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Difference between revisions of "Wallace Hall impeachment trial"

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(Support for impeachment)
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==FERPA==
 
==FERPA==
 
One of the issues raised by state legislators is whether Hall and the FOIA requests violated the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). The law, which was implemented in 1974, protects the privacy of student education records.<ref>[http://www.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/ferpa/index.html ''US Department of Education'' "Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)," Accessed November 21, 2013]</ref> One study showed that over the past 40 years, there has not even been a fine as a result of a violation of FERPA. A federal court ruled in 2009 that emails do not qualify as education records and therefore are not covered by FERPA.<ref name="ferpa"/><ref>[http://www.splc.org/pdf/ferpa_wp.pdf ''Student Press Law Center'' "FERPA and access to public records," Accessed November 21, 2013]</ref>  
 
One of the issues raised by state legislators is whether Hall and the FOIA requests violated the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). The law, which was implemented in 1974, protects the privacy of student education records.<ref>[http://www.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/ferpa/index.html ''US Department of Education'' "Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)," Accessed November 21, 2013]</ref> One study showed that over the past 40 years, there has not even been a fine as a result of a violation of FERPA. A federal court ruled in 2009 that emails do not qualify as education records and therefore are not covered by FERPA.<ref name="ferpa"/><ref>[http://www.splc.org/pdf/ferpa_wp.pdf ''Student Press Law Center'' "FERPA and access to public records," Accessed November 21, 2013]</ref>  
 +
==Regent responses==
 +
The reaction to Hall's impeachment has been mixed from his fellow regents.
 +
*[[Steven Hicks]] and [[Robert Stillwell]] sent letters in June 2013 to chair [[Eugene Powell]], asking that he put an end to Hall's requests.<ref>[http://www.texastribune.org/2013/06/11/ut-regents-requests-continue-others-grow-concerned/ ''Texas Tribune'' "Second UT Regent Enters Fray Against Hall," June 11, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
==Support for impeachment==
 
==Support for impeachment==
 
*Barry Burgdorf, the University of Texas System's former general counsel, testified that he believed Hall was driven by a "clear intent to get rid of Bill Powers."<ref name="messing">[http://www.expressnews.com/news/politics/article/Impeachment-talk-heats-up-at-UT-4929200.php ''Houston Chronicle'' "Messing with (University of) Texas can get you impeached," October 27, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.sunherald.com/2013/10/23/5053927/former-ut-system-lawyer-says-job.html ''Sun Herald'' "Former UT System lawyer says job fears 'epidemic'," October 23, 2013]</ref>
 
*Barry Burgdorf, the University of Texas System's former general counsel, testified that he believed Hall was driven by a "clear intent to get rid of Bill Powers."<ref name="messing">[http://www.expressnews.com/news/politics/article/Impeachment-talk-heats-up-at-UT-4929200.php ''Houston Chronicle'' "Messing with (University of) Texas can get you impeached," October 27, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.sunherald.com/2013/10/23/5053927/former-ut-system-lawyer-says-job.html ''Sun Herald'' "Former UT System lawyer says job fears 'epidemic'," October 23, 2013]</ref>

Revision as of 09:55, 29 November 2013

The Wallace Hall impeachment trial is an ongoing event in the state of Texas where a Texas state house committee is holding meetings to consider impeaching University of Texas Regent Wallace Hall. The committee is investigating whether to advise impeachment against current University of Texas Regent Wallace Hall, a gubernatorial appointee.

In order to impeach Hall, the State Legislature would have to be called into a special session because the legislature meets in the spring of odd-numbered years. Texas state legislators have never previously tried to remove an appointed official. Only two elected officials in the history of Texas have ever been successfully impeached.[1] The current investigation is being conducted by the Select Committee on Transparency in State Agency Operations committee. The most that the select committee can do would be to recommend to the full state house that articles of impeachment be drafted. If that is the case, then the state house must follow procedures outlined regarding calling a special session specifically for the process of impeachment.[2]

The impeachment process has been criticized by Governor of Texas Rick Perry, with some calling the process an effort to criminalize policy differences.[3][4]

Background

University of Texas Regent Wallace Hall is being investigated by a Texas committee.

