Voting in Texas

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This page has information relating to voting in Texas. For full information contact your state election agency.


Texas uses an open primary system, meaning voters are not required to declare a party preference when registering to vote.

To vote in Texas, you must meet the following requirements:[1]

  • be a U.S. citizen;
  • be a resident of the county;
  • be 18 years old (you may register at 17 years and 10 months);
  • not a convicted felon (unless a person's sentence is completed, including any probation or parole)
  • not declared mentally incapacitated by a court of law

When and where

Registration must be completed 28 days prior to the election. You can get a voter registration application at your library, any government office, or download one online. You will then be mailed a voter registration certificate or card with your name, address, and the number of the precinct in which you’ll vote.[2]

Online registration

See also: Online voter registration in the 50 states

As of December 2014, Texas is one of the 35 states that have not implemented online voter registration.

Voting on election day

Following registration to vote, voters will receive a voter registration certificate. The certificate should be presented to an election officer at the polling place. Additionally, all voters who registered to vote in Texas must provide a Texas driver's license number, personal identification number issued by the Texas Department of Public Safety or the last four digits of your social security number.
Note: Texas' new photo ID law takes effect after pre-clearance by the USDOJ. Pre-clearance was denied on March 13, 2012. A lawsuit was filed by the State of Texas. Hearings started July 9, 2012. Texas v. Holder, 12-00128, U.S. District Court, District of Columbia (Washington).[3][4][5]

Poll times

See also: State Poll Opening and Closing Times

In Texas, all polling places are open from 7:00 AM to 7:00 PM Central Time.[6]

Absentee voting


Voters are eligible to vote absentee in an election if they cannot make it to the polls on election day for one of the following reasons:[7]

  • The voter is away from his or her county on election day and during early voting.
  • The voter is sick or disabled.
  • The voter is 65 years of age or older on Election Day.
  • The voter is confined in jail, but eligible to vote.


To vote absentee a request must be received by county elections office no earlier than 30 days prior to the election and no later than close of business seven days prior to the election. The ballot must then be returned by close of polls on election day.[8]

Military and overseas voting

For full details, visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program here.

Early voting

Texas is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins the 17th day before an election and ends on the fourth day prior to Election Day.[9] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also

External links