012]</ref> This year's election could produce the largest class of Latinos to ever enter Congress, while simultaneously showing the biggest increase in total seats held by Latino representatives in the history of the [[United States House of Representatives|House]]. There are 22 incumbent Latinos on the ballot, and as many as nine additional challengers could win, which would bring the total representatives to 31.<ref>[http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/0e1ad9f8dfaf46acb4b6c74c2357b7c0/US--Congress-Latino-Candidates ''The Republic'' "New generation of Latino congressional candidates may make history in House," October 26, 2012]</ref>
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The 2012 elections were the first using new [[Redistricting in the states|redistricting]] maps based on 2010 Census data. As a result of redistricting, the number of swing races that are competitive was expected to drop below 100.<ref>[http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/politics/story/2012-04-23/redistricting-house-swing-districts/54492050/1 ''USA Today'' "Redistricting takes some of the 'swing' out of House fights," April 23, 2012]</ref> Redistricting was considered a draw between Democrats and Republicans, with both parties gaining advantages in some states.<ref>[http://articles.latimes.com/2012/jan/14/nation/la-na-redistricting-congress-20120114 ''Los Angeles Times'' "Nationally, redistricting looks like a draw between the parties," January 14, 2012]</ref> Democrats would have required a net gain of 25 seats to re-take control of the [[United States House of Representatives|U.S. House]].<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/20/us/politics/north-carolina-a-front-in-democrats-battle-for-house.html?_r=2& ''New York Times'' "New District Maps Toughen Democrats’ Race for House," April 19, 2012]</ref> The 2012 election produced the largest class of Latinos to ever enter Congress, while simultaneously showing the biggest increase in total seats held by Latino representatives in the history of the [[United States House of Representatives|House]]. There were 22 incumbent Latinos on the ballot, and as many as nine additional challengers were considered possible to win. A total of 30 Latino members were elected to the [[113th Congress]].<ref>[http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/0e1ad9f8dfaf46acb4b6c74c2357b7c0/US--Congress-Latino-Candidates ''The Republic'' "New generation of Latino congressional candidates may make history in House," October 26, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://abcnews.go.com/ABC_Univision/Politics/texas-democrat-hinojosa-elected-congressional-hispanic-caucus-chairman/story?id=17730735#.UKebcoe5-QK ''ABC News'' "Congressional Hispanic Caucus Elects New Chairman," November 15, 2012]</ref>
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For only the fourth time in 100 years, the party that pulled the most total popular votes nationwide did not win control of the House.<ref>[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-11-16/republicans-can-t-declare-mandate-with-more-democrat-house-votes.html?alcmpid=politics ''Bloomberg'' "Republicans Can't Claim Mandate as Democrats Top House Vote" November 16, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-03-19/republicans-win-congress-as-democrats-get-most-votes.html?alcmpid=politics ''Bloomberg,'' "Republicans Win Congress as Democrats Get Most Votes," March 18, 2013]</ref> Democratic candidates nationwide tallied more votes than Republican candidates. The last time this occurred was in 1952, when Democrats won the popular vote but Republicans won the House. The other two times this phenomenon took place was 1914 and 1942, when Republicans won the popular vote but did not win the most seats.<ref>[http://www.ballot-access.org/2012/11/12/only-four-u-s-house-elections-in-the-last-hundred-years-gave-one-party-a-house-majority-even-though-the-other-major-party-polled-more-votes-for-u-s-house/ ''Ballot Access News'' "Only Four U.S. House Elections in the Last Hundred Years Gave One Party a House Majority, Even Though the Other Major Party Polled More Votes for U.S. House" November 12, 2012]</ref> Republicans were not required to win a single Democratic-leaning district in order to hold their majority, owing to the fact that 241 districts have GOP-leaning populations.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/wiping-out-partisan-bias-in-us-house-elections/2012/11/15/bb8279be-2d2d-11e2-a99d-5c4203af7b7a_story.html/ ''Washington Post'' "Partisan bias in U.S. House elections," November 15, 2012]</ref>
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Following the general election, Democratic candidates held on to nine seats that had a political lean favoring Republicans by 54% or more. This is down from prior to 2010 where Democrats held 32 seats in that same environment. With regards to ticket-splitting, there were 24 districts in which one party's nominee carried the presidential vote and the other party's nominee won the congressional race. All but four of which were won by an incumbent.<ref name="salon">[http://www.salon.com/2013/01/13/the_house_gop_cant_be_beat_its_worse_than_gerrymandering/ ''Salon.com'' "The House GOP can’t be beat: It’s worse than gerrymandering," January 13, 2013]</ref>
  
 
In 2010, 53 incumbents lost to challengers with Republicans swinging 60 total seats in their favor.<ref>[http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2010/11/congress-loses-hundreds-of-years-of-experience---but-vast-majority-of-incumbents-stick-around.html ''PBS'' "Congress Loses Hundreds of Years of Experience - But Majority of Incumbents Stick Around," November 5, 2010]</ref>
 
In 2010, 53 incumbents lost to challengers with Republicans swinging 60 total seats in their favor.<ref>[http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2010/11/congress-loses-hundreds-of-years-of-experience---but-vast-majority-of-incumbents-stick-around.html ''PBS'' "Congress Loses Hundreds of Years of Experience - But Majority of Incumbents Stick Around," November 5, 2010]</ref>
  
 
==Partisan breakdown==
 
==Partisan breakdown==
Heading into the 2012 election, Republicans are the majority party in the [[U.S. House]]. A total of 218 seats are needed for a majority. Republicans can lose as many as 24 seats in the November election and still maintain control of the chamber. Democrats need to win at least 25 seats to take back the partisan advantage.
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Heading into the 2012 election, Republicans were the majority party in the [[U.S. House]]. A total of 218 seats were needed for a majority. Republicans could have lost as many as 24 seats in the November election and still maintained control of the chamber. Democrats needed to win at least 25 seats to take back the partisan advantage.
 
{{USHousepartisan12}}
 
{{USHousepartisan12}}
  
A ''Washington Post'' article in May 2012 indicated that the Republican House majority was no guarantee, based on polls indicated the vulnerability of some incumbents in neutral districts.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/post/why-the-gops-house-majority-isnt-safe/2012/05/30/gJQARXI52U_blog.html ''Washington Post'' "Why the GOP’s House majority isn’t safe," May 31, 2012]</ref> A ''Politico'' story in May 2012 pointed to [[United States House of Representatives elections in California, 2012|California]] as the likely state that will determine whether Democrats win control of the House.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0512/76468.html ''Politico'' "Democrats look to California in bid to retake House," May 17, 2012]</ref> An October 24, 2012 article in ''Bloomberg Businessweek'' indicated that Republicans were in a "strong position" to retain their majority in the House. Political analysts predicted that Democrats could gain up to 10 seats on election night.<ref>[http://www.businessweek.com/news/2012-10-24/republicans-in-strong-position-to-keep-u-dot-s-dot-house-control ''Businessweek'' "Republicans in Strong Position to Keep U.S. House Control," October 24, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-250_162-57544623/control-of-the-house-and-redistrictings-effect/ ''CBS News'' "Control of the House and redistricting's effect," November 4, 2012]</ref>
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A ''Washington Post'' article in May 2012 indicated that the Republican House majority was no guarantee, based on polls indicated the vulnerability of some incumbents in neutral districts.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/post/why-the-gops-house-majority-isnt-safe/2012/05/30/gJQARXI52U_blog.html ''Washington Post'' "Why the GOP’s House majority isn’t safe," May 31, 2012]</ref> A ''Politico'' story in May 2012 pointed to [[United States House of Representatives elections in California, 2012|California]] as the likely state that would determine whether Democrats win control of the House.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0512/76468.html ''Politico'' "Democrats look to California in bid to retake House," May 17, 2012]</ref> An October 24, 2012, article in ''Bloomberg Businessweek'' indicated that Republicans were in a "strong position" to retain their majority in the House. Political analysts predicted that Democrats could gain up to 10 seats on election night.<ref>[http://www.businessweek.com/news/2012-10-24/republicans-in-strong-position-to-keep-u-dot-s-dot-house-control ''Businessweek'' "Republicans in Strong Position to Keep U.S. House Control," October 24, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-250_162-57544623/control-of-the-house-and-redistrictings-effect/ ''CBS News'' "Control of the House and redistricting's effect," November 4, 2012]</ref> A ''Salon'' article highlighted that while Democratic candidates won more than a million votes over Republican candidates in the 2012 general election, most of the votes were clustered around urban areas as opposed being broadly dispersed across the country. There are 47 districts with a partisan divide of 70 percent to 30 percent in favor of Democrats. Only 23 such districts exist on the Republican side. Of the 16 districts where the partisan divide is 80% to 20% or more, Democrats represent 15 of them.<ref name="salon"/>
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==Margin of victory==
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{{US House MOV 2012}}
 
==Retiring incumbents==
 
==Retiring incumbents==
As of {{#time: l, F j, Y}}, Ballotpedia staff have counted '''42 total current incumbents''' who are not running for re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 elections]].
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Ballotpedia staff counted '''42 total current incumbents''' who did not run for re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 elections]].
 
