Voting in Illinois
Voting in 2014 Primaries
Ballot access for major and minor party candidates
Absentee voting • Early voting
Open Primary • Closed Primary • Blanket Primary
Online voter registration in the 50 states
Illinois has a mixed primary system. The primary is closed, but voters can change parties each year. Voters may change party affiliation at polls or caucus.
To vote in Illinois, you must meet the following requirements:
- Must be a US citizen;
- Must be at least 18 years of age by Election Day;
- Must have been a resident of the precinct at least 30 days prior to Election Day.
When and where
Registration is available all year round except during the 28 days prior to an election and the 2 days after each election. You can register by mail or in any of the following locations:
- County Clerk's Office
- Board of election commissioner's Office
- City and Village Offices
- Township Offices
- Precinct committeemen
- Public Libraries
- Military Recruitment Offices
Two forms of identification are required to register.
As of April 2014, Illinois is one of the 35 states that have not implemented online voter registration. Illinois has a bill pending in the 2013 legislative session which would authorize online voter registration. On May 29, 2013 the Illinois Senate passed the bill. It now goes to the Illinois House of Representatives for further debate.
Voting on election day
"Any time a voter uses Early Voting, the voter must present a government-issued photo ID." An ID with your name and address is required. The IDs are not required to feature a photograph of the elector. "If you register by mail, you must vote in person the first time, either at the polling place, in-person absentee or early voting, unless you submit with your mail-in registration form your driver license number or state ID number, the last four digits of your social security number, or one of the forms of ID listed below."
- See also: State Poll Opening and Closing Times
All voters are eligible to vote absentee in Illinois. There are no special eligibility requirements for voting absentee.
To vote absentee, an absentee ballot application must be received by the election office between 40 and 5 days prior to the election if sent by mail. If applied for in person, it must be received no later than the day before the election. A returned absentee ballot must then be postmarked no later than midnight the night before election and received no later than 14 days after the election.
Military and overseas voting
For full details, visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program here.
Illinois is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 15 days before an election and ends on the third day prior to the election. The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.
- Voter registration info
- HB 2418
- The Southern Illinoisan,Senate approves online voter registration, May 30, 2013
- Chicago Elections,"When You Need ID to Vote," retrieved January 24, 2013
- Illinois Board of Elections,"Illinois Voter Information," retrieved January 24, 2013
- Illinois Department of Elections
- Illinois State Board of Elections, "Absentee Voting Brochure," accessed December 18, 2013
- Illinois State Board of Elections, "Early Voting Brochure," accessed December 18, 2013