Difference between revisions of "United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary"

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The '''Judiciary Committee of the the United States Senate''', commonly known as the '''Senate Judiciary Committee''', is a standing committee of the [[United States Senate]]. It considers matters related to the federal judiciary and the administration of justice in the United States. The committee has the responsibility to consider and confirm or deny presidential nominations to the federal justice system, including justices, judges, attorneys general and other top Justice Department officials.
 
The '''Judiciary Committee of the the United States Senate''', commonly known as the '''Senate Judiciary Committee''', is a standing committee of the [[United States Senate]]. It considers matters related to the federal judiciary and the administration of justice in the United States. The committee has the responsibility to consider and confirm or deny presidential nominations to the federal justice system, including justices, judges, attorneys general and other top Justice Department officials.
  
Because Democrats control the Senate in 2012 they are the current majority party on the committee, and Republicans are the minority.  The Chairman of the committee is [[Patrick Leahy]] ([[Vermont|VT]]), and the ranking Republican member is [[Jeff Sessions]] ([[Alabama|AL]]).
+
The committee was created in 1816. <ref name="SJC">[http://www.judiciary.senate.gov/about/history/index.cfm ''United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary'' "History of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary"]</ref>
 
+
The committee was created in 1816. <ref>[http://www.judiciary.senate.gov/about/history/index.cfm ''United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary'' "History of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary"]</ref>
+
  
 
==Leadership==
 
==Leadership==
The committee chair in the [[112th United States Congress|112th Congress]] is [[Patrick J. Leahy]] ([[Democratic|D]]).
+
===113th Congress===
 +
[[Patrick Leahy]] ([[Democratic|D]]) retained his role as committee chair in the [[113th United States Congress|113th Congress]].<ref>[http://democrats.senate.gov/2013/01/04/reid-announces-updated-committee-assignments-for-113th-congress/ ''United States Senate Democrats'' "Reid Announces Updated Committee Assignments For 113th Congress," January 4, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===112th Congress===
 +
Because Democrats control the Senate in the [[112th United States Congress|112th Congress]] they are the current majority party on the committee, and Republicans are the minority.  The Chairman of the committee is [[Patrick Leahy]] ([[Vermont|VT]]), and the ranking Republican member is [[Chuck Grassley]] ([[Iowa|IA]]).
 +
 
 +
==History==
 +
===Beginning of the committee===
 +
The Senate Judiciary Committee was created in the early 1800's in response to growing complexities in American government. The Senate established the body's original standing committees, including the Senate Judiciary Committee, in a resolution adopted on December 10, 1816. The [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Judiciary]] had been established three years prior. The first chairman of the Committee was Senator [[wikipedia:Dudley Chase|Dudley Chase]] of [[Vermont]], who was appointed and served during the Second Session of the 14th Congress. <ref name="SJC" />
  
 
==Membership==
 
==Membership==
 +
===2013-2014 (113th Congress)===
 +
{{Committee members
 +
|Collapse=No
 +
|Committee1=Committee on the Judiciary
 +
|year=2013-2014
 +
|Chamber=US Senate
 +
|Rep1=Charles Grassley
 +
|gopstate1=Iowa
 +
|gopleader1=Ranking member
 +
|Rep2=Orrin Hatch
 +
|gopstate2=Utah
 +
|Rep3=Jeff Sessions
 +
|gopstate3=Alabama
 +
|Rep4=Lindsey Graham
 +
|gopstate4=South Carolina
 +
|Rep5=John Cornyn
 +
|gopstate5=Texas
 +
|Rep6=Mike Lee
 +
|gopstate6=Utah
 +
|Rep7=Ted Cruz
 +
|gopstate7=Texas
 +
|Rep8=Jeff Flake
 +
|gopstate8=Arizona
 +
|Dem1=Patrick J. Leahy
 +
|demstate1=Vermont
 +
|demleader1=Chair
 +
|Dem2=Dianne Feinstein
 +
|demstate2=California
 +
|Dem3=Charles E. Schumer
 +
|demstate3=New York
 +
|Dem4=Dick Durbin
 +
|demstate4=Illinois
 +
|Dem5=Sheldon Whitehouse
 +
|demstate5=Rhode Island
 +
|Dem6=Amy Klobuchar
 +
|demstate6=Minnesota
 +
|Dem7=Al Franken
 +
|demstate7=Minnesota
 +
|Dem8=Chris Coons
 +
|demstate8=Delaware
 +
|Dem9=Richard Blumenthal
 +
|demstate9=Connecticut
 +
|Dem10=Mazie K. Hirono
 +
|demstate10=Hawaii
 +
}}
 +
 
