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Hillary Rodham Clinton
Hillary Clinton official Secretary of State portrait crop.jpg
Former U.S. Secretary of State
In office
January 21, 2009-February 1, 2013
Elections and appointments
NominatedDecember 1, 2008
ConfirmedJanuary 21, 2009
AppointedJanuary 21, 2009
Appointed byBarack Obama
Prior offices
United States Senator
First Lady of the United States
First Lady of Arkansas
1979-1981, 1983-1992
High schoolMaine South High School
Bachelor'sWellesly College
J.D.Yale Law School
Date of birthOctober 26, 1947
Place of birthChicago, IL
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (b. October 26, 1947, in Chicago, Illinois) was a previous Secretary of State of the United States of America from 2009-2013. She is also a former Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from the state of New York. Clinton served in the Senate from 2001-2009.

Hillary is the wife of President Bill Clinton and served as the First Lady during President Clinton's two terms. She also ran in the democratic presidential primary in 2008 against Barack Obama.[1] She declined to run against President Obama in the 2012 democratic primary and has not announced her intentions for the 2016 presidential election.


Born in Chicago, Illinois, Clinton attended Maine East High School until being redistricted during her senior year to Maine South High School.[2] She went on to earn a degree from Wellesley College before attaining a J.D. from Yale Law School. She met future husband Bill Clinton at Yale.[1]

As a high schooler, Clinton was an active Republican, even campaigning for Barry Goldwater in 1968, but after her first year at Wellesley she changed her views to become a Democrat.[3] She stayed politically active throughout her college years, working for Walter Mondale and George McGovern's presidential campaign.[1]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Clinton's academic, professional and political career:[1]

  • 1969: Graduated from Wellesley College
  • 1973: Earned J.D. from Yale Law School
  • 1973-1974: Attorney for the Children's Defense Fund
  • 1974: Member of the presidential impeachment inquiry staff during the Watergate Scandal
  • 1974-1977: Director of Legal Aid Clinic and Assistant Professor at University of Arkansas School of Law
  • 1976-1979: Attorney at Rose Law Firm
  • 1978: Member of board of directors of Legal Services Corp.
  • 1979-1980: Assistant Professor at University of Arkansas School of Law
  • 1979-1992: Partner at Rose Law Firm
  • 1979: Chairperson of the Rural Health Advisory Committee
  • 1983: Director Arkansas Education Standards Committee
  • 1992-2001: First Lady of the United States
  • 1993: Leader of Task Force on National Health Care Reform
  • 2001-2009: United States Senator from New York
  • 2003: Author of "Living History"
  • 2007: Presidential candidate for 2008 democratic primary
  • 2008: Suspended presidential campaign
  • 2009-2013: U.S. Secretary of State

Confirmation vote

Clinton was confirmed by the Senate by a vote of 94-2 on January 21, 2009. Jim DeMint and David Vitter voted against her confirmation.[4]

Hillary Rodham Clinton confirmation vote, January 21, 2009
Party Votes for Approveda Votes against Defeatedd Total votes
Democratic Party Democrats 53 0 53
Republican Party Republicans 39 2 41
Independent Independents 0 0 0
Total Votes 92 2 94


U.S. Secretary of State


On October 15, 2012, Clinton claimed responsibility for the security of the diplomatic mission to Libya that was attacked on September 11, 2012. The attack left 4 Americans dead, including Ambassador to Libya Christopher Stevens.[5] A State Department employee, Eric Nordstrom, claimed at a congressional hearing on October 11, that his request for more security to be present in Libya was denied by his superiors prior to the attack.[6] Clinton was also under fire because of the initial classification of the attack by United States Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice as a spontaneous response to an anti-Muslim video instead of a planned terrorist attack.[5] On December 19, the State Department announced the forced leave of four officials after an independent report was produced suggesting the officials "showed a lack of ownership of Benghazi's security issues."[7] Clinton was summoned before congressional committees on January 23 to testify on her knowledge of the attack. During the heated testimony Clinton said of the requests for more security, "I didn't see those requests. They didn't come to me."[8]

On August 20, 2013, the State Department announced the reassignment of the four officials placed on leave. Representative Darrell Issa responded by stating, "Instead of accountability, the State Department offered a charade that included false reports of firings and resignations and now ends in a game of musical chairs where no one misses a single day on the State Department payroll."[9] Following the conclusion of a State Department investigation into Benghazi on September 16, Issa was not satisfied with the findings and stated, "We can certainly have Mrs. Clinton back; our view is that we need to get to the facts."[10]

2008 presidential campaign

U.S. Senator

First Lady of the United States



On November 7, 2006, Hillary Clinton won re-election to the United States Senate. She defeated John Spencer (R), Howie Hawkins (G), Jeffrey T. Russell (L), Roger Calero (Socialist Workers) and William Van Auken (Socialist Equality) in the general election.[11]

U.S. Senate, New York General Election, 2006
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngHillary Clinton incumbent 64% 3,008,428
     Republican John Spencer 29.6% 1,392,189
     Green Howie Hawkins 1.2% 55,469
     Libertarian Jeffrey T. Russell 0.4% 20,996
     Socialist Workers Roger Calero 0.1% 6,967
     Socialist Equality William Van Auken 0.1% 6,004
     N/A Blank/Scattering 4.5% 210,579
Total Votes 4,700,632


On November 7, 2000, Hillary Clinton won election to the United States Senate. She defeated Rick Lazio (R), Mark J. Dunau (G), Jeffrey E. Graham (Independence), John O. Adefope (Right to Life), John Clifton (L), Louis P. Wein (Constitution) and Jacob J. Perasso (Socialist Workers) in the general election.[12]

U.S. Senate, New York General Election, 2000
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngHillary Clinton 53.8% 3,747,310
     Republican Rick Lazio 41.9% 2,915,730
     Green Mark J. Dunau 0.6% 40,991
     Independence Jeffrey E. Graham 0.6% 43,181
     Right to Life John O. Adefope 0.3% 21,439
     Libertarian John Clifton 0.1% 4,734
     Constitution Louis P. Wein 0% 3,414
     Socialist Workers Jacob J. Perasso 0% 3,040
     N/A Blank/Scattering 2.6% 179,823
Total Votes 6,959,662

Campaign donors




Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking


Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Clinton was a "rank-and-file Democrat" as a Senator.[13]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Clinton's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $5,710,008.00 and $26,551,000.00. That averages to $16,130,504.00, which ranked sixth among members of the executive branch. Her average net worth decreased by 48.3% from 2010.[14]


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Kerry's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $10,740,011.00 to $51,654,000.00. That averages to $31,197,005.50, which ranked fifth among members of the executive branch.[15]


Clinton is married to U.S. President Bill Clinton. They have one daughter, Chelsea.

Recent news

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External links


Political offices
Preceded by
Condoleeza Rice
U.S. Secretary of State
Succeeded by
John Kerry
Preceded by
Daniel Patrick Moynihan
U.S. Senate - New York
Succeeded by
Kirsten Gillibrand