|Hillary Rodham Clinton|
|Former U.S. Secretary of State|
|January 21, 2009-February 1, 2013|
|Elections and appointments|
|Nominated||December 1, 2008|
|Confirmed||January 21, 2009|
|Appointed||January 21, 2009|
|Appointed by||Barack Obama|
|United States Senator|
|First Lady of the United States|
|First Lady of Arkansas|
|High school||Maine South High School|
|J.D.||Yale Law School|
|Birthday||October 26, 1947|
|Place of birth||Chicago, IL|
Hillary is the wife of President Bill Clinton and served as the First Lady during President Clinton's two terms. She also ran in the democratic presidential primary in 2008 against Barack Obama. She declined to run against President Obama in the 2012 democratic primary and has not announced her intentions for the 2016 presidential election.
Born in Chicago, Illinois, Clinton attended Maine East High School until being redistricted during her senior year to Maine South High School. She went on to earn a degree from Wellesley College before attaining a J.D. from Yale Law School. She met future husband Bill Clinton at Yale.
As a high schooler, Clinton was an active Republican, even campaigning for Barry Goldwater in 1968, but after her first year at Wellesley she changed her views to become a Democrat. She stayed politically active throughout her college years, working for Walter Mondale and George McGovern's presidential campaign.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Clinton's academic, professional and political career:
- 1969: Graduated from Wellesley College
- 1973: Earned J.D. from Yale Law School
- 1973-1974: Attorney for the Children's Defense Fund
- 1974: Member of the presidential impeachment inquiry staff during the Watergate Scandal
- 1974-1977: Director of Legal Aid Clinic and Assistant Professor at University of Arkansas School of Law
- 1976-1979: Attorney at Rose Law Firm
- 1978: Member of board of directors of Legal Services Corp.
- 1979-1980: Assistant Professor at University of Arkansas School of Law
- 1979-1992: Partner at Rose Law Firm
- 1979: Chairperson of the Rural Health Advisory Committee
- 1983: Director Arkansas Education Standards Committee
- 1992-2001: First Lady of the United States
- 1993: Leader of Task Force on National Health Care Reform
- 2001-2009: United States Senator from New York
- 2003: Author of "Living History"
- 2007: Presidential candidate for 2008 democratic primary
- 2008: Suspended presidential campaign
- 2009-2013: U.S. Secretary of State
|Hillary Rodham Clinton Confirmation vote, January 21, 2009|
|Party||Votes for||Votes against||Total votes|
U.S. Secretary of State
On October 15, 2012, Clinton claimed responsibility for the security of the diplomatic mission to Libya that was attacked on September 11, 2012. The attack left 4 Americans dead, including Ambassador to Libya Christopher Stevens. A State Department employee, Eric Nordstrom, claimed at a congressional hearing on October 11, that his request for more security to be present in Libya was denied by his superiors prior to the attack. Clinton was also under fire because of the initial classification of the attack by United States Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice as a spontaneous response to an anti-Muslim video instead of a planned terrorist attack. On December 19, the State Department announced the forced leave of four officials after an independent report was produced suggesting the officials "showed a lack of ownership of Benghazi's security issues." Clinton was summoned before congressional committees on January 23 to testify on her knowledge of the attack. During the heated testimony Clinton said of the requests for more security, "I didn't see those requests. They didn't come to me."
On August 20, 2013, the State Department announced the reassignment of the four officials placed on leave. Representative Darrell Issa responded by stating, "Instead of accountability, the State Department offered a charade that included false reports of firings and resignations and now ends in a game of musical chairs where no one misses a single day on the State Department payroll." Following the conclusion of a State Department investigation into Benghazi on September 16, Issa was not satisfied with the findings and stated, "We can certainly have Mrs. Clinton back; our view is that we need to get to the facts."
2008 presidential campaign
First Lady of the United States
On November 7, 2006, Hillary Clinton won re-election to the United States Senate. She defeated John Spencer (R), Howie Hawkins (G), Jeffrey T. Russell (L), Roger Calero (Socialist Workers) and William Van Auken (Socialist Equality) in the general election.
On November 7, 2000, Hillary Clinton won election to the United States Senate. She defeated Rick Lazio (R), Mark J. Dunau (G), Jeffrey E. Graham (Independence), John O. Adefope (Right to Life), John Clifton (L), Louis P. Wein (Constitution) and Jacob J. Perasso (Socialist Workers) in the general election.
Ideology and leadership
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Clinton's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $5,710,008.00 and $26,551,000.00. That averages to $16,130,504.00, which ranked sixth among members of the executive branch. Her average net worth decreased by 48.3% from 2010.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Kerry's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $10,740,011.00 to $51,654,000.00. That averages to $31,197,005.50, which ranked fifth among members of the executive branch.
Clinton is married to U.S. President Bill Clinton. They have one daughter, Chelsea.
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- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Biography.com, "Hillary Clinton," accessed September 5, 2013
- ↑ Park Ridge Public Library, "Hillary Rodham Clinton," accessed September 5, 2013
- ↑ FactCheck.org, "Hillary Worked for Goldwater?," March 27, 2008
- ↑ New York Times, "Senate Vote 6 - On the Nomination," January 21, 2009
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 CNN, "Clinton: I'm responsible for diplomats' security," October 16, 2012
- ↑ CNN, "U.S. official says superiors worked against effort to boost Benghazi," October 11, 2012
- ↑ New York Times, "4 Are Out at State Dept. After Scathing Report on Benghazi Attack," December 19, 2012
- ↑ CNN, "Clinton takes on Benghazi critics, warns of more security threats," January 24, 2012
- ↑ Huffington Post, "State Department Officials Reassigned After Leave Related To Benghazi Attacks," August 20, 2013
- ↑ Politico, "Darrell Issa: I can call Hillary Clinton back," September 18, 2013
- ↑ U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006"
- ↑ U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000"
- ↑ Gov Track, "Hillary Clinton," accessed September 17, 2013
- ↑ OpenSecrets.org, "Clinton, (D-NY), 2011"
- ↑ OpenSecrets.org, "Hillary Clinton, 2010"
|U.S. Secretary of State
| Succeeded by|
Daniel Patrick Moynihan
|U.S. Senate - New York
| Succeeded by|
State of New York
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