Difference between revisions of "Voting in Alabama"

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[[Alabama]] uses an [[open primary]] system and does not require voters to declare a party preference when registering to vote.
 
[[Alabama]] uses an [[open primary]] system and does not require voters to declare a party preference when registering to vote.
  
To vote in [[Alabama]], one must meet all of the following requirements:
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To vote in [[Alabama]], one must meet all of the following requirements:<ref name=al>[http://www.sos.state.al.us/downloads/election/2012/2012VoterGuide.pdf ''Alabama Secretary of State'', "Alabama Voter Guide," 2012]</ref>
 
:*is a citizen of the United States;
 
:*is a citizen of the United States;
 
:*resides in Alabama;
 
:*resides in Alabama;
 
:*is at least 18 years old on or before election day;
 
:*is at least 18 years old on or before election day;
 
:*has not been barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction;
 
:*has not been barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction;
:*and has not been declared mentally incompetent by a court.<ref name=al>[http://www.sos.state.al.us/downloads/election/2012/2012VoterGuide.pdf Alabama Voter Guide]</ref>
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:*and has not been declared mentally incompetent by a court.
  
 
===When and where===
 
===When and where===
 
Citizens can register all year round with the exception of during the 10 days preceding the election as well as election day.  For [[Voting in the 2012 general election|the 2012 general election]], voters must have registered by October 26 to be eligible to vote.   
 
Citizens can register all year round with the exception of during the 10 days preceding the election as well as election day.  For [[Voting in the 2012 general election|the 2012 general election]], voters must have registered by October 26 to be eligible to vote.   
  
A citizen may register to vote in the following locations:
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A citizen may register to vote in the following locations:<ref name=al/>
 
:*when applying for or renewing a State of Alabama driver’s license or identification card;
 
:*when applying for or renewing a State of Alabama driver’s license or identification card;
 
:*at state and local government offices when applying or recertifying for Aid to Dependent Children, Food Stamps, WIC, Medicaid, or Rehabilitation Services;
 
:*at state and local government offices when applying or recertifying for Aid to Dependent Children, Food Stamps, WIC, Medicaid, or Rehabilitation Services;
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:*at the Board of Registrars located at the county seat in the voter's county of residence;
 
:*at the Board of Registrars located at the county seat in the voter's county of residence;
 
:*by mail-in form available at Probate Judge and License Commissioner offices, colleges and universities, public schools, or libraries. A mail-in registration form may also be obtained by calling the county Board of Registrars or the Elections Division in the Office of Secretary of State (SOS) at 1-800-274-VOTE (8683).
 
:*by mail-in form available at Probate Judge and License Commissioner offices, colleges and universities, public schools, or libraries. A mail-in registration form may also be obtained by calling the county Board of Registrars or the Elections Division in the Office of Secretary of State (SOS) at 1-800-274-VOTE (8683).
:*by mail-in form downloaded from the Secretary of State’s website at alabamavotes.gov<ref name=al/>
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:*by mail-in form downloaded from the Secretary of State’s website at alabamavotes.gov
 +
 
 
===Online registration===
 
===Online registration===
 
:See also: ''[[Online voter registration in the 50 states]]''
 
:See also: ''[[Online voter registration in the 50 states]]''
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==Voting on election day==
 
==Voting on election day==
Each elector is required to provide identification. This includes photo and non-photo identification. In 2014, however, each elector will be required to provide a valid photo ID.<ref>[http://www.sos.state.al.us/Elections/VoterID.aspx Voter ID info]</ref>
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Each elector is required to provide identification. This includes photo and non-photo identification. In 2014, however, each elector will be required to provide a valid photo ID.<ref>[http://www.sos.state.al.us/Elections/VoterID.aspx ''Alabama Secretary of State'', "Voter ID Implementation," accessed June 9, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Poll times===
 
===Poll times===
 
:See also: ''[[State Poll Opening and Closing Times]]''
 
:See also: ''[[State Poll Opening and Closing Times]]''
In [[Alabama]], all polls are open from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. Central Time.<ref>[http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/acas/ACASLoginMac.asp
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In [[Alabama]], all polls are open from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. Central Time.<ref>[http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/acas/ACASLoginMac.asp ''Code of Alabama'', "Title 17, Chapter 9, Section 6," accessed January 3, 2014]</ref>
''Code of Alabama'' "Title 17, Chapter 9, Section 6," accessed January 3, 2014]</ref>
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==Absentee voting==
 
==Absentee voting==

Revision as of 09:36, 9 June 2014

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This page has information relating to voting in Alabama. For full information contact your state election agency.

