Difference between revisions of "Virginia House of Delegates"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Current members)
Line 14: Line 14:
 
<!-- Level 4-->
 
<!-- Level 4-->
 
|Members = 100
 
|Members = 100
|Political groups = <div>[[Democratic Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Virginia House of Delegates|State=Virginia|Party=Democratic}})</div><div>[[Republican Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Virginia House of Delegates|State=Virginia|Party=Republican}})</div>[[Independent]] (2)<br>Vacant (2)
+
|Political groups = <div>[[Democratic Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Virginia House of Delegates|State=Virginia|Party=Democratic}})</div><div>[[Republican Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Virginia House of Delegates|State=Virginia|Party=Republican}})</div>
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state representatives|2 years]]
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state representatives|2 years]]
 
|Authority = [[Article IV, Virginia Constitution#Section 46|Art IV, Virginia Constitution]]
 
|Authority = [[Article IV, Virginia Constitution#Section 46|Art IV, Virginia Constitution]]

Revision as of 18:00, 14 January 2014

Virginia House of Delegates

Seal of Virginia.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 8, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  William J. Howell, (R)
Majority Leader:   Kirk Cox, (R)
Minority leader:   David Toscano, (D)
Structure
Members:  100
  
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art IV, Virginia Constitution
Salary:   $17,640/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 5, 2013 (100 seats)
Next election:  November 3, 2015 (100 seats)
Redistricting:  Virginia Legislature has control
The Virginia House of Delegates is the lower house of the Virginia General Assembly, the state legislature of Virginia. A total of 100 members serve in the House of Delegates and meet at the State Capitol in Richmond. Each member represents an average of 80,010 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 70,785 residents.[2] The General Assembly meets annually, beginning on the second Wednesday in January, for 60 days in even-numbered years and for 30 days in odd-numbered years, with an option to extend annual sessions for a maximum of 30 days. [3]

As of November 2014, Virginia is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article IV of the Virginia Constitution establishes when the Virginia General Assembly, of which the House of Delegates is a part, is to be in session. Section 6 of Article IV states that the General Assembly is to convene annually on the second Wednesday in January. In even-numbered years, regular sessions are limited to sixty days. In odd-numbered years, regular sessions are limited to thirty days. Section 6 allows the General Assembly to extend its regular sessions by thirty days if two-thirds of each house vote to extend the session.

Section 6 allows the Governor of Virginia to convene special sessions of the General Assembly. Section 6 also allows for a special session to be called when it is requested by two-thirds of the members of each house.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the General Assembly will be in session from January 8 through March 12.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session include expanding Medicaid, a $97 billion spending plan, and raising minimum wage.[4]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the General Assembly was in session from January 9 through February 25.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included abortion, education, transportation, gun control, and ending a ban on uranium mining.[5]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in regular session from January 11 through March 10.[6]

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Legislature was in regular session from January 12 through February 27. On February 27, a special redistricting session was convened. A reconvened session will begin on April 6 at 12 p.m. to consider any Governor's amendments and/or vetoes to legislation passed by the General Assembly. This is the only business that can occur during the reconvened session. [7]

A second special session convened June 9 and lasted through July 29. The session was called to elect judges to the state Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals.[8]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House was in session from January 13 to March 13.[9]

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Virginia was given a grade of A in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[10]

Elections

2013

See also: Virginia House of Delegates elections, 2013

Elections for the office of Virginia House of Delegates consisted of a primary election on June 11, 2013, and a general election, which took place on November 5, 2013.

2011

See also: Virginia House of Delegates elections, 2011

Elections for the office of Virginia House of Delegates consisted of a primary election on August 23, 2011, and a general election on November 8, 2011.

During the 2011 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $25,013,110. The top 10 contributors were:[11]

2009

See also: Virginia House of Delegates elections, 2009

Elections for the office of Virginia House of Delegates consisted of a primary election on June 9, 2009, and a general election on November 3, 2009.

During the 2009 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $35,947,346. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

2007

See also: Virginia House of Delegates elections, 2007

Elections for the office of Virginia House of Delegates consisted of a primary election on June 12, 2007, and a general election on November 6, 2007.

