Difference between revisions of "Virginia State Senate"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Leadership)
(vacancy update)
(32 intermediate revisions by 13 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{Chambers infobox
 
{{Chambers infobox
|Partisan = Democrat
+
|Partisan = Alaska
 
|Chamber = Virginia State Senate
 
|Chamber = Virginia State Senate
 
|Seal = Seal of Virginia.svg.png
 
|Seal = Seal of Virginia.svg.png
Line 6: Line 6:
 
|Type = [[Upper house]]
 
|Type = [[Upper house]]
 
|Term limit = [[State legislatures with term limits|None]]
 
|Term limit = [[State legislatures with term limits|None]]
|Next session = [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions|January 9, 2013]]
+
|Next session = [[Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions|January 8, 2014]]
 
|Website = [http://legis.state.va.us/ Official Senate Page]
 
|Website = [http://legis.state.va.us/ Official Senate Page]
 
<!--Level 3-->
 
<!--Level 3-->
|Senate president = [[Bill Bolling]], (R)
+
|Senate president = [[Bill Bolling]] (R)
 
|Majority leader = [[Thomas Norment]] (R)
 
|Majority leader = [[Thomas Norment]] (R)
|Minority leader = [[Dick Saslaw]], (D)
+
|Minority leader = [[Dick Saslaw]] (D)
 
<!-- Level 4-->
 
<!-- Level 4-->
 
|Members = 40
 
|Members = 40
|Political groups = [[Democratic Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Virginia State Senate|State=Virginia|Party=Democratic}}) <br>[[Republican Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Virginia State Senate|State=Virginia|Party=Republican}})
+
|Political groups = <div>[[Democratic Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Virginia State Senate|State=Virginia|Party=Democratic}})</div><div>[[Republican Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Virginia State Senate|State=Virginia|Party=Republican}})</div>Vacancy (2)
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state senators|4 years]]
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state senators|4 years]]
 
|Authority = [[Article IV, Virginia Constitution#Section 2|Art IV, Section 2, Virginia Constitution]]
 
|Authority = [[Article IV, Virginia Constitution#Section 2|Art IV, Section 2, Virginia Constitution]]
Line 20: Line 20:
 
<!-- Level 5-->
 
<!-- Level 5-->
 
|Next election = [[Virginia State Senate elections, 2015|November 3, 2015]] (40 seats)
 
|Next election = [[Virginia State Senate elections, 2015|November 3, 2015]] (40 seats)
|Last election = Virginia State Senate elections, 2011|November 8, 2011]] (40 seats)
+
|Last election = [[Virginia State Senate elections, 2011|November 8, 2011]] (40 seats)
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in Virginia |Virginia legislature has control]]
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in Virginia |Virginia legislature has control]]
 
|Building = Richmond virginia capitol.jpg
 
|Building = Richmond virginia capitol.jpg
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Virginia Senate''' is the [[upper house]] of the [[Virginia General Assembly]].  There are 40 state senators representing 40 single-member districts. Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators| 200,026 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://2010.census.gov/news/pdf/apport2010_table4.pdf Population in 2010 of the American states]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented [[Population represented by state legislators| 176,963 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states]</ref> The [[Lieutenant Governor of Virginia]] presides over the Virginia Senate.
+
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Virginia Senate''' is the [[upper house]] of the [[Virginia General Assembly]].  There are 40 state senators representing 40 single-member districts. Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators|200,026 residents]] after the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-01.pdf Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented [[Population represented by state legislators|176,963 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states, Accessed November 27, 2013]</ref> The [[Lieutenant Governor of Virginia]] presides over the Virginia Senate.
  
 
Virginia senators serve [[Length of terms of state senators|four-year terms]] with no [[State legislatures with term limits|term limits]].
 
Virginia senators serve [[Length of terms of state senators|four-year terms]] with no [[State legislatures with term limits|term limits]].
  
Virginia state senate elections are held in odd-numbered years on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November. All senate seats are up for election simultaneously; that is, unlike in many states with four-year senate terms, Virginia senate districts do not have staggered elections. The most recent state senate election was held November 6, 2007.  State senators elected in November 2007 were sworn in in January 2008 and their terms expire in January 2012.  The next state senate election date was November 8, 2011.
+
Virginia state senate elections are held in odd-numbered years on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November. All senate seats are up for election simultaneously; unlike in the [[United States Senate]] and [[Length of terms of state senators|many states]] with four-year senate terms, Virginia senate districts do not have staggered elections.
  
 
The Virginia Senate holds regular sessions of 60 days duration during even-numbered years and 30 days duration during odd numbered years.  The length of these sessions can be extended by a two-thirds vote of both houses.
 
The Virginia Senate holds regular sessions of 60 days duration during even-numbered years and 30 days duration during odd numbered years.  The length of these sessions can be extended by a two-thirds vote of both houses.
  
As of December 2012, [[Virginia]] is one of 24 Republican [[state government trifectas]].
+
{{State trifecta status|state=Virginia|control=Republican}}
 
==Sessions==
 
==Sessions==
[[Article IV, Virginia Constitution| Article IV of the Virginia Constitution]] establishes when the [[Virginia General Assembly]], of which the Senate is a part, is to be in session.  Section 6 of Article IV states that the General Assembly is to convene annually on the second Wednesday in January. In even-numbered years, regular sessions are limited to sixty days. In odd-numbered years, regular sessions are limited to thirty days. Section 6 allows the General Assembly to extend its regular sessions by thirty days if two-thirds of each house vote to extend the session.
+
[[Article IV, Virginia Constitution|Article IV of the Virginia Constitution]] establishes when the [[Virginia General Assembly]], of which the Senate is a part, is to be in session.  Section 6 of Article IV states that the General Assembly is to convene annually on the second Wednesday in January. In even-numbered years, regular sessions are limited to sixty days. In odd-numbered years, regular sessions are limited to thirty days. Section 6 allows the General Assembly to extend its regular sessions by thirty days if two-thirds of each house vote to extend the session.
  