===2011-2012 (112th Congress)===
 
===2011-2012 (112th Congress)===
{{col-begin|width=50%}}
+
{{Committee members
{{col-break}}
+
|Collapse=Yes
{{bluedot}} '''Democrats (10)'''
+
|Committee1=Committee on Judiciary
*[[Patrick J. Leahy]] (VT) ''Chairman''
+
|year=2011-2012
*[[Herb Kohl]] (WI)
+
|Chamber=US Senate
*[[Dianne Feinstein]] (CA)
+
|D count=10
*[[Chuck Schumer]] (NY)
+
|R count=8
*[[Dick Durbin]] (IL)
+
|Rep1=Chuck Grassley
*[[Sheldon Whitehouse]] (RI)
+
|gopstate1=Iowa
*[[Amy Klobuchar]] (MN)
+
|gopleader1=Ranking member
*[[Al Franken]] (MN)
+
|Rep2=Orrin Hatch
*[[Christopher A. Coons]] (DE)
+
|gopstate2=Utah
*[[Richard Blumenthal]] (CT)
+
|Rep3=Jon Kyl
{{col-break}}
+
|gopstate3=Arizona
{{reddot}} '''Republicans (8)'''
+
|Rep4=Jeff Sessions
*[[Chuck Grassley]] (IA) ''Ranking Member''
+
|gopstate4=Alabama
*[[Orrin G. Hatch]] (UT)
+
|Rep5=Lindsey Graham
*[[Jon Kyl]] (AZ)
+
|gopstate5=South Carolina
*[[Jeff Sessions]] (AL)
+
|Rep6=John Cornyn
*[[Lindsey Graham]] (SC)
+
|gopstate6=Texas
*[[John Cornyn]] (TX)
+
|Rep7=Michael S. Lee
*[[Michael S. Lee]] (UT)
+
|gopstate7=Utah
*[[Tom Coburn]] (OK)
+
|Rep8=Tom Coburn
{{col-end}}
+
|gopstate8=Oklahoma
 +
|Dem1=Patrick Leahy
 +
|demstate1=Vermont
 +
|demleader1=Judiciary
 +
|Dem2=Herb Kohl
 +
|demstate2=Wisconsin
 +
|Dem3=Dianne Feinstein
 +
|demstate3=California
 +
|Dem4=Chuck Schumer
 +
|demstate4=New York
 +
|Dem5=Dick Durbin
 +
|demstate5=Illinois
 +
|Dem6=Sheldon Whitehouse
 +
|demstate6=Rhode Island
 +
|Dem7=Amy Klobuchar
 +
|demstate7=Minnesota
 +
|Dem8=Al Franken
 +
|demstate8=Minnesota
 +
|Dem9=Christopher Coons
 +
|demstate9=Delaware
 +
|Dem10=Richard Blumenthal
 +
|demstate10=Connecticut
 +
}}
  
 
==Subcommittees==
 
==Subcommittees==
<big>'''Administrative Oversight and the Courts'''</big><br>
+
==='''Bankruptcy and the Courts'''===
Jurisdiction: (1) Court administration and management; (2) Judicial rules and procedures; (3) Creation of new courts and judgeships; (4) Bankruptcy; (5) Administrative practices and procedures; (6) Legal reform and liability issues; (7) Oversight of the Department of Justice grant programs, as well as government waste and fraud; (8) Private relief bills other than immigration; (9) Oversight of the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission.<ref name="subs">[http://www.judiciary.senate.gov/about/subcommittees/oversight.cfm ''United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary'' "History of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary"]</ref>
+
Jurisdiction: (1) Federal court jurisdiction, administration and management; (2) Rules of evidence and procedure; (3) Creation of new courts and judgeships; (4) Bankruptcy; (5) Legal reform and liability issues; (6) Local courts in territories and possessions.<ref name="subs">[http://www.judiciary.senate.gov/about/subcommittees/oversight.cfm ''United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary'' "History of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary"]</ref>
 +
*113th Congress Chair: [[Christopher A. Coons]] (DE)
 