*{{bluedot}} 23 Democrats
 
*{{bluedot}} 23 Democrats
 
*{{reddot}} 19 Republicans
 
*{{reddot}} 19 Republicans
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==Defeated incumbents==
 
==Defeated incumbents==
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===Primary===
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{{#dpl:
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|category = 2012 general election (defeated)
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|category = U.S. House candidate, 2012
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|category = 2012 incumbent
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|include = {Polinfobox}:Name, {Polinfobox}:Political party, {Polinfobox}:Position
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|format = <table border="1" class="wikitable sortable"><tr><th>Name:</th><th>Party:</th><th>Current office:</th></tr>,<tr>\n,</tr>,</table>
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|secseparators = <td>[[%PAGE%{{!}},]]</td>,<td>{{Party dot switch{{!}}Party = ,}}</td>,<td style="text-align:center">{{Cong switch2{{!}}District=,{{!}}Chamber={{{chamber}}} }}</td>,
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|notnamespace = Template
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|resultsheader = A total of %PAGES% incumbents were defeated in the November 6, 2012 general election.
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|noresultsheader=No officials have been added to this category yet.
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}}
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===Primary===
 
In 2012, a total of 13 incumbents were defeated in U.S. House primaries. They are:
 
In 2012, a total of 13 incumbents were defeated in U.S. House primaries. They are:
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:480px;"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:480px;"
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|}
 
|}
 
===Vulnerable incumbents===
 
===Vulnerable incumbents===
Across the country, media and experts publish stories frequently that chronicle the incumbents that are in danger for losing their bid for re-election. Some of those incumbents mentioned include:
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Across the country, media and experts published stories that chronicled the incumbents that were in danger of losing their bid for re-election. Some of those incumbents mentioned included:
 
{{colbegin|3}}
 
{{colbegin|3}}
 
*{{reddot}} [[Adam Kinzinger]]<ref name="wapo1">[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/post/2012-redistricting-top-10-matchups-between-incumbents/2012/01/13/gIQABF2jwP_blog.html ''Washington Post'' "2012 redistricting: Top 10 matchups between incumbents," January 13, 2012]</ref>
 
*{{reddot}} [[Adam Kinzinger]]<ref name="wapo1">[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/post/2012-redistricting-top-10-matchups-between-incumbents/2012/01/13/gIQABF2jwP_blog.html ''Washington Post'' "2012 redistricting: Top 10 matchups between incumbents," January 13, 2012]</ref>
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==Primaries==
 
==Primaries==
The state primaries listed by month are as follows:
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The state primaries listed by month were as follows:
 
{{Cong primaries colored by month12}}
 
{{Cong primaries colored by month12}}
 
{{colbegin|3}}
 
{{colbegin|3}}
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::''See also: [[List of candidates running in U.S. Congress elections, 2012]]
 
::''See also: [[List of candidates running in U.S. Congress elections, 2012]]
  
More than 2,400 candidates filed to run for election to the U.S. House in 2012. For a list of all candidates running for office by state, see [[List of candidates running in U.S. Congress elections, 2012|this page]].
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More than 2,400 candidates filed to run for election to the U.S. House in 2012. For a list of all candidates who ran for office by state, see [[List of candidates running in U.S. Congress elections, 2012|this page]].
 
===Democratic and Republican targets===
 
===Democratic and Republican targets===
The two political organizations that support each party's U.S. House candidates -- the [[Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee]] and the [[National Republican Congressional Committee]] -- each release lists targeting various districts across the nation. Here are the organizations lists. Winners will be updated on election night.<ref>[http://www.electgoppatriots.org/candidates/ ''NRCC'' "Patriot Program 2012"]</ref><ref>[http://gopyoungguns.com/candidates/ ''NRCC'' "Young Guns 2012"]</ref><ref>[http://www.dccc.org/pages/redtoblue ''DCCC,'' "Red to Blue 2012"]</ref>
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The two political organizations that support each party's U.S. House candidates - the [[Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee]] and the [[National Republican Congressional Committee]] - released lists targeting various districts across the nation. Here are the organizations' lists including success rates in the [[United States Congressional election results, 2012|2012 election]].<ref>[http://www.electgoppatriots.org/candidates/ ''NRCC'' "Patriot Program 2012"]</ref><ref>[http://gopyoungguns.com/candidates/ ''NRCC'' "Young Guns 2012"]</ref><ref>[http://www.dccc.org/pages/redtoblue ''DCCC,'' "Red to Blue 2012"]</ref>
 
====Red to Blue====
 
====Red to Blue====
 
{{DCCC Red to Blue table, 2012|collapsed=collapsed}}
 
{{DCCC Red to Blue table, 2012|collapsed=collapsed}}
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==Campaign finance==
 
==Campaign finance==
More than $1 billion was spent by candidates, political parties, and special interest groups during the 2012 election cycle.<ref>[http://azdailysun.com/news/national/govt-and-politics/gop-likely-to-hold-house-after-b-campaign/article_48591ceb-7118-54f3-ae8e-635f049eb490.html ''Arizona Daily Sun'' "GOP likely to hold House after $1B campaign," November 3, 2012]</ref>
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More than $1 billion was spent by candidates, political parties, and special interest groups during the 2012 election cycle.<ref>[http://azdailysun.com/news/national/govt-and-politics/gop-likely-to-hold-house-after-b-campaign/article_48591ceb-7118-54f3-ae8e-635f049eb490.html ''Arizona Daily Sun'' "GOP likely to hold House after $1B campaign," November 3, 2012]</ref> Republican-leaning organizations spent $102 million on U.S. House races during the 2012 cycle while Democratic organizations spent $79 million.<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/10/democratic-super-pacs-red_n_2104668.html?utm_hp_ref=mostpopular ''Huffington Post'' "Democratic Super PACs Trim Conservative Advantage In Congressional Races," November 10, 2012]</ref> According to the ''Sunlight Foundation'', the [[DCCC]] spent $61,741,050 on the 2012 elections. Of those funds, 47.78 percent achieved the desired result, based on ''Sunlight Foundation'' analysis. The [[NRCC]] spent $64,653,292 on the 2012 elections. Of those funds, 31.88 percent achieved the desired result.<ref>[http://reporting.sunlightfoundation.com/2012/return_on_investment/ ''Sunlight Foundation'' "Outside spenders' return on investment," November 9, 2012]</ref>
  
After the first 15 months of the 2012 election cycle, candidates for the [[U.S. House]] had raised more than $566 million. That sum is $57 million more than the same point in 2010, and double the level at the same point in the election cycle as the 2002 races. Of that $566 million, Republicans have raised $335 million while Democrats raised $221 million. The 2010 campaign set a fundraising record of $1.1 billion.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0712/78563.html ''Politico'' "House candidates raise more than $566M," July 16, 2012]</ref> In April 2012, House Democrats reserved more than $32 million in ad time in districts across the country. The reservations by the [[Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee]] included 14 states, predominantly swing states. Headlining the spending was $8 million in Florida and $3 million in Ohio.<ref>[http://www.deseretnews.com/article/765569657/House-Democrats-reserve-32-million-in-ad-time.html ''Desert News'' "House Democrats reserve $32 million in ad time," April 18, 2012]</ref> As of November 3, 2012, 26 races had seen more than $5 million in outside spending. In 2010, there were only two such races.<ref>[http://www.cfinst.org/Press/PReleases/12-11-02/CFI_s_2012_Independent_Spending_Update_for_November_2nd.aspx ''Campaign Finance Institute'' "INDEPENDENT SPENDING TOPS $5 MILLION IN 26 HOUSE RACES, UP FROM ONLY 2 IN 2010," November 2, 2012]</ref>  
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After the first 15 months of the 2012 election cycle, candidates for the [[U.S. House]] had raised more than $566 million. That sum is $57 million more than the same point in 2010, and double the level at the same point in the election cycle as the 2002 races. Of that $566 million, Republicans raised $335 million while Democrats raised $221 million. The 2010 campaign set a fundraising record of $1.1 billion.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0712/78563.html ''Politico'' "House candidates raise more than $566M," July 16, 2012]</ref> In April 2012, House Democrats reserved more than $32 million in ad time in districts across the country. The reservations by the [[Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee]] included 14 states, predominantly swing states. Headlining the spending was $8 million in Florida and $3 million in Ohio.<ref>[http://www.deseretnews.com/article/765569657/House-Democrats-reserve-32-million-in-ad-time.html ''Desert News'' "House Democrats reserve $32 million in ad time," April 18, 2012]</ref> As of November 3, 2012, 26 races had seen more than $5 million in outside spending. In 2010, there were only two such races.<ref>[http://www.cfinst.org/Press/PReleases/12-11-02/CFI_s_2012_Independent_Spending_Update_for_November_2nd.aspx ''Campaign Finance Institute'' "INDEPENDENT SPENDING TOPS $5 MILLION IN 26 HOUSE RACES, UP FROM ONLY 2 IN 2010," November 2, 2012]</ref>  
  
 
In September 2012, the [[NRCC]] raised $12.4 million and had $29.5 million cash on hand.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/wp/2012/10/10/nrcc-raises-12-4-million-in-september/ ''Washington Post'' "," NRCC raises $12.4 million in September," October 10, 2012]</ref>
 
In September 2012, the [[NRCC]] raised $12.4 million and had $29.5 million cash on hand.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/wp/2012/10/10/nrcc-raises-12-4-million-in-september/ ''Washington Post'' "," NRCC raises $12.4 million in September," October 10, 2012]</ref>
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===October===
 
===October===
In October 2012, the [[House Majority PAC]] announced $8.4 million of ads in nine states targeted Republican candidates. The nine states are [[United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona, 2012|Arizona]], [[United States House of Representatives elections in Indiana, 2012|Indiana]], [[United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2012|Missouri]], [[United States House of Representatives elections in Montana, 2012|Montana]], [[United States House of Representatives elections in North Dakota, 2012|North Dakota]], [[United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia, 2012|Virginia]], [[United States House of Representatives elections in Ohio, 2012|Ohio]], [[United States House of Representatives elections in Connecticut, 2012|Connecticut]], and [[United States House of Representatives elections in Nevada, 2012|Nevada]].<ref>[http://www.majority2012.com/2012/10/news/releases/expanding-the-senate-map-majority-pac-launches-8-4-million-nine-state-campaign/ ''Majority PAC 2012'' "EXPANDING THE SENATE MAP, MAJORITY PAC LAUNCHES $8.4 MILLION, NINE-STATE CAMPAIGN," October 2012]</ref>  The House Majority PAC also reported raising $5.9 million in September, a number which it hopes to double in October.<ref name=spac>[http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/10/19/democratic-money-pours-into-super-pacs/?ref=politics ''The New York Times,'' "With Growing Willingness, Donors Come to Aid of Democratic 'Super PACs'," October 19, 2012]</ref>
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In October 2012, the [[House Majority PAC]] announced $8.4 million of ads in nine states targeting Republican candidates. The nine states were [[United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona, 2012|Arizona]], [[United States House of Representatives elections in Indiana, 2012|Indiana]], [[United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2012|Missouri]], [[United States House of Representatives elections in Montana, 2012|Montana]], [[United States House of Representatives elections in North Dakota, 2012|North Dakota]], [[United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia, 2012|Virginia]], [[United States House of Representatives elections in Ohio, 2012|Ohio]], [[United States House of Representatives elections in Connecticut, 2012|Connecticut]], and [[United States House of Representatives elections in Nevada, 2012|Nevada]].<ref>[http://www.majority2012.com/2012/10/news/releases/expanding-the-senate-map-majority-pac-launches-8-4-million-nine-state-campaign/ ''Majority PAC 2012'' "EXPANDING THE SENATE MAP, MAJORITY PAC LAUNCHES $8.4 MILLION, NINE-STATE CAMPAIGN," October 2012]</ref>  The House Majority PAC also reported raising $5.9 million in September, a number which it hoped to double in October.<ref name=spac>[http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/10/19/democratic-money-pours-into-super-pacs/?ref=politics ''The New York Times,'' "With Growing Willingness, Donors Come to Aid of Democratic 'Super PACs'," October 19, 2012]</ref>
  
