Difference between revisions of "United States Senate elections in Iowa, 2014"

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(General election)
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==Polls==
 
==Polls==
 
===General election===
 
===General election===
{{CongPoll
+
{{Iasen2014polls}}
|Title=Possible match-up: Braley v. Ernst
+
|Poll1=[http://www.publicpolicypolling.com/main/2013/07/branstad-braley-lead-in-iowa.html Public Policy Polling]<br>July 5-7, 2013
+
|Poll2=[http://www.conservativeintel.com/conservative-intel-poll-iasen-surprisingly-competitive-1125/ Harper Polling]<br>November 23-24, 2013
+
|Poll3=[http://www.publicpolicypolling.com/pdf/2014/PPP_Release_IA_225.pdf Public Policy Polling]<br>February 20-23, 2014
+
|Poll4=[http://www.quinnipiac.edu/institutes-and-centers/polling-institute/iowa/release-detail?ReleaseID=2019 Quinnipiac University]<br>March 5-10, 2014
+
|Poll5=[http://www.rasmussenreports.com/public_content/politics/elections/election_2014/iowa/election_2014_iowa_senate Rasmussen Reports]<br>March 24-25, 2014
+
|Poll6=[http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2014/04/09/ernst_narrowly_leads_gop_field_in_iowa_senate_race_122223.html Suffolk University]<br>April 3-8, 2014
+
|Poll7=[http://www.publicpolicypolling.com/pdf/2014/PPP_Release_Iowa%200521.pdf Public Policy Polling]<br>May 15-19, 2014
+
|Poll8=[http://www.loras.edu/About-Loras/News-Events/News/2014/Ernst-and-Branstad-Emerge-With-Early-Leads,-Loras.aspx Loras College]<br>June 4-5, 2014
+
|Poll9=[http://www.rasmussenreports.com/public_content/politics/elections/election_2014/iowa/election_2014_iowa_senate Rasmussen Reports]<br>June 4-5, 2014
+
|Poll10=[http://thehill.com/blogs/ballot-box/senate-races/208614-gop-poll-republican-leads-in-key-iowa-senate-race Vox Populi]<br>June 4-5, 2014
+
|Poll11=[http://www.quinnipiac.edu/news-and-events/quinnipiac-university-poll/iowa/release-detail?ReleaseID=2053 Quinnipiac University]<br>June 12-16, 2014
+
|Poll12=[http://msnbcmedia.msn.com/i/MSNBC/Sections/A_Politics/Partner%20RSS%20Feeds%20and%20Grid%20Packages/NBC%20News_Marist%20Poll%202014%20Iowa%20Annotated%20Questionnaire_July%202014.pdf NBC News/Marist]<br>July 7-13, 2014
+
|Response1=Bruce Braley (D)
+
|Response2=Joni Ernst (R)
+
|Response3=Undecided
+
|Numberpolled1=668
+
|Numberpolled2=985
+
|Numberpolled3=869
+
|Numberpolled4=1411
+
|Numberpolled5=750
+
|Numberpolled6=800
+
|Numberpolled7=914
+
|Numberpolled8=600
+
|Numberpolled9=750
+
|Numberpolled10=667
+
|Numberpolled11=1277
+
|Numberpolled12=1599
+
|Margin of error1 =3.8
+
|Margin of error2 =3.12
+
|Margin of error3 =3.3
+
|Margin of error4 =2.6
+
|Margin of error5 =4.0
+
|Margin of error6 =3.5
+
|Margin of error7 =3.3
+
|Margin of error8 =4.0
+
|Margin of error9 =4.0
+
|Margin of error10 =3.8
+
|Margin of error11 =2.7
+
|Margin of error12 =2.5
+
|Response1Poll1% =45
+
|Response2Poll1% = 33
+
|Response3Poll1% =22
+
|Response1Poll2% =42
+
|Response2Poll2% =36
+
|Response3Poll2% =22
+
|Response1Poll3% =41
+
|Response2Poll3% =35
+
|Response3Poll3% =23
+
|Response1Poll4% =42
+
|Response2Poll4% =29
+
|Response3Poll4% =29
+
|Response1Poll5% =40
+
|Response2Poll5% =37
+
|Response3Poll5% =23
+
|Response1Poll6% =38
+
|Response2Poll6% =30
+
|Response3Poll6% =32
+
|Response1Poll7% =45
+
|Response2Poll7% =39
+
|Response3Poll7% =16
+
|Response1Poll8% =42
+
|Response2Poll8% =48
+
|Response3Poll8% =10
+
|Response1Poll9% =44
+
|Response2Poll9% =45
+
|Response3Poll9% =9
+
|Response1Poll10% =49
+
|Response2Poll10% =44
+
|Response3Poll10% =7
+
|Response1Poll11% =44
+
|Response2Poll11% =40
+
|Response3Poll11% =14
+
|Response1Poll12% =43
+
|Response2Poll12% =43
+
|Response3Poll12% =14
+
}}
+
 
+
In a [http://www.quinnipiac.edu/news-and-events/quinnipiac-university-poll/iowa/release-detail?ReleaseID=2053 Quinnipiac University poll] conducted June 12-16, 2014, men supported the [[Joni Ernst|female candidate]] and women supported the [[Bruce Braley|male contender]]. Women support [[Bruce Braley]] (D) 47 percent to 36 percent, while men back [[Joni Ernst]] (R) by a narrower 44 percent to 40 percent margin.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-politics/wp/2014/06/18/joni-ernst-r-winning-men-bruce-braley-d-winning-women-in-tightening-iowa-senate-race/ ''Washington Post'', "Joni Ernst (R) winning men, Bruce Braley (D) winning women in tightening Iowa Senate race," accessed June 23, 2014]</ref>
+
 
