Difference between revisions of "United States Senate special election in Massachusetts, 2013"

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::{{bluedot}} [[Ed Markey]]{{approved}}
 
::{{bluedot}} [[Ed Markey]]{{approved}}
 
::{{reddot}} [[Gabriel Gomez]]
 
::{{reddot}} [[Gabriel Gomez]]
::{{greydot}} [[Richard Heos]] (Twelve Visions Party)<ref>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elespeif/senatorincongressma_elecan13.htm ''Massachusetts Elections Division'' "Special State Election Candidates" accessed June 25, 2013]</ref>
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::{{greydot}} [[Richard Heos]] (Twelve Visions Party)<ref>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elespeif/senatorincongressma_elecan13.htm ''Massachusetts Elections Division'', "Special State Election Candidates" accessed June 25, 2013]</ref>
  
 
=== {{bluedot}} Democratic Primary===
 
=== {{bluedot}} Democratic Primary===
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:*[[Daniel Winslow]], state representative<ref>[http://www.boston.com/politicalintelligence/2013/02/05/dan-winslow-state-house-member-with-flair-for-dramatic-percent-sure-will-run-for-senate/Je0EVzGGBq1vhldhhNZQbI/story.html ''Boston Globe'' "State Rep. Dan Winslow ‘99 percent’ sure he will run for US Senate," February 5, 2013]</ref><ref name="globe"/>
 
:*[[Daniel Winslow]], state representative<ref>[http://www.boston.com/politicalintelligence/2013/02/05/dan-winslow-state-house-member-with-flair-for-dramatic-percent-sure-will-run-for-senate/Je0EVzGGBq1vhldhhNZQbI/story.html ''Boston Globe'' "State Rep. Dan Winslow ‘99 percent’ sure he will run for US Senate," February 5, 2013]</ref><ref name="globe"/>
 
:*[[Gabriel Gomez]], former navy SEAL and local busiinessman<ref>[http://thehill.com/blogs/ballot-box/senate-races/282443-gomez-officially-announces-bid-for-mass-senate ''The Hill" "Gomez officially announces bid for Mass. Senate seat," February 12, 2013]</ref><ref name="globe"/><ref>[http://www.wcvb.com/news/politics/results-from-2013-massachusetts-special-election-us-senate-primary/-/9848766/19889986/-/format/rsss_2.0/-/jmvjsmz/-/index.html ''WCVB'' "2013 U.S. Senate Special Election Results" accessed April 30, 2013]</ref>{{approved}}
 
:*[[Gabriel Gomez]], former navy SEAL and local busiinessman<ref>[http://thehill.com/blogs/ballot-box/senate-races/282443-gomez-officially-announces-bid-for-mass-senate ''The Hill" "Gomez officially announces bid for Mass. Senate seat," February 12, 2013]</ref><ref name="globe"/><ref>[http://www.wcvb.com/news/politics/results-from-2013-massachusetts-special-election-us-senate-primary/-/9848766/19889986/-/format/rsss_2.0/-/jmvjsmz/-/index.html ''WCVB'' "2013 U.S. Senate Special Election Results" accessed April 30, 2013]</ref>{{approved}}
:*[[Michael Sullivan (Massachusetts)|Michael Sullivan]], former U.S. Attorney<ref name="fox">[http://www.myfoxboston.com/story/21252441/2013/02/19/sullivan-i-will-run-in-special-election-as-long-as-i-get-10k-signatures ''Fox 25, MyFoxBoston'' "Sullivan: I will run in special election as long as I get 10K signatures," February 19, 2013]</ref><ref name="globe"/>
+
:*[[Michael Sullivan (Massachusetts)|Michael Sullivan]], former U.S. Attorney<ref name="fox">[http://www.myfoxboston.com/story/21252441/2013/02/19/sullivan-i-will-run-in-special-election-as-long-as-i-get-10k-signatures ''Fox 25, MyFoxBoston'', "Sullivan: I will run in special election as long as I get 10K signatures," February 19, 2013]</ref><ref name="globe"/>
  
 
==Election results==
 
==Election results==
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The top group supporting [[Stephen Lynch|Lynch]] was the International Association of Firefighters, which spent nearly $106,000.<ref name="outsidespending"/>
 
The top group supporting [[Stephen Lynch|Lynch]] was the International Association of Firefighters, which spent nearly $106,000.<ref name="outsidespending"/>
  
Spending by outside groups previously topped $1.25 million according to reports from early April 2013, with the largest amounts going to support Democratic candidate [[Edward Markey]].<ref name="foxboston">[http://www.myfoxboston.com/story/21897954/2013/04/06/outside-spending-in-mass-us-sen-race-tops-125m ''Fox Boston'' "Outside spending in special election tops $1.25M" accessed April 8, 2013]</ref>
+
Spending by outside groups previously topped $1.25 million according to reports from early April 2013, with the largest amounts going to support Democratic candidate [[Edward Markey]].<ref name="foxboston">[http://www.myfoxboston.com/story/21897954/2013/04/06/outside-spending-in-mass-us-sen-race-tops-125m ''Fox Boston'', "Outside spending in special election tops $1.25M" accessed April 8, 2013]</ref>
  