*112th Congress Chair: [[Amy Klobuchar]] (MN)
 
*112th Congress Chair: [[Amy Klobuchar]] (MN)
<big>'''Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights'''</big><br>
+
 
 +
{{Subcommittee members, 2013-2014
 +
|Collapse=Yes
 +
|Committee1=Bankruptcy and the Courts
 +
|Rep1=Jeff Sessions
 +
|gopleader1=Ranking Member
 +
|Rep2=Chuck Grassley
 +
|Rep3=Jeff Flake
 +
|Rep4=Ted Cruz
 +
|Rep5=
 +
|Rep6=
 +
|Rep7=
 +
|Rep8=
 +
|Rep9=
 +
|Rep10=
 +
|Rep11=
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|Rep12=
 +
|Rep13=
 +
|Rep14=
 +
|Rep15=
 +
|Rep16=
 +
|Rep17=
 +
|Rep18=
 +
|Rep19=
 +
|Rep20=
 +
|Dem1=Christopher A. Coons
 +
|demleader1=Chairman
 +
|Dem2=Dick Durbin
 +
|Dem3=Sheldon Whitehouse
 +
|Dem4=Amy Klobuchar
 +
|Dem5=Al Franken
 +
|Dem6=
 +
|Dem7=
 +
|Dem8=
 +
|Dem9=
 +
|Dem10=
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|Dem11=
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|Dem12=
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|Dem13=
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|Dem14=
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|Dem15=
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|Dem16=
 +
|Dem17=
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|Dem18=
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|Dem19=
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|Dem20=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
==='''Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights'''===
 
Jurisdiction: (1) Oversight of antitrust law and competition policy, including the Sherman, Clayton and Federal Trade Commission Acts; (2) Oversight of antitrust enforcement and competition policy at the Justice Department; (3) Oversight of antitrust enforcement and competition policy at the Federal Trade Commission; (4)  Oversight of competition policy at other federal agencies.<ref name="subs"/>
 
Jurisdiction: (1) Oversight of antitrust law and competition policy, including the Sherman, Clayton and Federal Trade Commission Acts; (2) Oversight of antitrust enforcement and competition policy at the Justice Department; (3) Oversight of antitrust enforcement and competition policy at the Federal Trade Commission; (4)  Oversight of competition policy at other federal agencies.<ref name="subs"/>
 +
*113th Congress Chair: [[Amy Klobuchar]] (MN)
 
*112th Congress Chair: [[Herb Kohl]] (WI)
 
*112th Congress Chair: [[Herb Kohl]] (WI)
<big>'''The Constitution, Civil Rights and Human Rights'''</big><br>
+
{{Subcommittee members, 2013-2014
 +
|Collapse=Yes
 +
|Committee1=Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights
 +
|Rep1=  Michael S. Lee
 +
|gopleader1=Ranking Member
 +
|Rep2=Lindsey Graham
 +
|Rep3=Chuck Grassley
 +
|Rep4=Jeff Flake
 +
|Rep5=
 +
|Rep6=
 +
|Rep7=
 +
|Rep8=
 +
|Rep9=
 +
|Rep10=
 +
|Rep11=
 +
|Rep12=
 +
|Rep13=
 +
|Rep14=
 +
|Rep15=
 +
|Rep16=
 +
|Rep17=
 +
|Rep18=
 +
|Rep19=
 +
|Rep20=
 +
|Dem1=Amy Klobuchar
 +
|demleader1=Chairman
 +
|Dem2=Chuck Schumer
 +
|Dem3=Al Franken
 +
|Dem4=Christopher A. Coons
 +
|Dem5=Richard Blumenthal
 +
|Dem6=
 +
|Dem7=
 +
|Dem8=
 +
|Dem9=
 +
|Dem10=
 +
|Dem11=
 +
|Dem12=
 +
|Dem13=
 +
|Dem14=
 +
|Dem15=
 +
|Dem16=
 +
|Dem17=
 +
|Dem18=
 +
|Dem19=
 +
|Dem20=
 +
}}
 +
==='''The Constitution, Civil Rights and Human Rights'''===
 
Jurisdiction: (1) Constitutional amendments; (2) Enforcement and protection of  constitutional rights; (3) Statutory guarantees of civil rights and civil liberties; (4) Separation of powers; (5) Federal-State relations; (6) Interstate compacts; (7) Human rights laws and practices; (8) Enforcement and implementation of human rights laws.<ref name="subs"/>
 
