Difference between revisions of "Vermont House of Representatives"

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==Sessions==
 
==Sessions==
 
The [[Vermont State Legislature]], which the House is a part of, meets for biennial sessions starting on odd numbered years on the first Wednesday after the first Monday in January, pursuant to [[Legislative Department, Vermont Constitution|Section 7 of the Legislative Department of the Vermont Constitution]].  The opening date for even numbered years is established by the sitting legislature during the year prior.
 
The [[Vermont State Legislature]], which the House is a part of, meets for biennial sessions starting on odd numbered years on the first Wednesday after the first Monday in January, pursuant to [[Legislative Department, Vermont Constitution|Section 7 of the Legislative Department of the Vermont Constitution]].  The opening date for even numbered years is established by the sitting legislature during the year prior.
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===2014===
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::''See also: [[Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions]]''
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In 2014, the Legislature is projected to be in session from January 8 through May 1.
  
 
===2013===
 
===2013===

Revision as of 14:27, 19 September 2013

Vermont House of Representatives

Seal of Vermont.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 9, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Shap Smith, (D)
Majority Leader:   Lucy Leriche, (D)
Minority leader:   Donald Turner, Jr., (R)
Structure
Members:  150
   Democratic Party (95)
Republican Party (45)
Progressive Party (5)
Independent (4)
Vacancy (1)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Section 7 of the Legislative Department of the Vermont Constitution
Salary:   $604.79/week + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (150 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (150 seats)
Redistricting:  Vermont legislature has control
The Vermont House of Representatives is the lower house of the Vermont General Assembly. The State of Vermont legislative districting Service divides representing districts into 66 single-member districts and 42 two-member constituencies. Each member represents an average of 4,172 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 4,059 residents.[2] Representatives are elected to a two year term without term limits. The House meets in Representatives Hall at the Vermont State House in Montpelier.

As of September 2014, Vermont is one of 13 Democratic state government trifectas.

Sessions

The Vermont State Legislature, which the House is a part of, meets for biennial sessions starting on odd numbered years on the first Wednesday after the first Monday in January, pursuant to Section 7 of the Legislative Department of the Vermont Constitution. The opening date for even numbered years is established by the sitting legislature during the year prior.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature is projected to be in session from January 8 through May 1.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 9 through May 14.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included addressing a projected budget shortfall of $50-$70 million, physician assisted death, and marijuana decriminalization.[3]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from January 3 through May 5.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from January 5 through mid May. [4]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House was in session from January 5 to May 12.[5]

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Vermont was given a grade of B in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[6]

Elections

2012

See also: Vermont House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Vermont House of Representatives will be held in Vermont on November 6, 2012. All 150 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in the elections was June 14, 2012.

2010

See also: Vermont House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Vermont House of Representatives were held in Vermont on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was July 19, 2010 and the primary election day was on September 14, 2010.

In 2010, the candidates for state house raised a total of $615,441 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: [7]

2008

See also: Vermont House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Vermont House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 9, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $807,477. The top 10 contributors were:[8]

2006

See also: Vermont House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Vermont House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 12, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $865,790. The top 10 contributors were:[9]

2004

See also: Vermont House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Vermont House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 14, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $826,737. The top 10 contributors were:[10]

2002

See also: Vermont House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Vermont House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 10, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $534,955. The top 10 contributors were:[11]

2000

See also: Vermont House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Vermont House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 12, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $630,639. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

Qualifications

The Vermont Constitution states, "No person shall be elected a Representative or a Senator until the person has resided in this State two years, the last year of which shall be in the legislative district for which the person is elected."[13]

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the House, the Governor must select a replacement to fill the vacant seat.

The Governor must select a replacement that will serve for the remainder of the unexpired term. There are no deadlines set by statute on when a vacancy has to be filled[14] [15]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Vermont

The Vermont Legislative Apportionment Board is tasked with drawing redistricting maps, but the Legislature must approve -- and can revise -- any plans. The Board is made up of a chairperson selected by the Chief Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court, and six members, two from each of the major parties (Democratic, Republican, Progressive).

2010 census

Vermont received its census data on February 10, 2011. The state grew by 2.8 percent. The most populous cities had mixed results: Burlington grew by 9.1 percent, Essex grew by 5.2 percent, South Burlington grew by 13.2 percent, Colchester grew by 0.5 percent, and Rutland decreased by 4.6 percent.[16]

The 2011 redistricting process was notable for a push to eliminate nearly all of the state's multi-member districts. Though a preliminary plan that achieved this end was passed by the Board, its final plan from August 11, 2011 only reduced the number of two-member districts from 42 to 29.

The Legislature took up redistricting in January 2012. Despite disagreements over deviation from ideal district size (18.2 percent for the Senate and 24 percent for the House), the Senate passed and the House concurred with a final plan, H. 789. The plan added a new seat in Burlington, and paired incumbents Dennis Devereux (R) and Eldred French (D). Governor Peter Shumlin (D) signed the maps into law on May 1, 2012.