On October 24, 2012, the [[Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee|DCCC]] borrowed $17 million to spend during the remainder of the [[United States House of Representatives elections, 2012|2012 elections]]. First reported in ''Politico'', the money is intended to balance out the bombardment of GOP ads in the media.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/news/stories/1012/82833.html#ixzz2AFdnnoeo ''Politico'' "Democrats borrow $17 million for final House push," October 24, 2012]</ref> According to a report in ''The Washington Post'', House Republicans have been able to spend more money during the election cycle.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/election-2012/wp/2012/10/24/democrats-borrow-17-million-for-house-races/ ''Washington Post'' "Democrats borrow $17 million for House races," October 24, 2012]</ref>
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On October 24, 2012, the [[Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee|DCCC]] borrowed $17 million to spend during the remainder of the [[United States House of Representatives elections, 2012|2012 elections]]. First reported in ''Politico'', the money was intended to balance out the bombardment of GOP ads in the media.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/news/stories/1012/82833.html#ixzz2AFdnnoeo ''Politico'' "Democrats borrow $17 million for final House push," October 24, 2012]</ref> According to a report in ''The Washington Post'', House Republicans have been able to spend more money during the election cycle.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/election-2012/wp/2012/10/24/democrats-borrow-17-million-for-house-races/ ''Washington Post'' "Democrats borrow $17 million for House races," October 24, 2012]</ref>
  
 
====Quarterly reports====
 
====Quarterly reports====
 
On October 15, 2012, quarterly reports were submitted by campaigns to the [[Federal Election Commission]]. The political blog ''Daily Kos'' did an analysis of the fundraising figures, specifically looking at three areas:<ref>[http://www.dailykos.com/story/2012/10/18/1145099/-Third-quarter-House-fundraising-who-s-got-the-cash?detail=hide ''Daily Kos'' "Third quarter House fundraising: who's got the cash?" October 18, 2012]</ref>
 
On October 15, 2012, quarterly reports were submitted by campaigns to the [[Federal Election Commission]]. The political blog ''Daily Kos'' did an analysis of the fundraising figures, specifically looking at three areas:<ref>[http://www.dailykos.com/story/2012/10/18/1145099/-Third-quarter-House-fundraising-who-s-got-the-cash?detail=hide ''Daily Kos'' "Third quarter House fundraising: who's got the cash?" October 18, 2012]</ref>
  
1) Races where challengers outraised an incumbent in the third quarter: 24 races qualify -- 17 Democratic challengers and seven Republican challengers outraised their incumbent opponent.
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1) Races where challengers outraised an incumbent in the third quarter: 24 races qualified -- 17 Democratic challengers and seven Republican challengers outraised their incumbent opponent.
  
Of the 24 races, the challenger was victorious in 11 of them, 8 D, 3 R, with 2 pending.
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Of the 24 races, the challenger was victorious in 11 of them, 8 D, 3 R, with 2 races still to be called.
  
 
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:950px;"
 
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:950px;"
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! style="background-color:#FF4F00; color: white;" |'''Funds in Q3'''
 
! style="background-color:#FF4F00; color: white;" |'''Funds in Q3'''
 
|-
 
|-
| [[California's 7th congressional district elections, 2012|CA-07]]||[[Ami Bera]]||{{bluedot}}||$730,000||[[Dan Lungren]]||{{reddot}}||$510,000||''too close to call''
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| [[California's 7th congressional district elections, 2012|CA-07]]||[[Ami Bera]]||{{bluedot}}||$730,000||[[Dan Lungren]]||{{reddot}}||$510,000||{{bluedot}} [[Ami Bera]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[California's 9th congressional district elections, 2012|CA-09]]||[[Ricky Gill]]||{{reddot}}||$727,000||[[Jerry McNerney]]||{{bluedot}}||$523,000||{{bluedot}} [[Jerry McNerney]]
 
| [[California's 9th congressional district elections, 2012|CA-09]]||[[Ricky Gill]]||{{reddot}}||$727,000||[[Jerry McNerney]]||{{bluedot}}||$523,000||{{bluedot}} [[Jerry McNerney]]
Line 352: Line 372:
 
| [[California's 10th congressional district elections, 2012|CA-10]]||[[Jose Hernandez]]||{{bluedot}}||$493,000||[[Jeff Denham]]||{{reddot}}||$317,000||{{reddot}} [[Jeff Denham]]
 
| [[California's 10th congressional district elections, 2012|CA-10]]||[[Jose Hernandez]]||{{bluedot}}||$493,000||[[Jeff Denham]]||{{reddot}}||$317,000||{{reddot}} [[Jeff Denham]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[California's 36th congressional district elections, 2012|CA-36]]||[[Raul Ruiz]]||{{bluedot}}||$540,000||[[Mary Bono Mack]]||{{reddot}}||$381,000||''too close to call''
+
| [[California's 36th congressional district elections, 2012|CA-36]]||[[Raul Ruiz]]||{{bluedot}}||$540,000||[[Mary Bono Mack]]||{{reddot}}||$381,000||{{bluedot}} [[Raul Ruiz]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Florida's 10th congressional district elections, 2012|FL-10]]||[[Val Demings]]||{{bluedot}}||$503,000||[[Daniel Webster]]||{{reddot}}||$207,000||{{reddot}} [[Daniel Webster]]
 
| [[Florida's 10th congressional district elections, 2012|FL-10]]||[[Val Demings]]||{{bluedot}}||$503,000||[[Daniel Webster]]||{{reddot}}||$207,000||{{reddot}} [[Daniel Webster]]
Line 395: Line 415:
 
|}
 
|}
  
2) Races where challengers have more cash-on-hand than the incumbent: 10 races qualify -- six Democratic challengers and four Republican challengers have more cash-on-hand than their incumbent opponent.
+
2) Races where challengers had more cash-on-hand than the incumbent: 10 races qualified -- six Democratic challengers and four Republican challengers had more cash-on-hand than their incumbent opponent.
  
 
Of the 10 races, the challenger was victorious in 4 of them, 4 D, 0 R.
 
Of the 10 races, the challenger was victorious in 4 of them, 4 D, 0 R.
Line 436: Line 456:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|}
 
|}
3) Races that are incumbent-vs-incumbent: Five incumbent-vs-incumbent races remain.
+
3) Races that were incumbent-vs-incumbent: Five incumbent-vs-incumbent races remain.
 
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:950px;"
 
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:950px;"
 
|-
 
|-
Line 461: Line 481:
 
|[[Iowa's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012| IA-03]]||[[Tom Latham]]||{{reddot}}||$487,000||$1,510,000||[[Leonard Boswell]]||{{bluedot}}||$300,000||$226,000||{{reddot}} [[Tom Latham]]
 
|[[Iowa's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012| IA-03]]||[[Tom Latham]]||{{reddot}}||$487,000||$1,510,000||[[Leonard Boswell]]||{{bluedot}}||$300,000||$226,000||{{reddot}} [[Tom Latham]]
 
|-
 
|-
|[[Louisiana's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012| LA-03]]||[[Charles Boustany]]||{{reddot}}||$602,000||$1,268,000||[[Jeff Landry]]||{{reddot}}||$404,000||$755,000||''will go to runoff''
+
|[[Louisiana's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012| LA-03]]||[[Charles Boustany]]||{{reddot}}||$602,000||$1,268,000||[[Jeff Landry]]||{{reddot}}||$404,000||$755,000||{{reddot}} [[Charles Boustany]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Ohio's 16th congressional district elections, 2012| OH-16]]||[[Betty Sutton]]||{{bluedot}}||$594,000||$1,214,000||[[Jim Renacci]]||{{reddot}}||$551,000||$1,021,000||{{reddot}} [[Jim Renacci]]
 
|[[Ohio's 16th congressional district elections, 2012| OH-16]]||[[Betty Sutton]]||{{bluedot}}||$594,000||$1,214,000||[[Jim Renacci]]||{{reddot}}||$551,000||$1,021,000||{{reddot}} [[Jim Renacci]]
Line 467: Line 487:
  
 
====DCCC====
 
====DCCC====
As of July 14, the [[Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee|DCCC]] had raised $96,754,717 and spent $70,064,229, leaving $27,496,113 cash on hand.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/parties/totals.php?cycle=2012&cmte=DCCC ''Open Secrets'' "Total Raised," Accessed July 14, 2012]</ref> Aas of October 2012, the DCCC had raised $53.3 million from small donations during the election cycle -- which was $15 million more than during the entire 2010 election.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/wp/2012/10/11/in-a-super-pac-world-democrats-win-using-small-donors/ ''Washington Post'' "In a super PAC world, Democrats win using small donors," October 10, 2012]</ref>
+
As of July 14, 2012, the [[Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee|DCCC]] had raised $96,754,717 and spent $70,064,229, leaving $27,496,113 cash on hand.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/parties/totals.php?cycle=2012&cmte=DCCC ''Open Secrets'' "Total Raised," Accessed July 14, 2012]</ref> As of October 2012, the DCCC had raised $53.3 million from small donations during the election cycle -- which was $15 million more than during the entire 2010 election.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/wp/2012/10/11/in-a-super-pac-world-democrats-win-using-small-donors/ ''Washington Post'' "In a super PAC world, Democrats win using small donors," October 10, 2012]</ref>
  