Section 6 allows the [[Governor of Virginia]] to convene special sessions of the General Assembly. Section 6 also allows for a special session to be called when it is requested by two-thirds of the members of each house.
+
Section 6 allows the [[Governor of Virginia]] to convene special sessions of the General Assembly. Section 6 also allows for a special session to be called when it is requested by two-thirds of the members of each house.
 +
 
 +
===2014===
 +
::''See also: [[Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions]]''
 +
 
 +
In 2014, the General Assembly will be in session from January 8 through March 12.
 +
 
 +
====Major issues====
 +
Major issues during the 2014 legislative session include expanding Medicaid, a $97 billion spending plan, and raising minimum wage.<ref>[http://articles.dailypress.com/2014-01-08/news/dp-nws-ga-2014-session-opens-20140108_1_virginia-general-assembly-virginia-chamber-new-license-plates ''Daily Press,'' "Virginia General Assembly opens, lawmakers ease back into action," January 8, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===2013===
 +
::''See also: [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions]]''
 +
In 2013, the General Assembly was in session from January 9 through February 25.
 +
 
 +
====Major issues====
 +
Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included abortion, education, transportation, gun control, and ending a ban on uranium mining.<ref>[http://www.wric.com/story/20540203/virginia-general-assembly-to-convene-for-2013-session ''WRIC,'' "Virginia General Assembly To Convene For 2013 Session," January 9, 2013]</ref>
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
Line 49: Line 64:
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
 
:: ''See also: [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions]]''
In 2010, the Senate was [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions| in session]] from January 13 to March 13.<ref>[http://dls.virginia.gov/pubs/calendar/cal2010_2.pdf 2010 session dates for Virginia legislature]</ref>
+
In 2010, the Senate was [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions|in session]] from January 13 to March 13.<ref>[http://dls.virginia.gov/pubs/calendar/cal2010_2.pdf 2010 session dates for Virginia legislature]</ref>
  
==Elections==
+
==Ethics and transparency==
 
+
===Open States Transparency===
===Qualifications===
+
{{Transparency card|State=Virginia|Grade=A}}
 
+
Senators must be at least 21 years of age at the time of the election, residents of the district they represent, and qualified to vote for members of the [[Virginia General Assembly]].<ref>[http://www.vakids.org/pubs/Action/virginia_state_legislature_faq.pdf ''Virginia State Legislature For Kids'']</ref>
+
  
 +
==Elections==
 
===2011===
 
===2011===
 
 
:: ''See also: [[Virginia State Senate elections, 2011]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Virginia State Senate elections, 2011]]''
  
Elections for the office of [[Virginia State Senate|Virginia's state senators]] were held in [[Virginia]] on [[State legislative elections, 2011|November 8, 2011]].
+
Elections for the office of Virginia State Senate consisted of a primary election on August 23, 2011, and a general election on November 8, 2011.
  
===2007===
+
During the 2011 election, the total of all contributions to Senate candidates was $33,496,669. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=VA&y=2011&f=S ''Follow the Money'', "Virginia 2011 Candidates," Accessed August 5, 2013]</ref>
 
+
As of the 2000 Census, Virginia's 40 state senators each represent an average population of [[Population represented by state legislators|176,963 people]].  In 2007, the candidates for state senate raised a total of $31,534,141 in campaign contributions.
+
 
+
{{legislative campaign spending chart}}
+
  
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" | 2007
+
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2011 Donors, Virginia State Senate
| align="center" | 77
+
| align="right" | $31,534,141
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" | 2003
+
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
| align="center" | 69
+
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
| align="right" | $11,439,328
+
|-
 +
| Virginia Republican Party
 +
| Align="Right" | $3,787,917
 +
|-
 +
| Virginia Senate Democratic Caucus
 +
| Align="Right" | $3,119,531
 +
|-
 +
| Virginia Democratic Party
 +
| Align="Right" | $2,365,455
 +
|-
 +
| Virginia Senate Republican Caucus
 +
| Align="Right" | $1,058,979
 +
|-
 +
| Republican Party Of Virginia
 +
| Align="Right" | $740,561
 +
|-
 +
| Opportunity Virginia PAC
 +
| Align="Right" | $418,728
 +
|-
 +
| Middle Resolution PAC
 +
| Align="Right" | $316,488
 +
|-
 +
| Dominion
 +
| Align="Right" | $285,094
 +
|-
 +
| Virginia Dental Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $245,963
 +
|-
 +
| Virginia Hospital & Healthcare Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $245,507
 
|}
 
|}
  
The top 10 donors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=VA&y=2007&f=S ''Follow the Money'': "Virginia Senate 2007 Campaign Contributions"]</ref>
+
===2007===
 +
 
 +
:: ''See also: [[Virginia State Senate elections, 2007]]''
 +
 
 +
Elections for the office of Virginia State Senate consisted of a primary election on June 12, 2007, and a general election on November 6, 2007.
 +
 
 +
During the 2007 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $31,534,141. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=VA&y=2007&f=S ''Follow the Money'', "Virginia 2007 Candidates," Accessed August 5, 2013]</ref>
  
 
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="2" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2007 Donors, Virginia State Senate
+
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2007 Donors, Virginia State Senate
 
|-
 
|-
 
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
Line 117: Line 160:
 
| Holtzman, William B
 
| Holtzman, William B
 
| align="right" | $308,747
 
| align="right" | $308,747
 +
|}
  
 +
===2003===
 +
 +
:: ''See also: [[Virginia State Senate elections, 2003]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Virginia State Senate consisted of a primary election on June 10, 2003, and a general election on November 4, 2003.
 +
 +
During the 2003 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $11,439,328. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=VA&y=2003&f=S ''Follow the Money'', "Virginia 2003 Candidates," Accessed August 5, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2003 Donors, Virginia State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| One Virginia PAC
 +
| align="right" | $443,511
 +
|-
 +
| Virginia Democratic Party
 +
| align="right" | $426,493
 +
|-
 +
| Dominion
 +
| align="right" | $167,007
 +
|-
 +
| Virginia Auto Dealers Association
 +
| align="right" | $125,459
 +
|-
 +
| Virginia Dental Association
 +
| align="right" | $114,250
 +
|-
 +
| Federal Victory Fund
 +
| align="right" | $112,652
 +
|-
 +
| Virginia Hospital & Healthcare Association
 +
| align="right" | $106,831
 +
|-
 +
| Virginians For Responsible Government
 +
| align="right" | $104,460
 +
|-
 +
| Virginia Medical Society
 +
| align="right" | $91,590
 +
|-
 +
| Virginia Association Of Realtors
 +
| align="right" | $91,025
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
===Qualifications===
 +
 +
Senators must be at least 21 years of age at the time of the election, residents of the district they represent, and qualified to vote for members of the [[Virginia General Assembly]].<ref>[http://www.vakids.org/pubs/Action/virginia_state_legislature_faq.pdf ''vakids.org'', "Virginia State Legislature For Kids," accessed December 18, 2013]</ref>
  