Jurisdiction: (1) Constitutional amendments; (2) Enforcement and protection of  constitutional rights; (3) Statutory guarantees of civil rights and civil liberties; (4) Separation of powers; (5) Federal-State relations; (6) Interstate compacts; (7) Human rights laws and practices; (8) Enforcement and implementation of human rights laws.<ref name="subs"/>
 +
*113th Congress Chair: [[Dick Durbin]] (IL)
 
*112th Congress Chair: [[Dick Durbin]] (IL)
 
*112th Congress Chair: [[Dick Durbin]] (IL)
<big>'''Crime and Terrorism'''</big><br>
+
{{Subcommittee members, 2013-2014
 +
|Collapse=Yes
 +
|Committee1=The Constitution, Civil Rights and Human Rights
 +
|Rep1=Ted Cruz
 +
|gopleader1=Ranking Member
 +
|Rep2=Lindsey Graham
 +
|Rep3=John Cornyn
 +
|Rep4=Orrin G. Hatch
 +
|Rep5=
 +
|Rep6=
 +
|Rep7=
 +
|Rep8=
 +
|Rep9=
 +
|Rep10=
 +
|Rep11=
 +
|Rep12=
 +
|Rep13=
 +
|Rep14=
 +
|Rep15=
 +
|Rep16=
 +
|Rep17=
 +
|Rep18=
 +
|Rep19=
 +
|Rep20=
 +
|Dem1=Richard Durbin
 +
|demleader1= Chairman
 +
|Dem2=Al Franken
 +
|Dem3=Christopher Coons
 +
|Dem4=Richard Blumenthal
 +
|Dem5=Mazie Hirono
 +
|Dem6=
 +
|Dem7=
 +
|Dem8=
 +
|Dem9=
 +
|Dem10=
 +
|Dem11=
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|Dem12=
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|Dem13=
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|Dem14=
 +
|Dem15=
 +
|Dem16=
 +
|Dem17=
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|Dem18=
 +
|Dem19=
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|Dem20=
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}}
 +
 
 +
==='''Crime and Terrorism'''===
 
Jurisdiction: (1) Oversight of the Department of Justice's (a) Criminal Division, (b) Drug Enforcement Administration, (c) Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys, (d) Office on Violence Against Women, (e) U.S. Marshals Service, (f) Community Oriented Policing Services and related law enforcement grants, (g) Bureau of Prisons, (h) Office of the Pardon Attorney, (i) U.S. Parole Commission, (j) Federal Bureau of Investigation, and (k) Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, as it relates to crime or drug policy; (2) Oversight of the U.S. Sentencing Commission; (3) Youth violence and directly related issues; (4) Federal programs under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, as amended (including the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act); (5) Criminal justice and victims' rights policy; (6) Oversight of the Office of National Drug Control Policy; (7) Oversight of the U.S. Secret Service; (8) Corrections, rehabilitation, reentry and other detention-related policy; and (9) Parole and probation policy; (10) Oversight of anti-terrorism enforcement and policy; (11) Oversight of Department of Homeland Security functions as they relate to anti-terrorism enforcement and policy; (12) Oversight of State Department consular operations as they relate to anti-terrorism enforcement and policy; (13) Oversight of encryption policies and export licensing; and (14) Oversight of espionage laws and their enforcement.<ref name="subs"/>
 
Jurisdiction: (1) Oversight of the Department of Justice's (a) Criminal Division, (b) Drug Enforcement Administration, (c) Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys, (d) Office on Violence Against Women, (e) U.S. Marshals Service, (f) Community Oriented Policing Services and related law enforcement grants, (g) Bureau of Prisons, (h) Office of the Pardon Attorney, (i) U.S. Parole Commission, (j) Federal Bureau of Investigation, and (k) Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, as it relates to crime or drug policy; (2) Oversight of the U.S. Sentencing Commission; (3) Youth violence and directly related issues; (4) Federal programs under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, as amended (including the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act); (5) Criminal justice and victims' rights policy; (6) Oversight of the Office of National Drug Control Policy; (7) Oversight of the U.S. Secret Service; (8) Corrections, rehabilitation, reentry and other detention-related policy; and (9) Parole and probation policy; (10) Oversight of anti-terrorism enforcement and policy; (11) Oversight of Department of Homeland Security functions as they relate to anti-terrorism enforcement and policy; (12) Oversight of State Department consular operations as they relate to anti-terrorism enforcement and policy; (13) Oversight of encryption policies and export licensing; and (14) Oversight of espionage laws and their enforcement.<ref name="subs"/>
 +
*113th Congress Chair: [[Sheldon Whitehouse]] (RI)
 