+
 
+
{{CongPoll
+
|Title=Possible match-up: Braley v. Whitaker
+
|Poll1=[http://www.publicpolicypolling.com/main/2013/07/branstad-braley-lead-in-iowa.html Public Policy Polling]<br>July 5-7, 2013
+
|Poll2=[http://www.conservativeintel.com/conservative-intel-poll-iasen-surprisingly-competitive-1125/ Harper Polling]<br>November 23-24, 2013
+
|Poll3=[http://www.publicpolicypolling.com/pdf/2014/PPP_Release_IA_225.pdf Public Policy Polling]<br>February 20-23, 2014
+
|Poll4=[http://www.quinnipiac.edu/institutes-and-centers/polling-institute/iowa/release-detail?ReleaseID=2019 Quinnipiac University]<br>March 5-10, 2014
+
|Poll5=[http://www.rasmussenreports.com/public_content/politics/elections/election_2014/iowa/election_2014_iowa_senate Rasmussen Reports]<br>March 24-25, 2014
+
|Poll6=[http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2014/04/09/ernst_narrowly_leads_gop_field_in_iowa_senate_race_122223.html Suffolk University]<br>April 3-8, 2014
+
|Poll7=[http://www.publicpolicypolling.com/pdf/2014/PPP_Release_Iowa%200521.pdf Public Policy Polling]<br>May 15-19, 2014
+
|Response1=Bruce Braley (D)
+
|Response2=Matt Whitaker (R)
+
|Response3=Undecided
+
|Numberpolled1=668
+
|Numberpolled2=985
+
|Numberpolled3=869
+
|Numberpolled4=1411
+
|Numberpolled5=750
+
|Numberpolled6=800
+
|Numberpolled7=914
+
|Margin of error1 =3.8
+
|Margin of error2 =3.12
+
|Margin of error3 =3.3
+
|Margin of error4 =2.6
+
|Margin of error5 =4.0
+
|Margin of error6 =3.5
+
|Margin of error7 =3.3
+
|Response1Poll1% =43
+
|Response2Poll1% =  34
+
|Response3Poll1% =23
+
|Response1Poll2% =41
+
|Response2Poll2% =38
+
|Response3Poll2% =22
+
|Response1Poll3% =40
+
|Response2Poll3% =34
+
|Response3Poll3% =26
+
|Response1Poll4% =42
+
|Response2Poll4% =30
+
|Response3Poll4% =28
+
|Response1Poll5% =40
+
|Response2Poll5% =36
+
|Response3Poll5% =24
+
|Response1Poll6% =38
+
|Response2Poll6% =27
+
|Response3Poll6% =33
+
|Response1Poll7% =43
+
|Response2Poll7% =36
+
|Response3Poll7% =21
+
}}
+
 
+
 
+
{{CongPoll
+
|Title=Possible match-up: Braley v. Clovis
+
|Poll1=[http://www.publicpolicypolling.com/main/2013/07/branstad-braley-lead-in-iowa.html Public Policy Polling]<br>July 5-7, 2013
+
|Poll2=[http://www.conservativeintel.com/conservative-intel-poll-iasen-surprisingly-competitive-1125/ Harper Polling]<br>November 23-24, 2013
+
|Poll3=[http://www.publicpolicypolling.com/pdf/2014/PPP_Release_IA_225.pdf Public Policy Polling]<br>February 20-23, 2014
+
|Poll4=[http://www.quinnipiac.edu/institutes-and-centers/polling-institute/iowa/release-detail?ReleaseID=2019 Quinnipiac University]<br>March 5-10, 2014
+
|Poll5=[http://www.rasmussenreports.com/public_content/politics/elections/election_2014/iowa/election_2014_iowa_senate Rasmussen Reports]<br>March 24-25, 2014
+
|Poll6=[http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2014/04/09/ernst_narrowly_leads_gop_field_in_iowa_senate_race_122223.html Suffolk University]<br>April 3-8, 2014
+
|Poll7=[http://www.publicpolicypolling.com/pdf/2014/PPP_Release_Iowa%200521.pdf Public Policy Polling]<br>May 15-19, 2014
+
|Response1=Bruce Braley (D)
+
|Response2=Sam Clovis (R)
+
|Response3=Undecided
+
|Numberpolled1=668
+
|Numberpolled2=985
+
|Numberpolled3=869
+
|Numberpolled4=1411
+
|Numberpolled5=750
+
|Numberpolled6=800
+
|Numberpolled7=914
+
|Margin of error1 =3.8
+
|Margin of error2 =3.12
+
|Margin of error3 =3.3
+
|Margin of error4 =2.6
+
|Margin of error5 =4.0
+
|Margin of error6 =3.5
+
|Margin of error7 =3.3
+
|Response1Poll1% = 43
+
|Response2Poll1% =  31
+
|Response3Poll1% =25
+
|Response1Poll2% =40
+
|Response2Poll2% =35
+
|Response3Poll2% =25
+
|Response1Poll3% =42
+
|Response2Poll3% =34
+
|Response3Poll3% =24
+
|Response1Poll4% =42
+
|Response2Poll4% =27
+
|Response3Poll4% =31
+
|Response1Poll5% =44
+
|Response2Poll5% =31
+
|Response3Poll5% =25
+
|Response1Poll6% =38
+
|Response2Poll6% =25
+
|Response3Poll6% =35
+
|Response1Poll7% =43
+
|Response2Poll7% =34
+
|Response3Poll7% =21
+
}}
+
 
