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United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

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Background
United States CongressUnited States SenateUnited States House of RepresentativesUnited States Constitution113th United States Congress112th United States Congress
The United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations is a standing committee of the U.S. Senate. It was created in 1816, and its inaugural session was chaired by James Barbour.[1]

Leadership

114th Congress

The committee chairman in the 114th Congress is Bob Corker (R).

113th Congress

John Kerry (D-MA) retained his committee chair in the 113th Congress until he accepted the nomination for U.S. Secretary of State.[2] Robert Menendez (D-NJ) became chair after Kerry's departure.

112th Congress

The committee chair in the 112th Congress was John F. Kerry (D).

Membership

2015-2016 (114th Congress)

Committee on Foreign Relations Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (9)Republican members (10)
Robert Menendez (New Jersey) Ranking MemberBob Corker (Tennessee) Chairman
Barbara Boxer (California) Jim Risch (Idaho)
Ben Cardin (Maryland) Marco Rubio (Florida)
Jeanne Shaheen (New Hampshire) Ron Johnson (Wisconsin)
Chris Coons (Delaware) Jeff Flake (Arizona)
Tom Udall (New Mexico) Cory Gardner (Colorado)
Chris Murphy (Connecticut) David Perdue (Georgia)
Tim Kaine (Virginia) Johnny Isakson (Georgia)
Edward Markey (Massachusetts) Rand Paul (Kentucky)
John Barrasso (Wyoming)

2013-2014 (113th Congress)

2011-2012 (112th Congress)

Committee legislation

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the legislation coming out of each committee.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Subcommittees

Africa and Global Health Policy

Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health Policy Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (4)Republican members (5)
Edward Markey Ranking MemberJeff Flake Chairman
Chris Coons Johnny Isakson
Tom Udall Rand Paul
Ben Cardin John Barrasso
Marco Rubio

The subcommittee deals with all matters concerning U.S. relations with countries in Africa (except those, like the countries of North Africa, specifically covered by other subcommittees), as well as regional intergovernmental organizations like the African Union and the Economic Community of West African States. This subcommittee’s regional responsibilities include all matters within the geographic region, including matters relating to: (1) terrorism and non-proliferation; (2) crime and illicit narcotics; (3) U.S. foreign assistance programs; and (4) the promotion of U.S. trade and exports. In addition, this subcommittee has global responsibility for health-related policy, including disease outbreak and response.[3]
Note: Beginning in 2015, the name of this committee changed from African Affairs to Africa and Global Health Policy[3]

East Asia, The Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy

Subcommittee on East Asia, The Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (4)Republican members (5)
Ben Cardin Ranking MemberCory Gardner Chairman
Barbara Boxer Marco Rubio
Chris Coons Ron Johnson
Tom Udall Johnny Isakson
Jeff Flake

The subcommittee deals with all matters concerning U.S. relations with the countries of East Asia and the Pacific as well as regional intergovernmental organizations like the Association of South East Asian Nations and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. This subcommittee’s regional responsibilities include all matters within the geographic region, including matters relating to: (1) terrorism and non-proliferation; (2) crime and illicit narcotics; (3) U.S. foreign assistance programs; and (4) the promotion of U.S. trade and exports. In addition, this subcommittee has global responsibility for international cybersecurity and space policy.[3]
Note: Beginning in 2015, the name of this committee changed from East Asian and Pacific Affairs to East Asia, The Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy[3]

Europe and Regional Security Cooperation

Subcommittee on Europe and Regional Security Cooperation Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (4)Republican members (5)
Jeanne Shaheen Ranking Member Ron Johnson Chairman
Christopher Murphy Rand Paul
Tim Kaine James Risch
Edward Markey Cory Gardner
John Barrasso

The subcommittee deals with all matters concerning U.S. relations with the countries in Europe and the European Union, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and regional intergovernmental organizations like the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (except the states of Central Asia that are within the jurisdiction of the Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs). This subcommittee’s regional responsibilities include all matters within the geographic region, including matters relating to: (1) terrorism and non-proliferation; (2) crime and illicit narcotics; (3) U.S. foreign assistance programs; and (4) the promotion of U.S. trade and exports. In addition, this subcommittee has global responsibility for regional security cooperation.[3]
Note: Beginning in 2015, the name of this committee changed from European Affairs to Europe and Regional Security Cooperation[3]

Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutions, and International Economic, Energy, and Environmental Policy

Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutions, and International Economic, Energy, and Environmental Policy Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (4)Republican members (5)
Tom Udall Ranking MemberJohn Barrasso Chairman
Barbara Boxer David Perdue
Jeanne Shaheen James Risch
Edward Markey Jeff Flake
Cory Gardner

The subcommittee’s responsibilities include general oversight responsibility for U.S. multilateral international development policy, multilateral foreign assistance, and all U.S. mandatory and voluntary contributions to international organizations and relationship with such entities, including the U.N. and its affiliated agencies. The subcommittee’s responsibilities also include matters related to international monetary policy, including U.S. participation in international financial institutions and trade organizations, U.S. foreign economic policy, including export enhancement and trade promotion, international investment, international trade, protection of intellectual property, and technology transfer, as well as international energy policy and environmental policy, including matters related to the oceans and the Arctic.[3]
Note: Beginning in 2015, the name of this committee changed from International Development and Foreign Assistance, Economic Affairs and International Environmental Protection, and Peace Corps to Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutions, and International Economic, Energy, and Environmental Policy[3]