 
====NRCC====
 
====NRCC====
 
In October 2012, the [[National Republican Congressional Committee|NRCC]] launched 16 new ads for a total spending of more than $6 million. The purchases were in the following districts:<ref>[http://atr.rollcall.com/nrcc-launches-more-than-6-million-worth-of-ads/ ''Roll Call'' "NRCC Launches More Than $6 Million Worth of Ads," October 14, 2012]</ref>
 
In October 2012, the [[National Republican Congressional Committee|NRCC]] launched 16 new ads for a total spending of more than $6 million. The purchases were in the following districts:<ref>[http://atr.rollcall.com/nrcc-launches-more-than-6-million-worth-of-ads/ ''Roll Call'' "NRCC Launches More Than $6 Million Worth of Ads," October 14, 2012]</ref>
*[[California's 7th congressional district elections, 2012|California's 7th District]]:  $560,000 in the Sacramento media market for a week, attacking physician [[Ami Bera]] (D), who is taking on incumbent [[Dan Lungren]] (R)
+
*[[California's 7th congressional district elections, 2012|California's 7th District]]:  $560,000 in the Sacramento media market for a week, attacking physician [[Ami Bera]] (D), who took on incumbent [[Dan Lungren]] (R)
*[[California's 9th congressional district elections, 2012|California's 9th District]]:  $560,000 in the Sacramento media market for a week, attacking incumbent [[Jerry McNerney]] (D), who faces recent law school graduate [[Ricky Gill]] (R)
+
*[[California's 9th congressional district elections, 2012|California's 9th District]]:  $560,000 in the Sacramento media market for a week, attacking incumbent [[Jerry McNerney]] (D), who faced recent law school graduate [[Ricky Gill]] (R)
*[[California's 24th congressional district elections, 2012|California's 24th District]]:  $115,000 in the Santa Barbara media market for a week, attacking incumbent [[Lois Capps]] (D), who faces former Lt. Gov. [[Abel Maldonado]] (R)
+
*[[California's 24th congressional district elections, 2012|California's 24th District]]:  $115,000 in the Santa Barbara media market for a week, attacking incumbent [[Lois Capps]] (D), who faced former Lt. Gov. [[Abel Maldonado]] (R)
*[[California's 52nd congressional district elections, 2012|California's 52nd District]]:  $400,000 in the Santa Diego media market for a week, attacking San Diego Port Commissioner [[Scott Peters]], who is taking on incumbent [[Brian Bilbray]] (R)
+
*[[California's 52nd congressional district elections, 2012|California's 52nd District]]:  $400,000 in the Santa Diego media market for a week, attacking San Diego Port Commissioner [[Scott Peters]], who took on incumbent [[Brian Bilbray]] (R)
*[[Colorado's 6th congressional district elections, 2012|Colorado's 7th District]]:  $560,000 in the Denver media market for a week, attacking state incumbent [[Joe Miklosi]] (D), who is taking on incumbent [[Mike Coffman]] (R)
+
*[[Colorado's 6th congressional district elections, 2012|Colorado's 7th District]]:  $560,000 in the Denver media market for a week, attacking state incumbent [[Joe Miklosi]] (D), who took on incumbent [[Mike Coffman]] (R)
*[[Georgia's 12th congressional district elections, 2012|Georgia's 12th District]]:  $192,000 in the Savannah and Augusta media markets for a week, attacking incumbent [[John Barrow]] (D), who faces state incumbent [[Lee Anderson]] (R)
+
*[[Georgia's 12th congressional district elections, 2012|Georgia's 12th District]]:  $192,000 in the Savannah and Augusta media markets for a week, attacking incumbent [[John Barrow]] (D), who faced state incumbent [[Lee Anderson]] (R)
*[[Illinois' 11th congressional district elections, 2012|Illinois' 11th District]]:  $900,000 in the Chicago media market over two weeks, attacking former representative [[Bill Foster]] (D), who is taking on incumbent [[Judy Biggert]] (R)
+
*[[Illinois' 11th congressional district elections, 2012|Illinois' 11th District]]:  $900,000 in the Chicago media market over two weeks, attacking former representative [[Bill Foster]] (D), who took on incumbent [[Judy Biggert]] (R)
*[[Michigan's 1st congressional district elections, 2012|Michigan's 1st District]]: $144,000 in the Marquette and Traverse City media markets for a week, attacking former state incumbent [[Gary McDowell]] (D), who is taking on freshman incumbent [[Dan Benishek]] (R)
+
*[[Michigan's 1st congressional district elections, 2012|Michigan's 1st District]]: $144,000 in the Marquette and Traverse City media markets for a week, attacking former state incumbent [[Gary McDowell]] (D), who took on freshman incumbent [[Dan Benishek]] (R)
*[[Minnesota's 8th congressional district elections, 2012|Minnesota's 8th District]]: $426,000 in the Minneapolis media market over two weeks, attacking former representative [[Rick Nolan]] (D), who is taking on freshman incumbent [[Chip Cravaack]] (R)
+
*[[Minnesota's 8th congressional district elections, 2012|Minnesota's 8th District]]: $426,000 in the Minneapolis media market over two weeks, attacking former representative [[Rick Nolan]] (D), who took on freshman incumbent [[Chip Cravaack]] (R)
*[[Nevada's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012|Nevada's 3rd District]]:  $426,000 in the Las Vegas media market over two weeks, attacking state Speaker [[John Oceguera]] (D), who is taking on freshman incumbent [[Joe Heck]] (R)
+
*[[Nevada's 3rd congressional district elections, 2012|Nevada's 3rd District]]:  $426,000 in the Las Vegas media market over two weeks, attacking state Speaker [[John Oceguera]] (D), who took on freshman incumbent [[Joe Heck]] (R)
*[[New York's 19th congressional district elections, 2012|New York's 19th District]]:  $326,000 in the Albany media market over two weeks, attacking attorney [[Julian Schreibman]] (D), who is taking on freshman incumbent [[Chris Gibson]] (R)
+
*[[New York's 19th congressional district elections, 2012|New York's 19th District]]:  $326,000 in the Albany media market over two weeks, attacking attorney [[Julian Schreibman]] (D), who took on freshman incumbent [[Chris Gibson]] (R)
*[[Ohio's 6th congressional district elections, 2012|Ohio's 6th District]]:  $231,000 in the Youngstown and Wheeling, W.V. media markets for a week, attacking former representative [[Charlie Wilson]] (D), who is taking on freshman incumbent [[Bill Johnson]] (R)
+
*[[Ohio's 6th congressional district elections, 2012|Ohio's 6th District]]:  $231,000 in the Youngstown and Wheeling, W.V. media markets for a week, attacking former representative [[Charlie Wilson]] (D), who took on freshman incumbent [[Bill Johnson]] (R)
*[[Ohio's 16th congressional district elections, 2012|Ohio's 16th District]]:  $517,000 in the Cleveland media market for a week, attacking incumbent [[Betty Sutton]] (D), who faces freshman incumbent [[Jim Renacci]] in an incumbent vs. incumbent battle
+
*[[Ohio's 16th congressional district elections, 2012|Ohio's 16th District]]:  $517,000 in the Cleveland media market for a week, attacking incumbent [[Betty Sutton]] (D), who faced freshman incumbent [[Jim Renacci]] in an incumbent vs. incumbent battle
*[[Texas' 23rd congressional district elections, 2012|Texas' 23rd District]]:  $315,000 in the San Antonio media market for a week, attacking state incumbent [[Pete Gallego]] (D), who is taking on freshman incumbent [[Francisco "Quico" Canseco]] (R)
+
*[[Texas' 23rd congressional district elections, 2012|Texas' 23rd District]]:  $315,000 in the San Antonio media market for a week, attacking state incumbent [[Pete Gallego]] (D), who took on freshman incumbent [[Francisco "Quico" Canseco]] (R)
*[[Utah's 4th congressional district elections, 2012|Utah's 4th District]]:  $250,000 in the Salt Lake City media market for a week, attacking incumbent [[Jim Matheson]] (D), who faces Saratoga Springs Mayor [[Mia Love]]
+
*[[Utah's 4th congressional district elections, 2012|Utah's 4th District]]:  $250,000 in the Salt Lake City media market for a week, attacking incumbent [[Jim Matheson]] (D), who faced Saratoga Springs Mayor [[Mia Love]]
*[[Wisconsin's 7th congressional district elections, 2012|Wisconsin's 7th District]]: $550,000 in the Minneapolis, Minn., and Wausau, Wis., media markets, attacking former state Senate President Pro Tem [[Pat Kreitlow]] (D), who is taking on freshman incumbent [[Sean Duffy]]
+
*[[Wisconsin's 7th congressional district elections, 2012|Wisconsin's 7th District]]: $550,000 in the Minneapolis, Minn., and Wausau, Wis., media markets, attacking former state Senate President Pro Tem [[Pat Kreitlow]] (D), who took on freshman incumbent [[Sean Duffy]]
  
 
==Competitive races==
 
==Competitive races==
 
===RealClearPolitics===
 
===RealClearPolitics===
The website ''RealClearPolitics'' listed 50 districts in order of likelihood to switch party on November 6.  Twenty of the 50 [[U.S. House]] seats most likely to switch party control are currently held by Democrats.  The remaining 30 belong to Republicans.  Those districts are:<ref>[http://www.realclearpolitics.com/epolls/election_2012/battle_for_congress.html ''RealClearPolitics'' "Election 2012: Senate, House & Governor Races," Accessed October 5, 2012]</ref>
+
The website ''RealClearPolitics'' listed 50 districts in order of likelihood to switch party on November 6.  Twenty of the 50 [[U.S. House]] seats most likely to switch party control were held by Democrats.  The remaining 30 belonged to Republicans.  Those districts are listed in the table below.<ref>[http://www.realclearpolitics.com/epolls/election_2012/battle_for_congress.html ''RealClearPolitics'' "Election 2012: Senate, House & Governor Races," Accessed October 5, 2012]</ref>
 
+
  
 +
Of the 20 seats held by the Democrats, 9 flipped. Of the 30 seats held by the GOP, 17 flipped. Of the 50 seats listed, they became 28 D, 22 R.
  