+
 
+
{{CongPoll
+
|Title=Possible match-up: Braley v. Jacobs
+
|Poll1=[http://www.publicpolicypolling.com/main/2013/07/branstad-braley-lead-in-iowa.html Public Policy Polling]<br>July 5-7, 2013
+
|Poll2=[http://www.conservativeintel.com/conservative-intel-poll-iasen-surprisingly-competitive-1125/ Harper Polling]<br>November 23-24, 2013
+
|Poll3=[http://www.publicpolicypolling.com/pdf/2014/PPP_Release_IA_225.pdf Public Policy Polling]<br>February 20-23, 2014
+
|Poll4=[http://www.quinnipiac.edu/institutes-and-centers/polling-institute/iowa/release-detail?ReleaseID=2019 Quinnipiac University]<br>March 5-10, 2014
+
|Poll5=[http://www.rasmussenreports.com/public_content/politics/elections/election_2014/iowa/election_2014_iowa_senate Rasmussen Reports]<br>March 24-25, 2014
+
|Poll6=[http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2014/04/09/ernst_narrowly_leads_gop_field_in_iowa_senate_race_122223.html Suffolk University]<br>April 3-8, 2014
+
|Response1=Bruce Braley (D)
+
|Response2=Mark Jacobs (R)
+
|Response3=Undecided
+
|Numberpolled1=668
+
|Numberpolled2=985
+
|Numberpolled3=869
+
|Numberpolled4=1411
+
|Numberpolled5=750
+
|Numberpolled6=800
+
|Margin of error1 =3.8
+
|Margin of error2 =3.12
+
|Margin of error3 =3.3
+
|Margin of error4 =2.6
+
|Margin of error5 =4.0
+
|Margin of error6 =3.5
+
|Response1Poll1% =44
+
|Response2Poll1% =32
+
|Response3Poll1% =24
+
|Response1Poll2% 41
+
|Response2Poll2% =37
+
|Response3Poll2% =22
+
|Response1Poll3% =41
+
|Response2Poll3% =35
+
|Response3Poll3% =24
+
|Response1Poll4% =40
+
|Response2Poll4% =31
+
|Response3Poll4% =29
+
|Response1Poll5% =41
+
|Response2Poll5% =38
+
|Response3Poll5% =21
+
|Response1Poll6% =37
+
|Response2Poll6% =31
+
|Response3Poll6% =32
+
}}
+
 
+
 
+
{{CongPoll
+
|Title=Possible match-up: Braley v. Young
+
|Poll1=[http://www.publicpolicypolling.com/main/2013/07/branstad-braley-lead-in-iowa.html Public Policy Polling]<br>July 5-7, 2013
+
|Poll2=[http://www.conservativeintel.com/conservative-intel-poll-iasen-surprisingly-competitive-1125/ Harper Polling]<br>November 23-24, 2013
+
|Response1=Bruce Braley (D)
+
|Response2=David Young (R)
+
|Response3=Undecided
+
|Numberpolled1=668
+
|Numberpolled2=985
+
|Margin of error1 =3.8
+
|Margin of error2 =3.12
+
|Response1Poll1% =45
+
|Response2Poll1% = 32
+
|Response3Poll1% =24
+
|Response1Poll2% =41
+
|Response2Poll2% =35
+
|Response3Poll2% =24
+
}}
+
 
+
 
+
{{CongPoll
+
|Title=Possible match-up: Braley v. Schaben
+
|Poll1=[http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2014/04/09/ernst_narrowly_leads_gop_field_in_iowa_senate_race_122223.html Suffolk University]<br>April 3-8, 2014
+
|Response1=Bruce Braley (D)
+
|Response2=Scott Schaben (R)
+
|Response3=Undecided
+
|Numberpolled1=800
+
|Margin of error1 =3.5
+
|Response1Poll1% = 38
+
|Response2Poll1% = 25
+
|Response3Poll1% = 36
+
}}
+
  
 
===Republican primary===
 
===Republican primary===

Revision as of 07:58, 23 July 2014



CongressLogo.png

2014 U.S. Senate Elections in Iowa

General Election Date
November 4, 2014

Primary Date
June 3, 2014

November 4 Election Winner:
Pending
Incumbent prior to election:
Tom Harkin Democratic Party
Tom Harkin.jpg

Race Ratings
Cook Political Report: Toss Up[1]

Sabato's Crystal Ball: Toss Up[2]


Other Senate Elections
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2014 U.S. House Elections

Flag of Iowa.png
Voters in Iowa will elect one member to the U.S. Senate in the election on November 4, 2014.

The election will fill the Senate seat currently held by Tom Harkin (D). Harkin was first elected in 1984. On January 26, 2013, Harkin announced that he would not seek re-election once his current term expires. Upon his retirement, he will have served in the U.S. Senate for 30 years. Prior to this, he served in the U.S. House for ten years. He said of his retirement, "I have mixed feelings. You know what, it's somebody else's turn. To walk away from this position and this power is not an easy thing. But I think it's the right thing."[3]

The establishment and tea party wings of the Republican party both rallied behind state Sen. Joni Ernst (R).[4]

Rep. Bruce Braley ran unopposed in the Democratic primary.

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
March 14, 2014
June 3, 2014
November 4, 2014

Primary: Iowa is one of 21 states with a mixed primary system. The primary is closed, but voters are allowed to change their political party affiliation on election day.[5]

Voter registration: Voters must register to vote in the primary by either May 26, 2014, to pre-register, or on election day. For the general election, the voter registration deadline is October 25, 2014 (10 days before election day).[6]

See also: Iowa elections, 2014

Incumbent: The election will fill the Senate seat currently held by Tom Harkin (D). Harkin was first elected in 1984. On January 26, 2013, Harkin announced that he would not seek re-election once his current term expires. Upon his retirement, he will have served in the U.S. Senate for 30 years. Prior to this, he served in the U.S. House for ten years. He said of his retirement, "I have mixed feelings. You know what, it's somebody else's turn. To walk away from this position and this power is not an easy thing. But I think it's the right thing."[7]

Candidates

General election candidates


June 3, 2014, primary results

Republican Party Republican Primary

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Independent Third Party Candidates

Failed to file

Rumored candidates

Declined

Race background

Most vulnerable seats

The FiscalTimes compiled a list of the seven most vulnerable Senate seats up for election in 2014. The seven included in the list are: Alaska, Arkansas, Iowa, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Dakota and West Virginia. Going into the 2014 election, all seven seats are held by Democrats.[48]

Branstad endorsement

Gov. Terry Branstad spoke of his preference for Tom Latham to be the Republican nominee for Iowa's Senate seat at the National Governors Association on February 23, 2013.[49] Branstad said he believes Latham would be more electable statewide than fellow Rep. Steve King, who is also considering a run for the seat opened up by Harkin's retirement.[49]