After he was appointed in 2011, Wallace Hall began looking into what he believed to be clout scandals within the University of Texas system. Hall investigated the university's forgivable-loans program and admissions policies and preferential treatment to politically-connected individuals.[5] Hall, as an individual citizen, filed a large number of FOIA requests with the University system after his inquiries via his role as a Regent were rebuffed. Governor Rick Perry and University of Texas President Bill Powers have differed on education issues, specifically tuition, graduation rates, teacher roles and research.[6]

Hall filed requests of more than 800,000 pages, which some Texas administrators called an unnecessary burden. Hall has been accused of overstepping his authority in making demands on the University of Texas, Austin staff. Specifically, the allegations surround possible mishandling of private student information and providing inadequate information on his application to be a regent.[7] Carol Longoria, University of Texas, Austin Public Information Officer, said she was concerned about Hall's possible access to private data via the records requests. "I don’t think the requests were reasonable, but reasonable was just the tip of the iceberg for me," she said.[8][9]

Jennifer Sarver, spokeswoman for the Texas Coalition for Higher Education Excellence, said that the ongoing battles for power are demoralizing to the University system. She called the higher education issues "ironic at best." The coalition was formed in 2011 by a group of citizens who "believe strongly in the power of higher education to transform lives, build the economy and shape Texas’ future"[10][11] Hall criticized the coalition in an April 2013 interview with Texas Monthly. "When I came on the board in 2011 there was an immediate activity by a small group of people—maybe ten or so—who formed a group called the Texas Coalition for Excellence in Higher Education. The idea is to support higher education, and who doesn’t want to support higher education? But the reality of it is, this group has damaged the university and this board’s effort," he said.[12] The coalition issued a response, alleging that Hall characterized the coalition.[13]

In March 2013, the Board of Regents voted to re-open the forgivable loans investigation. This action was approved by regents Wallace Hall, Brenda Pejovich, Paul Foster and Alex Cranberg. Some legislators including Judith Zaffirini (D), Trey Fischer (D) and Kevin Eltife (R) criticized the action as a waste of taxpayer funds. In one specific email exchange among the FOIA'd documents, University of Texas Budget Director Mary Knight emailed President Powers in June 2009 about salaries of UT officials. The email specifically mentioned Larry Sager, with Knight writing: "note: Sager was included due to his $100K per year deferred compensation over 5 years." The email refers to the $500,000 forgivable loan that Sager received which eventually contributed to his forced resignation. While Powers maintained that he had been unaware of the loan until the official UT report was conducted, some regents believe that the email from Knight in 2009 proves otherwise.[14][15]

In July 2013, University of Texas Chancellor Francisco Cigarroa and Regent Eugene Powell responded to the ongoing investigation and negative remarks against Hall from some elected officials and University of Texas staff. Cigarroa said Hall was not allowed to access anything that was not reviewed by University lawyers to ensure they met federal privacy standards. In a July 15, 2013 letter to state representative Jim Pitts, Powell wrote: "Regent Hall's efforts extend to bringing the U.T. System into a competitive position nationally; especially related to offering blended and online learning opportunities to U.T. students. I would point out Regent Hall's excellent service to the Board in terms of time and energy. I appreciate his Board service and his dedication and hard work designed to fulfill his fiduciary obligations.[16][17]

On August 5, 2013, Kevin Hegarty, chief financial officer for the University of Texas-Austin, announced that the records requests from Hall would be cancelled immediately.[18] In August 2013, Chancellor Francisco Cigarroa recommended a "targeted compliance review" of how officials at the University of Texas, Austin were handling public record requests. In August 2013, the University of Texas System Board of Regents approved two measures to reform problems that Hall had discovered in his investigations. The regents voted to enact a new policy regarding the relationship between universities and foundations. Additionally, the regents approved an audit into how officials respond to public information requests.[19]