State Department and USAID Management, International Operations, and Bilateral International Development

Subcommittee on State Department and USAID Management, International Operations, and Bilateral International Development Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (4)Republican members (5)
Tim Kaine Ranking MemberDavid Perdue Chairman
Barbara Boxer James Risch
Chris Coons Johnny Isakson
Chris Murphy Ron Johnson
Rand Paul

The subcommittee’s responsibilities include all matters involving State Department, USAID, Millennium Challenge Corporation, and Peace Corps management and international operations, bilateral international development policy, and bilateral foreign assistance. This jurisdiction includes the general oversight responsibility for management and operations of the Department of State, USAID, the Broadcasting Board of Governors, and the Foreign Service, as well as public diplomacy matters. This subcommittee will have responsibility for reviewing the budget and operations of the State Department and USAID.[3]
Note: Beginning in 2015, the name of this committee changed from International Operations and Organizations, Human Rights, Democracy and Global Women's Issues to State Department and USAID Management, International Operations, and Bilateral International Development[3]

Near East, South Asia, Central Asia, and Counterterrorism

Subcommittee on Near East, South Asia, Central Asia, and Counterterrorism Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (3)Republican members (5)
Chris Murphy Ranking MemberJames Risch Chairman
Ben Cardin David Perdue
Jeanne Shaheen Rand Paul
Marco Rubio
Ron Johnson

This subcommittee deals with all matters concerning U.S. relations with the countries of the Middle East, North Africa, South Asia, and Central Asia, as well as regional intergovernmental organizations. This subcommittee’s regional responsibilities include all matters within the geographic region, including matters relating to: (1) terrorism and non-proliferation; (2) crime and illicit narcotics; (3) U.S. foreign assistance programs; and (4) the promotion of U.S. trade and exports. In addition, this subcommittee has global responsibility for counterterrorism matters.[3]
Note: Beginning in 2015, the name of this committee changed from Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs to Near East, South Asia, Central Asia, and Counterterrorism[3]

Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights and Global Women's Issues

Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights and Global Women's Issues Members, 2015-2016
Democratic members (4)Republican members (5)
Barbara Boxer Ranking MemberMarco Rubio Chairman
Tom Udall Jeff Flake
Tim Kaine Cory Gardner
Edward Markey David Perdue
Johnny Isakson

This subcommittee deals with all matters concerning U.S. relations with the countries of the Western Hemisphere, including Canada, Mexico, Central and South America, Cuba, and the other countries in the Caribbean, as well as the Organization of American States. This subcommittee’s regional responsibilities include all matters within the geographic region, including matters relating to: (1) terrorism and non-proliferation; (2) crime and illicit narcotics; (3) U.S. foreign assistance programs; and (4) the promotion of U.S. trade and exports. In addition, this subcommittee has global responsibility for transnational crime, trafficking in persons (also known as modern slavery or human trafficking), global narcotics flows, civilian security, democracy, human rights, and global women’s issues.[3]
Note: Beginning in 2015, the name of this committee changed from Western Hemisphere and Global Narcotics Affairs to Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights and Global Women's Issues[3]

Jurisdiction

According to the official Senate website, the jurisdiction of the Foreign Relations Committee includes the following:

  1. Acquisition of land and buildings for embassies and legations in foreign countries.
  2. Boundaries of the United States.
  3. Diplomatic service.
  4. Foreign economic, military, technical, and humanitarian assistance.
  5. Foreign loans.
  6. International activities of the American National Red Cross and the International Committee of the Red Cross.
  7. International aspects of nuclear energy, including nuclear transfer policy.
  8. International conferences and congresses.
  9. International law as it relates to foreign policy.
  10. International Monetary Fund and other international organizations established primarily for international monetary purposes (except that, at the request of the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, any proposed legislation relating to such subjects reported by the Committee on Foreign Relations shall be referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs).
  11. Intervention abroad and declarations of war.
  12. Measures to foster commercial intercourse with foreign nations and to safeguard American business interests abroad.
  13. National security and international aspects of trusteeships of the United States.
  14. Ocean and international environmental and scientific affairs as they relate to foreign policy.
  15. Protection of United States citizens abroad and expatriation.
  16. Relations of the United States with foreign nations generally.
  17. Treaties and executive agreements, except reciprocal trade agreements.
  18. United Nations and its affiliated organizations.
  19. World Bank group, the regional development banks, and other international organizations established primarily for development assistance purposes.
  20. to study and review, on a comprehensive basis, matters relating to the national security policy, foreign policy, and international economic policy as it relates to foreign policy of the United States, and matters relating to food, hunger, and nutrition in foreign countries, and report thereon from time to time.
  21. review and study, on a continuing basis, the application, administration, and execution of those laws or parts of laws, the subject matter of which is within the jurisdiction of the committee.”
  22. responsibility to assist the Senate in its constitutional function of providing “advice and consent” to all treaties entered into by the United States and all nominations to the principal executive branch positions in the field of foreign policy and diplomacy.

Contact

444 Dirksen Senate Office Building
Washington, DC 20510-6225

Majority Phone: (202) 224-4651
Majority Fax: (202) 228-3612
Minority Phone: (202) 224-6797

See also

External links

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References