 
The biggest spender in the race was the League of Conservation Voters, a national environmental advocacy group based in Washington, D.C, which previously donated more than $545,000 in an effort to help elect [[Edward Markey|Markey]].<ref name="foxboston"/> The group making the biggest push on behalf of Markey's challenger, [[Stephen Lynch]] (D), was the International Association of Firefighters, which initially reported spending more than $85,300.<ref name="foxboston"/>
 
The biggest spender in the race was the League of Conservation Voters, a national environmental advocacy group based in Washington, D.C, which previously donated more than $545,000 in an effort to help elect [[Edward Markey|Markey]].<ref name="foxboston"/> The group making the biggest push on behalf of Markey's challenger, [[Stephen Lynch]] (D), was the International Association of Firefighters, which initially reported spending more than $85,300.<ref name="foxboston"/>

Revision as of 05:22, 9 May 2014

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Massachusetts held a special election for the U.S. Senate in 2013. The general election took place on June 25, 2013, following a primary election on April 30, 2013.[1][2]

The special election was held to fill the vacancy left by the appointment of Senator John Kerry (D) as U.S. Secretary of State.

On January 30, 2013, Mo Cowan was appointed by Gov. Deval Patrick to fill the vacancy. Cowan, a Democrat who previously served as Patrick's Chief of Staff, served as interim Senator until voters chose Kerry's official successor in the June 25 special election.[3][4][5]

On December 21, 2012, President Barack Obama announced that he was nominated Kerry to the position of Secretary of State. On January 29, 2013, the Senate confirmed Kerry's appointment by a vote of 94-3. He officially succeeded Secretary Hillary Clinton on Friday, February 1, 2013.[6][7]

Massachusetts has a mostly closed primary system, in which the selection of a party's candidates in an election is limited to registered party members. In Massachusetts, however, independent voters may select which party's primary to vote in.

In the week following the bombing at the Boston Marathon, all campaigning halted. It resumed on Monday April 22, 2013.[8]

The Democratic nominee, Ed Markey, was expected to be a heavy favorite in the general election.[9]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
February 27, 2013
April 30, 2013
June 25, 2013

Candidates

General Election Candidates

Democratic Party Ed MarkeyApproveda
Republican Party Gabriel Gomez
Independent Richard Heos (Twelve Visions Party)[10]

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

Election results

General election

U.S. Senate, Massachusetts Special General Election, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngEd Markey 54.9% 645,429
     Republican Gabriel Gomez 44.7% 525,307
     Twelve Visions Party Richard Heos 0.4% 4,550
Total Votes 1,175,286
Source: Election Results from Massachusetts Elections Division

Primary Elections

Democratic Primary

U.S. Senate, Massachusetts Special Democratic Primary, 2013
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngEd Markey 57.5% 311,219
Stephen Lynch 42.5% 230,335
Total Votes 541,554
Source: Election Results from Massachusetts Elections Division

Republican Primary

U.S. Senate, Massachusetts Special Republican Primary, 2013
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngGabriel Gomez 50.9% 96,057
Mike Sullivan 36% 67,946
Daniel Winslow 13.1% 24,662
Total Votes 188,665
Source: Election Results from Massachusetts Elections Division
[edit]

Race background

Senator John Kerry served the state of Massachusetts since he was first elected in 1984. In December 2012, Kerry was nominated by President Barack Obama to succeed Hilary Clinton as the nation's secretary of state and his appointment was confirmed by the Senate the following January. To become secretary of state, Kerry has to vacate his Senate seat almost two years before his current term's expiration. According to Massachusetts law, Gov. Deval Patrick (D) had to appoint an interim Senator to fill the vacancy until a successor could be selected by voters in a special election. On January 30, 2013, Patrick selected former Chief of Staff Mo Cowan (D) to serve in Kerry's place until the special election, which was held on June 25.[3][4][5]

On February 1, 2013, former U.S. Senator Scott Brown announced that he was not going to seek Kerry's vacant seat.[18]

According the a story in the Boston Herald, the race for the open U.S. Senate in Massachusetts was estimated to cost the state at least $13.5 million. Of that, $5.2 million was incurred by the Massachusetts Secretary of State's office and the other estimated $8.3 million includes the costs incurred by the Massachusetts cities and towns.[19]

Going into the primary election, public polling showed Markey as the front-runner, but strategists from both camps acknowledge the "politically destabilizing impact" of the Boston terror attacks that killed three people and injured 264.[11]

Initial lackluster political activity

Massachusetts state gaming officials considered holding referendum votes on allowing slot machine parlors in four communities around the state on the same day as the U.S. Senate special election to save money. A spokesman for Lynch said that anything that will bring more people to the polls is a good thing, as special elections tend to have lower turnout.[20]