Representatives

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 95
     Republican Party 45
     Vermont Progressive Party 5
     Independent 4
     Vacancy 1
Total 150


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Vermont State House from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of the Vermont State House.PNG

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Vermont Legislature are paid $604.79/week during session and $112/day for special sessions or interim committee meetings. Legislators who are non-commuters receive $101/day for lodging and $61/day for meals. Commuters receive $61/day for meals/mileage.[17]

Pension

Vermont does not provide pensions for legislators.[18]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Vermont legislators assume office the first Wednesday after the first Tuesday in January.

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. [19]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Vermont House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
Speaker of the House Shap Smith Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Leader Willem Jewett Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Majority Leader Tess Taylor Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Leader Donald Turner, Jr. Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Minority Leader Brian Savage Ends.png Republican
State House Progressive Leader Christopher Pearson Progressive

Current members

Current Members, Vermont House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
Addison-1 Betty Nuovo Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
Addison-1 Paul Ralston Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Addison-2 Willem Jewett Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
Addison-3 Warren Van Wyck Ends.png Republican 2013
Addison-3 Diane Lanpher Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Addison-4 Michael Fisher Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
Addison-4 David Sharpe Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
Addison-5 Harvey Smith Ends.png Republican 2011
Addison-Rutland-1 Will Stevens Independent Independent 2007
Bennington-1 Bill Botzow Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
Bennington-2-1 Brian Campion Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Bennington-2-1 Timothy Corcoran, II Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
Bennington-2-2 Anne Lamy Mook Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
Bennington-2-2 Mary Morrissey Ends.png Republican 1997
Bennington-3 Alice Miller Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
Bennington-4 Jeff Wilson Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Bennington-4 Cynthia Browning Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
Bennington-Rutland-1 Patti Komline Ends.png Republican 2005
Caledonia-1 Leigh Larocque Ends.png Republican 1999
Caledonia-2 Kristina Michelsen Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Caledonia-3 Michelle Fay Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Caledonia-3 Robert South Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Caledonia-4 Martha Feltus Ends.png Republican 2013
Caledonia-4 Richard Lawrence Ends.png Republican 2005
Caledonia-Washington-1 Kitty Toll Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Chittenden-1 Anne O'Brien Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Chittenden-2 Terence Macaig Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Chittenden-2 Jim McCullough Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
Chittenden-3 William Frank Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
Chittenden-3 George Till Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Chittenden-4-1 Michael Yantachka Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Chittenden-4-2 William Lippert, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
Chittenden-5-1 Kate Webb Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Chittenden-5-2 Joan Lenes Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
Chittenden-6-1 Joanna Cole Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Chittenden-6-1 Kurt Wright Ends.png Republican 2001
Chittenden-6-2 Jean O'Sullivan Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
Chittenden-6-3 Jill Krowinski Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
Chittenden-6-3 Curt McCormack Electiondot.png Democratic / Working Families Party Working Families 2013
Chittenden-6-4 Kesha Ram Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Chittenden-6-4 Christopher Pearson Lime2.png Vermont Progressive Party 2011
Chittenden-6-5 Johannah Leddy Donovan Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
Chittenden-6-5 Suzi Wizowaty Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Chittenden-6-6 Barbara Rachelson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Chittenden-6-7 Clement Bissonnette Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Chittenden-6-7 George Cross Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Chittenden-7-1 Michele Ferland Kupersmith Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Chittenden-7-2 Ann Pugh Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
Chittenden-7-3 Helen Head Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
Chittenden-7-4 Maida Townsend Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Chittenden-8-1 Debbie Evans Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
Chittenden-8-1 Linda Myers Ends.png Republican 2001
Chittenden-8-2 Tim Jerman Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
Chittenden-8-2 Linda Waite-Simpson Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Chittenden-8-3 Martha Heath Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
Chittenden-9-1 Bob Bouchard Ends.png Republican 2011
Chittenden-9-1 Jim Condon Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
Chittenden-9-2 Patrick Brennan Ends.png Republican 2003
Chittenden-9-2 Kristy Kurt Spengler Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Chittenden-10 Ronald Hubert Ends.png Republican 2009
Chittenden-10 Donald Turner, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2006
Essex-Caledonia Connie Quimby Ends.png Republican / Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Essex-Caledonia-Orleans William Johnson Ends.png Republican / Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
Franklin-1 Carolyn Whitney Branagan Ends.png Republican 2003
Franklin-2 John Mitchell Ends.png Republican 2013
Franklin-3-1 Kathleen Keenan Electiondot.png Democratic 1989
Franklin-3-1 Mike McCarthy Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Franklin-3-2 Eileen Dickinson Ends.png Republican 2009
Franklin-4 Michel Consejo Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
Franklin-4 Brian Savage Ends.png Republican 2009
Franklin-5 Steve Beyor Ends.png Republican 2013
Franklin-5 Albert Pearce Ends.png Republican 2009
