Voting in Alabama
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To vote in Alabama, one must meet all of the following requirements:
- is a citizen of the United States;
- resides in Alabama;
- is at least 18 years old on or before election day;
- has not been barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction;
- and has not been declared mentally incompetent by a court.
When and where
Citizens can register all year round with the exception of during the 10 days preceding the election as well as election day. For the 2012 general election, voters must have registered by October 26 to be eligible to vote.
A citizen may register to vote in the following locations:
- when applying for or renewing a State of Alabama driver’s license or identification card;
- at state and local government offices when applying or recertifying for Aid to Dependent Children, Food Stamps, WIC, Medicaid, or Rehabilitation Services;
- at public libraries;
- at armed forces recruiting stations;
- at the Board of Registrars located at the county seat in the voter's county of residence;
- by mail-in form available at Probate Judge and License Commissioner offices, colleges and universities, public schools, or libraries. A mail-in registration form may also be obtained by calling the county Board of Registrars or the Elections Division in the Office of Secretary of State (SOS) at 1-800-274-VOTE (8683).
- by mail-in form downloaded from the Secretary of State’s website at alabamavotes.gov
As of January 2015, Alabama is one of the 30 states that have not implemented full online voter registration.
The 2013 Alabama State Legislature is considering a bill that would change the deadline for voter registration from 10 days before the election to 17 days. Jefferson County is exempted from the bill.
|Bill||Introduced||House Vote||Senate Vote||Gubernatorial Action|
|HB 162||Feb. 6, 2013 in Alabama House of Representatives||on April 30, 2013, 67 to 34|
Voting on election day
Each elector is required to provide identification. This includes photo and non-photo identification. In 2014, however, each elector will be required to provide a valid photo ID.
- See also: State Poll Opening and Closing Times
Polls are open from 7 AM to 7 PM EST on election day and a valid photo ID is required to vote.
A voter is eligible to vote absentee in an election if he or she cannot make it to the polls on Election Day for one of the following reasons:
BUSINESS/MEDICAL EMERGENCY VOTING applications can be made after the absentee deadline but no later than 5 p.m. on the day before the election, if the voter:
—Alabama Office of the Secretary of State
The absentee ballot application must be received at least five days prior to the election. The ballot must then be returned either in person by close of business the day before the election or by mail. If returned by mail, the ballot must be postmarked no later than the day before the election and received by the election manager by noon on Election Day.
Military and overseas voting
For full details regarding military and overseas voting, visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program.
There is no early voting in Alabama.
- Alabama Voter Guide
- AL.com, Alabama House passes bill to make voter registration deadline one week earlier, May 1, 2013
- AL.com, Committee approves bill to change voter registration deadline, May 8, 2013
- Voter ID info
- Alabama Secretary of State Elections Website, "Absentee Voting Information," accessed December 18, 2013
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.