 
===Vacancies===
 
===Vacancies===
Line 124: Line 216:
 
:: ''See also: [[How vacancies are filled in state legislatures]]''{{Vacancies map}}
 
:: ''See also: [[How vacancies are filled in state legislatures]]''{{Vacancies map}}
  
If there is a vacancy in the Virginia Senate, then a special election must be conducted to fill the vacant seat<ref>[http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+cod+24.2-228.1 ''Virginia General Assembly'' "Code of Virginia"](Referenced Statute 24.2-228.1 (A), Code of Virginia)</ref>Within 15 days of the vacancy, the governing body of the county or city that represents the seat must petition to a circuit court to hold a special election. All special elections must be held promptly<ref>[http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+cod+24.2-682 ''Virgina General Assembly'' "Code of Virginia"](Referenced Statute 24.2-682(C), Virginia Code)</ref>No special election can be held with less than 60 days remaining in the vacant Senator's term or less than 55 days before a statewide primary or general election<ref>[http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+cod+24.2-682 ''Virgina General Assembly'' "Code of Virginia"](Referenced Statute 24.2-682(A), Virginia Code)</ref>.
+
If there is a vacancy in the senate, then a special election must be conducted to fill the vacant seat.<ref>[http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+cod+24.2-228.1 ''Virginia General Assembly'', "Code of Virginia," accessed December 18, 2013](Referenced Statute 24.2-228.1 (A), Code of Virginia)</ref> Within 15 days of the vacancy, the governing body of the county or city that represents the seat must petition to a circuit court to hold a special election. All special elections must be held promptly.<ref>[http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+cod+24.2-682 ''Virgina General Assembly'', "Code of Virginia," accessed December 18, 2013](Referenced Statute 24.2-682(C), Virginia Code)</ref> No special election can be held with less than 60 days remaining in the vacant Senator's term or less than 55 days before a statewide primary or general election.<ref>[http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+cod+24.2-682 ''Virgina General Assembly'', "Code of Virginia," accessed December 18, 2013](Referenced Statute 24.2-682(A), Virginia Code)</ref>
  
 
==Redistricting==
 
==Redistricting==
Line 133: Line 225:
  
 
===2010 census===
 
===2010 census===
Virginia received its local census data on February 3, 2011.  The state grew by 13 percent from 2000 to 2010; its growth mostly occurred in the northeastern part of the state, while declines ranging up to -13.4 percent occurred in counties along the southern and western edges.  Loudoun County stood out with an 84.1 percent increase.  Growth in the largest cities was less generous: Virginia Beach grew by 3.0 percent, Norfolk grew by 3.6 percent, Chesapeake grew by 11.6 percent, Richmond grew by 3.2 percent and Newport News grew by 0.3 percent.<ref>[http://2010.census.gov/news/releases/operations/cb11-cn16.html ''U.S. Census Bureau'', "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Virginia's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," February 3, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2012.]</ref>
+
Virginia received its local census data on February 3, 2011.  The state grew by 13 percent from 2000 to 2010; its growth mostly occurred in the northeastern part of the state, while declines ranging up to -13.4 percent occurred in counties along the southern and western edges.  Loudoun County stood out with an 84.1 percent increase.  Growth in the largest cities was less impressive but still robust in most areas: Virginia Beach grew by 3.0 percent, Norfolk grew by 3.6 percent, Chesapeake grew by 11.6 percent, Richmond grew by 3.2 percent and Newport News grew by 0.3 percent.<ref>[http://2010.census.gov/news/releases/operations/cb11-cn16.html ''U.S. Census Bureau'', "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Virginia's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," February 3, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2012.]</ref>
  
 
The Assembly was split going into redistricting; Republicans controlled the House, and Democrats controlled the Senate.  The House set a 1% standard for allowance of deviation from the ideal district size (88,900 people), while the Senate passed a 2% standard (200,000 being the ideal size).  The Senate and House reached a verbal agreement that the houses would draw their own lines and not interfere with the other's.
 
The Assembly was split going into redistricting; Republicans controlled the House, and Democrats controlled the Senate.  The House set a 1% standard for allowance of deviation from the ideal district size (88,900 people), while the Senate passed a 2% standard (200,000 being the ideal size).  The Senate and House reached a verbal agreement that the houses would draw their own lines and not interfere with the other's.
Line 144: Line 236:
  
 
===Salaries===
 
===Salaries===
 
 
:: ''See also: [[Comparison of state legislative salaries]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Comparison of state legislative salaries]]''
  
As of 2010, members of the Virginia Senate are paid $18,000/year. Senators receive $169/day per diem tied to the federal rate.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/default.aspx?tabid=20117 ''National Conference of State Legislatures'', "2010 Legislator Compensation Data"]</ref>
+
As of 2013, members of the Virginia State Senate are paid $18,000/year. Senators receive $178/day per diem tied to the federal rate.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/legislatures-elections/legisdata/2012-ncsl-legislator-compensation-data.aspx ''NCSL.org'', "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013]</ref>
 
+
The $18,000/year that Virginia senators are paid as of 2010 is the same as they were paid during legislative sessions in 2007. Per diem has increased from $140/day in the Senate in 2007 to $169/day in 2010.<ref>[http://www.empirecenter.org/html/legislative_salaries.cfm ''Empire Center'', "Legislative Salaries Per State as of 2007"]</ref>
+
  