*112th Congress Chair: [[Sheldon Whitehouse]] (RI)
 
*112th Congress Chair: [[Sheldon Whitehouse]] (RI)
<big>'''Immigration, Refugees and Border Security'''</big><br>
+
{{Subcommittee members, 2013-2014
 +
|Collapse=Yes
 +
|Committee1=Crime and Terrorism
 +
|Rep1=Lindsey Graham
 +
|gopleader1=Ranking Member
 +
|Rep2=Ted Cruz
 +
|Rep3=Jeff Sessions
 +
|Rep4=Michael Lee
 +
|Rep5=
 +
|Rep6=
 +
|Rep7=
 +
|Rep8=
 +
|Rep9=
 +
|Rep10=
 +
|Rep11=
 +
|Rep12=
 +
|Rep13=
 +
|Rep14=
 +
|Rep15=
 +
|Rep16=
 +
|Rep17=
 +
|Rep18=
 +
|Rep19=
 +
|Rep20=
 +
|Dem1=Sheldon Whitehouse
 +
|demleader1=Chairman
 +
|Dem2=Dianne Feinstein
 +
|Dem3=Chuck Schumer
 +
|Dem4=Dick Durbin
 +
|Dem5=Amy Klobuchar
 +
|Dem6=
 +
|Dem7=
 +
|Dem8=
 +
|Dem9=
 +
|Dem10=
 +
|Dem11=
 +
|Dem12=
 +
|Dem13=
 +
|Dem14=
 +
|Dem15=
 +
|Dem16=
 +
|Dem17=
 +
|Dem18=
 +
|Dem19=
 +
|Dem20=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
==='''Immigration, Refugees and Border Security'''===
 
Jurisdiction: (1) Immigration, citizenship, and refugee laws; (2) Oversight of the immigration functions of the Department of Homeland Security, including U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and Ombudsman Citizenship and Immigration Services; (3) Oversight of the immigration-related functions of the Department of Justice, the Department of State, the Department of Health and Human Services Office of Refugee Resettlement, and the Department of Labor; (4) Oversight of international migration, internally displaced persons, and refugee laws and policy; and (5) Private immigration relief bills.<ref name="subs"/>
 
Jurisdiction: (1) Immigration, citizenship, and refugee laws; (2) Oversight of the immigration functions of the Department of Homeland Security, including U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and Ombudsman Citizenship and Immigration Services; (3) Oversight of the immigration-related functions of the Department of Justice, the Department of State, the Department of Health and Human Services Office of Refugee Resettlement, and the Department of Labor; (4) Oversight of international migration, internally displaced persons, and refugee laws and policy; and (5) Private immigration relief bills.<ref name="subs"/>
 +
*113th Congress Chair: [[Chuck Schumer]] (NY)
 
*112th Congress Chair: [[Chuck Schumer]] (NY)
 
*112th Congress Chair: [[Chuck Schumer]] (NY)
<big>'''Privacy, Technology and the Law'''</big><br>
+
{{Subcommittee members, 2013-2014
 +
|Collapse=Yes
 +
|Committee1=Immigration, Refugees and Border Security
 +
|Rep1=John Cornyn
 +
|gopleader1=Ranking Member
 +
|Rep2=Chuck Grassley
 +
|Rep3=Orrin G. Hatch
 +
|Rep4=Jeff Sessions
 +
|Rep5=Jeff Flake
 +
|Rep6=Ted Cruz
 +
|Rep7=
 +
|Rep8=
 +
|Rep9=
 +
|Rep10=
 +
|Rep11=
 +
|Rep12=
 +
|Rep13=
 +
|Rep14=
 +
|Rep15=
 +
|Rep16=
 +
|Rep17=
 +
|Rep18=
 +
|Rep19=
 +
|Rep20=
 +
|Dem1=Chuck Schumer
 +
|demleader1=Chairman
 +
|Dem2=Patrick Leahy
 +
|Dem3=Dianne Feinstein
 +
|Dem4=Dick Durbin
 +
|Dem5=Amy Klobuchar
 +
|Dem6=Richard Blumenthal
 +
|Dem7=Mazie Hirono
 +
|Dem8=
 +
|Dem9=
 +
|Dem10=
 +
|Dem11=
 +
|Dem12=
 +
|Dem13=
 +
|Dem14=
 +
|Dem15=
 +
|Dem16=
 +
|Dem17=
 +
|Dem18=
 +
|Dem19=
 +
|Dem20=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
==='''Privacy, Technology and the Law'''===
 