During the 2007 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $32,931,206. The top 10 contributors were:[13]

2005

See also: Virginia House of Delegates elections, 2005

Elections for the office of Virginia House of Delegates consisted of a primary election on June 14, 2005, and a general election on November 8, 2005.

During the 2005 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $25,340,303. The top 10 contributors were:[14]

2003

See also: Virginia House of Delegates elections, 2003

Elections for the office of Virginia House of Delegates consisted of a primary election on June 10, 2003, and a general election on November 4, 2003.

During the 2003 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $13,103,722. The top 10 contributors were:[15]

2001

See also: Virginia House of Delegates elections, 2001

Elections for the office of Virginia House of Delegates consisted of a primary election on June 12, 2001, and a general election on November 6, 2001.

During the 2001 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $13,681,547. The top 10 contributors were:[16]

Qualifications

Delegates must be at least 21 years of age at the time of the election, residents of the district they represent, and qualified to vote for members of the Virginia General Assembly.[17]

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the house, then a special election must be conducted to fill the vacant seat.[18] Within 15 days of the vacancy, the governing body of the county or city that represents the seat must petition to a circuit court to hold a special election. All special elections must be held promptly.[19] No special election can be held with less than 60 days remaining in the vacant Senator's term or less than 55 days before a statewide primary or general election.[20]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Virginia

The General Assembly handles redistricting through the passage of maps as regular legislation subject to gubernatorial veto.

2010 census

Virginia received its local census data on February 3, 2011. The state grew by 13 percent from 2000 to 2010; its growth mostly occurred in the northeastern part of the state, while declines ranging up to -13.4 percent occurred in counties along the southern and western edges. Loudoun County stood out with an 84.1 percent increase. Growth in the largest cities was less generous: Virginia Beach grew by 3.0 percent, Norfolk grew by 3.6 percent, Chesapeake grew by 11.6 percent, Richmond grew by 3.2 percent and Newport News grew by 0.3 percent.[21]

The Assembly was split going into redistricting; Republicans controlled the House, and Democrats controlled the Senate. The House set a 1% standard for allowance of deviation from the ideal district size (88,900 people), while the Senate passed a 2% standard (200,000 being the ideal size). The Senate and House reached a verbal agreement that the houses would draw their own lines and not interfere with the other's.

The House and Senate approved their maps on April 6 and 7, 2011, respectively. While the House had an overwhelming 86-8 vote, the Senate went along party lines 22-18. Governor Bob McDonnell vetoed the maps on April 15, citing concerns about the increase in the number of divided communities, the Senate plan's higher deviation standard, and the partisan vote in the Senate.

The House quickly returned and passed revisions that rejoined several divided districts; Senate Democrats initially would not budge, but the chamber eventually worked out a compromise (passing on a 32-5 vote) that split Virginia Beach, reduced the number of splits in Prince William County, and split the College of William & Mary from Thomas Norment's district. McDonnell signed the revised plan on April 29, 2011.

Delegates

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of November 2014
     Democratic Party 32
     Republican Party 67
     Vacancy 1
Total 100


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Virginia State House from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of the Virginia State House.PNG

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Virginia House of Delegates are paid $17,640/year. Representatives receive $135/day per diem tied to the federal rate.[22]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Virginia legislators assume office the second Wednesday in January after the election.

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. Duties of the Speaker include assigning bills to committee and appointing the membership of standing committees.[23][24]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Virginia House of Delegates
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House William J. Howell Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Leader Kirk Cox Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Jackson H. Miller Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader David Toscano Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Charniele Herring Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members