The compressed election schedule also worked against the candidates.[21] In regular election years, candidates have months to ­organize their operations, raise funds, get up to speed on issues, and hone their campaign skills before a September primary. Special elections, a relatively new process in Massachusetts for filling Senate vacancies, come suddenly and play out over a far shorter period, creating an intense campaign that prioritizes momentum and built-in organizations.[21]

Others cited tough weather as a factor for the lack of political buzz, as activists struggled through winter doldrums that seep into spring. “It’s really quiet. People are tired. It’s a special election. Winter hit us again this week. All but the most hard-core political activists are just living their lives, shoveling out, remarked one consultant.[21]

Also diverting attention from the race was Governor Deval Patrick’s campaign to urge the Legislature to back his plan to raise taxes for investment in transportation and education. The special election for the Senate seat took a backseat, as the Patrick proposal dominated as the political story of the season.[21]

Political analysts also commented, “Voters were burned out by the presidential race and the Brown-Warren race, and they are not looking forward to another political campaign at an odd time of year that they are not used to."[21]

Others argued that Brown’s decision to take a pass was most responsible for draining the sizzle from the race, pointing out that he would have brought star qualities to the campaign.[21] "With Democrats, still smarting from his victory in 2010, energized to drive a ­final stake into his political ­career, his candidacy would have almost certainly kicked up a political storm."[21]

The race was included on a Washington Post list of the Top 5 races of 2013.[22]

Outside spending

Between early April and the final weekend before the April 30th primary, spending by outside groups grew to $2.2 million.[23]

According to filings of campaign finance records, the League of Conservation Voters spent nearly $831,000 to back Markey, the most of any group.[23] NextGen Committee, which actively opposed the Keystone XL pipeline during this election cycle, worked to defeat Lynch and spent more than $547,000.[23]

The top group supporting Lynch was the International Association of Firefighters, which spent nearly $106,000.[23]

Spending by outside groups previously topped $1.25 million according to reports from early April 2013, with the largest amounts going to support Democratic candidate Edward Markey.[24]

The biggest spender in the race was the League of Conservation Voters, a national environmental advocacy group based in Washington, D.C, which previously donated more than $545,000 in an effort to help elect Markey.[24] The group making the biggest push on behalf of Markey's challenger, Stephen Lynch (D), was the International Association of Firefighters, which initially reported spending more than $85,300.[24]

Markey's campaign was previously credited as having benefited the most from the approximately $1.8 million in spending by outside groups that was not counted in the candidates' fundraising totals as of early April.[25]

On June 6, 2013, The Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC) and Senate Majority PAC super PAC reported that each bought time starting June 7, 2013, and running through the special election on June 25. Initially, estimates showed that the DSCC’s buy appeared to be about $750,000, and Senate Majority PAC estimated its ad buy to be at least $500,000.[26]

People's Pledge

Republican U.S. Senate hopeful Gabriel Gomez rejected calls on May 1, 2013, by his Democratic opponent, Congressman Ed Markey to sign a pledge to limit spending by outside groups on television, radio and Internet ads during the special election campaign.[27] The argument over the so-called "people’s pledge" came a day after Gomez and Markey secured their parties’ nominations in the primary election.[27] When questioned about the pledge Markey said, “I’m going to challenge Gabriel Gomez every single day to take this pledge. And I’m not going to stop until the people of Massachusetts force him to take this pledge."[28] Markey did not rule out abandoning his own pledge if Gomez accepted outside support, “I believe that in order to do this correctly, you need to two people to take the ‘people’s pledge.’ And I’m challenging him to take the pledge.”[28]

Speaking to commuters at the Broadway MBTA station in South Boston on May 1, 2013, Gomez called Markey the “poster boy for term limits” and issued a formal challenge to Markey to participate in several debates before refusing to sign the pledge.[29] “I think it’s the height of hypocrisy when Congressman Markey, who’s been taking outside money for the last 30 years from groups he regulates and has control over, and now he wants to ask me to do the same thing? I’m pretty clear on where I stand, Gomez said.

Markey and his Democratic rival, Rep. Stephen Lynch both signed the "people's pledge" in the Democratic primary.[28][30] In the 2012 Massachusetts Senate election, candidates Scott Brown and Sen. Elizabeth Warren took a similar vow during their 2012 campaigns to reject financial support from outside groups.[28]

Democrats' special election fears

Even in Massachusetts, a deeply "blue" state, surprises can happen in elections that don’t feature presidential levels of voter turnout.[31] Four of the last six governors have been Republicans, and in 2010 Scott Brown shook the political world with his upset special-election victory.[31] He went on to lose his re-election bid in 2012, as Barack Obama swept the state.[31]