Jurisdiction: (1) Oversight of laws and policies governing the collection, protection, use and dissemination of commercial information by the private sector, including online behavioral advertising, privacy within social networking websites and other online privacy issues; (2) Enforcement and implementation of commercial information privacy laws and policies; (3) Use of technology by the private sector to protect privacy, enhance transparency and encourage innovation; (4) Privacy standards for the collection, retention, use and dissemination of personally identifiable commercial information; and (5) Privacy implications of new or emerging technologies.<ref name="subs"/>
 
Jurisdiction: (1) Oversight of laws and policies governing the collection, protection, use and dissemination of commercial information by the private sector, including online behavioral advertising, privacy within social networking websites and other online privacy issues; (2) Enforcement and implementation of commercial information privacy laws and policies; (3) Use of technology by the private sector to protect privacy, enhance transparency and encourage innovation; (4) Privacy standards for the collection, retention, use and dissemination of personally identifiable commercial information; and (5) Privacy implications of new or emerging technologies.<ref name="subs"/>
 +
*113th Congress Chair: [[Al Franken]]
 
*112th Congress Chair: [[Al Franken]] (MN)
 
*112th Congress Chair: [[Al Franken]] (MN)
 +
{{Subcommittee members, 2013-2014
 +
|Collapse=Yes
 +
|Committee1=Privacy, Technology and the Law
 +
|Rep1=Jeff Flake
 +
|gopleader1=Ranking Member
 +
|Rep2=John Cornyn
 +
|Rep3=Lindsey Graham
 +
|Rep4=Michael Lee
 +
|Rep5=Orrin G. Hatch
 +
|Rep6=
 +
|Rep7=
 +
|Rep8=
 +
|Rep9=
 +
|Rep10=
 +
|Rep11=
 +
|Rep12=
 +
|Rep13=
 +
|Rep14=
 +
|Rep15=
 +
|Rep16=
 +
|Rep17=
 +
|Rep18=
 +
|Rep19=
 +
|Rep20=
 +
|Dem1=Al Franken
 +
|demleader1=Chairman
 +
|Dem2=Dianne Feinstein
 +
|Dem3=Chuck Schumer
 +
|Dem4=Sheldon Whitehouse
 +
|Dem5=Christopher Coons
 +
|Dem6=Mazie Hirono
 +
|Dem7=
 +
|Dem8=
 +
|Dem9=
 +
|Dem10=
 +
|Dem11=
 +
|Dem12=
 +
|Dem13=
 +
|Dem14=
 +
|Dem15=
 +
|Dem16=
 +
|Dem17=
 +
|Dem18=
 +
|Dem19=
 +
|Dem20=
 +
}}
 +
 +
==='''Oversight, Federal Rights and Agency Action'''===
 +
Jurisdiction: (1) Administrative practices and procedures including agency rulemaking and adjudication; (2) Judicial review of agency action; (3) Third party enforcement of federal rights; (4) Oversight of the Department of Justice grant programs, as well as government waste and abuse; (5) private relief bills other than immigration; and (6) Oversight of the Foreign Claims Settlement Act.
 +
*113th Congress Chair: [[Richard Blumenthal]] (CN)
 +
{{Subcommittee members, 2013-2014
 +
|Collapse=Yes
 +
|Committee1=
 +
|Rep1= Orrin G. Hatch
 +
|gopleader1=Ranking Member
 +
|Rep2=Jeff Flake
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|Dem1=Richard Blumenthal
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|Dem2=Patrick Leahy
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==Jurisdiction==
 