Franklin-6 Daniel Conner Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Franklin-7 Cindy Weed Lime2.png Vermont Progressive Party / Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Grand Isle-Chittenden-1-1 Mitzi Johnson Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
Grand Isle-Chittenden-1-1 Bob Krebs Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
Lamoille-1 Heidi Scheuermann Ends.png Republican 2007
Lamoille-2 Linda Martin Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
Lamoille-2 Mark Woodward Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Lamoille-3 Bernard Juskiewicz Ends.png Republican 2013
Lamoille-Washington-1 Peter Peltz Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
Lamoille-Washington-1 Shap Smith Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
Orange-1 Susan Hatch Davis Lime2.png Vermont Progressive Party / Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
Orange-1 Philip Winters Ends.png Republican 1995
Orange-2 Sarah Copeland-Hanzas Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
Orange-Caledonia-1 Chip Conquest Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Orange-Washington-Addison-1 Patsy French Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
Orange-Washington-Addison-1 Vacant
Orleans-1 Lynn Batchelor Ends.png Republican 2011
Orleans-1 Loren Shaw Ends.png Republican / Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Orleans-2 Duncan Kilmartin Ends.png Republican / Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
Orleans-2 Michael Marcotte Ends.png Republican / Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
Orleans-Caledonia-1 Vicki Strong Ends.png Republican 2011
Orleans-Caledonia-1 Sam Young Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Orleans-Lamoille-1 Mark Higley Ends.png Republican 2009
Rutland-1 Andrew Donaghy Ends.png Republican 2003
Rutland-2 Tom Burditt Ends.png Republican 2011
Rutland-2 Dave Potter Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
Rutland-3 William Canfield Ends.png Republican 2005
Rutland-3 Robert Helm Ends.png Republican / Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
Rutland-4 Thomas Terenzini Ends.png Republican / Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Rutland-5-1 Peter Fagan Ends.png Republican 2009
Rutland-5-2 Larry Cupoli Ends.png Republican 2013
Rutland-5-3 Herb Russell Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Rutland-5-4 Douglas Gage Ends.png Republican 2013
Rutland-6 Stephen Carr Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Rutland-6 Charles Shaw Ends.png Republican / Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Rutland-Bennington John Malcolm Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
Rutland-Windsor-1 Anne Gallivan Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Rutland-Windsor-2 Dennis Devereux Ends.png Republican 2007
Washington-1 Anne Donahue Ends.png Republican 2003
Washington-1 Patti Lewis Ends.png Republican 2011
Washington-2 Thomas Koch Ends.png Republican / Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
Washington-2 Francis McFaun Ends.png Republican / Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
Washington-3 Paul Poirier Independent Independent 2009
Washington-3 Tess Taylor Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Washington-4 Mary Hooper Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Washington-4 Warren Kitzmiller Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
Washington-5 Tony Klein Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
Washington-6 Janet Ancel Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
Washington-7 Maxine Jo Grad Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
Washington-7 Adam Greshin Independent Independent 2009
Washington-Chittenden Rebecca Ellis Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Washington-Chittenden Tom Stevens Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Windham-1 Mike Hebert Ends.png Republican 2011
Windham-2-1 Valerie Stuart Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Windham-2-2 Mollie Burke Lime2.png Vermont Progressive Party / Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Windham-2-3 Tristan Toleno Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Windham-3 Carolyn Partridge Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
Windham-3 Matt Trieber Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Windham-4 David Deen Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
Windham-4 Mike Mrowicki Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
Windham-5 Richard Marek Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
Windham-6 Ann Manwaring Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
Windham-Bennington-1 John Moran Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
Windham-Bennington-Windsor-1 Charles Goodwin Independent Independent 2013
Windsor-1 John Bartholomew Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Windsor-1 Donna Sweaney Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
Windsor-2 Mark Huntley Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Windsor-3-1 Leigh Dakin Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Windsor-3-2 Alice Emmons Electiondot.png Democratic / Working Families Party Working Families 1983
Windsor-3-2 Cynthia Martin Electiondot.png Democratic / Working Families Party Working Families 2007
Windsor-4-1 Teo Zagar Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Windsor-4-2 Kevin Christie Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Windsor-4-2 Sheila Vowinkel Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
Windsor-5 Alison Clarkson Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
Windsor-Orange-1 Sarah Buxton Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
Windsor-Orange-2 Margaret Cheney Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
Windsor-Orange-2 James Masland Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
Windsor-Rutland-1 Sandy Haas Lime2.png Vermont Progressive Party / Electiondot.png Democratic 2005

Standing committees

Vermont
House of Representatives
SLP badge.png
House Committees

Agriculture and Forest ProductsAppropriations
Commerce and Economic Development
Corrections and Institutions
EducationFish, Wildlife and Water Resources
General, Housing and Military Affairs
Government OperationsHealth CareHuman Services
JudiciaryNatural Resources and Energy
RulesTransportationWays and Means

Joint Committees
Senate Committees

The Vermont House has 15 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Vermont
Partisan breakdown of the Vermont legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Vermont State House of Representatives for 17 years while the Republicans were the majority for five years. Vermont was under Democratic trifectas for the final three years of the study.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Vermont, the Vermont State Senate and the Vermont House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Vermont state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links

References