Change in partisan composition of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1991-2007
Current members, Virginia House of Delegates
District Delegate Party Assumed office
1 Terry Kilgore Ends.png Republican 1994
2 Michael Futrell Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
3 James Morefield Ends.png Republican 2010
4 A. Benton Chafin Ends.png Republican 2014
5 Israel O'Quinn Ends.png Republican 2012
6 Jeffrey L. Campbell Ends.png Republican 2014
7 Larry Rush Ends.png Republican 2012
8 Greg Habeeb Ends.png Republican 2011
9 Charles Poindexter Ends.png Republican 2008
10 Randall Minchew Ends.png Republican 2012
11 Onzlee Ware Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
12 Joseph Yost Ends.png Republican 2012
13 Bob Marshall Ends.png Republican 1992
14 Danny Marshall Ends.png Republican 2002
15 C. Todd Gilbert Ends.png Republican 2006
16 Les R. Adams Ends.png Republican 2014
17 Chris Head Ends.png Republican 2012
18 Michael Webert Ends.png Republican 2012
19 Terry Austin Ends.png Republican 2014
20 Richard Bell Ends.png Republican 2010
21 Ronald Villanueva Ends.png Republican 2010
22 Kathy Byron Ends.png Republican 1998
23 T. Scott Garrett Ends.png Republican 2010
24 Ben Cline Ends.png Republican 2002
25 Steve Landes Ends.png Republican 1996
26 Tony Wilt Ends.png Republican 2010
27 Roxann Robinson Ends.png Republican 2010
28 Bill Howell Ends.png Republican 1988
29 Mark J. Berg Ends.png Republican 2014
30 Ed Scott Ends.png Republican 2004
31 Scott Lingamfelter Ends.png Republican 2002
32 Thomas Greason Ends.png Republican 2010
33 Dave A. LaRock Ends.png Republican 2014
34 Barbara Comstock Ends.png Republican 2010
35 Mark Keam Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
36 Ken Plum Electiondot.png Democratic 1982
37 David Bulova Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
38 Kaye Kory Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
39 Vivian Watts Electiondot.png Democratic 1996
40 Tim Hugo Ends.png Republican 2003
41 Eileen Filler-Corn Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
42 Dave Albo Ends.png Republican 1994
43 Mark Sickles Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
44 Scott Surovell Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
45 Rob Krupicka Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
46 Charniele Herring Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
47 Patrick Hope Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
48 Bob Brink Electiondot.png Democratic 1998
49 Alfonso Lopez Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
50 Jackson H. Miller Ends.png Republican 2006
51 Richard L. Anderson Ends.png Republican 2010
52 Luke Torian Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
53 Marcus Simon Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
54 Bobby Orrock Ends.png Republican 1990
55 Buddy Fowler Ends.png Republican 2014
56 Peter Farrell Ends.png Republican 2012
57 David Toscano Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
58 Rob Bell Ends.png Republican 2002
59 Matt Fariss Ends.png Republican 2012
60 James Edmunds, II Ends.png Republican 2010
61 Tommy Wright Ends.png Republican 2001
62 Riley Ingram Ends.png Republican 1992
63 Roz Dance Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
64 Rick Morris Ends.png Republican 2012
65 Lee Ware Ends.png Republican 1998
66 Kirk Cox Ends.png Republican 1990
67 James LeMunyon Ends.png Republican 2010
68 Manoli Loupassi Ends.png Republican 2008
69 Betsy Carr Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
70 Delores McQuinn Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
71 Jenn McClellan Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
72 Jimmie Massie Ends.png Republican 2008
73 John O'Bannon Ends.png Republican 2001
74 Joseph Morrissey Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
75 Roz Tyler Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
76 Chris Jones Ends.png Republican 1998
77 Lionell Spruill Electiondot.png Democratic 1994
78 Jay Leftwich Ends.png Republican 2014
79 Johnny Joannou Electiondot.png Democratic 1998
80 Matthew James Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
81 Barry Knight Ends.png Republican 2009
82 Bill R. DeSteph, Jr Ends.png Republican 2014
83 Christopher Stolle Ends.png Republican 2010
84 Glenn Davis Ends.png Republican 2014
85 Scott W. Taylor Ends.png Republican 2014
86 Tom Rust Ends.png Republican 2002
87 David Ramadan Ends.png Republican 2012
88 Mark Cole Ends.png Republican 2002
89 Daun Sessoms Hester Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
90 Algie Howell Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
91 Gordon Helsel Ends.png Republican 2011
92 Jeion Ward Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
93 T. Monty Mason Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
94 David Yancey Ends.png Republican 2012
95 Mamye BaCote Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
96 Brenda Pogge Ends.png Republican 2008
97 Chris Peace Ends.png Republican 2006
98 Keith Hodges Ends.png Republican 2012
99 Margaret Ransone Ends.png Republican 2012
100 Lynwood Lewis Electiondot.png Democratic 2004