==Jurisdiction==
 
According to the official [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] website, the jurisdiction of the Judiciary Committee includes its role in conducting oversight and consideration of nominations, the committee also considers legislation, resolutions, messages, petitions, memorials and other matters, as provided for in the Standing Rules of the Senate.  These areas include all of the following:
 
According to the official [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] website, the jurisdiction of the Judiciary Committee includes its role in conducting oversight and consideration of nominations, the committee also considers legislation, resolutions, messages, petitions, memorials and other matters, as provided for in the Standing Rules of the Senate.  These areas include all of the following:
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==External links==
 
==External links==
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{{submit a link}}
 
*[http://www.judiciary.senate.gov/ Official Senate Page]
 
*[http://www.judiciary.senate.gov/ Official Senate Page]
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*[http://www.congressmerge.com/onlinedb/cgi-bin/newcommittee.cgi?site=congressmerge&lang=&commcode=sjudiciary Committee profile on ''Congress Merge'']
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*[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/committees/SSJU Committee profile on ''Govtrack]
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*[http://www.legistorm.com/office/Senate_Judiciary_Committee/688.html Committee profile on ''Legistorm'']
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 21:38, 19 March 2013


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U.S. House Committees
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Background
United States CongressUnited States SenateUnited States House of RepresentativesUnited States Constitution113th United States Congress112th United States Congress

The Judiciary Committee of the the United States Senate, commonly known as the Senate Judiciary Committee, is a standing committee of the United States Senate. It considers matters related to the federal judiciary and the administration of justice in the United States. The committee has the responsibility to consider and confirm or deny presidential nominations to the federal justice system, including justices, judges, attorneys general and other top Justice Department officials.

The committee was created in 1816. [1]

Leadership

113th Congress

Patrick Leahy (D) retained his role as committee chair in the 113th Congress.[2]

112th Congress

Because Democrats control the Senate in the 112th Congress they are the current majority party on the committee, and Republicans are the minority. The Chairman of the committee is Patrick Leahy (VT), and the ranking Republican member is Chuck Grassley (IA).

History

Beginning of the committee

The Senate Judiciary Committee was created in the early 1800's in response to growing complexities in American government. The Senate established the body's original standing committees, including the Senate Judiciary Committee, in a resolution adopted on December 10, 1816. The United States House of Representatives Committee on Judiciary had been established three years prior. The first chairman of the Committee was Senator Dudley Chase of Vermont, who was appointed and served during the Second Session of the 14th Congress. [1]

Membership

2013-2014 (113th Congress)

Committee on the Judiciary Members, 2013-2014
Democratic members (10)Republican members (8)
Patrick J. Leahy (Vermont) ChairCharles Grassley (Iowa) Ranking member
Dianne Feinstein (California) Orrin Hatch (Utah)
Charles E. Schumer (New York) Jeff Sessions (Alabama)
Dick Durbin (Illinois) Lindsey Graham (South Carolina)
Sheldon Whitehouse (Rhode Island) John Cornyn (Texas)
Amy Klobuchar (Minnesota) Mike Lee (Utah)
Al Franken (Minnesota) Ted Cruz (Texas)
Chris Coons (Delaware) Jeff Flake (Arizona)
Richard Blumenthal (Connecticut)
Mazie K. Hirono (Hawaii)

2011-2012 (112th Congress)

Subcommittees

Bankruptcy and the Courts

Jurisdiction: (1) Federal court jurisdiction, administration and management; (2) Rules of evidence and procedure; (3) Creation of new courts and judgeships; (4) Bankruptcy; (5) Legal reform and liability issues; (6) Local courts in territories and possessions.[3]

Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights

Jurisdiction: (1) Oversight of antitrust law and competition policy, including the Sherman, Clayton and Federal Trade Commission Acts; (2) Oversight of antitrust enforcement and competition policy at the Justice Department; (3) Oversight of antitrust enforcement and competition policy at the Federal Trade Commission; (4) Oversight of competition policy at other federal agencies.[3]

The Constitution, Civil Rights and Human Rights

Jurisdiction: (1) Constitutional amendments; (2) Enforcement and protection of constitutional rights; (3) Statutory guarantees of civil rights and civil liberties; (4) Separation of powers; (5) Federal-State relations; (6) Interstate compacts; (7) Human rights laws and practices; (8) Enforcement and implementation of human rights laws.[3]