The similarities between the 2010 election and the 2013 special election, between a seasoned, longtime Democrat that faced off against a young, fresh-faced Republican with no political experience, caused Democrats to vow not to commit the same mistakes this second time around, in an effort to avoid another election upset.[32]

Gomez, a political moderate and private-equity investor who contributed to President Obama’s 2008 campaign, said he was "personally opposed to abortion, but accepts federal law on the issue as settled."[33] He favored background checks on gun purchases, but opposed a ban on so-called assault weapons. He railed against big government, but was vague on what federal programs should be trimmed.[34]

Gomez could have appealed to many Independent voters who backed Rep. Stephen Lynch, who was defeated by Markey in the Democratic primary.[31] Lynch, who opposed abortion and voted against Obamacare, won 42 percent of the vote against Markey.[31] He won 70 percent of the vote in his blue-collar district south of Boston and also carried areas around working-class Worcester.[31] Debates between Markey and Gomez were expected to present a vivid contrast between the old and the new.[31]

One Democratic strategist commented, “Gomez’s upset victory suddenly changes the dynamics of the general election significantly."[31]

Strategists expected the Democratic-machine in the state to throw all they could at Gomez in order to avoid another Scott Brown-like upset.[31] However, turnout was expected to be low, and many college students were out of state in June.[31]

Controversy

Gomez tax returns

Gabriel Gomez, who faced questions about a $281,500 historic tax deduction on his Cohasset home, rejected repeated calls to release tax returns and other details about the deal.[35][36] When asked about the tax deduction and how it was calculated, Gomez refused to say anything more than, “I have nothing to hide.[36]

Gomez insisted that the restriction easement that he gave to a controversial non-profit conservation group, the National Architectural Trust, in late 2005 was done legally.[36] The Trust, a Washington, D.C.-based group, was targeted by federal prosecutors who contend it had consistently arranged for “unwarranted claims by home owners for the deductions.[36] Gomez’s campaign said the couple’s deduction was never questioned by the IRS. Asked if he regretted taking the huge deduction, Gomez was defiant and said, “Absolutely not. I followed the law, he said. “We are not going to go on a fishing expedition.”[36]

Gomez previously released returns for the past six years, but refused to release the couple’s return for 2005 when they took the deduction.[36]

Markey's missed votes in Congress

Democratic nominee Ed Markey, who faced scrutiny for his light schedule of public campaign appearances, as of May 24, 2013, had not cast a vote in Congress since May 9, missing approximately 40 votes, according to records from the Clerk of the House.[37] Markey spokesman Mark Horan defended the congressman in a statement, saying he is campaigning hard, just not always in the public eye. “With one month left before the Senate election, Ed Markey is vigorously working to get across his message of getting assault weapons off our streets, protecting Social Security, and creating a fairer tax system,” Horan said.[37]

Campaign donors

General election

Headed into the general election, Ed Markey (D) had a significant campaign funding edge.[38] As of the reporting period prior to the April 30 primary, Markey raised nearly $4.8 million in individual contributions compared with Gabriel Gomez (R), who reported raising about $582,000 from supporters.[38]

Gomez opened a joint fundraising committee with the National Republican Senatorial Committee in an effort to narrow the fundraising gap with Rep. Ed Markey.[39] The Gabriel Gomez Victory Fund 2013 was created on May 7.[38] "We will do what we can in the short six weeks left to compete with the national Democratic machine. We certainly know that we won’t raise or spend as much as Congressman Markey," said Gomez campaign spokesman Will Ritter.

The decision to create the joint fundraising committee came after Markey created his own joint fundraising committee with the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee.[38]

According to the FEC, joint fundraising committees are allowed to collect contributions, pay fundraising expenses and distribute net proceeds to two or more committees.[38]

In the final pre-election fundraising report, Markey maintained his lead over Gomez, outspending him by nearly $4 million.[40]

Markey raised $1 million more than Gomez from April 11 to June 5 and spent $5.5 million, according to Federal Election Commission pre-general election reports.[40] Gomez, who had about $500,000 at the start of the reporting period, spent $1.6 million over the past two months.[40]

On June 21, 2013, just days before the June 25th general special election, Republican nominee Gabriel Gomez’s campaign put an additional $300,000 behind its latest television ad, as the result of a fund-raising surge in the campaign’s closing days.[41] Gomez adviser Lenny Alcivar said the infusion brought in cash the campaign did not expect to have, and he pointed to Gomez’s performance in the final debate as a motivation for donors.[41] The money was used to amplify the “17 Months” ad, which shows a debate clip that the campaign has decided to make its closing argument.[41]

Democratic candidates

U.S. Rep. Edward Markey raised about $4.8 million prior to the primary election.[25][42] Markey's Democratic rival, fellow U.S. Rep. Stephen Lynch reported raising approximately $1.5 million from late January through the primary election, adding to the $745,000 left over from his last House race.[25]

