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Difference between revisions of "Vermont school districts"

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==State law==
 
==State law==
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===Common Core===
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{{VTCommonCore}}
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===School board composition===
 
===School board composition===
 
Vermont school board members are generally elected by residents of the school district, although some school board members are appointed to fill vacancies until the next election for the seat is held. Vermont school board elections typically follow one of these two methods, or a mixture thereof:<ref name=vt>[http://www.leg.state.vt.us/statutes/sections.cfm?Title=16&Chapter=009 ''Vermont State Legislatures,'' "Title 16: Education," accessed July 10, 2014]</ref>
 
Vermont school board members are generally elected by residents of the school district, although some school board members are appointed to fill vacancies until the next election for the seat is held. Vermont school board elections typically follow one of these two methods, or a mixture thereof:<ref name=vt>[http://www.leg.state.vt.us/statutes/sections.cfm?Title=16&Chapter=009 ''Vermont State Legislatures,'' "Title 16: Education," accessed July 10, 2014]</ref>

Revision as of 11:02, 29 July 2014

K-12 Education in Vermont
Flag of Vermont.png
Education facts
State Superintendent: Armando Vilaseca
Number of students: 89,908[1]
Number of teachers: 8,364
Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:10.7
Number of school districts: 369
Number of schools: 320
Graduation rate: 88%[2]
Per-pupil spending: $15,925[3]
See also
Vermont Department of EducationList of school districts in VermontVermontSchool boards portal
Policypedia
Education policy logo.jpg
Education policy project
Public education in the United States
Public education in Vermont
Glossary of education terms
Note: The statistics on this page are mainly from government sources, including the U.S. Census Bureau and the National Center for Education Statistics. Figures given are the most recent as of June 2014, with school years noted in the text or footnotes.

Vermont is home to 369 school districts, 320 schools and 89,908 K-12 students.[4]

Quick facts

State school administrators

  • State Board of Education[5]
    • Stephan Morse, Chair
    • Sean-Marie Oller, Co-chair
    • Lachlan Francis, Co-chair
    • Krista Huling
    • Bonnie Johnson-Aten
    • Morgan MacIver
    • Margaret MacLean
    • William Mathis
    • Mark Perrin
    • Stacy Weinberger

Statistics

The following table displays the state's top 10 school districts by total student enrollment.[6]

Enrollment, 2011-2012
1.) Burlington School District
2.) South Burlington School District
3.) Rutland City School District
4.) Colchester School District
5.) Milton Town School District
6.) Mount Mansfield Union School District
7.) Mount Anthony Union High School District 14
8.) Hartford School District
9.) Springfield School District
10.) Champlain Valley Union High School District 15

Demographics

See also: Demographic information for all students in all 50 states

The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in Vermont as reported in the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.[7]

Demographic information for Vermont's K-12 public school system
Ethnicity Students State Percentage United States Percentage**
American Indian 315 0.35% 1.10%
Asian 1,515 1.69% 4.68%
African American 1,722 1.93% 15.68%
Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. students 63 0.07% 0.42%
Hispanic 1,251 1.40% 24.37%
White 82,688 92.46% 51.21%
Two or more 1,875 2.10% 2.54%
**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.

State law

Common Core

Common Core, or the Common Core State Standards Initiative, is an American education initiative that outlines quantifiable benchmarks in English and mathematics at each grade level from kindergarten through high school. The Vermont State Board of Education adopted the standards on August 17, 2010. Full implementation took place during the 2013-2014 academic year.[8][9]

School board composition

Vermont school board members are generally elected by residents of the school district, although some school board members are appointed to fill vacancies until the next election for the seat is held. Vermont school board elections typically follow one of these two methods, or a mixture thereof:[10]

  • At-large: All voters residing in the school district may vote for any candidates running, regardless of geographic location.
  • Trustee area: Only voters residing in a specific geographic area within the school district may vote on certain candidates, who must also reside in that specific geographic area.

School board membership ranges from three members to 14 members. Board members serve terms of one, two or three years.[10]

District types

Vermont contains multiple types of school districts described below:[11]

  • Town or city school district: A school district operated within the confines of a single town or city.
  • Joint contract board: A legal mechanism whereby multiple school districts maintain their own school boards but also operate a joint board that coordinates certain educational programs.
  • Union school district: A combination of two or more school districts that agree to own and maintain a common group of schools. In this district type, each district maintains a local school board.
  • Unified union school district: A combination of two or more school districts that agree to own and maintain a common group of schools. In this district type, participating districts elect representatives to a single school board.
  • Interstate school district: A district that serves students in neighboring towns in New Hampshire and Vermont.

School districts employing 40 or fewer teachers are members of supervisory unions, which are overseen by a superintendent of schools.

Term limits

Vermont does not impose statewide term limits on school board members. However, terms limits on school board members can still be imposed on the local level.[10]

School board elections

Upcoming elections

See also: Vermont school board elections, 2014

No top enrollment districts in Vermont are scheduled to hold elections in 2014.

Path to the ballot

To qualify for the ballot as a school board candidate in Vermont, a person must be nominated by a voter in the school district by the sixth Monday prior to the election. The nominating voter must submit at least 30 signatures from district residents to the local elections clerk. A nominated candidate must indicate consent to appear on the ballot by the Wednesday after the nomination was submitted.[10]

Campaign finance

State law requires candidates who have received or spent $500 or more prior to an election to register with the Vermont Secretary of State. A registered candidate must submit campaign finance reports twice before the election and a post-election report two weeks after the general election.[10]

See also

External links

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Suggest a link

References

  1. National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
  2. ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
  3. United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
  4. United States Department of Education, "2012 EDFacts State Profile," accessed August 8, 2013
  5. Vermont Agency of Education, "State Board of Education," accessed June 13, 2014
  6. National Center for Education Statistics, "ELSI Table Generator," accessed July 11, 2014
  7. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
  8. Common Core State Standards Initiative, "Core Standards in your State," accessed June 12, 2014
  9. Vermont Agency of Education, "Common Core State Standards," accessed June 17, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 Vermont State Legislatures, "Title 16: Education," accessed July 10, 2014
  11. Vermont School Boards Association, "Essential Work of Vermont School Boards," accessed July 10, 2014