Upper house

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The term upper house refers to one of two state legislative chambers in a bicameral legislature. An upper house, or state senate, is the upper deliberative body, or chamber, in states with a bicameral legislature. A state senate normally has fewer members — usually one-half to one-third as many members — as a state assembly or state house of representatives.

Chamber articleMembersPartisan BreakdownTerm LengthTerm LimitSession start dateSalary
Alabama State Senate35Independent (1)4 yearsNoneMarch 3, 2015 $10/day + $4,308/month
Alaska State Senate204 yearsNoneJanuary 20, 2015 $50,400./year+ per diem
Arizona State Senate302 years4 terms (8 years) January 12, 2015 $24,000/year + per diem
Arkansas State Senate35Vacant (1)4 years2 terms (8 years)January 12, 2015 $15,362/year + $136/day
California State Senate40Vacant (1)4 years2 terms (8 years) if elected before 2012; 12 years if elected in or after 2012December 1, 2014 $95,291/year + per diem
Colorado State Senate354 years8 yearsJanuary 7, 2015 $30,000/year + per diem
Connecticut State Senate362 yearsNoneJanuary 7, 2015 $28,000/year
Delaware State Senate214 yearsNoneJanuary 13, 2015 $41,680/year + $7,334 expenses/year
Florida State Senate404 years 2 terms (8 years)March 3, 2015 $29,697/year + per diem
Georgia State Senate562 yearsNoneJanuary 12, 2015 $17,342/year + per diem
Hawaii State Senate252-4-4 year systemNoneJanuary 21, 2015 $48,708/year
Idaho State Senate352 yearsNoneJanuary 12, 2015 $16,116./year + per diem
Illinois State Senate594 yearsNoneJanuary 14, 2015 $67,836/year + per diem
Indiana State Senate504 yearsNoneJanuary 6, 2015 $22,616/year + per diem
Iowa State Senate504 yearsNoneJanuary 12, 2015 $25,000/year + per diem
Kansas State Senate404 yearsNoneJanuary 12, 2015 $88.66/day + $6,775/year expenses
Kentucky State Senate38
Vacant (1)
4 yearsNoneJanuary 6, 2015 $186.73/day + per diem
Louisiana State Senate394 years3 terms (12 years) April 13, 2015 $15,362/year
Maine State Senate352 years4 terms (8 years)December 3, 2014 $13,526/year Sess. 1, $9,661/year Sess. 2 + per diem
Maryland State Senate474 yearsNoneJanuary 14, 2015 $43,500/year + per diem
Massachusetts State Senate402 yearsNoneJanuary 7, 2015 $61,133/year + per diem
Michigan State Senate384 years2 terms (8 years)January 14, 2015 $71,685/year + expenses
Minnesota State Senate674 yearsNoneJanuary 6, 2015 $31,140.90 + per diem
Mississippi State Senate524 yearsNoneJanuary 6, 2015 $10,000./year + per diem
Missouri State Senate344 years2 terms (8 years) January 7, 2015 $35,915/year + per diem
Montana State Senate504 years2 terms (8 years) January 5, 2015 $82.64/day + per diem
Nebraska State Senate (Unicameral)484 years2 terms (8 years)January 7, 2015 $12,000/year + per diem
Nevada State Senate214 years3 terms (12 years) February 2, 2015 $146.29/day + per diem
New Hampshire State Senate242 yearsNoneJanuary 7, 2015 $100/year
New Jersey State Senate404 yearsNoneJanuary 13, 2015 $49,000/year
New Mexico State Senate424 yearsNoneJanuary 20, 2015 $0/year + per diem
New York State Senate632 yearsNoneJanuary 7, 2015 $79,500/year + per diem
North Carolina State Senate502 yearsNoneJanuary 14, 2015 $13,951/year + per diem + expenses
North Dakota State Senate474 yearsNoneJanuary 6, 2015 $152/day + expenses
Ohio State Senate334 years2 terms (8 years)January 5, 2015 $60,584/year
Oklahoma State Senate484 years12 year cumulative total, in either or both chambersFebruary 2, 2015 $38,400/year + per diem
Oregon State Senate304 yearsNoneFebruary 2, 2015 $21,936/year + per diem
Pennsylvania State Senate50
Vacancy (1)
4 yearsNoneJanuary 6, 2015 $82,026/year + per diem
Rhode Island State Senate38Independent (1)2 yearsNoneJanuary 6, 2015 $14,185.95/year
South Carolina State Senate464 yearsNoneJanuary 13, 2015 $10,400/year + per diem
South Dakota State Senate35
Republican Party (26)
Vacancy: 2
2 years4 terms (8 years)January 13, 2015 $12,000/2 years + per diem
Tennessee State Senate334 yearsNoneJanuary 13, 2015 $19,009/year + per diem
Texas State Senate314 yearsNoneJanuary 13, 2015 $7,200/year + per diem
Utah State Senate294 yearsNoneJanuary 26, 2015 $117/day + per diem
Vermont State Senate302 yearsNoneJanuary 7, 2015 $604.79/week + per diem
Virginia State Senate404 yearsNoneJanuary 14, 2015 $18,000/year + per diem
Washington State Senate494 yearsNoneJanuary 12, 2015 $42,106/year + per diem
West Virginia State Senate344 yearsNoneJanuary 14, 2015 $20,000/year + per diem
Wisconsin State Senate334 yearsNoneJanuary 5, 2015 $49,943/year + per diem
Wyoming State Senate304 yearsNoneJanuary 13, 2015 $150/day + per diem