 
===When sworn in===
 
===When sworn in===
Line 161: Line 250:
 
:: ''See also: [[Partisan composition of state senates]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Partisan composition of state senates]]''
 
{{vasenatepartisan}}
 
{{vasenatepartisan}}
 +
 +
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Virginia State Senate from 1992-2013.<br>
 +
 +
[[File:Partisan composition of the Virginia State Senate.PNG]]
  
 
===Leadership===
 
===Leadership===
Line 174: Line 267:
 
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Party
 
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Party
 
|-
 
|-
| [[President of the Senate]] || [[Bill Bolling]] || {{red dot}}
+
| [[President of the Senate]] || [[Ralph Northam]] || {{blue dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[President Pro Tempore of the Senate]] || [[Walter Stosch]] || {{red dot}}
 
| [[President Pro Tempore of the Senate]] || [[Walter Stosch]] || {{red dot}}
Line 184: Line 277:
  
 
===List of current members===
 
===List of current members===
[http://djkonservo.files.wordpress.com/2008/08/richmond_virginia_capitol.jpg Photo credit.]
+
{| class="wikitable collapsible sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 
+
{| class="wikitable sortable"
+
 
|-
 
|-
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | District
+
! colspan="4" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''Current members, Virginia State Senate
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Senator
+
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Party
+
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Counties in District
+
 
|-
 
|-
| 1 || [[John Miller]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Hampton, Virginia|Hampton]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Newport News, Virginia|Newport News]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Poquoson, Virginia|Poquoson]], [[Sunshinereview:York County, Virginia|York County]](part)
+
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | District
 +
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Senator
 +
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Party
 +
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Assumed office
 +
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2 || [[Mamie Locke]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Hampton, Virginia|Hampton]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Newport News, Virginia|Newport News]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Portsmouth, Virginia|Portsmouth]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Suffolk, Virginia|Suffolk]](part)
+
| 1
 +
| [[John Miller]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 2008
 
|-
 
|-
| 3 || [[Thomas Norment]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Gloucester County, Virginia|Gloucester County]], [[Sunshinereview:James City County, Virginia|James City County]], [[Sunshinereview:New Kent County, Virginia|New Kent County]], [[Sunshinereview:Newport News, Virginia|Newport News]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Williamsburg, Virginia|Williamsburg]], [[Sunshinereview:York County, Virginia|York County]](part)
+
| 2
 +
| [[Mamie Locke]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 2004
 
|-
 
|-
| 4 || [[Ryan McDougle]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Caroline County, Virginia|Caroline County]], [[Sunshinereview:Essex County, Virginia|Essex County]], [[Sunshinereview:Hanover County, Virginia|Hanover County]], [[Sunshinereview:King and Queen County, Virginia|King and Queen County]], [[Sunshinereview:King William County, Virginia|King William County]], [[Sunshinereview:Middlesex County, Virginia|Middlesex County]], [[Sunshinereview:Spotsylvania County, Virginia|Spotsylvania]](part)
+
| 3
 +
| [[Thomas Norment]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 1992
 
|-
 
|-
| 5 || [[Kenny Alexander]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Chesapeake, Virginia|Chesapeake]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Norfolk, Virginia|Norfolk]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Virginia Beach, Virginia|Virginia Beach]](part)
+
| 4
 +
| [[Ryan McDougle]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 2006
 
|-
 
|-
| 6 || [[Ralph Northam]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Accomack County, Virginia|Accomack County]], [[Sunshinereview:Mathews County, Virginia|Mathews County]], [[Sunshinereview:Norfolk, Virginia|Norfolk]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Northampton County, Virginia|Northampton]], [[Sunshinereview:Virginia Beach, Virginia|Virginia Beach]](part)
+
| 5
 +
| [[Kenny Alexander]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 2012
 
|-
 
|-
| 7 || [[Frank Wagner]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Virginia Beach, Virginia|Virginia Beach]](part)
+
| 6
 +
| [[Ralph Northam|''Vacant'']]  
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| 8 || [[Jeffrey McWaters]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Virginia Beach, Virginia|Virginia Beach]](part)
+
| 7
 +
| [[Frank Wagner]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 2002
 
|-
 
|-
| 9 || [[Donald McEachin]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Charles City County, Virginia|Charles City County]], [[Sunshinereview:Henrico County, Virginia|Henrico County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Richmond, Virginia|Richmond]](part)
+
| 8
 +
| [[Jeffrey McWaters]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 2010
 
|-
 
|-
| 10 || [[John Watkins]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Amelia County, Virginia|Amelia County]], [[Sunshinereview:Chesterfield County, Virginia|Chesterfield]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Cumberland County, Virginia|Cumberland]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Goochland County, Virginia|Goochland County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Henrico County, Virginia|Henrico County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Powhatan County, Virginia|Powhatan County]], [[Sunshinereview:Richmond, Virginia|Richmond]]
+
| 9
 +
| [[Donald McEachin]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 2008
 
|-
 
|-
| 11 || [[Stephen Martin]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Chesterfield County, Virginia|Chesterfield County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Colonial Heights, Virginia|Colonial Heights]]
+
| 10
 +
| [[John Watkins]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 1998
 
|-
 
|-
| 12 || [[Walter Stosch]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Goochland County, Virginia|Goochland]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Henrico County, Virginia|Henrico County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Richmond, Virginia|Richmond]](part)
+
| 11
 +
| [[Stephen Martin]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 1994
 
|-
 
|-
| 13 || [[Richard Black]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Chesapeake, Virginia|Chesapeake]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Franklin, Virginia|Franklin]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Hopewell, Virginia|Hopewell]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Isle of Wight County, Virginia|Isle of Wight County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Portsmouth, Virginia|Portsmouth]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Prince George County, Virginia|Prince George County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Southampton County, Virginia|Southampton County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Suffolk, Virginia|Suffolk]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Surry County, Virginia|Surry County]]
+
| 12
 +
| [[Walter Stosch]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 1992
 
|-
 
|-
| 14 || [[Harry Blevins]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Chesapeake, Virginia|Chesapeake]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Virginia Beach, Virginia|Virginia Beach]](part)
+
| 13
 +
| [[Richard Black]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 2012
 