 
{{RealClearPolitics competitive table, 2012}}
 
{{RealClearPolitics competitive table, 2012}}
  
 
===New York Times===
 
===New York Times===
The ''New York Times'' rates the [[United States House of Representatives elections, 2012|U.S. House]] races. There are five possible designations:
+
The ''New York Times'' rated the [[United States House of Representatives elections, 2012|U.S. House]] races. There were five possible designations:
  
 
{{US House NYT Competitive Races Table}}
 
{{US House NYT Competitive Races Table}}
 
===Cook Political Report===
 
===Cook Political Report===
Each month the [[Cook Political Report]] releases race ratings for President, [[U.S. Senate elections, 2012|U.S. Senate]], [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]] (competitive only) and [[Gubernatorial elections, 2012|Governors]]. The races detailed below are only those considered competitive. There are six possible designations. As of October 18, there are '''86 competitive districts'''.<ref>[http://cookpolitical.com/accuracy ''Cook Political Report'' "Our Accuracy," Accessed December 12, 2011]</ref>
+
Each month the [[Cook Political Report]] released race ratings for President, [[U.S. Senate elections, 2012|U.S. Senate]], [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]] (competitive only) and [[Gubernatorial elections, 2012|Governors]]. The races detailed below were only those considered competitive. There were six possible designations.<ref>[http://cookpolitical.com/accuracy ''Cook Political Report'' "Our Accuracy," Accessed December 12, 2011]</ref>
 
{{US House Cook Competitive Races Table}}
 
{{US House Cook Competitive Races Table}}
  
 
===Sabato Crystal Ball===
 
===Sabato Crystal Ball===
Each month the [http://www.centerforpolitics.org/crystalball Crystal Ball] releases race ratings for President, [[U.S. Senate elections, 2012|U.S. Senate]], [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]] (competitive only) and [[Gubernatorial elections, 2012|Governors]]. There are seven possible designations: <ref>[http://cookpolitical.com/accuracy ''Cook Political Report'' "Our Accuracy," Accessed December 12, 2011]</ref>
+
Each month the [http://www.centerforpolitics.org/crystalball Crystal Ball] released race ratings for President, [[U.S. Senate elections, 2012|U.S. Senate]], [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]] (competitive only) and [[Gubernatorial elections, 2012|Governors]]. There were seven possible designations: <ref>[http://cookpolitical.com/accuracy ''Cook Political Report'' "Our Accuracy," Accessed December 12, 2011]</ref>
 
{{col-begin|width=50%}}
 
{{col-begin|width=50%}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
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|}
 
|}
 
===Center for Voting and Democracy===
 
===Center for Voting and Democracy===
The ''Center for Voting and Democracy'' (Fairvote) released its projections in October 2012. According to the organization, there are 177 projected Republican winners, 156 projected Democratic winners, and 102 "no-projection" districts. Additionally:<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/rob-richie/southern-states-republican_b_1959360.html ''Huffington Post'' "Winner Take All and the Great Southern Partisan Reversal, 1990-2010," October 18, 2010]</ref><ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/wp/2012/10/16/how-redistricting-leads-to-a-more-polarized-congress-in-two-charts/ ''Washington Post'' "How redistricting leads to a more partisan Congress — in two charts," October 16, 2012]</ref>
+
The ''Center for Voting and Democracy'' (Fairvote) released its projections in October 2012. According to the organization, there were 177 projected Republican winners, 156 projected Democratic winners, and 102 "no-projection" districts. Additionally:<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/rob-richie/southern-states-republican_b_1959360.html ''Huffington Post'' "Winner Take All and the Great Southern Partisan Reversal, 1990-2010," October 18, 2010]</ref><ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/wp/2012/10/16/how-redistricting-leads-to-a-more-polarized-congress-in-two-charts/ ''Washington Post'' "How redistricting leads to a more partisan Congress — in two charts," October 16, 2012]</ref>
*238 districts have a Republican-tilt in partisanship
+
*238 districts had a Republican-tilt in partisanship
*189 district have a Democratic-tilt in partisanship
+
*189 district had a Democratic-tilt in partisanship
*8 districts are even
+
*8 districts were even
  
According to the study, Republicans are "far better positioned than Democrats to win control of the House."<ref>[http://www.fairvote.org/assets/2012-Redistricting/MP2012Overview.pdf ''Center for Voting and Democracy'' "Elections Projections for 2012" October 2012]</ref>
+
According to the study, Republicans were "far better positioned than Democrats to win control of the House."<ref>[http://www.fairvote.org/assets/2012-Redistricting/MP2012Overview.pdf ''Center for Voting and Democracy'' "Elections Projections for 2012" October 2012]</ref>
  
 
==Redistricting==
 
==Redistricting==
The 2012 elections will be the first using new maps drawn as a result of the 2010 Census. The breakdown of states that won and lost new seats in the Congressional reapportionment are as follows:<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/12/21/us/census-districts.html ''New York Times'' "Census 2010:Gains and Losses in Congress," December 21, 2010]</ref>
+
The 2012 elections were the first using new maps drawn as a result of the 2010 Census. The breakdown of states that won and lost new seats in the Congressional reapportionment is as follows:<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/12/21/us/census-districts.html ''New York Times'' "Census 2010:Gains and Losses in Congress," December 21, 2010]</ref>
  
 
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed" style="background:none; width:70%;"
 
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed" style="background:none; width:70%;"
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|}
 
|}
  
However, while population gains have generally taken place in Republican states, projections show the bulk of the increases are from minorities -- particularly in states like Arizona, Florida and Texas.<ref name="hype">[http://www.nationaljournal.com/columns/on-the-trail/don-t-believe-the-reapportionment-hype-20101223 ''National Journal'' "Don't Believe the Reapportionment Hype," December 23, 2010]</ref> Minorities generally lean Democratic in elections.<ref name="hp">[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/robert-creamer/reapportionment-not-neces_b_799855.html ''Huffington Post'' "Reapportionment not necessarily good news for Republicans," December 21, 2010]</ref> According to an estimate by Salon.com, Republicans could gain 15 new seats nationwide if they chose to impose "brutal" maps.<ref name="salon">[http://www.salon.com/news/politics/barack_obama/?story=/politics/war_room/2010/12/22/obama_redistricting_vra ''Salon'' "How Obama can stop a GOP redistricting bonanza," December 22, 2010]</ref>
+
However, while population gains have generally taken place in Republican states, projections show the bulk of the increases are from minorities -- particularly in states like Arizona, Florida and Texas.<ref name="hype">[http://www.nationaljournal.com/columns/on-the-trail/don-t-believe-the-reapportionment-hype-20101223 ''National Journal'' "Don't Believe the Reapportionment Hype," December 23, 2010]</ref> Minorities generally lean Democratic in elections.<ref name="hp">[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/robert-creamer/reapportionment-not-neces_b_799855.html ''Huffington Post'' "Reapportionment not necessarily good news for Republicans," December 21, 2010]</ref> According to an estimate by Salon.com, Republicans could have gained 15 new seats nationwide if they chose to impose "brutal" maps.<ref name="salon">[http://www.salon.com/news/politics/barack_obama/?story=/politics/war_room/2010/12/22/obama_redistricting_vra ''Salon'' "How Obama can stop a GOP redistricting bonanza," December 22, 2010]</ref>
  
Of the top 10 Congressional districts that need to lose population -- meaning they were the fastest growing districts over the past decade in the country -- all of them were won by a Republican in the 2010 election. That implies, that Republicans will have an easier time spreading their voters across more districts while still managing to try and maintain a safe majority in those overly-populated districts. The most-populated district is the 3rd Congressional seat in [[Nevada]], which has a population of 1,002,482. The least-populated district is the 1st Congressional seat in [[Nebraska]], with 611,333 residents.<ref>[http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/12/21/exurban-growth-should-bolster-g-o-p-in-congressional-redistricting/ ''New York Times'' "Exurban growth should bolster GOP in Congressional redistricting," December 21, 2010]</ref>
+
Of the top 10 Congressional districts that needed to lose population -- meaning they were the fastest growing districts over the past decade in the country -- all of them were won by a Republican in the 2010 election. That implied, that Republicans would have an easier time spreading their voters across more districts while still managing to try and maintain a safe majority in those overly-populated districts. The most-populated district is the 3rd Congressional seat in [[Nevada]], which has a population of 1,002,482. The least-populated district is the 1st Congressional seat in [[Nebraska]], with 611,333 residents.<ref>[http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/12/21/exurban-growth-should-bolster-g-o-p-in-congressional-redistricting/ ''New York Times'' "Exurban growth should bolster GOP in Congressional redistricting," December 21, 2010]</ref>
  
 
According to Mike Shields, the National Republican Congressional Committee’s political director, redistricting "has taken a lot of seats off the table for Democrats."<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/columns/on-the-trail/redistricting-s-dark-matter-20120321?mrefid=freehplead_3 ''National Journal'' "Redistricting’s Dark Matter," March 22, 2012]</ref>
 
According to Mike Shields, the National Republican Congressional Committee’s political director, redistricting "has taken a lot of seats off the table for Democrats."<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/columns/on-the-trail/redistricting-s-dark-matter-20120321?mrefid=freehplead_3 ''National Journal'' "Redistricting’s Dark Matter," March 22, 2012]</ref>
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{{colend}}
 
{{colend}}
  
A report by the Brennan Center for Justice indicates that [[Redistricting in California|California's redistricting]] likely cost the Democrats a chance at taking control of the U.S. House.<ref>[http://www.sacbee.com/2012/10/27/4942014/the-buzz-california-redistricting.html ''Sacramento Bee'' "The Buzz: California redistricting may have doomed Dems' chances of retaking Congress, report suggests," October 27, 2012]</ref> According to the report, Democrats were able to draw 44 congressional seats while Republican legislatures were responsible for 173 seats.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/ezra-klein/wp/2012/10/28/why-redistricting-could-doom-house-democrats/ ''Washington Post'' "Why redistricting could doom House Democrats," October 28, 2012]</ref>
+
A report by the Brennan Center for Justice indicated that [[Redistricting in California|California's redistricting]] likely cost the Democrats a chance at taking control of the U.S. House.<ref>[http://www.sacbee.com/2012/10/27/4942014/the-buzz-california-redistricting.html ''Sacramento Bee'' "The Buzz: California redistricting may have doomed Dems' chances of retaking Congress, report suggests," October 27, 2012]</ref> According to the report, Democrats were able to draw 44 congressional seats while Republican legislatures were responsible for 173 seats.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/ezra-klein/wp/2012/10/28/why-redistricting-could-doom-house-democrats/ ''Washington Post'' "Why redistricting could doom House Democrats," October 28, 2012]</ref>
  