Branstad also made it clear that he expects the two candidates to decide who will be running for the seat without a primary battle. “We’re not going to have a primary, and I’m going to support both of my congressmen. I just think that Latham would be the strongest candidate for the Senate at this time, and I feel confident that he would be a great vote-getter in our state.”[49]

Despite his preference for the strongest Republican nominee, Branstad has praised both candidates. He even suggested that he might support Steve King if Sen. Chuck Grassley (R) retires in 2016 and he makes a run for his seat.[49]

Branstad summed up the situation, stating “I’ve encouraged them to talk to each other, make the decision, but I would hope that and someday I’d love to see them both in the U.S. Senate, but I think Tom Latham would be the most experienced and the strongest candidate at this time.”[49]

Latham declined run

Less than a week following Gov. Terry Branstad's announcement that he would prefer Tom Latham as the Republican nominee, Latham announced he would not run in 2014.[39]

On February 27, 2014, Latham sent an email to his supporters announcing that he would not be running for the Iowa Senate seat.[39]

In the message he stated, "However, only 56 days ago I took an oath to 'faithfully discharge the duties' of an office with which the people of Iowa's Third Congressional District entrusted to me. I cannot in good conscience launch a two-year statewide campaign that will detract from the commitment I made to the people who elected me, at a time when our nation desperately needs less campaigning and more leadership."[39]

His decision not to run, many argue, could hurt Republicans' chances of winning the open seat.[39] His place within the party, association with United States Speaker of the House John Boehner, and early poll indications all pointed to him as a formidable nominee for the Republican party.[39]

February 2013 lead

A poll conducted by Public Policy Polling February 1-3, 2013, showed a slight Democratic lead in a general election between potential candidates within the state.[50] The poll found a race between Latham and Braley a tossup, with Braley leading only 44-41.[50] By contrast, Braley led King by 11, with a 49-38 matchup. That same poll showed King leading Latham 50-27 in a two-man primary.

Primary results

U.S. Senate, Iowa Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJoni Ernst 56.2% 88,692
Sam Clovis 18% 28,434
Mark Jacobs 16.8% 26,576
Matt Whitaker 7.5% 11,901
Scott Schaben 1.4% 2,269
Total Votes 157,872
Source: Results via Associated Press Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.

Key votes

Below are important votes the current incumbent cast during the 113th Congress.

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[51] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Harkin voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[52]

Issues

Impeachment of Obama

In January 2014 candidate forum, Joni Ernst (R) told a crowd that she believed Obama had “become a dictator” and that he needed to face the consequences for his executive actions, “whether that’s removal from office, whether that’s impeachment.”[53]

Comments on Grassley

Republican research firm America Rising released a videotape on March 25, 2014, that showed Democratic candidate Bruce Braley make disparaging comments about Sen. Chuck Grassley (R).[54]

“If you help me win this race, you may have someone with your background, your experience, your voice — someone who’s been literally fighting tort reform for 30 years in a visible and public way on the Senate Judiciary Committee...Or you might have a farmer from Iowa who never went to law school, never practiced law, serving as the next chair of the Senate Judiciary. Because if Democrats lose the majority, Chuck Grassley will be the next chair of the Senate Judiciary,” said Braley.[54]

Braley apologized in a statement: “I apologize to Senator Grassley and anyone I may have offended. I respect Senator Grassley and enjoy our working relationship even though we disagree on some issues."[55]

Visits to 99 counties

Mark Jacobs (R) visited all 99 of Iowa’s counties in the 99 days since he declared his candidacy for U.S. Senate, his campaign said on February 25, 2014.[56]

In a press released, Jacobs' campaign said, “Other candidates seeking a statewide office will also visit all 99 counties, however none in this election cycle will have done so in such a concentrated period of time. This accomplishment speaks to Jacobs’ commitment to put in the hard work necessary to run a successful statewide campaign.”[56]

Faith & Freedom Coalition

Four of the Republican U.S. Senate hopefuls spent the evening at a coalition meeting sponsored by the Iowa Faith & Freedom Coalition on August 22, 2013, where they promised to defend life, traditional marriage, gun rights and Americans’ pocketbooks.[57] Each of the four candidates who accepted the invitation to the Iowa Faith & Freedom Coalition house party spent little time parsing the issues. Instead, they spoke of their shared values, their life experiences and Iowa common-sense.[57]

“We all agree on almost all of the issues,” Sam Clovis said.

“Anyone of us will be much, much better than a Bruce Braley in that seat,” added state senator Joni Ernst, referring to 1st District incumbent Bruce Braley.[57]

“There’s more common-sense on every street corner” in his hometown of Van Meter than in the nation’s capitol, David Young said, “and I will take it with me to Washington.”[57]

“We need a true conservative who will hold the line and say ‘no,’” said Matt Whitaker, who asked his audience for their support and for them to “go out and spread the word about the wonderful candidates you meet tonight.”[57]

That was, in fact, the point of the evening, according to Steve Scheffler, president of the Iowa Faith & Freedom Coalition, a non-profit advocacy and voter education group.[57] He encouraged those in attendance to help spread the candidates’ messages, to volunteer for their campaigns and contribute money.

