Difference between revisions of "Vermont Constitution"

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==External links==
 
==External links==
 
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* [http://vermont-archives.org/govhistory/constitut/constitutions.htm ''Vermont Archives.org'', "Constitution of Vermont"]
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* [https://www.sec.state.vt.us/archives-records/state-archives/government-history/vermont-constitutions/1793-constitution.aspx ''Vermont Archives.org'', "Constitution of Vermont"]
 
* [http://vermont-archives.org/govhistory/constitut/con77.htm ''Vermont Archives.org'', "Vermont Republic Constitution, 1777"]
 
* [http://vermont-archives.org/govhistory/constitut/con77.htm ''Vermont Archives.org'', "Vermont Republic Constitution, 1777"]
 
* [http://vermont-archives.org/govhistory/constitut/con86.htm ''Vermont Archives.org'', "1786 Constitution"]
 
* [http://vermont-archives.org/govhistory/constitut/con86.htm ''Vermont Archives.org'', "1786 Constitution"]

Revision as of 11:12, 11 April 2014

Vermont Constitution
Seal of Vermont.png
Chapter I
Chapter II
Powers
Legislative
Executive
Judiciary
Voter Qualifications
Elections
Oath
Impeachment
Militia
Provisions
Amending
Schedule
The Constitution of the State of Vermont is the fundamental governing document of the state of Vermont.

Features

The Vermont Constitution established a government and laws for the state.[1] It is divided into two chapters. The first is divided into articles, while the second is divided into sections:[2]

  • Chapter I is entitled "A Declaration of Rights of the Inhabitants of the State of Vermont."
  • Chapter II is entitled "Plan or Frame of Government" and establishes the frame of government, detailing the three branches of government as well as elections, impeachments, militia and other general provisions.

Chapter I

Chapter I of the Vermont Constitution is entitled "A Declaration of the Rights of the Inhabitants of the State of Vermont". It is divided into 21 articles.

Chapter II

Chapter II of the Vermont Constitution is entitled "Plan or Frame of Government." It encompasses the remaining parts of the constitution.

Powers

"The Delegation and Distribution of Powers" part of the Vermont Constitution contains five sections.

Legislative

The "Legislative Department" part of the Vermont Constitution contains 14 sections.

Executive

The "Executive Department" part of the Vermont Constitution contains eight sections.

Judiciary Department

The "Judicial Department" part of the Vermont Constitution contains 14 sections.

Voter Qualifications

The "Qualifications of Freemen and Freewomen" part of the Vermont Constitution contains one section.

Elections

The "Elections; Officers; Terms of Office" part of the Vermont Constitution contains 13 sections.

Oath

The "Oath of Allegiance; Oath of Office" section of the Vermont Constitution contains one section.

Impeachment

The "Impeachment" part of the Vermont Constitution contains two sections.

Militia

The "Militia" part of the Vermont Constitution consists of one section.

Provisions

The "General Provisions" part of the Vermont Constitution contains twelve sections.

Amending

The "Amendment of the Constitution" part of the Vermont Constitution contains two sections.

Schedule

The "Temporary Provisions" part of the Vermont Constitution contains three sections.

Amending the constitution

See also: Amendment of the Constitution, Vermont Constitution, Amending state constitutions

Section 72 lays out the procedures which govern changes to the Virginia Constitution.

  • Proposed amendments must originate in the Vermont State Senate.
  • Amendments must earn a 2/3rds vote of the members of Vermont State Senate, but require only a majority vote of members of the Vermont House of Representatives.
  • Amendments, once adopted by the senate and house, must then be considered against at the next biennial session of the Vermont General Assembly.
  • The amendment must win a majority vote of both chambers when it is considered for this second time.
  • Such amendments then go on a ballot for a vote of the state's electors. If a proposed amendment wins a simple majority vote, it becomes part of the state's constitution.

The Vermont Constitution, like that of several other states, does not provide for constitutional conventions. Perhaps as a result, Vermont's current constitution was adopted in 1793. The Massachusetts Constitution is the only older constitution.

However, in 1969, the Vermont State Legislature referred an advisory measure to the ballot, asking ""Shall a Vermont Constitutional Convention be convened at the state house in Montpelier on October 6, 1969 to consider the following topics which shall receive a majority of the votes cast upon it in this election, and no others?" (The state's voters said "no" to this advisory question.)

Vermont has changed its amendment process three times:

  • From 1777-1870, amendments could be proposed every seven years by the Council of Censors. This was a 13-member group whose members were elected in statewide elections.
  • From 1870-1974, proposals originated as they do now in the state senate, but could only be made every ten years. This ten-year limit was known as the "time-lock."
  • In 1974, the ten-year "time lock" was reduced to four years.[3]

History

The Vermont Constitution was adopted in 1793 following Vermont's admission to the Union in 1791. It was largely based upon the 1777 Constitution of the Vermont Republic, which was ratified at Windsor, Vermont in the Old Constitution House. This constitution was amended in 1786 and again in 1793.

Some scholars believe that constitutional revisions to the constitution in 1913 were of a sufficiently far-reaching nature that the contemporary Vermont Constitution should be called the "Constitution of 1913."[4]

Prior to 1791, Vermont was an independent state, known as the Vermont Republic and governed under the Constitution of the Vermont Republic. The Vermont Constitution was in 1777 and remains among the most far reaching in guaranteeing personal freedoms and individual rights. It is the first constitution in the new world to prohibit slavery, guarantee universal manhood suffrage regardless of property ownership and universal free education, a mandate for public funding of primary and secondary education available to all citizens.

See also

StateConstitutions Ballotpedia.jpg

External links

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Suggest a link

Additional reading

References