After beginning with more than $3 million in his congressional campaign account at the start of the campaign, Markey had a total of $7.8 million on hand in early April. After spending about $3.2 million, his account was left with about $4.6 million as of April 10, 2013.[25] According to reports, more than 53 percent of the money raised by Markey came from outside of the state, with only approximately 47 percent coming from Massachusetts donors. According to Markey's campaign, approximately 83 percent of the more than 18,000 individuals who contributed to his campaign gave $100 or less.[25]

Lynch reported spending more than $1.7 million through April 10 and had more than $514,000 left in his account for the final stretch.[25] According to his campaign, about 93 percent of the approximately 3,300 individual donors live in Massachusetts and approximately 45 percent of those who donated to his campaign gave $100 or less.[25]

Republican candidates

Of the three Republicans that ran for the nomination — former U.S. Attorney Michael Sullivan, state Rep. Daniel Winslow and businessman Gabriel Gomez — Gomez reported raising the most, nearly $1.2 million, although that included $600,000 he loaned his campaign.[25] He reported having $499,743 left in his account as of April 10, 2013.[25] Sullivan reported raising $174,498, with $96,369 cash on hand.[25] Winslow reported raising $394,549, with $158,550 in personal donations.[25] He had $142,243 cash on hand.[25]

Polls

General election

General candidates: Markey v. Gomez
Poll Ed Markey Gabriel GomezUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
WBUR
June 6-9, 2013
46%39%15%+/-4.4500
Suffolk University
June 6-9, 2013
48%41%10%+/-4.4500
Public Policy Polling
June 3-4, 2013
47%39%14%+/-4.1560
New England College
June 1-2, 2013
52%40%8%+/-3.62734
Yougov America
May 30-June 4, 2013
42%32%26%+/-5.4500
Public Policy Polling
May 13-15, 2013
48%41%11%+/-3.3880
OnMessage
May 5-7, 2013
46%43%11%+/-3.4800
WBUR
May5-6, 2013
46%38%16%+/-4.4497
Suffolk University/News 7
May 4-7, 2013
54%35%11%+/-4.4500
Public Policy Polling
May 3, 2013
44%40%16%+/-2.51,539
AVERAGES 47.3% 38.8% 13.8% +/-3.99 701
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


General candidates: Markey v. Gomez
Poll Ed Markey Gabriel GomezUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Suffolk University
June 19-22
52%42%4%+/-4.4500
Western New England University
June 16-20, 2013
49%41%9%+/-3.7717
New England College
June 18-20, 2013
56%36%8%+/-4.07579
Emerson College
June 19-20, 2013
51%41%8%+/-2.51,422
UMass Lowell-Boston Herald (dead link)
June 15-19, 2013
56%36%7%+/-4600
McLaughlin & Associates
June 17-19, 2013
47%44%9%+/-31,100
OnMessage
June 16-17, 2013
47%40%12%+/-4600
Boston Globe
June 11-14, 2013
54%41%5%+/-3.6755
Harper Polling
June 10-11, 2013
49%37%14%+/-4.39498
AVERAGES 51.22% 39.78% 8.44% +/-3.74 752.33
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

The OnMessage poll from May 5-7, 2013 was commissioned jointly by the Gomez campaign and National Republican Senatorial Committee.[43]

Democratic primary

Democratic primary candidates: Markey v. Lynch
Poll Ed Markey Stephen LynchUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Released by Stephen Lynch campaign
April 24, 2013
44.5%38.9%16.5%+/-2.71,374
Western New England Univ
April 11-18, 2013
38%15%37%+/-4.5480
Public Policy Polling
March 26-27,2013
49%32%9%+/-4.4496
Mass Inc./WBUR
March 19-21,2013
35%24%41%+/-4.1610
UMass Lowell/Boston Herald
March 2-March 5, 2013
50%20.5%30%+/-4600
MassINC Polling Group
February 11-13
38%31%26%+/-4.4498
Public Policy Polling
January 29-30
52%19%29%+/-4.9404
AVERAGES 43.79% 25.77% 26.93% +/-4.14 637.43
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

The UMASS Lowell/Boston Herald poll also indicated that, if the June 25 general election were held on that date, March 6th, Ed Markey would defeat state Representative Daniel Winslow by 23 percentage points, former Navy SEAL Gabriel Gomez by 19.5 percentage points, and former US attorney Michael Sullivan by 17 points.[44]

Debates

General election

Three general election debates between Markey and Gomez took place, with one confirmed by both campaigns right away. A June 5 debate took place in Boston sponsored by WBZ-TV and Boston Globe, with others on June 11 in western Massachusetts sponsored by Western Mass Media and another on June 18 sponsored by a consortium of Boston media outlets.[45][46][47] Both candidates initially said they were interested in additional debates beyond the June 5th scheduled debate.[48]

On May 23, 2013, both candidates announced that other televised debates would take place on June 11th and June 18th.[49][50]