“Our members want to know about issues ranging from the defense of unborn life to what can be done to fix the economy, but we also want to know and measure the character of our candidates,” Scheffler said. “These meetings will help flesh those questions out.”[57]

The 2014 race takes on special significance, Scheffler said, because it’s the first time since 1974 there has been an open-seat Senate race in Iowa. He emphasized the importance of unity among conservatives if Iowans are going to replace retiring Tom Harkin with someone who shares their values.[57]

“I’m not asking you to compromise, but bottom line, all of these candidates will agree with us on much more than what divides us,” Scheffler said. While there are some “non-negotiables like such as life and marriage,” he advised at getting into “spitting matches over little details."[57]

Race ratings

WaPo top races

According to an analysis by The Washington Post, the U.S. Senate election in Iowa is considered one of the top 10 Senate races of 2014. By late 2013 Republican candidate fundraising had not put up impressive fundraising. However, Rep. Braley had been continuing to put up high numbers.[58]

Polls

General election

General election

Braley v. Ernst (August 2014-Present)
Poll Bruce Braley (D) Joni Ernst (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Quinnipiac University
September 10-15, 2014
44%50%6%+/-2.91,167
CNN/ORC
September 8-10, 2014
49%48%1%+/-3.51,013
Public Policy Polling
August 28-30, 2014
43%45%12%+/-3.2816
Suffolk University/USA Today
August 23-26, 2014
40%40%15%+/-4.4500
Public Policy Polling
August 22-24, 2014
41%40%14%+/-3.2915
AVERAGES 43.4% 44.6% 9.6% +/-3.44 882.2
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Braley v. Ernst (July 2013-August 2014)
Poll Bruce Braley (D) Joni Ernst (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Rasmussen Reports
August 11-12, 2014
43%43%8%+/-4.0750
CBS/NYT/YouGov
July 5-24, 2014
47%48%4%+/-3.02,007
Human Events/Gravis Marketing
July 17-18, 2014
44%43%13%+/-3.01,179
NBC News/Marist
July 7-13, 2014
43%43%14%+/-2.51,599
Quinnipiac University
June 12-16, 2014
44%40%14%+/-2.71,277
Vox Populi
June 4-5, 2014
49%44%7%+/-3.8667
Rasmussen Reports
June 4-5, 2014
44%45%9%+/-4.0750
Loras College
June 4-5, 2014
42%48%10%+/-4.0600
Public Policy Polling
May 15-19, 2014
45%39%16%+/-3.3914
Suffolk University
April 3-8, 2014
38%30%32%+/-3.5800
Rasmussen Reports
March 24-25, 2014
40%37%23%+/-4.0750
Quinnipiac University
March 5-10, 2014
42%29%29%+/-2.61,411
Public Policy Polling
February 20-23, 2014
41%35%23%+/-3.3869
Harper Polling
November 23-24, 2013
42%36%22%+/-3.12985
Public Policy Polling
July 5-7, 2013
45%33%22%+/-3.8668
AVERAGES 43.27% 39.53% 16.4% +/-3.37 1,015.07
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

In a Quinnipiac University poll conducted June 12-16, 2014, men supported the female candidate and women supported the male contender. Women supported Bruce Braley (D) 47 percent to 36 percent, while men backed Joni Ernst (R) by a narrower 44 percent to 40 percent margin.[59]


Possible match-up: Braley v. Whitaker
Poll Bruce Braley (D) Matt Whitaker (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Polling
May 15-19, 2014
43%36%21%+/-3.3914
Suffolk University
April 3-8, 2014
38%27%33%+/-3.5800
Rasmussen Reports
March 24-25, 2014
40%36%24%+/-4.0750
Quinnipiac University
March 5-10, 2014
42%30%28%+/-2.61,411
Public Policy Polling
February 20-23, 2014
40%34%26%+/-3.3869
Harper Polling
November 23-24, 2013
41%38%22%+/-3.12985
Public Policy Polling
July 5-7, 2013
43%34%23%+/-3.8668
AVERAGES 41% 33.57% 25.29% +/-3.37 913.86
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Possible match-up: Braley v. Clovis
Poll Bruce Braley (D) Sam Clovis (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Polling
May 15-19, 2014
43%34%21%+/-3.3914
Suffolk University
April 3-8, 2014
38%25%35%+/-3.5800
Rasmussen Reports
March 24-25, 2014
44%31%25%+/-4.0750
Quinnipiac University
March 5-10, 2014
42%27%31%+/-2.61,411
Public Policy Polling
February 20-23, 2014
42%34%24%+/-3.3869
Harper Polling
November 23-24, 2013
40%35%25%+/-3.12985
Public Policy Polling
July 5-7, 2013
43%31%25%+/-3.8668
AVERAGES 41.71% 31% 26.57% +/-3.37 913.86
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Possible match-up: Braley v. Jacobs
Poll Bruce Braley (D) Mark Jacobs (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Suffolk University
April 3-8, 2014
37%31%32%+/-3.5800
Rasmussen Reports
March 24-25, 2014
41%38%21%+/-4.0750
Quinnipiac University
March 5-10, 2014
40%31%29%+/-2.61,411
Public Policy Polling
February 20-23, 2014
41%35%24%+/-3.3869
Public Policy Polling
July 5-7, 2013
44%32%24%+/-3.8668
AVERAGES 34% 25.33% +/-3.39 913.83
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Possible match-up: Braley v. Young
Poll Bruce Braley (D) David Young (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Harper Polling
November 23-24, 2013
41%35%24%+/-3.12985
Public Policy Polling
July 5-7, 2013
45%32%24%+/-3.8668
AVERAGES 43% 33.5% 24% +/-3.46 826.5
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Possible match-up: Braley v. Schaben
Poll Bruce Braley (D) Scott Schaben (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Suffolk University
April 3-8, 2014
38%25%36%+/-3.5800
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Republican primary

Republican primary
Poll Bob Vander Plaats Sam ClovisMatt WhitakerMark JacobsDavid YoungScott ShabenPaul LundeJoni ErnstSomeone elseUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Des Moines Register
May 27-30, 2014
0%11%13%18%0%2%0%38%0%16%+/-4.9400
Public Policy Polling
May 15-19, 2014
0%14%6%18%0%1%2%34%0%26%+/-3.3914
Loras College
May 12-13, 2014
0%10%7%19%0%2%0%31%0%29%+/-4.0600
Harper Polling
April 30-May 1, 2014
0%14%0%23%0%0%0%33%0%0%+/-4.4500
Loras College
April 7-8, 2014
0%7%4%19%0%3.5%0%18%0%46.5%+/-4.0600
Suffolk University
April 3-8, 2014
0%7%4%23%0%1%0%25%0%40%+/-3.5800
Public Policy Polling
February 20-23, 2014
0%8%11%20%0%3%3%13%0%42%+/-3.3869
Hill Research Consultants
February 12-13, 2014
0%6%8%22%0%0%0%11%3%50%+/-4500
Kellyanne Conway
November 22-23, 2013
28%8%7%5%4%1%1%0%0%39%+/-4.9400
AVERAGES 3.11% 9.44% 6.67% 18.56% 0.44% 1.5% 0.67% 22.56% 0.33% 32.06% +/-4.03 620.33
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Campaign donors

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season.