|-
 
|-
| 15 || [[Frank Ruff]] || {{Red dot}} ||  [[Sunshinereview:Amherst County, Virginia|Amherst]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Appomattox County, Virginia|Appomattox]], [[Sunshinereview:Brunswick County, Virginia|Brunswick County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Buckingham County, Virginia|Buckingham County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Charlotte County, Virginia|Charlotte County]], [[Sunshinereview:Cumberland County, Virginia|Cumberland County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Fluvanna County, Virginia|Fluvanna]], [[Sunshinereview:Halifax County, Virginia|Halifax County]], [[Sunshinereview:Lunenburg County, Virginia|Lunenburg County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Mecklenburg County, Virginia|Mecklenburg County]], [[Sunshinereview:Prince Edward County, Virginia|Prince Edward County]]
+
| 14
 +
| [[John Cosgrove]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}
 +
| 2013
 
|-
 
|-
| 16 || [[Henry Marsh]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Chesterfield County, Virginia|Chesterfield County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Dinwiddie County, Virginia|Dinwiddie County]], [[Sunshinereview:Hopewell, Virginia|Hopewell]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Petersburg, Virginia|Petersburg]], [[Sunshinereview:Prince George County, Virginia|Prince George County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Richmond, Virginia|Richmond]](part)
+
| 15
 +
| [[Frank Ruff]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 2000
 
|-
 
|-
| 17 || [[Bryce Reeves]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Culpeper County, Virginia|Culpeper]], [[Sunshinereview:Fredericksburg, Virginia|Fredericksburg]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Louisa County, Virginia|Louisa County]], [[Sunshinereview:Madison County, Virginia|Madison County]], [[Sunshinereview:Orange County, Virginia|Orange County]], [[Sunshinereview:Spotsylvania County, Virginia|Spotsylvania County]](part)
+
| 16
 +
| [[Henry Marsh]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 1992
 
|-
 
|-
| 18 || [[Louise Lucas]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview: Brunswick County, Virginia|Brunswick County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Chesapeake, Virginia|Chesapeake]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Emporia, Virginia|Emporia]], [[Sunshinereview:Franklin, Virginia|Franklin]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Greensville County, Virginia|Greensville County]], [[Sunshinereview:Isle of Wight County, Virginia|Isle of Wight County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Lunenburg County, Virginia|Lunenburg County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Nottoway County, Virginia|Nottoway County]], [[Sunshinereview:Portsmouth, Virginia|Portsmouth]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Southampton County, Virginia|Southampton County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Suffolk, Virginia|Suffolk]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Sussex County, Virginia|Sussex County]]
+
| 17
 +
| [[Bryce Reeves]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 2012
 
|-
 
|-
| 19 || [[Ralph Smith]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview: Campbell County, Virginia|Campbell County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Danville, Virginia|Danville]], [[Sunshinereview:Franklin, Virginia|Franklin]], [[Sunshinereview:Pittsylvania County, Virginia|Pittsylvania]]
+
| 18
 +
| [[Louise Lucas]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 1992
 
|-
 
|-
| 20 || [[Bill Stanley]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Carroll County, Virginia|Carroll]], [[Sunshinereview:Floyd County, Virginia|Floyd County]], [[Sunshinereview:Galax, Virginia|Galax]], [[Sunshinereview:Grayson County, Virginia|Grayson]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Henry County, Virginia|Henry County]], [[Sunshinereview:Martinsville, Virginia|Martinsville]], [[Sunshinereview:Wythe County, Virginia|Wythe]](part)
+
| 19
 +
| [[Ralph Smith]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 2008
 
|-
 
|-
| 21 || [[John Edwards, Virginia Senator|John Edwards]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Craig County, Virginia|Craig County]], [[Sunshinereview:Giles County, Virginia|Giles]], [[Sunshinereview:Montgomery County, Virginia|Montgomery County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Pulaski County, Virginia|Pulaski]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Roanoke, Virginia|Roanoke]], [[Sunshinereview:Roanoke County, Virginia|Roanoke County]](part)
+
| 20
 +
| [[Bill Stanley]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 2011
 
|-
 
|-
| 22 || [[Thomas Garrett]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Botetourt County, Virginia|Botetourt County]], [[Sunshinereview:Montgomery County, Virginia|Montgomery County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Radford, Virginia|Radford]], [[Sunshinereview:Roanoke, Virginia|Roanoke]], [[Sunshinereview:Roanoke County, Virginia|Roanoke County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Salem, Virginia|Salem]]
+
| 21
 +
| [[John Edwards, Virginia Senator|John Edwards]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 1996
 
|-
 
|-
| 23 || [[Stephen Newman]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Amherst County, Virginia|Amherst County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Bedford, Virginia|Bedford]], [[Sunshinereview:Bedford County, Virginia|Bedford County]], [[Sunshinereview:Campbell County, Virginia|Campbell County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Lynchburg, Virginia|Lynchburg]]
+
| 22
 +
| [[Thomas Garrett]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 2012
 
|-
 
|-
| 24 || [[Emmett Hanger]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Albemarle County, Virginia|Albemarle County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Augusta County, Virginia|Augusta County]], [[Sunshinereview:Greene County, Virginia|Greene County]], [[Sunshinereview:Highland County, Virginia|Highland County]], [[Sunshinereview:Lexington, Virginia|Lexington]], [[Sunshinereview:Rockbridge County, Virginia|Rockbridge County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Rockingham County, Virginia|Rockingham County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Staunton, Virginia|Staunton]], [[Sunshinereview:Waynesboro, Virginia|Waynesboro]]
+
| 23
 +
| [[Stephen Newman]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 1996
 
|-
 
|-
| 25 || [[Creigh Deeds]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Albemarle County, Virginia|Albemarle County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Alleghany County, Virginia|Alleghany County]], [[Sunshinereview:Bath County, Virginia|Bath County]][[Sunshinereview:Buckingham County, Virginia|Buckingham County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Buena Vista, Virginia|Buena Vista]], [[Sunshinereview:Charlottesville, Virginia|Charlottesville]], [[Sunshinereview:Covington, Virginia|Covington]], [[Sunshinereview:Nelson County, Virginia|Nelson County]], [[Sunshinereview:Rockbridge County, Virginia|Rockbridge County]](part)
+
| 24
 +
| [[Emmett Hanger]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 1996
 