 
==Congressional approval rating==
 
==Congressional approval rating==
Throughout the [[112th Congress]], public sentiment has been critical of the performance of elected officials. On February 8, 2012, Gallup released a poll in which a record-low of 10 percent of Americans approved of Congress. Viewpoints on Democrats and Republicans was equally negative. <ref>[http://www.gallup.com/poll/152528/Congress-Job-Approval-New-Low.aspx ''Gallup News Service'' "Congress' Job Approval at New Low of 10%," February 8, 2012]</ref> "This Congress has been judged by almost everybody as the least productive, most confrontational Congress in a very, very long period of time," said House Minority Whip [[Steny Hoyer]] (D-Maryland).<ref>[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-09-21/congress-exiting-to-campaign-leaving-pileup-of-issues.html ''Bloomberg News'' "Congress exiting to campaign leaving pileup of issues," September 23, 2012]</ref>
+
Throughout the [[112th Congress]], public sentiment was critical of the performance of elected officials. On February 8, 2012, Gallup released a poll in which a record-low of 10 percent of Americans approved of Congress. Viewpoints on Democrats and Republicans were equally negative. <ref>[http://www.gallup.com/poll/152528/Congress-Job-Approval-New-Low.aspx ''Gallup News Service'' "Congress' Job Approval at New Low of 10%," February 8, 2012]</ref> "This Congress has been judged by almost everybody as the least productive, most confrontational Congress in a very, very long period of time," said House Minority Whip [[Steny Hoyer]] (D-Maryland).<ref>[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-09-21/congress-exiting-to-campaign-leaving-pileup-of-issues.html ''Bloomberg News'' "Congress exiting to campaign leaving pileup of issues," September 23, 2012]</ref>
 
{{Poll
 
{{Poll
 
|Title=Do you approve or disapprove of the way Congress is handling its job?
 
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**[http://www.fairvote.org/assets/2012-Redistricting/MP2012RedistrictingAnalysis.pdf Redistricting 2012: The Worst Congressional Map Ever?]
 
**[http://www.fairvote.org/assets/2012-Redistricting/MP2012RedistrictingAnalysis.pdf Redistricting 2012: The Worst Congressional Map Ever?]
 
**[http://www.fairvote.org/assets/2012-Redistricting/MP2012Overview.pdf ''Center for Voting and Democracy'' "Election Projections for 2012"]
 
**[http://www.fairvote.org/assets/2012-Redistricting/MP2012Overview.pdf ''Center for Voting and Democracy'' "Election Projections for 2012"]
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**[http://www.fairvote.org/fairvote-s-unique-methodology-shows-that-52-of-voters-wanted-a-democratic-house#.UKTpyYe5-QL Analysis of 2012 Election Results]
  
 
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2014



CongressLogo.png

2012 U.S. House Elections

Election Date
November 6, 2012

Election Results

U.S. Senate Elections by State
Arizona • California • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Hawaii • Indiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Dakota • Ohio • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming

U.S. House Elections by State
Alabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming

Elections Information
Election DatesVoting in Primaries
Voting on November 6, 2012
Poll Opening and Closing Times

Elections to the U.S. House were held on November 6, 2012. All 435 seats were up for election.

The 2012 elections were the first using new redistricting maps based on 2010 Census data. As a result of redistricting, the number of swing races that are competitive was expected to drop below 100.[1] Redistricting was considered a draw between Democrats and Republicans, with both parties gaining advantages in some states.[2] Democrats would have required a net gain of 25 seats to re-take control of the U.S. House.[3] The 2012 election produced the largest class of Latinos to ever enter Congress, while simultaneously showing the biggest increase in total seats held by Latino representatives in the history of the House. There were 22 incumbent Latinos on the ballot, and as many as nine additional challengers were considered possible to win. A total of 30 Latino members were elected to the 113th Congress.[4][5]

For only the fourth time in 100 years, the party that pulled the most total popular votes nationwide did not win control of the House.[6][7] Democratic candidates nationwide tallied more votes than Republican candidates. The last time this occurred was in 1952, when Democrats won the popular vote but Republicans won the House. The other two times this phenomenon took place was 1914 and 1942, when Republicans won the popular vote but did not win the most seats.[8] Republicans were not required to win a single Democratic-leaning district in order to hold their majority, owing to the fact that 241 districts have GOP-leaning populations.[9]

Following the general election, Democratic candidates held on to nine seats that had a political lean favoring Republicans by 54% or more. This is down from prior to 2010 where Democrats held 32 seats in that same environment. With regards to ticket-splitting, there were 24 districts in which one party's nominee carried the presidential vote and the other party's nominee won the congressional race. All but four of which were won by an incumbent.[10]

In 2010, 53 incumbents lost to challengers with Republicans swinging 60 total seats in their favor.[11]

Partisan breakdown

Heading into the 2012 election, Republicans were the majority party in the U.S. House. A total of 218 seats were needed for a majority. Republicans could have lost as many as 24 seats in the November election and still maintained control of the chamber. Democrats needed to win at least 25 seats to take back the partisan advantage.

U.S. House Partisan Breakdown
Party As of November 2012 After the 2012 Election
     Democratic Party 193 201
     Republican Party 242 234
Total 435 435

A Washington Post article in May 2012 indicated that the Republican House majority was no guarantee, based on polls indicated the vulnerability of some incumbents in neutral districts.[12] A Politico story in May 2012 pointed to California as the likely state that would determine whether Democrats win control of the House.[13] An October 24, 2012, article in Bloomberg Businessweek indicated that Republicans were in a "strong position" to retain their majority in the House. Political analysts predicted that Democrats could gain up to 10 seats on election night.[14][15] A Salon article highlighted that while Democratic candidates won more than a million votes over Republican candidates in the 2012 general election, most of the votes were clustered around urban areas as opposed being broadly dispersed across the country. There are 47 districts with a partisan divide of 70 percent to 30 percent in favor of Democrats. Only 23 such districts exist on the Republican side. Of the 16 districts where the partisan divide is 80% to 20% or more, Democrats represent 15 of them.[10]

Margin of victory

There were a total of 435 seats up for election in 2012. The following table shows the margin of victory for each race winner, which is calculated by examining the percentage difference between the top-two vote getters. If the race was uncontested, the margin of victory is listed as 100%. Some general facts:

  • 30 races (6.9 percent) had a margin of victory of less than 5 percent. Of those 30 races, 18 were Democratic winners while 12 were Republican.
  • 33 races (7.6 percent) had a margin of victory between 5 and 10 percent. Of those 33 races, 15 were Democratic winners while 18 were Republican.
  • 87 races (20 percent) had a margin of victory between 10 and 20 percent. Of those 87 races, 23 were Democratic winners while 64 were Republican.
  • 285 races (65.5 percent) had a margin of victory of greater than 20 percent. Of those 285 races, 145 were Democratic winners while 140 were Republican.
  • The fewest votes were in Texas' 29th District, with only 95,611 total votes. Incumbent Gene Green (D) faced two third-party candidates in the general election.
  • The most votes were in Montana, with 479,740 votes cast. Montana has a total population of 998,199 -- which is roughly 250,000 above the average district size in states without single districts. Because Montana has only one district for the whole state, its voters per district is higher than the rest of the country. The average size of each district is 709,000. The second-most votes cast came in Colorado's 2nd District, with 421,580 total votes.
  • The smallest margin of victory, was North Carolina's 7th District, where incumbent Democrat Mike McIntyre defeated David Rouzer (R) by 0.2 percent (654 votes).
  • The largest margin of victory where both major parties fielded a general election candidate was in New York's 15th District, where incumbent Democrat Jose Serrano defeated Frank Della Valle (R) by 83%.
  • The average margin of victory of all congressional districts was 31.85%, meaning that on average the winner of each race received nearly twice as many votes as the top opponent. Average MOV for Democratic winners was 35.7%, while the average for Republicans was 28.6%.
  • The average number of votes cast per district was 281,917, yielding an average voter turnout of 39.76%.

Retiring incumbents

Ballotpedia staff counted 42 total current incumbents who did not run for re-election in the 2012 elections.

  • Democratic Party 23 Democrats
  • Republican Party 19 Republicans
Name Party District
Barney Frank Electiondot.png Democratic Massachusetts, District 4
Bob Filner Electiondot.png Democratic California, District 51
Bob Turner Ends.png Republican New York, District 9
Brad Miller Electiondot.png Democratic North Carolina, District 13
Charlie Gonzalez Electiondot.png Democratic Texas, District 20
Christopher S. Murphy Electiondot.png Democratic Connecticut, District 5
Connie Mack Ends.png Republican Florida, District 14
Dale E. Kildee Electiondot.png Democratic Michigan, District 5
Dan Boren Electiondot.png Democratic Oklahoma, District 2
Dan Burton Ends.png Republican Indiana, District 5
David Dreier Ends.png Republican California, District 26
Dennis Cardoza Electiondot.png Democratic California, District 18
Denny Rehberg Ends.png Republican U.S. House, Montana, At-large
Ed Towns Electiondot.png Democratic New York, District 10
Elton Gallegly Ends.png Republican California, District 24
Gary Ackerman Electiondot.png Democratic New York, District 5
Geoff Davis Ends.png Republican Kentucky, District 4
Heath Shuler Electiondot.png Democratic North Carolina, District 11
Jay Inslee Electiondot.png Democratic Washington, District 1
Jeff Flake Ends.png Republican Arizona, District 6
Jerry F. Costello Electiondot.png Democratic Illinois, District 12
Jerry Lewis Ends.png Republican California, District 41
Joe Donnelly Electiondot.png Democratic Indiana, District 2
John Olver Electiondot.png Democratic Massachusetts, District 1
Lynn Woolsey Electiondot.png Democratic California, District 6
Martin Heinrich Electiondot.png Democratic New Mexico, District 1
Maurice Hinchey Electiondot.png Democratic New York, District 22
Mazie K. Hirono Electiondot.png Democratic Hawaii, District 2
Mike Pence Ends.png Republican Indiana, District 6
Mike Ross Electiondot.png Democratic Arkansas, District 4
Norm Dicks Electiondot.png Democratic Washington, District 6
Rick Berg Ends.png Republican North Dakota, At-Large, District
Ron Paul Ends.png Republican Texas, District 14
Shelley Berkley Electiondot.png Democratic Nevada, District 1
Steve Austria Ends.png Republican Ohio, District 7
Steven C. LaTourette Ends.png Republican Ohio, District 14
Sue Wilkins Myrick Ends.png Republican North Carolina, District 9
Tammy Baldwin Electiondot.png Democratic Wisconsin, District 2
Timothy V. Johnson Ends.png Republican Illinois, District 15
W. Todd Akin Ends.png Republican Missouri, District 2
Todd Russell Platts Ends.png Republican U.S. House, Pennsylvania, District 19
Wally Herger Ends.png Republican California, District 2

Defeated incumbents

Primary

No officials have been added to this category yet.