During a September 2013 panel conversation with state senator Kirk Watson, Hall defended his investigations and criticized the impeachment proceedings. "Impeachment is used to protect the public, not to punish an individual. Do you think I’m protecting the public, or do you think the politicians that are coming after me are protecting the public?"[20]

In November 2013 it was revealed that one of the letters Hall subpoenaed was sent by Judith Zaffirini to University of Texas Chancellor Francisco Cigarroa. According to a public records request filed by Watchdog.org, the letter was sent on December 3, 2010 to Cigarroa on behalf of an applicant to the University of Texas School of Law. In his response, Cigarroa wrote, "I will convey your strong recommendation to President Bill Powers. I can assure you that he will receive careful consideration." The standard process is to send letters recommending applicants to the Law School Admissions Council.[21]

Forgivable loans program

See also: Forgivable loans program at the University of Texas Law School

On December 8, 2011, University of Texas, Austin Law School Dean Larry Sager resigned from his position. Bill Powers, University of Texas, Austin, President, demanded Sager's resignation regarding a forgivable loan scandal.[22] The primary issue was the law school's salary stipends and "forgivable loans" that were meant as incentives to recruit and keep faculty. "The fact of the matter is, and there's no two ways about this fact, that I resigned now because I was asked to by the president of the university," Sager said.[23]

A total of 22 professors, including Sager, received six-figure forgivable loans or other payments. At the time of Sager's resignation, 19 members of the law school faculty were paid more than $300,000 per year. From 2006-2011, the University of Texas Law School Foundation -- a non-profit run independently of the law school -- gave our more than $4.6 million in forgivable loans. Sager himself received a $500,000 loan from the foundation.[24][25] Ultimately investigations revealed that the UT Law School Foundation funneled more than $5.5 million in secret loans to professors and deans.[26]

Former University of Texas General Counsel Barry Burgdorf issued a report in November 2012 after investigating the forgivable loans program. In that report, [27] University of Texas Regent Wallace Hall called the report "insufficient" and said that it did not provide the full story. In a July 2013 letter to State Representative Jim Pitts, University of Texas Regent Eugene Powell detailed a previously unrevealed letter regarding the forgivable loans program that was not included in Burgdorf's report. The letter, which was addressed to University of Texas Chancellor Francisco Cigarroa, was written by several female faculty members of the law school requesting an investigation into "two hidden salary systems that our deans has used during the last five years to hide salary raises and to discriminate against women and minorities in our institution." The letter was reportedly forwarded to Burgdorf.[28][29]

Football coach controversy


Seal of Texas.svg.png

University of Texas Investigations

Background
Wallace Hall impeachment trialPolitical favoritism in admissions to the University of TexasForgivable loans program at the University of Texas Law School House Select Committee on Transparency in State Agency Operations (TSAO)Joint Committee on Oversight of Higher Ed Governance, Excellence & Transparency

UT Regents
Wallace HallPaul FosterEugene PowellSteven HicksErnest AlisedaJeffery HildebrandBrenda PejovichAlex CranbergRobert Stillwell

Elected Officials
Rick PerryJoe StrausCharles PerryTrey FischerDan FlynnNaomi GonzalezEric JohnsonLyle LarsonCarol AlvaradoFour PriceJim PittsDan Branch

UT Individuals
Bill PowersLarry SagerBarry BurgdorfKevin HegartyFrancisco CigarroaCarol Longoria

The issue surrounding head football coach Mack Brown has divided members of the University of Texas, Austin community. In January 2013, Hall reportedly spoke with University of Alabama coach Nick Saban's agent about the possibility of his replacing Brown.[30] University President Bill Powers expressed support for Brown, who has been coach since 1998.[31] While Saban has maintained he had no interest in leaving Alabama, a November report cited Saban's agent hinting at the possibility that Saban would leave Alabama for Texas.[32]