|-
 
|-
| 26 || [[Mark Obenshain]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Harrisonburg, Virginia|Harrisonburg]], [[Sunshinereview:Page County, Virginia|Page County]], [[Sunshinereview:Rappahannock County, Virginia|Rappahannock County]], [[Sunshinereview:Rockingham County, Virginia|Rockingham County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Shenandoah County, Virginia|Shenandoah County]], [[Sunshinereview:Warren County, Virginia|Warren County]]
+
| 25
 +
| [[Creigh Deeds]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 2001
 
|-
 
|-
| 27 || [[Jill Vogel]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Clarke County, Virginia|Clarke County]], [[Sunshinereview:Fauquier County, Virginia|Fauquier]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Frederick County, Virginia|Frederick County]], [[Sunshinereview:Loudoun County, Virginia|Loudoun COunty]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Winchester, Virginia|Winchester]]
+
| 26
 +
| [[Mark Obenshain]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 2004
 
|-
 
|-
| 28 || [[Richard Stuart, Virginia Senator|Richard Stuart]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Fauquier County, Virginia|Fauquier County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Fredericksburg, Virginia|Fredericksburg]](part), [[Sunshinereview:King George County, Virginia|King George County]], [[Sunshinereview:Lancaster County, Virginia|Lancaster County]], [[Sunshinereview:Northumberland County, Virginia|Northumberland County]], [[Sunshinereview:Prince William County, Virginia|Prince William County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Richmond County, Virginia|Richmond County]], [[Sunshinereview:Stafford County, Virginia|Stafford County]], [[Sunshinereview:Westmoreland County, Virginia|Westmoreland County]]
+
| 27
 +
| [[Jill Vogel]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 2008
 
|-
 
|-
| 29 || [[Charles Colgan]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Manassas, Virginia|Manassas]], [[Sunshinereview:Manassas Park, Virginia|Manassas Park]], [[Sunshinereview:Prince William County, Virginia|Prince William County]](part)
+
| 28
 +
| [[Richard Stuart, Virginia Senator|Richard Stuart]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}  
 +
| 2008
 
|-
 
|-
| 30 || [[Adam Ebbin]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Alexandria, Virginia|Alexandria]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Arlington County, Virginia|Arlington County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Fairfax County, Virginia|Fairfax County]](part)
+
| 29
 +
| [[Charles Colgan]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 1976
 
|-
 
|-
| 31 || [[Barbara Favola]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Arlington County, Virginia|Arlington County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Fairfax County, Virginia|Fairfax County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Falls Church, Virginia|Falls Church]]
+
| 30
 +
| [[Adam Ebbin]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 2012
 
|-
 
|-
| 32 || [[Janet Howell]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Fairfax County, Virginia|Fairfax County]](part)
+
| 31
 +
| [[Barbara Favola]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 2012
 
|-
 
|-
| 33 || [[Mark Herring]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview: Fairfax County, Virginia|Fairfax County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Loudoun County, Virginia|Loudoun County]](part)
+
| 32
 +
| [[Janet Howell]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 1991
 
|-
 
|-
| 34 || [[John Chapman "Chap" Petersen|Chap Petersen]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Fairfax, Virginia|Fairfax]], [[Sunshinereview:Fairfax County, Virginia|Fairfax County]](part)
+
| 33
 +
| [[Mark Herring|''Vacant'']]  
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| 35 || [[Dick Saslaw]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Alexandria, Virginia|Alexandria]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Fairfax County, Virginia|Fairfax County]](part)
+
| 34
 +
| [[John Chapman "Chap" Petersen|Chap Petersen]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 2008
 
|-
 
|-
| 36 || [[Linda Todd "Toddy" Puller|Toddy Puller]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Fairfax County, Virginia|Fairfax County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Prince William County, Virginia|Prince William County]](part)
+
| 35
 +
| [[Dick Saslaw]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 1980
 
|-
 
|-
| 37 || [[Dave Marsden]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Fairfax County, Virginia|Fairfax County]](part)
+
| 36
 +
| [[Linda Todd "Toddy" Puller|Toddy Puller]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 1999
 
|-
 
|-
| 38 || [[Phillip Puckett]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Bland County, Virginia|Bland County]], [[Sunshinereview:Buchanan County, Virginia|Buchanan County]], [[Sunshinereview:Dickenson County, Virginia|Dickenson County]], [[Sunshinereview:Pulaski County, Virginia|Pulaski County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Russell County, Virginia|Russell County]], [[Sunshinereview:Smyth County, Virginia|Smyth County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Tazewell County, Virginia|Tazewell County]], [[Sunshinereview:Wise County, Virginia|Wise County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Wythe County, Virginia|Wythe County]](part)
+
| 37
 +
| [[Dave Marsden]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 2010
 
|-
 
|-
| 39 || [[George Barker]] || {{Blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Fairfax County, Virginia|Fairfax County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Prince William County, Virginia|Prince William County]](part)
+
| 38
 +
| [[Phillip Puckett]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 1998
 
|-
 
|-
| 40 || [[Bill Carrico]] || {{Red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Bristol, Virginia|Bristol]], [[Sunshinereview:Grayson County, Virginia|Grayson County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Lee County, Virginia|Lee County]], [[Sunshinereview:Norton, Virginia|Norton]], [[Sunshinereview:Scott County, Virginia|Scott County]], [[Sunshinereview:Smyth County, Virginia|Smyth County]](part), [[Sunshinereview:Washington County, Virginia|Washington County]], [[Sunshinereview:Wise County, Virginia|Wise County]](part)
+
| 39
 +
| [[George Barker]]  
 +
| {{Blue dot}}  
 +
| 2008
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| [[Bill Carrico]]  
 +
| {{Red dot}}
 +
| 2012
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 288: Line 502:
 
*[[Transportation Committee, Virginia Senate|Transportation]]
 
*[[Transportation Committee, Virginia Senate|Transportation]]
  
==External links==
+
==History==
 +
===Partisan balance 1992-2013===
 +
{{who runs badge|align=left}}
 +
::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Virginia]]''
 +
[[File:Virginia legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Virginia legislature from 1992-2013]]
 +
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Virginia State Senate for eight years while the Republicans were the majority for 12 years. Virginia was under Republican [[trifectas]] for the final two years of the study.
  
