Voting in Missouri

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This page has information relating to voting in Missouri. For full information contact your state election agency.


Missouri uses an open primary system, meaning voters are not required to declare a party preference when registering to vote.

To vote in Missouri, you must meet the following requirements:[1]

  • 17.5 years of age to register, 18 years of age to vote
  • US Citizen
  • Missouri Resident

When and where

There are three ways to register to vote in Missouri:[1]

  • Print an application and return it by mail.
  • Pick up an application from a county clerk's office and return it by mail.
  • Request that an application be sent to you and return it by mail.

All returned applications must be postmarked at least 27 days prior to election day in order to be counted.

Online registration

See also: Online voter registration in the 50 states

As of April 2015, Missouri is one of 30 states that have not implemented full online voter registration.

Voting on election day

Pursuant to Section 115.427, RSMO Supp. 2006, before receiving a ballot, voters are required to establish their identify and eligibility to vote. Valid forms of ID include: federal or state issued IDs, a copy of a current utility bill or bank statement, or a driver's license or state identification card issued by another state. If a voter does not possess valid identification, they may still cast a ballot if two supervising election judges (one from each major political party) verify that they know the elector.[2]

Poll times

See also: State Poll Opening and Closing Times

In Missouri, all polling places are open from 6:00 AM to 7:00 PM Central Time .[3]

Absentee voting


You are eligible to vote absentee in an election if you cannot make it to the polls on Election Day for one of the following reasons:[4]

  • You will be absent from your voting jurisdiction on Election Day.
  • You are incapacitated or confined due to illness or physical disability, or caring for an incapacitated person.
  • You are restricted by religious belief or practice.
  • You are employed by an election authority.
  • You are incarcerated but have retained all your voting qualifications.


To vote absentee a request must be received by 5 p.m. on the Wednesday prior to the election. If returned in person, the ballot must be submitted by 5 p.m. If submitted by mail, the ballot must be received by the close of polls on Election Day.[4]

Military and overseas voting

For full details regarding military and overseas voting, visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program.

Early voting

There is no early voting in Missouri.

Proposed Changes


A bill was proposed in the 2013 Missouri State Legislature that would have required photo identification when voting at the polls, with some exceptions. It passed the House, but did not receive a vote in the Senate.[5]

Bill Introduced House Vote Senate Vote Gubernatorial Action
HB 48 Dec. 10, 2012 in Missouri House of Representatives Approveda on Feb. 14, 2013, 105 to 48

See also

External links