On November 6, 2013, the Houston Chronicle reported that Hall had said the University of Texas would be "under new leadership" by the end of 2013, during a phone call with University of Alabama Head Football Coach Nick Saban's agent. The Texas Tribune acquired a memo that was sent from Tom Hicks to his brother, regent Steven Hicks, detailing the phone conversation between Hicks, Hall and Jimmy Sexton, Saban's agent. The phone call took place on January 5, 2013 according to the email. Hicks wrote: "Specifically, he made the statement the[sic] Bil Powers wouldn't be here at the end of the year."[33][34]

Proceedings

Pre-trial events

In 2013, the Joint Committee on Oversight of Higher Ed Governance, Excellence & Transparency inquired into the possibility of an impeachment. In an April 2013 interview with Texas Monthly, Hall said that there was little outreach from state officials about the process prior to the impeachment proceedings. "[Committee co-chairman] Dan Branch has been a friend of mine for many years. He’s never asked me a question about this situation, and the next thing I know he’s asking his staff to investigate the rules for impeachment. I’m mystified by that, frankly," Hall said.[12]

An effort was begun in June 2013 to try and impeach Hall from his position as Regent. Some legislators are justifying the impeachment under the grounds that Hall did not disclose several lawsuits that he was involved in when he originally completed his Regent background check. Hall updated Governor Rick Perry's office in April 2013 with the full list.[35][36] The lack of lawsuit disclosure by Hall is not unique -- more than 9,000 lawsuits were not disclosed by other appointed Texas officials.[37] No unelected official has ever been successfully impeached or removed from office.[38] Governor of Texas Rick Perry's spokesperson said the investigations send a "chilling message" to gubernatorial appointees.[39] On June 24, 2013, State House representative Jim Pitts (R) filed a resolution to advance along impeachment proceedings of Hall by the select committee.[40] However, Joe Straus, House Speaker, issued a proclamation that expanded the committee's jurisdiction to allow it to propose articles of impeachment against executive appointees.

The committee hired Rusty Hardin to serve as legal counsel for the committee. Hardin, a well-known Houston attorney, represented former Major League Baseball player Roger Clemens in his steroid trials.[41][42] The legal fees for the case are expected to range from $300 to $525 per hour. Hall is being for his own legal defense.[43][44] Several committee meetings have been held behind closed doors, which Hall's lawyers have criticized as demonstrating a lack of transparency.[45]

In a letter dated August 15, 2013, Hall responded to the committee via his lawyer. The letter expanded upon the reasons for Hall's investigation.[46] According to the letter, Hall found that "allegations of political influence in the admissions process appear in some instances to be true."[47]

This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.

"Regent Hall found correspondence on behalf of a [state] Representative inquiring about the admission of the Member’s adult son or daughter to a UT Austin graduate school. Although the dean had previously stated the applicant did not meet the school’s standards and would need to either retake the graduate admission exam or attend another graduate school first, upon information and belief, the son or daughter was in fact admitted without retaking the test or attending another school. Regent Hall found other correspondence in which a [state] Senator sought special consideration for an applicant who had been rejected, but was strongly supported by another Senator. In the communication, the Senator seeking special treatment reminded the UT Austin official of recent legislative action taken to benefit The University. Upon information and belief, the rejected applicant was subsequently admitted to UT Austin."[47]

In November 2013, committee member Lyle Larson (R) sent a letter to Governor Perry, recommending that Hall resign from his position. "I truly believe Wallace Hall's resignation is the best way to move forward," he wrote.[48]

In a November 11, 2013 meeting, the Board of Regents voted to ask the Attorney General of Texas for an opinion regarding the release of confidential information for the investigation. The Board waived confidentiality for some records to be turned over to the committee, while seeking input about other pieces of information.[49] Paul Foster, Regent Chair, asked Attorney General of Texas Greg Abbott whether a House committee can hold University of Texas officials in contempt to the same extent as a district court.[50]