 +
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
 +
 +
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
 +
 +
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of Virginia|Office of the Governor of Virginia]], the [[Virginia State Senate]] and the [[Virginia House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
 +
[[File:Partisan composition of Virginia state government(1992-2013).PNG]]
 +
 +
====SQLI and partisanship====
 +
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Virginia state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. During the course of the study, Virginia experienced both Democratic and Republican trifectas as well as divided governments. For over half the years of the study, Virginia was ranked in the top-10. This occurred during a Democratic trifecta, Republican trifectas and divided government. Both its highest ranking, finishing 1st in 2006, and its lowest ranking, finishing 26th in 1997, occurred during divided governments.
 +
*SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 11.00
 +
*SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 7.67
 +
*SQLI average with divided government: 9.00
 +
 +
[[File:Virginia SQLI visualization.PNG|thumb|center|1000px|Chart displaying the partisanship of the Virginia government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).]]
 +
 +
==External links==
 
* [http://legis.state.va.us/ Virginia General Assembly] official government website
 
* [http://legis.state.va.us/ Virginia General Assembly] official government website
 
* [http://sov.state.va.us/SenatorDB.nsf/$$Viewtemplate+for+WMembershipHome?OpenForm List of Virginia Senators]
 
* [http://sov.state.va.us/SenatorDB.nsf/$$Viewtemplate+for+WMembershipHome?OpenForm List of Virginia Senators]

Revision as of 09:25, 18 January 2014

Virginia State Senate

Seal of Virginia.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Upper house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 8, 2014
Website:   Official Senate Page
Leadership
Senate President:   Bill Bolling (R)
Majority Leader:   Thomas Norment (R)
Minority leader:   Dick Saslaw (D)
Structure
Members:  40
   Vacancy (2)
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:   Art IV, Section 2, Virginia Constitution
Salary:   $18,000/year + per diem
Last Election:  November 8, 2011 (40 seats)
Next election:  November 3, 2015 (40 seats)
Redistricting:  Virginia legislature has control
Meeting place:
Richmond virginia capitol.jpg
The Virginia Senate is the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly. There are 40 state senators representing 40 single-member districts. Each member represents an average of 200,026 residents after the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 176,963 residents.[2] The Lieutenant Governor of Virginia presides over the Virginia Senate.

Virginia senators serve four-year terms with no term limits.

Virginia state senate elections are held in odd-numbered years on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November. All senate seats are up for election simultaneously; unlike in the United States Senate and many states with four-year senate terms, Virginia senate districts do not have staggered elections.

The Virginia Senate holds regular sessions of 60 days duration during even-numbered years and 30 days duration during odd numbered years. The length of these sessions can be extended by a two-thirds vote of both houses.

As of September 2014, Virginia is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article IV of the Virginia Constitution establishes when the Virginia General Assembly, of which the Senate is a part, is to be in session. Section 6 of Article IV states that the General Assembly is to convene annually on the second Wednesday in January. In even-numbered years, regular sessions are limited to sixty days. In odd-numbered years, regular sessions are limited to thirty days. Section 6 allows the General Assembly to extend its regular sessions by thirty days if two-thirds of each house vote to extend the session.

Section 6 allows the Governor of Virginia to convene special sessions of the General Assembly. Section 6 also allows for a special session to be called when it is requested by two-thirds of the members of each house.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the General Assembly will be in session from January 8 through March 12.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session include expanding Medicaid, a $97 billion spending plan, and raising minimum wage.[3]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the General Assembly was in session from January 9 through February 25.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included abortion, education, transportation, gun control, and ending a ban on uranium mining.[4]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Senate was in regular session from January 11 through March 10.[5]

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Legislature was in regular session from January 12 through February 27. On February 27, a special redistricting session was convened. A reconvened session will begin on April 6 at 12 p.m. to consider any Governor's amendments and/or vetoes to legislation passed by the General Assembly. This is the only business that can occur during the reconvened session. [6]

A second special session convened June 9 and lasted through July 29. The session was called to elect judges to the state Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals.[7]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Senate was in session from January 13 to March 13.[8]

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Virginia was given a grade of A in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[9]

Elections

2011

See also: Virginia State Senate elections, 2011

Elections for the office of Virginia State Senate consisted of a primary election on August 23, 2011, and a general election on November 8, 2011.

During the 2011 election, the total of all contributions to Senate candidates was $33,496,669. The top 10 contributors were:[10]

2007

See also: Virginia State Senate elections, 2007

Elections for the office of Virginia State Senate consisted of a primary election on June 12, 2007, and a general election on November 6, 2007.

During the 2007 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $31,534,141. The top 10 contributors were:[11]

2003

See also: Virginia State Senate elections, 2003

Elections for the office of Virginia State Senate consisted of a primary election on June 10, 2003, and a general election on November 4, 2003.

During the 2003 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $11,439,328. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

Qualifications

Senators must be at least 21 years of age at the time of the election, residents of the district they represent, and qualified to vote for members of the Virginia General Assembly.[13]

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the senate, then a special election must be conducted to fill the vacant seat.[14] Within 15 days of the vacancy, the governing body of the county or city that represents the seat must petition to a circuit court to hold a special election. All special elections must be held promptly.[15] No special election can be held with less than 60 days remaining in the vacant Senator's term or less than 55 days before a statewide primary or general election.[16]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Virginia

The General Assembly handles redistricting through the passage of maps as regular legislation subject to gubernatorial veto.

