United States Senate
Members of the Senate are called senators. Each of the fifty states is given two Senate seats. Washington D.C. and territories, such as Puerto Rico and Guam, do not receive any delegates to the Senate.
According to the U.S. Constitution, Senators must meet the following requirements:
Additionally, all 50 states maintain requirements related to running for election. These filing requirements vary, and can include:
Constitutionally mandated officers
Elected Senate officers
There are 20 main committees, 68 subcommittees in the the U.S. Senate. There are also several joint committees with the U.S. House of Representative. In general, the committees have legislative jurisdiction, with specific topics dealt out to the subcommittees. The majority party chairs and receives the most seats on committees. However, senators are limited to the number of committees they may take part it.
Legislation goes through committees before it reaches the full senate for debate and approval.
The main committees are:
Every two years there are 33 members of the Senate up for election.
Elections to the U.S. Senate will be held on November 4, 2014. 35 seats are up for election, including 2 special elections to fill vacancies in seats that would not otherwise have a 2014 election (Hawaii and South Carolina). Democrats holds 20 of the contested seats, and Republicans hold 15.
Elections to the U.S. Senate were held on November 6, 2012. Of the 33 seats up for election, 23 were held by Democrats and 10 by Republicans. The Democratic Party retained control over the chamber, winning 25 of the 33 seats. With Republican candidates winning only eight seats, this was the worst performance by a major party since the 1950s.
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As of 2012, most senators are paid $174,000 per year. Majority and minority leaders, as well as the president pro tempore, receive $193,400.
Some historical facts about the salary of U.S. Senate members:
Voting with the party
According to Open Congress, a website that tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of their party caucus. In June of 2012 there were 51 Democrats and 47 republicans tracked.
The average net worth of members of the Senate, based on data from OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics, is as follows:
Note: Report numbers may reflect incoming and outgoing members of congress.
113th Congress: U.S. Senate Demographic summary
The 113th Congress is the most diverse Congress in the nation's history, owing to a record number of newly elected women and minorities.
New members, including the first Buddhist to hold a seat in the Senate, were elected on November 6, 2012. Senator Tim Scott, who was appointed to fill the vacancy left by the resignation of Sen. Jim DeMint, is the first African American Republican in the Senate since 1979.
The following is a simple list of the current members of the U.S. Senate