On November 19, 2013, the student government of the University of Texas, Austin approved a vote of "no confidence" against Hall. The joint resolution was fast-tracked through the governing body, having only been circulated to voting members one hour prior to the meeting. Typically, legislation must be submitted by midnight on the Friday prior to a meeting. Some members of the student government expressed concern about fast-tracking this legislation prior to having the chance to speak with constituents.[51]

Committee meetings

In September 2013, Dan Flynn, co-chair of the select committee, said three basic questions would be asked during the process.[52]

  1. Did Hall fail to disclose material information on his application to be a regent?[53]
  2. Did he reveal information about students that violated their privacy? [53]
  3. Did he exceed his role as a regent in requesting massive amounts of information from UT-Austin? [53]

Cross-examination

Hall's lawyers asked for the right to cross-examine statements to the committee. However, members of the committee rejected the request.[54] Hall's attorney said "Today, we heard the committee spend 10 minutes of platitude on transparency and spend two hours in secrecy. It’s important that the full story come out, not just the limited amount Mr. Hardin may decide is relevant."[55] When Governor of Texas James Ferguson was impeached in 1917, cross-examination was allowed. In 1975, Judge O.P. Carrillo was impeached, and his case had cross-examination on a limited scope.[56][57]

Public records request

On September 16, 2013, the nonprofit coalition Empower Texans filed an open records request for the list of possible witnesses in the trial. On September 25, the committee responded and denied to release the information, claiming that the information was confidential by law. The committee requested an opinion from the Attorney General of Texas on the matter, seeking an exception from open records requests.[58] Empower Texans has taken the position that the committee violated House Rule 413 by refusing to allow Hall's attorneys the right to cross-examine witnesses.[59]

July 15, 2013

Jeff Archer, chief legislative counsel for the Texas Legislative Council, testified that the impeachment process is murky and very few attempts have been made in the state's history to impeach public officials. He cited no prior examples of any impeachment process existing for an official other than a governor or judge.[60]

October 22, 2013

During the meeting on October 22, 2013, committee member Charles Perry asserted that mishandling of student information should fall on the shoulders of the organization that is handing out the information -- in this case, Kevin Hegarty and his office as opposed to the individual who receives the documents. Hegarty disagreed with the statement.[61] Pitts alleged that Hall is undermining the prominence of the University of Texas while trying to bring about the "resignation or firing of President Bill Powers." Pitts has been a central proponent of the impeachment investigation.[62] Barry Burgdorf, former general counsel to the University of Texas, testified that he believed that Hall's intent was to "get rid" of Bill Powers. [63]

Pitts acknowledged that he routinely writes letters to Bill Powers, President of the University of Texas, on behalf of select student applications. Specifically, he wrote a letter on behalf of his son after the University of Texas law school had initially rejected his admittance. "The letter I wrote for my son was pretty much a form letter," Pitts said in an October meeting of the Transparency in State Agency Operations Committee. These letters were sent to both the law school dean and the university president.[64][65][66] Van Fleet alleged that there was evidence Pitts spoke with President Powers' executive assistant about ensuring an unnamed student who had previously been rejected from law school would receive an opportunity to re-apply and interview with the dean.[67]

November 12, 2013

The committee issued subpoenas for Dan Sharphorn, University of Texas Vice Chancellor and General Counsel; Francie Frederick, General Counsel to the University of Texas System Board of Regents; Barbara Holthaus, System Senior Attorney; and Hall, who was expected to testify at the December 10, 2013 meeting.[68][69] However, only hours after initially filing the subpoena for Hall, committee members suddenly recalled it. Carol Alvarado said the members acted too quickly without checking their schedule. The subpoena was issued for December 10, but no meeting is scheduled until December 18.[70]

During testimony, Frederick said Hall may have been in possession of protected student information. "We failed by allowing this to happen," she said. During the meeting, committee member Trey Fischer asked whether possession of the document was a criminal violation. Fischer did not specify what the crime was. Additionally, the law that Fischer was referring to does not apply to universities and would therefore not apply in this situation.[71] Sharphorn also testified at the meeting.[72]