2010 census

Virginia received its local census data on February 3, 2011. The state grew by 13 percent from 2000 to 2010; its growth mostly occurred in the northeastern part of the state, while declines ranging up to -13.4 percent occurred in counties along the southern and western edges. Loudoun County stood out with an 84.1 percent increase. Growth in the largest cities was less impressive but still robust in most areas: Virginia Beach grew by 3.0 percent, Norfolk grew by 3.6 percent, Chesapeake grew by 11.6 percent, Richmond grew by 3.2 percent and Newport News grew by 0.3 percent.[17]

The Assembly was split going into redistricting; Republicans controlled the House, and Democrats controlled the Senate. The House set a 1% standard for allowance of deviation from the ideal district size (88,900 people), while the Senate passed a 2% standard (200,000 being the ideal size). The Senate and House reached a verbal agreement that the houses would draw their own lines and not interfere with the other's.

The House and Senate approved their maps on April 6 and 7, 2011, respectively. While the House had an overwhelming 86-8 vote, the Senate went along party lines 22-18. Governor Bob McDonnell vetoed the maps on April 15, citing concerns about the increase in the number of divided communities, the Senate plan's higher deviation standard, and the partisan vote in the Senate.

The House quickly returned and passed revisions that rejoined several divided districts; Senate Democrats initially would not budge, but the chamber eventually worked out a compromise (passing on a 32-5 vote) that split Virginia Beach, reduced the number of splits in Prince William County, and split the College of William & Mary from Thomas Norment's district. McDonnell signed the revised plan on April 29, 2011.

Senators

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Virginia State Senate are paid $18,000/year. Senators receive $178/day per diem tied to the federal rate.[18]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Virginia legislators assume office the second Wednesday in January after the election.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state senates
Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 18
     Republican Party 20
     Vacancy 2
Total 40


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Virginia State Senate from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of the Virginia State Senate.PNG

Leadership

The Lieutenant Governor serves as presiding officer of the Senate. In the event of the lieutenant governor's absence, the President pro tempore becomes presiding officer. The President pro tempore is elected by the Senate.[19]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Virginia State Senate
Office Representative Party
President of the Senate Ralph Northam Electiondot.png Democratic
President Pro Tempore of the Senate Walter Stosch Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Leader Thomas Norment Ends.png Republican
State Senate Minority Leader Dick Saslaw Electiondot.png Democratic

List of current members

Current members, Virginia State Senate
District Senator Party Assumed office
1 John Miller Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
2 Mamie Locke Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
3 Thomas Norment Ends.png Republican 1992
4 Ryan McDougle Ends.png Republican 2006
5 Kenny Alexander Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
6 Vacant
7 Frank Wagner Ends.png Republican 2002
8 Jeffrey McWaters Ends.png Republican 2010
9 Donald McEachin Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
10 John Watkins Ends.png Republican 1998
11 Stephen Martin Ends.png Republican 1994
12 Walter Stosch Ends.png Republican 1992
13 Richard Black Ends.png Republican 2012
14 John Cosgrove Ends.png Republican 2013
15 Frank Ruff Ends.png Republican 2000
16 Henry Marsh Electiondot.png Democratic 1992
17 Bryce Reeves Ends.png Republican 2012
18 Louise Lucas Electiondot.png Democratic 1992
19 Ralph Smith Ends.png Republican 2008
20 Bill Stanley Ends.png Republican 2011
21 John Edwards Electiondot.png Democratic 1996
22 Thomas Garrett Ends.png Republican 2012
23 Stephen Newman Ends.png Republican 1996
24 Emmett Hanger Ends.png Republican 1996
25 Creigh Deeds Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
26 Mark Obenshain Ends.png Republican 2004
27 Jill Vogel Ends.png Republican 2008
28 Richard Stuart Ends.png Republican 2008
29 Charles Colgan Electiondot.png Democratic 1976
30 Adam Ebbin Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
31 Barbara Favola Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
32 Janet Howell Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
33 Vacant
34 Chap Petersen Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
35 Dick Saslaw Electiondot.png Democratic 1980
36 Toddy Puller Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
37 Dave Marsden Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
38 Phillip Puckett Electiondot.png Democratic 1998
39 George Barker Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
40 Bill Carrico Ends.png Republican 2012

Standing committees

The Virginia Senate has 11 standing senate committees. They are:[20]

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Virginia
Partisan breakdown of the Virginia legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Virginia State Senate for eight years while the Republicans were the majority for 12 years. Virginia was under Republican trifectas for the final two years of the study.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Virginia, the Virginia State Senate and the Virginia House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Virginia state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Virginia state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. During the course of the study, Virginia experienced both Democratic and Republican trifectas as well as divided governments. For over half the years of the study, Virginia was ranked in the top-10. This occurred during a Democratic trifecta, Republican trifectas and divided government. Both its highest ranking, finishing 1st in 2006, and its lowest ranking, finishing 26th in 1997, occurred during divided governments.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 11.00
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 7.67
  • SQLI average with divided government: 9.00
Chart displaying the partisanship of the Virginia government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states, Accessed November 27, 2013
  3. Daily Press, "Virginia General Assembly opens, lawmakers ease back into action," January 8, 2014
  4. WRIC, "Virginia General Assembly To Convene For 2013 Session," January 9, 2013
  5. StateScape, Session schedules, accessed April 30, 2012
  6. Virginia General Assembly
  7. Post Local, Va. assembly to vote Friday on Supreme Court, appeals judges, July 29, 2011
  8. 2010 session dates for Virginia legislature
  9. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  10. Follow the Money, "Virginia 2011 Candidates," Accessed August 5, 2013
  11. Follow the Money, "Virginia 2007 Candidates," Accessed August 5, 2013
  12. Follow the Money, "Virginia 2003 Candidates," Accessed August 5, 2013
  13. vakids.org, "Virginia State Legislature For Kids," accessed December 18, 2013
  14. Virginia General Assembly, "Code of Virginia," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 24.2-228.1 (A), Code of Virginia)
  15. Virgina General Assembly, "Code of Virginia," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 24.2-682(C), Virginia Code)
  16. Virgina General Assembly, "Code of Virginia," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 24.2-682(A), Virginia Code)
  17. U.S. Census Bureau, "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Virginia's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," February 3, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  18. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  19. Senate of Virginia - Leadership
  20. Virginia Senate,"Standing Committees," retrieved August 11, 2009