The June 5, 2013, debate was fairly predictable, as neither candidate scored a clear win, and neither strayed far from their expected lines.[51] The most heated exchange of the debate was over Benghazi, with Markey saying that Republicans politicized hearings on the attack on the American consulate in Libya in an attempt to hurt Hillary Clinton ahead of a 2016 presidential campaign.[51] Gomez responded by calling that outrageous, pointing out that a Massachusetts resident was one of the four who died in the assault and accused Markey of making it political by bringing up Secretary Clinton's name.[51]

The second televised debate took place on June 11 in Springfield, Massachusetts.[52][53][54] While it continued to highlight the differences between the two candidates, they did manage to establish some common ground, especially on the minimum wage.[52] Both candidates agreed they would support raising the national minimum wage to $10 an hour, and both strongly spoke in support of the Paycheck Fairness Act.[52] However, on the issues of tax reform, green technology, gun control, the National Security Agency collection of phone and internet records and Edward Snowden the candidates expressed different viewpoints on what the best course of action would be.[52] Gomez also criticized Markey over his length of tenure in Congress, with Markey having served since 1976.[52]

The final debate on June 18 was considerably "testier" than the previous two debates, in which the candidates sparred over their resumes for a good portion of the debate.[55] Gomez bragged that President Barack Obama indirectly invests in his private equity fund through an Illinois pension fund while painting his opponent as a career politician, while Rep. Markey attacked Gomez’s business background and embraced his 37 years of experience in Congress.[55]

The hour-long debate in Boston turned heated early when Markey demanded Gomez release a list of all his clients.[55] “My voting record is completely transparent. But with Mr. Gomez, we still don’t know who his clients were,” Markey said. Gomez responded, “If you knew what private equity was, you’d know we don’t have clients. We have investors!”[55] The debate also took a surprising turn when Gomez said that he had told Senator John McCain that “he should be term-limited.”[56] Gomez has said he favored term limits and has vowed that if elected, he would serve only two six-year terms.[56]

Republican nominee Gabriel Gomez initially challenged opponent Ed Markey (D) to three debates before the June 25 election immediately following the primary elections.[27] Addressing Gomez’s debate challenge, Markey stated that discussions about debates had not yet begun, but did say the two nominees “will be debating. You don’t have to worry about that.”[30] The debates, he said, would highlight large differences between the two candidates on the issues, adding “I’m looking forward to having those differences be put out there in stark contrast for the people of Massachusetts to understand."[30]

Republican primary

Stonehill College hosted the first GOP debate of the primary campaign on March 12, 2013, between Daniel Winslow, Gabriel Gomez and Michael Sullivan. The debate covered a range of topics including, but not limited to, headline news items like Rand Paul's drone strike filibuster and the recent sequestration.

All three candidates blamed congressional dysfunction for the $85 billion in indiscriminate spending cuts that went into effect at the beginning of March 2013. Their views likewise aligned on Sen. Rand Paul's (R-KY) marathon filibuster, which divided Senate Republicans.[57]

Finally, prompted by Gomez' assertion that senators ought to be restricted to serving two terms, Winslow, the frontrunner according to a poll pre-dating the debate,[58] and Sullivan, a former U.S. Attorney, gave their word that, if elected, they would sign a pledge to cap their terms as such.[59]

One issue where they diverged was on how to deal with undocumented immigrants. Sullivan proposed that amnesty should be granted to individuals serving in the U.S. military. By contrast, Winslow and Gomez, a former Navy SEAL, stood firmly against amnesty of any variety.[60][57]

Democratic primary

Markey and Lynch participated in six debates. Three of the debates focused on general issues and each of the remaining three focused on a different topic. One centered on jobs, another on domestic issues and the final one centered on foreign affairs. The debates were held throughout the state, including Boston, Worcester, Springfield, Lowell, and New Bedford.[61]

The final debate between the two Democratic candidates was especially brutal, and was described as "devolving into an exchange of insults and character allegations" in which the candidates "abandoned collegiality for a bare knuckles confrontation."[62]

The sharpest exchange of the debate came when Markey claimed Lynch’s opposition to federal financial assistance for manufacturers prompted an endorsement for Markey from an automobile workers union. Lynch retorted that he had voted for that bailout, frequently touted by the Obama administration as a successful countermeasure to the recession.[63] The back and forth between the candidates, in which Lynch told Markey. “I don’t want to call you a liar, but you are," and Markey responded, "Steve was inappropriately, personally insulting,” continued after Markey explained the allegation and Lynch replied, “I take it back, you’re not a liar, you’re just misinformed.”[63]

Media

General election


Republican nominee Gabriel Gomez released his first ad of the general election on May 17th, "Idea"

Democratic nominee Ed Markey released an ad on May 8th, "Innovation"

On May 8, 2013, Markey released a television ad, "Innovation," that focused on technological advances in the state.[64] Markey’s TV ad buy was the first since he won the Democratic nomination and was designed to improve his image after the tough primary battle against U.S. Rep. Stephen Lynch.[65]