Joni Ernst (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
October Quarterly[60]October 15, 2013$0.00$252,397$(28,112)$224,285
Year End[61]January 31, 2014$224,285$202,774$(137,544)$289,514
April Quarterly[62]April 15, 2014$289,514$285,664$(147,978)$427,201
Running totals
$740,835$(313,634)
Scott Schaben (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
October Quarterly[63]October 15, 2013$0.00$8,291.00$(4,489.32)$3,801.68
Year End[64]January 31, 2014$3,801$4,297$(2,158)$5,940
April Quarterly[65]April 15, 2014$5,940$5,903$(4,627)$7,215
Running totals
$18,491$(11,274.32)
Sam Clovis (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
July Quarterly[66]July 15, 2013$0.00$14,132.48$(2,328.62)$11,803.86
October Quarterly[67]October 15, 2013$11,803.86$78,426.98$(51,660.18)$38,570.66
Running totals
$92,559.46$(53,988.8)
Matt Whitaker (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
July Quarterly[68]July 15, 2013$0.00$115,332.07$(4,087.66)$111,244.41
October Quarterly[69]October 15, 2013$111,244.41$104,557.61$(34,977.49)$180,824.53
Year End[70]January 31, 2014$180,824$111,071$(59,803)$232,092
April Quarterly[71]April 15, 2014$232,092$107,334$(50,340)$289,087
Running totals
$438,294.68$(149,208.15)
Bruce Braley (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[72]April 15, 2013$0.00$1,035,875.92$(31,259.28)$1,004,606.64
July Quarterly[73]July 13, 2013$1,004,606.64$1,258,495.47$(257,324.01)$2,005,778.10
October Quarterly[74]October 15, 2013$2,005,778.10$2,906,320.60$(582,969.55)$2,323,351.05
Year-end[75]January 31, 2014$2,323,351$1,020,227$(732,786)$2,610,791
April Quarterly[76]April 15, 2014$2,610,791$1,258,283$(756,501)$3,112,574
Running totals
$7,479,201.99$(2,360,839.84)


Bruce Braley (D) reportedly transferred $179,000 from his U.S. House campaign account to his U.S. Senate campaign, and spent $113,000 in the first three months of the 2013.[77] Braley ended the first quarter of 2013 with $1,004,606 in cash on hand and reported that he already received contributions from Iowans in all 99 counties.[77] He announced on July 2, 2013 that he raised $1.25 million in the second quarter, from April 1 to June 30, and had $2 million in cash on hand.[78]

Possible Republican candidate and current Representative Steve King reportedly raised $93,000 and had $90,000 cash-on-hand as of April 2013.[79]

On July 9, 2013, Republican candidate Matt Whitaker reported raising $110,506 in campaign cash in the 27 days since he entered the race on June 3, 2013.[80] He had 134 donors from Iowa, which represents 78 percent of his donors.[80] A fundraiser featuring U.S. Sen. Chuck Grassley in Washington, D.C. is set for July 23.[80]

David Young (R) announced on July 9, 2013 his June 2013 fundraising efforts totaled $152,785 with $151,500 cash-on-hand at the end of the quarter.[81]

Joni Ernst raised $252,000 in her first fundraising quarter, according to reports on October 10, 2013.[82]

In a statement, Ernst said: ”I am incredibly thankful to those who have been so generous with their support over the last several weeks. Each and every contribution, no matter the amount, helps my campaign to continue to grow in momentum. I am excited to continue traveling the state and meeting with voters to share my vision of taking our shared Iowa values to Washington, D.C.”[82]

Sam Clovis raised $75,000 in the third quarter of 2013, after raising just $14,000 in the previous quarter.[83] He ended the quarter with about $35,000 in cash on hand.[83]

Outside spending

The National Republican Senatorial Committee announced a new effort targeting representative Bruce Braley, “batting for Obamacare,” on August 16, 2013.[84] The group plans on releasing seven billboards in Des Moines accusing Braley of hurting Iowans by supporting Obamacare.[84] The billboards have a baseball theme, with four versions of a scoreboard that cite families, farmers, seniors and small businesses as the losers when it comes to the federal health care law.[84] As part of the effort the group will also launch a website, WrongTeamBraley.com, which shows Braley wearing a baseball cap with the Obama campaign logo.[84]

Media


Bruce Braley's May 2014 ad, "Mom."

Bruce Braley's May 2014 ad, "Equal Justice."

Bruce Braley

  • Even though he faced no primary challenger, Bruce Braley came out a week before the primary with a biographical ad touting his resume as a lawyer, describing it as one of fighting for people and helping them solve their problems.[85]
    • “Equal justice under the law is what this country is built upon, is one of the things that motivated me to want to become a lawyer, and fight for people,” Braley said in the ad.[85]
  • Just before Mother's Day, the second television ad of Bruce Braley's campaign highlighted the impact Marcia Braley -- Bruce's mom -- had on his life.[86]
    • Braley said in the ad, “My mom is an incredible inspiration to me, and she's had a big impact on my life. She grew up in the Great Depression and taught us to work hard, put family first, and spend money wisely. But most importantly, she taught me to never give up no matter how tough things were. I’m running for Senate because I’m determined to fight for working families like the one I grew up in.”[86]

Mark Jacobs


May 19, 2014, ad, "The wrong direction."

May 20, 2014, ad, "Outsider."

Mark Jacobs' first ad buy of the campaign, "Jobs and Opportunity."
  • Mark Jacobs released two ads in May 2014. One, "The wrong direction," focused on Obamacare and the other, "Outsider," showed Jacobs as a Washington outsider.[87]
  • Jacobs (R) released the first ads of the campaign with a $138,000 December 2013 ad buy and another $75,000 ad buy in January 2014.[88][89] He also released a radio ad in early December 2013.[90]

Joni Ernst


Joni Ernst's March 2014 ad, "Squeal."

