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Department of Transportation
US-DeptOfState-Seal.svg
Secretary:Anthony Foxx
Official website:http://www.dot.gov/

FederalAffairsLogo-01.png

Executive Departments of the United States

Executive Departments
Department of DefenseDepartment of StateDepartment of Homeland SecurityDepartment of JusticeDepartment of CommerceDepartment of EducationDepartment of the TreasuryDepartment of AgricultureDepartment of EnergyDepartment of LaborDepartment of TransportationDepartment of the InteriorDepartment of Health and Human ServicesDepartment of Veterans AffairsDepartment of Housing and Urban Development

Department Secretaries
Chuck HagelJohn KerryJeh JohnsonEric HolderPenny PritzkerArne DuncanJack LewTom VilsackErnest MonizTom PerezAnthony FoxxSally JewellSylvia Mathews BurwellRobert McDonaldJulian Castro
The Department of Transportation is a United States executive department formed in 1789 to assist the president in foreign and domestic diplomatic affairs. Thomas Jefferson was the first Secretary of State appointed by President Washington in 1790.[1] The current Secretary of State is John Kerry, who was confirmed by the Senate on January 29, 2013.[2]

The Department of State current employs about 24,000 people both in the U.S. and abroad.[3]

History

Thomas Jefferson was the first Secretary of State. He was appointed by President Washington in 1790.[1] Jefferson and President Washington lobbied Congress for funding to establish overseas consulates and diplomatic missions. As a result, 16 consulates were established as well as 5 diplomatic missions outside of the United States by 1792.[1] The missions were established as the official diplomatic representatives of the United States sending regular news reports on political and economic developments in their base countries and carrying out directives sent from the United States.[1] The consulates were established to assist U.S. citizens abroad as well as commercial issues.[1] Jefferson's staff included six positions posted in the United States: a chief clerk who wrote all correspondence, three more clerks, one translator and one messenger. Overseas diplomats were paid small amounts and would usually be resigned to spending their personal fortunes in order to attain high status in their stationed countries.[1]

During the early 1800s, the Department of State brought significant changes to the geography of the United States, obtaining the Louisiana Purchase, Florida and land bordering Canada on the 49th parallel west to the Rocky Mountains. President James Monroe and Secretary of State John Quincy Adams established the Monroe Doctrine in 1823, essentially threatening force against those wishing to further colonize the Western Hemisphere.[1]

Structure

Mission

The United States Department of State building

The official Department mission statement is as follows:

Advance freedom for the benefit of the American people and the international community by helping to build and sustain a more democratic, secure, and prosperous world composed of well-governed states that respond to the needs of their people, reduce widespread poverty, and act responsibly within the international system.[4][5]

Leadership

The Secretary of State is the top advisor to the President on foreign policy. The duties of the Secretary of State include:

  • advising the President on diplomatic representatives
  • negotiating, interpreting and terminating treaties and international agreements
  • providing information to U.S. citizens and Congress on relations and welfare of foreign countries
  • representing the U.S. in international conferences, organizations and agencies
  • administering the Department of State
  • issuing passports to U.S. citizens and foreign diplomatic representatives

Note: Votes marked "N/A" represent voice votes or unrecorded votes. Missing votes will be filled as they are researched.

Organizational chart

DOS org chart.jpg

Analysis

Budget

The requested budget for the 2014 fiscal year is $47.8 billion,[6] down from the 2013 budget of $51.6 billion.[7]

Employment

The Best Places to work in the Federal Government is a website that tracks workforce trends in federal agencies. According to their analysis, from 2005-2011, the Department of State has added an average of 94 jobs per year.[3]

Sequester

The Department of State determined furloughs would not be necessary in reaction to the cuts needed during sequestration. While the budget was originally thought to be cut by $850 million in 2013, the final number only came to $400 million. The cuts were achieved by lowering travel costs and conferences, a slow down in hiring and adjusting the temperatures of office buildings.[8]

External links

References