A Gomez spokesman said the Democratic nominee’s ad buy showed his campaign was worried and ready to unload “mudslinging” ads as the general election race got under way.[65] Gomez spokesman Lenny Alcivar said, “I would not be surprised given his anemic poll numbers and his refusal to talk about what matters to voters.”[65] A Markey spokesman refused to get into details about the new ads.[65]

The chairman of the Republican National Committee, Reince Priebus, joined Gomez in calling for Markey to pull what he called “offensive” web ads with Gomez’s face placed next to Osama bin Laden’s.[65]

Markey had been on the attack since winning the primary and slammed Gomez for supporting a group that criticized President Obama for trying to 
politicize bin Laden’s death and for Gomez's refusal to sign a “people’s pledge” to keep out-of-state super PACs from getting involved in the race.[65]


Democrat Ed Markey's first negative ad, "Clear Differences"

On May 16th Markey released his first negative ad of the campaign, attacking his Republican opponent on gun control.[66][67]

Gomez's campaign adviser Lenny Alcivar slammed the new spot and responded by saying "Congressman Ed Markey is desperate and worried about losing this election to outsider Gabriel Gomez. In the middle of the worst Washington scandals in a generation, lifelong politician Ed Markey just launched a desperate, negative attack ad slinging mud.”[66]

After his primary win, Gomez targeted independents and moderate Democrats in a bid to stage the kind of upset that Brown pulled off in 2010.[65] As of early May 2013, he had poured nearly $1 million of his own money into the race.[65]

Gomez released his first general election ad on May 17, 2013.[68] The ad emphasized his military and immigrant background.[68] The ad did not mention Gomez's opponent, Ed Markey].[68]

The Gomez campaign ran the ad statewide, but did not reveal how much they spent to air the spots.[68] Contracts with local affiliates filed with the Federal Communications Commission (FEC) indicated that the buy was at least $200,000.[68]

Beginning on May 29, 2013, Gomez released a new television ad, "Something New," that attacked Markey for running negative advertising against him, including juxtaposing Gomez’s face with Osama bin Laden’s.[69] The ad shows the offending clips from the Markey ads.[69] It then switches to flattering videos of Gomez campaigning. The ad stresses Gomez’s biography as a businessman and a former Navy SEAL and touts his plan to reform Congress. “Let’s try something new,” it says.[69]


Democrat Ed Markey released an ad addressing tax policies on May 28, 2013, "Tax Fairness"

Gabriel Gomez released an ad addressing negative campaigning on May 29, 2013, "Something New"

In response to a battle over tax policy, Markey announced the release of a television ad that played up his advocacy for higher taxes on corporations and millionaires.[36] The 30-second spot, “Tax Fairness,” hit Gomez on tax policy -- the same issue that the Republican nominee’s campaign said it planned to focus on, argued that Markey’s consistent support for higher taxes was out of step with voters.[36][70]

In the ad, a narrator pointed to Markey’s support for “closing corporate tax loopholes and passing the Warren Buffett rule, making millionaires pay the same tax rate as the middle class.” The so-called Buffett rule restricted the access that affluent taxpayers have to loopholes and tax rates that allow them to pay lower effective tax rates than middle-class ones.[36]

In response, Gomez spokesman Will Ritter wrote in an email, “Gabriel Gomez supports comprehensive tax reform for everyone, closing tax loopholes and lowering the tax rate so Massachusetts companies can hire again and bring back jobs. Ed Markey has voted in favor of raising taxes 271 times. Now he wants to distract from that record with tired political theatre and negative ads.”[36]

The first week of June 2013, less than a month before the general election, Gomez and the Massachusetts GOP purchased $411,000 worth of air time in Boston and Springfield.[71] The ad started running on June 5, 2013.[71][72][73] This was the second TV buy involving the Massachusetts GOP, which brought its spending total to roughly $800,000.[71] The state party reported having just over $360,000 cash on hand at the beginning of June.[71]


Republican nominee Gabriel Gomez's final ad of the campaign, "17 months."

Senate Majority PAC's ad attacking Gomez on his position on Social Security and his support for raising the retirement age, "Trust."