Primary

In 2012, a total of 13 incumbents were defeated in U.S. House primaries. They are:

Name Party District Year Assumed Office
Benjamin Quayle Ends.png Republican Arizona, District 3 2011
Cliff Stearns Ends.png Republican Florida, District 6 1989
Dennis J. Kucinich Democratic Ohio, District 10 1997
Donald A. Manzullo Ends.png Republican Illinois, District 16 1993
Hansen Clarke Electiondot.png Democratic Michigan, District 13 2011
Jason Altmire Electiondot.png Democratic Pennsylvania, District 4 2007
Jean Schmidt Ends.png Republican Ohio, District 2 2005
John Sullivan Ends.png Republican Oklahoma, District 1 2002
Russ Carnahan Electiondot.png Democratic Missouri, District 3 2005
Sandy Adams Ends.png Republican Florida, District 24 2011
Silvestre Reyes Electiondot.png Democratic Texas, District 16 1997
Steve Rothman Electiondot.png Democratic New Jersey, District 9 1997
Tim Holden Electiondot.png Democratic Pennsylvania, District 17 1993

Vulnerable incumbents

Across the country, media and experts published stories that chronicled the incumbents that were in danger of losing their bid for re-election. Some of those incumbents mentioned included:

Primaries

The state primaries listed by month were as follows:

This map displays the month of each
Congressional primary in 2012
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNewVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaCong primaries colored by month12.png

March

  • Ohio, March 6
  • Alabama, March 13
  • Mississippi, March 13
  • Illinois, March 20

April

  • Maryland, April 3
  • Pennsylvania, April 24

May

  • Indiana, May 8
  • North Carolina, May 8
  • West Virginia, May 8
  • Idaho, May 15
  • Nebraska, May 15
  • Oregon, May 15
  • Arkansas, May 22
  • Kentucky, May 22
  • Texas, May 29

June

  • California, June 5
  • Iowa, June 5
  • Montana, June 5
  • New Jersey, June 5
  • New Mexico, June 5
  • South Dakota, June 5
  • Maine, June 12
  • Nevada, June 12
  • North Dakota, June 12
  • South Carolina, June 12
  • Virginia, June 12
  • New York, June 26
  • Oklahoma, June 26
  • Utah, June 26
  • Colorado, June 26

July

  • Georgia, July 31

August

  • Tennessee, August 2
  • Kansas, August 7
  • Michigan, August 7
  • Missouri, August 7
  • Washington, August 7
  • Hawaii, August 11
  • Connecticut, August 14
  • Florida, August 14
  • Minnesota, August 14
  • Wyoming, August 21
  • Alaska, August 28
  • Arizona, August 28
  • Vermont, August 28

September

  • Massachusetts, September 6
  • Delaware, September 11
  • New Hampshire, September 11
  • Rhode Island, September 11

Candidates by state

See also: List of candidates running in U.S. Congress elections, 2012

More than 2,400 candidates filed to run for election to the U.S. House in 2012. For a list of all candidates who ran for office by state, see this page.

Democratic and Republican targets

The two political organizations that support each party's U.S. House candidates - the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee and the National Republican Congressional Committee - released lists targeting various districts across the nation. Here are the organizations' lists including success rates in the 2012 election.[23][24][25]

Red to Blue

  • Successful (Democrat won): 28/55 (50.9%)
  • Unsuccessful (Republican won): 27/55 (49.1%)

Patriot Program

  • Successful (Republican won): 18/33 (54.5%)
  • Unsuccessful (Democrat won): 15/33 (45.5%)

Young Guns

  • Successful (Republican won): 13/42(31.0%)
  • Unsuccessful (Democrat won): 29/42 (69.0%)


Campaign finance

More than $1 billion was spent by candidates, political parties, and special interest groups during the 2012 election cycle.[26] Republican-leaning organizations spent $102 million on U.S. House races during the 2012 cycle while Democratic organizations spent $79 million.[27] According to the Sunlight Foundation, the DCCC spent $61,741,050 on the 2012 elections. Of those funds, 47.78 percent achieved the desired result, based on Sunlight Foundation analysis. The NRCC spent $64,653,292 on the 2012 elections. Of those funds, 31.88 percent achieved the desired result.[28]

After the first 15 months of the 2012 election cycle, candidates for the U.S. House had raised more than $566 million. That sum is $57 million more than the same point in 2010, and double the level at the same point in the election cycle as the 2002 races. Of that $566 million, Republicans raised $335 million while Democrats raised $221 million. The 2010 campaign set a fundraising record of $1.1 billion.[29] In April 2012, House Democrats reserved more than $32 million in ad time in districts across the country. The reservations by the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee included 14 states, predominantly swing states. Headlining the spending was $8 million in Florida and $3 million in Ohio.[30] As of November 3, 2012, 26 races had seen more than $5 million in outside spending. In 2010, there were only two such races.[31]

In September 2012, the NRCC raised $12.4 million and had $29.5 million cash on hand.[32]

In October 2012, the Campaign Finance Institute and the Brennan Center for Justice released reports detailing the high levels of independent expenditures in the election cycle. The Campaign Finance Institute report determined that between October 5-12, more than $1 million was spent by outside groups in 3 House races alone. Those races are:[33]

The report from the Brennan Center for Justice at The New York University School of Law was published on October 22nd and focuses on 25 House races rated most competitive by The Cook Political Report.

Using the Federal Election Commission's October Quarterly campaign finance filings, the report examines the relative spending presence of non-candidate groups, candidates, and small donors in these races - "which will likely determine which party will control the House." [35] A number of trends were identified regarding the volume, potential weight of outside spending and breakdown of campaign funding by party, including:

  • As of the end of the most recent reporting period, less than 60% of money spent on the 25 most hotly contested races came from the candidates' campaigns on average, and over 50% of the spending for 11 of the races were from outside groups/party committees.
  • The combined reported expenditures from the National Republican Congressional Committee (NRCC) and Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) mirror the total spending by "Republican-leaning and Democratic-leaning outside groups" in the 25 races going through the second week of October.
  • The role of small donations in influencing election outcomes could be eclipsed by the comparatively massive funding influence of the NRCC, DCCC, and other outside groups. "Excluding Florida's 18th district, where incumbent Allen West (R) raised a staggering $7.4 million in small donations through September 30th," Republican and Democratic candidates in the rest of the races raised only 7.6% and 12.4%, respectively, of money from donations under $200.

October

In October 2012, the House Majority PAC announced $8.4 million of ads in nine states targeting Republican candidates. The nine states were Arizona, Indiana, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Virginia, Ohio, Connecticut, and Nevada.[36] The House Majority PAC also reported raising $5.9 million in September, a number which it hoped to double in October.[37]

On October 24, 2012, the DCCC borrowed $17 million to spend during the remainder of the 2012 elections. First reported in Politico, the money was intended to balance out the bombardment of GOP ads in the media.[38] According to a report in The Washington Post, House Republicans have been able to spend more money during the election cycle.[39]

Quarterly reports

On October 15, 2012, quarterly reports were submitted by campaigns to the Federal Election Commission. The political blog Daily Kos did an analysis of the fundraising figures, specifically looking at three areas:[40]

1) Races where challengers outraised an incumbent in the third quarter: 24 races qualified -- 17 Democratic challengers and seven Republican challengers outraised their incumbent opponent.

Of the 24 races, the challenger was victorious in 11 of them, 8 D, 3 R, with 2 races still to be called.

2) Races where challengers had more cash-on-hand than the incumbent: 10 races qualified -- six Democratic challengers and four Republican challengers had more cash-on-hand than their incumbent opponent.

Of the 10 races, the challenger was victorious in 4 of them, 4 D, 0 R.

3) Races that were incumbent-vs-incumbent: Five incumbent-vs-incumbent races remain.

DCCC

As of July 14, 2012, the DCCC had raised $96,754,717 and spent $70,064,229, leaving $27,496,113 cash on hand.[41] As of October 2012, the DCCC had raised $53.3 million from small donations during the election cycle -- which was $15 million more than during the entire 2010 election.[42]

NRCC

In October 2012, the NRCC launched 16 new ads for a total spending of more than $6 million. The purchases were in the following districts:[43]

Competitive races

RealClearPolitics

The website RealClearPolitics listed 50 districts in order of likelihood to switch party on November 6. Twenty of the 50 U.S. House seats most likely to switch party control were held by Democrats. The remaining 30 belonged to Republicans. Those districts are listed in the table below.[44]

Of the 20 seats held by the Democrats, 9 flipped. Of the 30 seats held by the GOP, 17 flipped. Of the 50 seats listed, they became 28 D, 22 R.