Joni Ernst's March 2014 ad, "Shot."

Joni Ernst's May 2014 ad, "Never."

Joni Ernst's May 2014 ad, "Long Way."

Joni Ernst's June 2014 ad, "Values."
  • Joni Ernst released a 30-second ad on March 24, 2014, "Squeal." The ad began with Ernst saying, "I can castrate pigs so I am the perfect conservative for Iowa to send to the Senate."[91][92] She also said in the ad, "I grew up castrating hogs on an Iowa farm. So when I get to Washington, I’ll know how to cut pork. Washington’s full of big spenders. Let’s make ’em squeal.”[92]
  • Ernst's second ad, "Shot," was released on May 4, 2014.[93]
    • "Conservative Joni Ernst: mom, farm girl and a lieutenant colonel who carries more than just lipstick in her purse. Joni Ernst will take aim at wasteful spending. And when she sets her sights on Obamacare, Joni's going to unload," the narrator said in the ad.[93]
  • Ernst's third ad, "Never," criticized challenger Mark Jacobs.[94]
    • "Why is Mark Jacobs falsely attacking Joni Ernst? Because Jacobs is from Texas, not Iowa. Jacobs supported this guy's cap and trade and Mark Jacobs gave thousands to Democrats, even the guy who cast the deciding vote for Obamacare," the narrator said.[94]
  • A week before the Republican primary, Ernst released another ad, "Long Way."[95]
    • In the ad, Ernst said: "I'm Joni Ernst and I approved this message, because this is home. I grew up walking beans on our family farm. The church I grew up in is the church where our daughter was baptized. Hard work. Love of country. This is where I learned America's greatness comes from people, not government. It's a long way from Red Oak to Washington. But I'm asking for your vote, because I'll take our values there, instead of the other way around."[95]
  • Ernst released an ad on June 16, 2014, that went after Rep. Bruce Braley for running a negative campaign.[96]

Outside groups


American Heartland's May 2014 ad, "When Nobody Was Looking."

Priorities for Iowa's March 2014 ad, "Not for Sale."

Marco Rubio's PAC Reclaim America's May 2014 ad for Joni Ernst, "Leader."

Americans for Prosperity's January 2014 ad, "Tell Congressman Braley: Obamacare is Hurting Iowa Families."

Americans for Prosperity's June 2014 ad, "Bruce Braley Supports Special Interests."

Americans for Prosperity

  • On January 27, 2014, Senate Majority PAC launched its $225,000 television ad buy for Bruce Braley (D), in an effort to fight back against a $500,000 ad campaign by Americans for Prosperity.[98]
    • In the ad, the narrator addressed the new healthcare law, “You’ve seen the ads – out-of-state billionaires playing politics with health care. The truth? Bruce Braley knows we need to fix the health care law, make it work for Iowa and hold insurance companies accountable. He knows we can’t go back to letting insurance companies deny coverage for pre-existing conditions and kick people off their coverage when they get sick.”[98]

American Heartland

A new Republican super PAC launched an ad attack against Mark Jacobs in May 2014. The ad accused Jacobs, the former CEO of Houston-based Reliant Energy who put more than $1.6 million of his own money into the race, of being a “Texas millionaire” who has waffled in his political views. The PAC, which was incorporated in 2013, had not previously been active.[99]

Senate Majority PAC


Senate Majority PAC's January 2014 ad, "Oil Billionaires."

Senate Majority PAC's April 2014 ad, "Roots."
  • Senate Majority PAC released another ad for Braley on April 11, 2014. The ad featured two farmers defending Braley. "People can say what they like, but we know Bruce," one of the farmers said. "And we know he's got our back," the second farmer said to end the ad. The group spent more than $210,000 on the ad.[100][101]

Priorities for Iowa

  • The Director of Priorities for Iowa, Sara Craig, said in a statement: “Bruce Braley was caught on video saying what he really thinks, and his apology doesn’t really hold up. His comments have created a national firestorm, but now all Iowans need to understand the full context. He isn’t just insulting Sen. Grassley, Iowa farmers, or people without law degrees, he is trying to sell a seat on the Senate Judiciary Committee, telling Texas trial lawyers he’ll be their ‘voice’ on the Committee. We need our next Senator to be Iowa’s voice, not the voice of trial lawyers.”[102]

Reclaim America

Sen. Marco Rubio's PAC, Reclaim America, launched a $121,000 ad, "Leader," that described Joni Ernst (R) as "exceptional."[103]

    • "This year, an exceptional Iowan is running for the U.S. Senate. Joni Ernst served our country in Iraq and led the largest battalion in the Iowa National Guard. Joni Ernst fought for, and won, the largest property tax cut in Iowa history. But most importantly, Joni Ernst is a mother, grandmother and Sunday school teacher - Iowa values to the core. Joni Ernst - she'll make us proud," the narrator said.[103]