The Senate Majority PAC announced on June 12, 2013, the extension of its ad buy in the Massachusetts Senate race to run through the end of the election.[74] The PAC spent at least $500,000 more on the buy, and continued to air the ad it launched which attacked Gabriel Gomez (R) on his position on Social Security and his support for raising the retirement age.[74] The ad buy brought the total the Senate Majority PAC spent on the race to an estimated $1 million.[74]

On June 21, 2013, just days before the June 25th general special election, Republican nominee Gabriel Gomez’s campaign put an additional $300,000 behind a television ad, as the result of a fund-raising surge in the campaign’s closing days.[41] Gomez adviser Lenny Alcivar said the infusion brought in cash the campaign did not expect to have, and he pointed to Gomez’s performance in the final debate as a motivation for donors.[41] The money was used to amplify the “17 Months” ad, which showed a debate clip that the campaign has decided to make its closing argument.[41]

Democratic primary


Democrat Stephen Lynch's ad post-bombing at the Boston Marathon, "Message from Stephen Lynch"

Democrat Ed Markey's 3rd television advertisement "77 Cents"

On April 4, 2013, Democrat Ed Markey released his third television ad, "77 Cents." After taking a week hiatus from campaigning after the bombings at the Boston Marathon, the candidates resumed their television ads on Tuesday April 23, 2013.[63]

Lynch launched a new TV ad focused exclusively on the tragedy and avoiding any mention of the campaign except for the required language approving the ad’s message, stating in the ad, "My heart goes out to those affected by this unthinkable terrorist attack. I want to thank those whose actions saved lives and the police whose heroic efforts brought it all to an end. In the face of this tragedy, our city and state offered a stunning example of the strength of the human spirit. We hold in our hearts those we lost but we will get through this together and work toward a brighter day.”[63]

Markey, who also resumed TV advertising on April 23, returned to circulation an existing ad, "77 cents" focused on women’s issues, saying he co-sponsored an equal pay for equal work measure, helped force insurance companies to cover mammograms and has a strong record of supporting abortion rights.[63]

Endorsements

General election

On May 1, 2013, just a day following the Democratic primary, Massachusetts Democrats held a unity rally for nominee Ed Markey that included primary challenger Rep. Stephen Lynch, who pledged his support for Markey.[28]

On May 28, 2013, President Obama endorsed Democratic nominee Ed Markey for the seat.[75][76] On June 5, 2013 the League of Conservation Voters announced it was spending nearly $400,000 on a mailing campaigning targeting Gabriel Gomez over his support of the proposed Keystone XL Oil Pipeline.[77] The environmental group, who endorsed Markey, spent the money to send mailers to 150,000 households that touted Markey's work on expanding clean-energy jobs and reducing U.S. dependence on foreign oil.[78][79]

Weeks before the general election, an array of big names campaigned for Markey, including President Obama, Michelle Obama, Vice-President Joe Biden, former Vice-President Al Gore and former President Bill Clinton.[80][81] Gomez also had a national political figure campaign for him, as Senator John McCain came to Massachusetts to support Gomez.[81]

Democratic primary

Stephen Lynch

On February 21, 2013, Stephen Lynch received the endorsement of the Massachusetts Building Trades Council. The Local 7 Iron Workers union, where Lynch served as president, is a member of the Building Trades Council.[82]

Ed Markey

On February 23, 2013, Ed Markey was endorsed by the American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees Council 93. This union represented 35,000 Massachusetts employee and was an affiliate group of the nation labor union that shares its name.[83]

Markey's campaign released a list of over 100 state politicians on April 25, 2013.[84] The list included House Speaker Robert DeLeo, Attorney General Martha Coakley and Treasurer Steven Grossman.[84] It also included 17 state Senators, 63 state Representatives and 18 mayors – including all the mayors and state legislators in the 5th Congressional District, which Markey represented.[84]

On April 27, 2013, Caroline Kennedy announced her endorsement for Markey. In a press-release Markey stated, "I'm so proud to have the support of Caroline Kennedy, a friend and passionate advocate for our children, families, and seniors. I share Caroline's commitment to taking on big fights for the people of Massachusetts, and in the Senate I will fight to defend President Obama's historic health care reform law, protect a woman's right to choose, and ensure all people have access to the opportunities to succeed in the 21st century."[85]

District history

Candidate ballot accecss
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2012

On November 6, 2012, Democratic challenger Elizabeth Warren defeated Republican incumbent Scott Brown.[86]

U.S. Senate, Massachusetts General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngElizabeth Warren 53.3% 1,696,346
     Republican Scott Brown Incumbent 45.8% 1,458,048
     N/A All Others 0.1% 2,159
     N/A Blank Votes 0.9% 27,643
Total Votes 3,184,196
Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State "Return of Votes"

2010

On January 19, 2010, Brown won election to the United States Senate. He defeated Martha Coakley (D) and Joseph L. Kennedy (L) in the special election.[87]

U.S. Senate Special Election, Massachusetts, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngScott Brown 51.9% 1,168,178
     Democratic Martha Coakley 47.1% 1,060,861
     Libertarian Joseph L. Kennedy 1% 22,388
     Independent Write-In 0.1% 1,155
Total Votes 2,252,582

2008

On November 4, 2008, Kerry won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Jeffrey Beatty and Robert Underwood in the general election.[88]

U.S. Senate General Election, Massachusetts, 2008
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJohn Kerry Incumbent 65.9% 1,971,974
     Republican Jeffrey Beatty 31% 926,044
     Libertarian Robert Underwood 3.1% 93,713
Total Votes 2,991,731

See also

External links

References

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