Standing committees

Virginia
House of Delegates
SLP badge.png
House Committees

Agriculture, Chesapeake and Natural Resources Committee
AppropriationsCommerce and Labor
Counties, Cities and Towns
Courts of JusticeEducationFinanceGeneral Laws
Health, Welfare and Institutions
Militia, Police and Public Safety
Privileges and ElectionsRulesScience and Technology
Transportation

Senate Committees

The Virginia House of Delegates has 14 standing committees:

Committee Chair Senior Minority Member
Agriculture, Chesapeake and Natural Resources Committee Beverly Sherwood Ken Plum
Appropriations Lacey Putney Bud Phillips
Commerce and Labor Terry Kilgore Ken Plum
Counties, Cities and Towns Riley Ingram Bob Hull
Courts of Justice Dave Albo Joe Johnson
Education Bob Tata James Shuler
Finance Harry R. Purkey Joe Johnson
General Laws Chris Jones Bud Phillips
Health, Welfare and Institutions Bobby Orrock Lionell Spruill
Militia, Police and Public Safety Scott Lingamfelter Jim Scott
Privileges and Elections Mark Cole Bud Phillips
Rules Bill Howell Johnny Joannou
Science and Technology Kathy Byron Vivian Watts
Transportation Joe T. May Jeion Ward

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Virginia
Partisan breakdown of the Virginia legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Virginia State House of Representatives for the first four years while the Republicans were the majority for the last 14 years. Virginia was under Republican trifectas for the final two years of the study.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Virginia, the Virginia State Senate and the Virginia House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Virginia state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Virginia state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. During the course of the study, Virginia experienced both Democratic and Republican trifectas as well as divided governments. For over half the years of the study, Virginia was ranked in the top-10. This occurred during a Democratic trifecta, Republican trifectas and divided government. Both its highest ranking, finishing 1st in 2006, and its lowest ranking, finishing 26th in 1997, occurred during divided governments.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 11.00
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 7.67
  • SQLI average with divided government: 9.00
Chart displaying the partisanship of the Virginia government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states, Accessed November 27, 2013
  3. "Virginia General Assembly" About House Sessions, March 13, 2009
  4. Daily Press, "Virginia General Assembly opens, lawmakers ease back into action," January 8, 2014
  5. WRIC, "Virginia General Assembly To Convene For 2013 Session," January 9, 2013
  6. StateScape, Session schedules, accessed April 30, 2012
  7. Virginia General Assembly
  8. Post Local, Va. assembly to vote Friday on Supreme Court, appeals judges, July 29, 2011
  9. 2010 session dates for Virginia legislature
  10. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  11. Follow the Money, "Virginia 2011 Candidates," Accessed August 5, 2013
  12. Follow the Money, "Virginia 2009 Candidates," Accessed August 5, 2013
  13. Follow the Money, "Virginia 2007 Candidates," Accessed August 5, 2013
  14. Follow the Money, "Virginia 2005 Candidates," Accessed August 5, 2013
  15. Follow the Money, "Virginia 2003 Candidates," Accessed August 5, 2013
  16. Follow the Money, "Virginia 2001 Candidates," Accessed August 5, 2013
  17. vakids.org, "Virginia State Legislature For Kids," accessed December 18, 2013
  18. Virginia General Assembly, "Code of Virginia," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 24.2-228.1 (A), Code of Virginia)
  19. Virgina General Assembly, "Code of Virginia," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 24.2-682(C), Virginia Code)
  20. Virgina General Assembly, "Code of Virginia," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 24.2-682(A), Virginia Code)
  21. U.S. Census Bureau, "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Virginia's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," February 3, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  22. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  23. Virginia General Assembly general information
  24. 2010 Leadership of the Virginia House of Delegates