Committee-member Trey Fischer alleged that Hall violated the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). Fischer said Hall may have violated state law by sharing documents with his defense team. However, testimony from Holthaus said that communications regarding an un-enrolled student were not protected by FERPA. She said only once a student is enrolled and attending the university are the records protected by FERPA.[73]

Legislators also voted to issue subpoenas to Francisco Cigarroa and Bill Powers to appear at the December 18, 2013 meeting. A scheduled November 13, 2013 meeting was cancelled after the committee completed all necessary business.[74][75][76]

FERPA

One of the issues raised by state legislators is whether Hall and the FOIA requests violated the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). The law, which was implemented in 1974, protects the privacy of student education records.[77] One study showed that over the past 40 years, there has not even been a fine as a result of a violation of FERPA. A federal court ruled in 2009 that emails do not qualify as education records and therefore are not covered by FERPA.[71][78]

Regent responses

The reaction to Hall's impeachment has been mixed from his fellow regents.

Support for impeachment

  • Barry Burgdorf, the University of Texas System's former general counsel, testified that he believed Hall was driven by a "clear intent to get rid of Bill Powers."[80][81]
  • Jim Pitts, State Representative said Hall's record requests were an effort to "to destroy certain members of this Legislature."[82]
  • Lyle Larson, State Representative said Hall should resign from the Board of Regents.[83]

Opposition to impeachment

  • Francisco Cigarroa, University of Texas Chancellor has defended Hall's actions and criticized the impeachment process.[84]
  • Governor of Texas Rick Perry called the investigation "extraordinary political theater." He added: "I think it is sending a horrible message to the public." Perry offered his support for Hall's investigation and records requests, stating, "I just think that at the end, the public’s need to know and the public’s right to know, questions that Mr. Hall is asking, is totally and absolutely correct."[85]
  • Jeff Sandefer, educator and businessman, called Hall "bravery under fire" in an email seeking support for the regent.[86][87] In an October 2013 op-ed, Sandefer wrote about the University of Texas, Austin's U.S. News ranking drop in relation to the impeachment investigation against Hall. Sandefer called Hall a whistle-blower who has suffered "vicious personal attacks.[88]
  • Eugene Powell, University of Texas System Board of Regents chairman, wrote a letter in support of Hall to Jim Pitts. "I am aware of no instance of Regent Hall inappropriately sharing information that is confidential by law with others outside U.T. System and encourage you to identify any specific concerns you have in this area," Powell wrote.[89]
  • Charles Miller, former University of Texas Regent called the impeachment proceedings a "spectacle." "It's not the legislature’s business to protect the president of the University of Texas at Austin. I don’t think they know what they’re doing."[90]
  • Anne Neal, president of the American Council of Trustees and Alumni, wrote an op-ed questioning the use of impeachment in this situation. "Impeachment is a rare sanction reserved usually for elected officials who have engaged in serious malfeasance. It is not a club to wield when there are policy differences or to intimidate appointed officials when, in good faith, they are doing their job."[91]
  • Empower Texans, a nonprofit organization in Texas, has opposed the impeachment and called it a "witch hunt" against anyone who "dares to ask tough questions."[92]

Committee minutes

The following video links come from the official committee operations website.[93]

Impeachment procedures

See also: [Impeachments in Texas]]

Title 6, Chapter 665 of the Texas Government Code addresses the impeachment and removal of public officers by the state house.

House

When the House is not in session, there are three ways that the House may be convened for purposes of impeachment.[94]

  • Proclamation of Governor
  • Proclamation of the speaker following the submission of a written petition signed by at least 50 members of the House.
  • Proclamation signed by a majority of the members of the House. There are 150 members of the Texas State House.