RealClearPolitics 50 Most likely US House Districts to Change Party
Rank District Party Incumbent November 6 Results Switch?
1 North Carolina's 13th District Electiondot.png Democratic Open Republican Party George E.B. Holding Yes
2 Illinois' 8th District Ends.png Republican Open Democratic Party Tammy Duckworth Yes
3 North Carolina's 11th District Electiondot.png Democratic Open Republican Party Mark Meadows Yes
4 Maryland's 6th District Ends.png Republican Roscoe Bartlett Democratic Party John Delaney Yes
5 North Carolina's 8th District Electiondot.png Democratic Larry Kissell Republican Party Richard Hudson Yes
6 Arkansas's 4th District Electiondot.png Democratic Open Republican Party Tom Cotton Yes
7 Florida's 22nd District Ends.png Republican Open Democratic Party Lois Frankel Yes
8 Illinois' 17th District Ends.png Republican Bobby Schilling Democratic Party Cheri Bustos Yes
9 New York's 27th District Electiondot.png Democratic Kathy Hochul Republican Party Chris Collins Yes
10 New Hampshire's 2nd District Ends.png Republican Charles Bass Democratic Party Annie Kuster Yes
11 Indiana's 2nd District Electiondot.png Democratic Open Republican Party Jackie Walorski Yes
12 Arizona's 1st District Ends.png Republican Open Democratic Party Ann Kirkpatrick Yes
13 California's 52nd District Ends.png Republican Brian Bilbray Democratic Party Scott Peters Yes
14 Georgia's 12th District Electiondot.png Democratic John Barrow Democratic Party John Barrow No
15 New York's 24th District Ends.png Republican Ann Marie Buerkle Democratic Party Dan Maffei Yes
16 North Carolina's 7th District Electiondot.png Democratic Mike McIntyre Democratic Party Mike McIntyre No
17 Washington's 1st District Electiondot.png Democratic Open Democratic Party Suzan DelBene No
18 Michigan's 11th District Ends.png Republican Open Republican Party Kerry Bentivolio No
19 Illinois' 11th District Ends.png Republican Judy Biggert Democratic Party Bill Foster Yes
20 Illinois' 10th District Ends.png Republican Robert J. Dold Democratic Party Brad Schneider Yes
21 Illinois' 12th District Electiondot.png Democratic Open Democratic Party William Enyart No
22 California's 26th District Ends.png Republican Open Democratic Party Julia Brownley Yes
23 New Hampshire's 1st District Ends.png Republican Frank Guinta Democratic Party Carol Shea-Porter Yes
24 Iowa's 3rd District Electiondot.png Democratic Leonard Boswell Republican Party Tom Latham Yes
25 Ohio's 16th District Ends.png Republican James B. Renacci Republican Party James B. Renacci No
26 California's 7th District Ends.png Republican Dan Lungren Democratic Party Ami Bera Yes
27 Pennsylvania's 12th District Electiondot.png Democratic Mark Critz Republican Party Keith Rothfus Yes
28 Florida's 18th District Ends.png Republican Allen West Democratic Party Patrick Murphy Yes
29 Oklahoma's 2nd District Electiondot.png Democratic Open Republican Party Markwayne Mullin Yes
30 Iowa's 4th District Ends.png Republican Steve King Republican Party Steve King No
31 New York's 21st District Electiondot.png Democratic Bill Owens Democratic Party Bill Owens No
32 California's 9th District Electiondot.png Democratic Jerry McNerney Democratic Party Jerry McNerney No
33 Colorado's 6th District Ends.png Republican Mike Coffman Republican Party Mike Coffman No
34 New York's 18th District Ends.png Republican Nan Hayworth Democratic Party Sean Maloney Yes
35 California's 24th District Electiondot.png Democratic Lois Capps Democratic Party Lois Capps No
36 New York's 1st District Electiondot.png Democratic Tim Bishop Democratic Party Tim Bishop No
37 Illinois' 13th District Ends.png Republican Open Republican Party Rodney Davis No
38 Rhode Island's 1st District Electiondot.png Democratic David N. Cicilline Democratic Party David N. Cicilline No
39 Wisconsin's 7th District Ends.png Republican Sean Duffy Republican Party Sean Duffy No
40 Nevada's 3rd District Ends.png Republican Joe Heck Republican Party Joe Heck No
41 Massachusetts' 6th District Electiondot.png Democratic John Tierney Democratic Party John Tierney No
42 Utah's 4th District Electiondot.png Democratic Jim Matheson Democratic Party Jim Matheson No
43 Minnesota's 8th District Ends.png Republican Chip Cravaack Democratic Party Rick Nolan Yes
44 Pennsylvania's 8th District Ends.png Republican Michael G. Fitzpatrick Republican Party Michael G. Fitzpatrick No
45 New York's 11th District Ends.png Republican Michael Grimm Republican Party Michael Grimm No
46 Colorado's 3rd District Ends.png Republican Scott Tipton Republican Party Scott Tipton No
47 California's 10th District Ends.png Republican Jeff Denham Republican Party Jeff Denham No
48 Florida's 26th District Ends.png Republican David Rivera Democratic Party Joe Garcia Yes
49 Virginia's 2nd District Ends.png Republican Scott Rigell Republican Party Scott Rigell No
50 New Jersey's 3rd District Ends.png Republican Jon Runyan Republican Party Jon Runyan No

New York Times

The New York Times rated the U.S. House races. There were five possible designations:

     Solid Democratic
     Lean Democratic
     Tossup
     Lean Republican
     Solid Republican

New York Times Political Report Race Rating -- U.S. House Competitive Districts
Month Solid D Lean D Tossup Lean R Solid R Total Seats in Play
July 25, 2012[45] 156 23 25 32 199 80
Note: A total of 218 seats are needed for the majority

Cook Political Report

Each month the Cook Political Report released race ratings for President, U.S. Senate, U.S. House (competitive only) and Governors. The races detailed below were only those considered competitive. There were six possible designations.[46]

     Likely Democratic
     Lean Democratic
     D Tossup

     R Tossup
     Lean Republican
     Likely Republican

Sabato Crystal Ball

Each month the Crystal Ball released race ratings for President, U.S. Senate, U.S. House (competitive only) and Governors. There were seven possible designations: [78]

     Solid Democratic
     Likely Democratic
     Lean Democratic

     Tossup

     Lean Republican
     Likely Republican
     Solid Republican

Sabato's Crystal Ball Race Rating -- U.S. House
Month Solid D Likely D Lean D Tossup Lean R Likely R Solid R
June 6, 2012[79] 152 14 19 15 23 19 193
May 9, 2012[80] 151 16 21 13 23 21 190
April 2, 2012[81] 149 19 19 13 25 25 185

Center for Voting and Democracy

The Center for Voting and Democracy (Fairvote) released its projections in October 2012. According to the organization, there were 177 projected Republican winners, 156 projected Democratic winners, and 102 "no-projection" districts. Additionally:[82][83]

  • 238 districts had a Republican-tilt in partisanship
  • 189 district had a Democratic-tilt in partisanship
  • 8 districts were even

According to the study, Republicans were "far better positioned than Democrats to win control of the House."[84]

Redistricting

The 2012 elections were the first using new maps drawn as a result of the 2010 Census. The breakdown of states that won and lost new seats in the Congressional reapportionment is as follows:[85]

However, while population gains have generally taken place in Republican states, projections show the bulk of the increases are from minorities -- particularly in states like Arizona, Florida and Texas.[88] Minorities generally lean Democratic in elections.[89] According to an estimate by Salon.com, Republicans could have gained 15 new seats nationwide if they chose to impose "brutal" maps.[10]

Of the top 10 Congressional districts that needed to lose population -- meaning they were the fastest growing districts over the past decade in the country -- all of them were won by a Republican in the 2010 election. That implied, that Republicans would have an easier time spreading their voters across more districts while still managing to try and maintain a safe majority in those overly-populated districts. The most-populated district is the 3rd Congressional seat in Nevada, which has a population of 1,002,482. The least-populated district is the 1st Congressional seat in Nebraska, with 611,333 residents.[90]

According to Mike Shields, the National Republican Congressional Committee’s political director, redistricting "has taken a lot of seats off the table for Democrats."[91]

In 2010, the 10 closest U.S. House races were won by the following House members:[92]

A report by the Brennan Center for Justice indicated that California's redistricting likely cost the Democrats a chance at taking control of the U.S. House.[93] According to the report, Democrats were able to draw 44 congressional seats while Republican legislatures were responsible for 173 seats.[94]

Congressional approval rating

Throughout the 112th Congress, public sentiment was critical of the performance of elected officials. On February 8, 2012, Gallup released a poll in which a record-low of 10 percent of Americans approved of Congress. Viewpoints on Democrats and Republicans were equally negative. [95] "This Congress has been judged by almost everybody as the least productive, most confrontational Congress in a very, very long period of time," said House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer (D-Maryland).[96]

Do you approve or disapprove of the way Congress is handling its job?
Poll Approve DisapproveNo opinionMargin of ErrorSample Size
Gallup News Service (November 3-6, 2011)
13%82%5%+/-41,012
Gallup News Service
(December 15-18, 2011)
11%86%3%+/-41,019
Gallup News Service (January 5-8, 2012)
13%81%6%+/-41,011
Gallup News Service (February 2-5, 2012)
10%86%4%+/-41,029
Gallup News Service (March 8-11, 2012)
12%82%6%+/-41,024
Gallup News Service (August 9-12, 2012)
10%83%7%+/-41,012
Gallup News Service (September 6-9, 2012)
13%83%4%+/-41,017
AVERAGES 11.71% 83.29% 5% +/-4 1,017.71
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.

Generic congressional ballot

RealClearPolitics

Each week, RealClearPolitics releases a table with an aggregate of the generic congressional vote from a variety of polling organizations, including Rasmussen Reports, Politico, NPR, USA Today/Gallup and Bloomberg.[97]

Generic Congressional Ballot -- Average from RealClearPolitics
Poll Democratic Republican
10/1/12
44%45%
9/1/12
44.2%44%
8/1/12
41.8%43%
7/1/12
44.3%43%
6/1/12
44.2%44.3%
5/1/12
41.3%42.5%
4/1/12
43.6%44.8%
AVERAGES 43.34% 43.8%
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.

See also

External links

Additional reading

References

  1. USA Today "Redistricting takes some of the 'swing' out of House fights," April 23, 2012
  2. Los Angeles Times "Nationally, redistricting looks like a draw between the parties," January 14, 2012
  3. New York Times "New District Maps Toughen Democrats’ Race for House," April 19, 2012
  4. The Republic "New generation of Latino congressional candidates may make history in House," October 26, 2012
  5. ABC News "Congressional Hispanic Caucus Elects New Chairman," November 15, 2012
  6. Bloomberg "Republicans Can't Claim Mandate as Democrats Top House Vote" November 16, 2012
  7. Bloomberg, "Republicans Win Congress as Democrats Get Most Votes," March 18, 2013
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