Endorsements

Joni Ernst

  • The U.S. Chamber of Commerce endorsed Joni Ernst on May 13, 2014.[104]
    • "Joni understands that big government is an impediment to job creation, and that the best way to turn the economy around and create jobs is through pro-growth economic policies. The U.S Chamber is proud to stand with Joni and highlight her work removing regulatory barriers and encouraging competition in Iowa. In today’s economy, that’s the type of leadership we need in Washington," Chamber Political Director Rob Engstrom said in a statement.[104]
    • The group launched an ad that emphasized her farm-family upbringing and military credentials the week before the Republican primary. [105]
  • The National Rifle Association gave Joni Ernst an "A" rating and endorsement on May 13, 2014.[106]
    • “Joni Ernst has consistently opposed all attempts to restrict gun rights and has been a true friend of the Second Amendment,” said Chris W. Cox, chairman of the NRA’s Political Victory Fund.[106]
  • Sen. Marco Rubio endorsed Ernst on May 5, 2014.[107][108]
    • Rubio spent $210,000 in independent expenditures for Ernst prior to the primary.[108]
  • Sarah Palin endorsed Joni Ernst on March 26, 2014.[109]
    • In a Facebook post, Palin wrote: "If Nebraska’s Deb Fischer can see through the bull in Washington, then Iowa’s Joni Ernst can help her cut through the pork. Growing up on a hog farm in Southwest Iowa, Joni has taken her 'pork cutting' skills to the Iowa State Senate where she has been a champion for life, small government, and lower taxes – voting for the largest tax cut in Iowa history. In Washington, she has pledged to defund Obamacare, limit the size of government, and protect life. As a concealed weapon license holder, she will fight to defend our Second Amendment rights – the NRA has given her an A rating."[109]
  • Mitt Romney endorsed Ernst in an email sent to a substantial number of his backers in Iowa on March 5, 2014.[110] In the email he wrote, ."..Now, more than ever, we need someone who will demand fiscal responsibility in Washington and will put up a strong fight against Obamacare. Mother, soldier and proven conservative, Joni Ernst, is ready to do just that. Join our efforts by making a contribution to Joni’s campaign today. Any and every contribution will make a difference."[110]
  • Republican activist David Oman endorsed Ernst (R) on March 3, 2014.[111]
  • On October 7, 2013, Iowa Lt. Gov. Kim Reynolds announced her endorsement of Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate.[112]
    • It was assumed that the endorsement would give Ernst some momentum in the competitive, multi-way race for the Republican nomination.[112]
    • “Joni Ernst represents the best of the Republican Party; she represents the best of Iowa,” Reynolds wrote in a guest opinion column in the Des Moines Register. “Joni does more than just talk about the policies and values she holds dear. She fights for them.”[112]

Matt Whitaker

Bruce Braley

  • At Tom Harkin's 36th Annual Steak Fry in September 2013, the proceeds of which went toward To Organize a Majority PAC, several key Democratic members endorsed Bruce Braley for Harkin's seat.[114]
    • “Folks, you have been so kind and generous to me in all of the years I have represented you in both the House and 30 years in the Senate,” Harkin said. “I want you to know there is only one person I want to pass that baton to, and that’s our next United States’ senator, Bruce Braley.”[114]
  • Vice President Joe Biden also endorsed Braley.[114]“I’ve gotten to get to know Bruce,” Biden said. “Tom admires him, and it’s why I think he is going to be a great senator. He is absolutely authentic. I told Bruce I would come campaign for him or against him, whichever would help him most.”[114]
  • Gabrielle Giffords, and her husband, former astronaut Mark Kelly, took part in a fundraiser in Des Moines on October 27, 2013.[115]

Debates

Republican primary

The Iowa Broadcast News Association sponsored a 90 minute debate for Republican candidates on May 3, 2014. The debate was part of the group’s annual convention.[117]

Election history

2010

On November 2, 2010, Grassley won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Roxanne Conlin (D) and John Heiderscheit (L) in the general election.[118]

U.S. Senate, Iowa General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngChuck Grassley Incumbent 64.4% 718,215
     Democratic Roxanne Conlin 33.3% 371,686
     Libertarian John Heiderscheit 2.3% 25,290
Total Votes 1,115,191

2008

On November 4, 2008, Tom Harkin won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Christopher Reed (R) in the general election.[119]

U.S. Senate, Iowa General Election, 2008
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngTom Harkin incumbent 62.7% 941,665
     Republican Christopher Reed 37.3% 560,006
Total Votes 1,501,671

See also

External links

References

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  2. Sabato's Crystal Ball, "2014 Senate Races," accessed August 5, 2014
  3. USA Today, "Iowa Sen. Harkin will not seek re-election," January 26, 2013
  4. The Hill, "GOP unites behind Ernst in Iowa," accessed May 28, 2014
  5. Iowa Secretary of State Website, "Voter Registration FAQ," accessed January 3, 2014
  6. Iowa Secretary of State Website, "Voter Pre-Registration," accessed January 3, 2014
  7. USA Today, "Iowa Sen. Harkin will not seek re-election," January 26, 2013
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Washington Post "Northey won’t run for Iowa Senate seat, hopes Steve King will" accessed May 2, 2013
  9. 9.0 9.1 KMALand, "Ernst still undecided on Senate bid," May 23, 2013
  10. Des Moines Register, "Former U.S. Attorney Matt Whitaker pursues open Senate seat," May 6, 2013
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  13. The Gazette, "Sioux City radio host considering U.S. Senate run," May 23, 2013
  14. Des Moines Register "Sioux City radio host Sam Clovis joins U.S. Senate race" accessed June 12, 2013
  15. Daily Times Herald "Kuemper alum Schaben plans U.S. Senate bid" accessed July 10, 2013
  16. Des Moines Register "Candidate for U.S. Senate suggests African American wife is evidence he’s not racist" accessed July 10, 2013
  17. Politico "Iowa Republican Senate primary 2014 a free-for-all" accessed May 28, 2013
  18. Des Moines Register "Joni Ernst announces bid for Senate seat" accessed July 10, 2013
  19. Des Moines Register, "Republican to air first TV ads in U.S. Senate race," accessed December 21, 2013
  20. Des Moines Register, "Mark Jacobs, possible Senate candidate, hosts education reform forum," May 8, 2013
  21. 21.0 21.1 The Wall Street Journal, "Harkin's Exit Heralds Scramble for Senate Seat," January 26, 2013
  22. Sioux City Journal, "Iowa's U.S. House 1st District GOP field doubles; Pate, Rogers join race," accessed September 16, 2013
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  24. Politics Your Way, "Home," accessed January 13, 2014
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  26. LinkedIn, "Bob Quast," accessed February 24, 2014
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  29. Des Moines Register "Senate candidate David Young: Bruce Braley is ‘vulnerable’" accessed June 18, 2013
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  38. The Iowa Republican, "Grassley Chief of Staff David Young set to enter U.S. Senate race," May 23, 2013
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