Crime and Terrorism

Jurisdiction: (1) Oversight of the Department of Justice's (a) Criminal Division, (b) Drug Enforcement Administration, (c) Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys, (d) Office on Violence Against Women, (e) U.S. Marshals Service, (f) Community Oriented Policing Services and related law enforcement grants, (g) Bureau of Prisons, (h) Office of the Pardon Attorney, (i) U.S. Parole Commission, (j) Federal Bureau of Investigation, and (k) Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, as it relates to crime or drug policy; (2) Oversight of the U.S. Sentencing Commission; (3) Youth violence and directly related issues; (4) Federal programs under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, as amended (including the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act); (5) Criminal justice and victims' rights policy; (6) Oversight of the Office of National Drug Control Policy; (7) Oversight of the U.S. Secret Service; (8) Corrections, rehabilitation, reentry and other detention-related policy; and (9) Parole and probation policy; (10) Oversight of anti-terrorism enforcement and policy; (11) Oversight of Department of Homeland Security functions as they relate to anti-terrorism enforcement and policy; (12) Oversight of State Department consular operations as they relate to anti-terrorism enforcement and policy; (13) Oversight of encryption policies and export licensing; and (14) Oversight of espionage laws and their enforcement.[3]

Immigration, Refugees and Border Security

Jurisdiction: (1) Immigration, citizenship, and refugee laws; (2) Oversight of the immigration functions of the Department of Homeland Security, including U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and Ombudsman Citizenship and Immigration Services; (3) Oversight of the immigration-related functions of the Department of Justice, the Department of State, the Department of Health and Human Services Office of Refugee Resettlement, and the Department of Labor; (4) Oversight of international migration, internally displaced persons, and refugee laws and policy; and (5) Private immigration relief bills.[3]

Privacy, Technology and the Law

Jurisdiction: (1) Oversight of laws and policies governing the collection, protection, use and dissemination of commercial information by the private sector, including online behavioral advertising, privacy within social networking websites and other online privacy issues; (2) Enforcement and implementation of commercial information privacy laws and policies; (3) Use of technology by the private sector to protect privacy, enhance transparency and encourage innovation; (4) Privacy standards for the collection, retention, use and dissemination of personally identifiable commercial information; and (5) Privacy implications of new or emerging technologies.[3]

Oversight, Federal Rights and Agency Action

Jurisdiction: (1) Administrative practices and procedures including agency rulemaking and adjudication; (2) Judicial review of agency action; (3) Third party enforcement of federal rights; (4) Oversight of the Department of Justice grant programs, as well as government waste and abuse; (5) private relief bills other than immigration; and (6) Oversight of the Foreign Claims Settlement Act.

Jurisdiction

According to the official Senate website, the jurisdiction of the Judiciary Committee includes its role in conducting oversight and consideration of nominations, the committee also considers legislation, resolutions, messages, petitions, memorials and other matters, as provided for in the Standing Rules of the Senate. These areas include all of the following:

  1. Apportionment of Representatives.
  2. Bankruptcy, mutiny, espionage, and counterfeiting.
  3. Civil liberties.
  4. Constitutional amendments.
  5. Federal courts and judges.
  6. Government information.
  7. Holidays and celebrations.
  8. Immigration and naturalization.
  9. Interstate compacts generally.
  10. Judicial proceedings, civil and criminal, generally.
  11. Local courts in territories and possessions.
  12. Measures relating to claims against the United States.
  13. National penitentiaries.
  14. Patent Office.
  15. Patents, copyrights, and trademarks.
  16. Protection of trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies.
  17. Revision and codification of the statutes of the United States.
  18. State and territorial boundary lines.
  19. Oversight of the Department of Justice and the agencies under the Department's jurisdiction, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Department of Homeland Security.
  20. Executive nominations for positions in the Department of Justice, Office of National Drug Control Policy, the United States Parole Commission, the United States Sentencing Commission, and the State Justice Institute, as well as select nominations for the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Commerce are referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee.
  21. The consideration of all Article III judicial nominations. These include Supreme Court nominations, appellate court nominations, and district court nominations. The Committee also considers nominations to the Court of International Trade.

Contact

224 Dirksen Senate Office Building
Washington, DC 20510

Majority Phone: 202-224-7703
Majority Fax:202-224-9516


Minority Phone:202-224-5225
Minority Fax:202-224-9102

See also

External links

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Suggest a link

References