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United States House of Representatives elections in Alabama, 2012

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2012 U.S. House Elections in Alabama

Primary Date
March 13, 2012

Partisan breakdownCandidates

Alabama District Pages
District 1District 2District 3District 4District 5District 6District 7

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2012 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of Alabama.png
The 2012 U.S. House of Representatives elections in Alabama took place on November 6, 2012. Voters elected seven candidates to serve in the U.S. House, one from each of the state's seven congressional districts.
Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
January 12, 2012
March 13, 2012
November 6, 2012

Primary: Alabama has an open primary system, in which registered voters do not have to be members of a party to vote in that party's primary.

Voter registration: Voters had to register to vote in the primary by March 3. For the general election, the voter registration deadline was October 28.[1]

See also: Alabama elections, 2012


If no candidate receives 50 percent of the vote, then a primary runoff is required by state law. A runoff was not required in 2012.

The Center for Voting and Democracy (Fairvote) projected that Democrats would win one district while Republicans would win six seats.[2]

Primary competitiveness

See also: National contested primary average during the 2012 U.S. congressional elections

Alabama was tied with Georgia for having the 34th most competitive congressional primaries in 2012, with 42.86% of major party primaries having been contested (6 out of 14). The national average was 54.31%.

Seven U.S. House incumbents ran for re-election in Alabama in 2012. 3 of those 7 (42.86%) faced a primary challenger. Nationwide, 200 out of the 386 incumbents seeking re-election faced a primary challenger (51.81%).

Partisan breakdown

Heading into the November 6 election, the Republican Party held six of the seven Congressional seats from Alabama.

Members of the U.S. House from Alabama -- Partisan Breakdown
Party As of November 2012 After the 2012 Election
     Democratic Party 1 1
     Republican Party 6 6
Total 7 7

FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps.[3]

According to the study, Alabama was 36% Democratic and 64% Republican.

Incumbents

Heading into the 2012 election, the incumbents for the seven congressional districts were:

Name Party District
Jo Bonner Ends.png Republican 1
Martha Roby Ends.png Republican 2
Mike Rogers Ends.png Republican 3
Mo Brooks Ends.png Republican 5
Robert Aderholt Ends.png Republican 4
Spencer Bachus Ends.png Republican 6
Terri Sewell Electiondot.png Democratic 7

Margin of victory for winners

There were a total of 7 seats up for election in 2012 in Alabama. The following table shows the margin of victory for each district winner, which is calculated by examining the percentage difference between the top-two vote getters. If the race was uncontested, the margin of victory is listed as 100%.

District Winner Margin of Victory Total Vote Top Opponent
Alabama, District 1 Republican Party Jo Bonner 95.7% 200,676 N/A
Alabama, District 2 Republican Party Martha Roby 27.3% 283,953 Therese Ford
Alabama, District 3 Republican Party Mike Rogers 28.2% 273,930 John Andrew Harris
Alabama, District 4 Republican Party Robert Aderholt 48.1% 269,118 Daniel H. Boman
Alabama, District 5 Republican Party Mo Brooks 30% 291,293 Charlie L. Holley
Alabama, District 6 Republican Party Spencer Bachus 42.5% 308,102 Penny H. Bailey
Alabama, District 7 Democratic Party Terri Sewell 51.8% 306,558 Don Chamberlain

General election candidates

District General Election Candidates Incumbent 2012 Winner Partisan Switch?
1st Republican Party Jo Bonner Jo Bonner Republican Party Jo Bonner No
2nd Democratic Party Therese Ford
Republican Party Martha Roby
Martha Roby Republican Party Martha Roby No
3rd Democratic Party John Andrew Harris
Republican Party Mike Rogers
Mike Rogers (Alabama) Republican Party Mike Rogers No
4th Democratic Party Daniel H. Boman
Republican Party Robert Aderholt
Robert Aderholt Republican Party Robert Aderholt No
5th Democratic Party Charlie L. Holley
Republican Party Mo Brooks
Mo Brooks Republican Party Mo Brooks No
6th Democratic Party Penny H. Bailey
Republican Party Spencer Bachus
Spencer Bachus Republican Party Spencer Bachus No
7th Democratic Party Terri Sewell
Republican Party Don Chamberlain
Terri Sewell Democratic Party Terri Sewell No

FairVote Democracy Study

See also: FairVote's "Dubious Democracy" report about United States House of Representatives elections

FairVote, formerly the Center for Voting and Democracy, published a study of representative democracy in U.S. House elections. The analysis, "Dubious Democracy," compiles voting data to assess "the level of competition and the accuracy of representation in House elections in all 50 states."[4] The study attempts to highlight a lack of real options in most elections, as well as a mismatch between voter preferences and the politicians who represent them.[4]

Among the statistics analyzed in the study are the following:

  • The Democracy Index is the overall combination of Average Margin of Victory, Landslide Index, Seats-to-Votes Distortion, and Representation Index.
  • The Margin of Victory is the winner's percentage of the vote minus the second-place candidate's.
  • Voter Turnout is the percentage of eligible voters who voted in a given election.
  • The Representation Index multiplies voter turnout by the winning candidate's percentage.

Alabama's ratings for 2010 are shown below:

Statistic Rating Ranking (1-50)
Democracy Index 24.4 23
Margin of Victory 54.6% 48
Voter Turnout 39.3% 35
Representation 28.9% 11

Candidates

Note: Election results were added on election night as races were called. Vote totals will be added when official election results are certified. For more information about Ballotpedia's election coverage plan, click here. If you find any errors in this list, please email: Geoff Pallay.

1st Congressional District

General election candidates

Republican Party Jo BonnerGreen check mark transparent.png


March 13, 2012 primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

No candidates ran.

Republican Party Republican Primary

2nd Congressional District

General election candidates

Democratic Party Therese Ford
Republican Party Martha RobyGreen check mark transparent.png


March 13, 2012 primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

3rd Congressional District

General election candidates

Democratic Party John Andrew Harris
Republican Party Mike RogersGreen check mark transparent.png


March 13, 2012 primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

4th Congressional District

General election candidates

Democratic Party Daniel H. Boman
Republican Party Robert AderholtGreen check mark transparent.png


March 13, 2012 primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

5th Congressional District

General election candidates

Democratic Party Charlie L. Holley
Republican Party Mo BrooksGreen check mark transparent.png


March 13, 2012 primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

6th Congressional District

General election candidates

Democratic Party Penny H. Bailey
Republican Party Spencer BachusGreen check mark transparent.png


March 13, 2012 primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

Note: Justin Barkley was included on preliminary candidate lists, but he withdrew on January 27, 2012.[13]
Note: Stan Pate was included on preliminary candidate lists, but he withdrew on February 3, 2012.[14]

7th Congressional District

General election candidates

Democratic Party Terri SewellGreen check mark transparent.png
Republican Party Don Chamberlain


March 13, 2012 primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

See also

External links

References