Registration

Alabama uses an open primary system and does not require voters to declare a party preference when registering to vote.

To vote in Alabama, one must meet all of the following requirements:[1]

  • is a citizen of the United States;
  • resides in Alabama;
  • is at least 18 years old on or before election day;
  • has not been barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction;
  • and has not been declared mentally incompetent by a court.

When and where

Citizens can register all year round with the exception of during the 10 days preceding the election as well as election day. For the 2012 general election, voters must have registered by October 26 to be eligible to vote.

A citizen may register to vote in the following locations:[1]

  • when applying for or renewing a State of Alabama driver’s license or identification card;
  • at state and local government offices when applying or recertifying for Aid to Dependent Children, Food Stamps, WIC, Medicaid, or Rehabilitation Services;
  • at public libraries;
  • at armed forces recruiting stations;
  • at the Board of Registrars located at the county seat in the voter's county of residence;
  • by mail-in form available at Probate Judge and License Commissioner offices, colleges and universities, public schools, or libraries. A mail-in registration form may also be obtained by calling the county Board of Registrars or the Elections Division in the Office of Secretary of State (SOS) at 1-800-274-VOTE (8683).
  • by mail-in form downloaded from the Secretary of State’s website at alabamavotes.gov

Online registration

See also: Online voter registration in the 50 states

As of January 2015, Alabama is one of the 30 states that have not implemented full online voter registration.

Voting on election day

Each elector is required to provide identification. This includes photo and non-photo identification. In 2014, however, each elector will be required to provide a valid photo ID.[2]

Poll times

See also: State Poll Opening and Closing Times

In Alabama, all polls are open from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. Central Time.[3]

Absentee voting

See also: Absentee voting

Eligibility

A voter is eligible to vote absentee in an election if he or she cannot make it to the polls on Election Day for one of the following reasons:[4]

  • WILL BE ABSENT FROM THE COUNTY on election day
  • IS ILL OR HAS A PHYSICAL DISABILITY that prevents a trip to the polling place
  • IS A REGISTERED ALABAMA VOTER LIVING OUTSIDE THE COUNTY, such as a member of the armed forces, a voter employed outside the United States, a college student, or a spouse or child of such a person
  • IS AN APPOINTED ELECTION OFFICER OR POLL WATCHER at a polling place other than his or her regular polling place
  • WORKS A REQUIRED SHIFT, 10-HOURS OR MORE, that coincides with polling hours

BUSINESS/MEDICAL EMERGENCY VOTING applications can be made after the absentee deadline but no later than 5 p.m. on the day before the election, if the voter:

  • is required by an employer under unforeseen circumstances to be out of the county on election day for an emergency business trip, or
  • has a medical emergency requiring treatment from a licensed physician[5]

—Alabama Office of the Secretary of State

Deadlines

The absentee ballot application must be received at least five days prior to the election. The ballot must then be returned either in person by close of business the day before the election or by mail. If returned by mail, the ballot must be postmarked no later than the day before the election and received by the election manager by noon on Election Day.[4]

Military and overseas voting

For full details regarding military and overseas voting, visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program.

Early voting

See also: Early voting

There is no early voting in Alabama.[1]

Proposed changes

2013

The 2013 Alabama State Legislature considered a bill that would change the deadline for voter registration from 10 days before the election to 17 days. Jefferson County was exempted from the bill. The bill passed the House, but did not receive a vote in the Senate.[6][7]

Bill Introduced House Vote Senate Vote Gubernatorial Action
HB 162 Feb. 6, 2013 in Alabama House of Representatives Approveda on April 30, 2013, 67 to 34

See also

External links

References