Senate

If the House adopts articles of impeachment, the Texas State Senate is required to sit as a court of impeachment. If the Senate is not in session, there are four ways by which it may be convened.[94]

  • Proclamation of Governor
  • After 10 days have elapsed from article adoption, if the Governor has not acted, then by proclamation of Lieutenant Governor if the Governor has not issued a proclamation
  • After 15 days have elapsed from article adoption, if the Governor and Lt. Governor have not acted, then by proclamation of the President Pro Tempore of the State Senate
  • After 20 days have elapsed from article adoption, if the Governor, Lt. Governor and President Pro Tempore have not acted, then by proclamation of a signed majority of the members of the Senate. There are 31 members of the Texas State Senate.

See also

References

  1. Texas Public Radio "UT Regent Wallace Hall Will Testify In Impeachment Hearing," November 13, 2013
  2. Texas Government Code "Title 6, Chapter 665," Accessed November 25, 2013
  3. Daily Caller "Texas tries to topple higher-ed transparency," November 21, 2013
  4. Fort Worth Star-Telegram "Perry calls regent impeachment “political theater”," October 30, 2013
  5. American Spectator "Transparency for Thee," October 25, 2013
  6. Austin American Statesman "Perry pans impeachment proceedings, defends UT Regent Hall," October 30, 2013
  7. Daily Texas Online "Former UT System vice chancellor alleges Regent Wallace Hall’s ‘clear intent to get rid of Bill Powers’," October 24, 2013
  8. Dallas Morning News "UT regent sought 800,000 documents, official says in impeachment hearing," October 22, 2013
  9. Texas Tribune "Pitts: Enough Evidence to Impeach UT Regent Hall," October 22, 2013
  10. Texas Tribune "Testimony Begins in UT Regent Impeachment Investigation," October 22, 2013
  11. Lubbock Online "Coalition urges thoughtful consideration in selecting university regents (Higher Education blog)," August 28, 2012
  12. 12.0 12.1 Texas Monthly "The Wallace Hall Interview," April 15, 2013
  13. Texas Monthly "Texas Coalition for Excellence in Higher Education's Response to Regent Wallace Hall," April 16, 2013
  14. Houston Chronicle "UT email exchange may provide key to controversy," March 24, 2013
  15. Houston Chronicle "Perry-UT power struggle intensifies," March 25, 2013
  16. Texas Tribune "UT System Pushes Back Against Criticism of Regent Hall," July 16, 2013
  17. University of Texas System "Letter from Eugene Powell to Jim Pitts," July 15, 2013
  18. Texas Tribune "August 6, 2013,"
  19. Watchdog.org "University of Texas regents show support for Wallace Hall," August 22, 2013
  20. Daily Texas Online "Facing impeachment, Regent Wallace Hall defends actions in debate with Sen. Kirk Watson," September 28, 2013
  21. Watchdog.org "Longhorns: Senator used clout in UT law school admissions," November 13, 2013
  22. New York Times "University of Texas President Ends Tough Year With Yet Another Battle," December 15, 2011
  23. Texas Tribune "UT President Asks Law School Dean to Resign Immediately," December 8, 2011
  24. National Jurist "UTexas dean resignation raises questions about compensation practices," December 19, 2011
  25. Austin American Statesman "UT law dean forced to step down," December 8, 2011
  26. Dallas Morning News "UT slips to No. 52 in US News rankings amid faux prestige," October 14, 2013
  27. Texas Tribune "UT Law's Forgivable Loans to Faculty "Not Appropriate"," November 13, 2012
  28. Texas Monthly "Gene Powell’s Letter to Jim Pitts," July 16, 2013
  29. Texas Tribune "Wallace Hall: The TT Interview," June 25, 2013
  30. Sports Illustrated "What happened to the once-dominant Texas athletic program?," October 8, 2013
  31. ESPN "Bill Powers: 'Mack has my support'" September 14, 2013
  32. Dallas Morning News "Nick Saban's agent told UT officials in January that only Texas could lure coach from Alabama," November 5, 2013
  33. Houston Chronicle "Regent told Saban’s agent UT-Austin prez would be gone by year’s end," November 6, 2013
  34. Texas Tribune "Hall Said Powers Would Be Gone by Year's End," November 6, 2013
  35. Texas Tribune "UT Regent Wallace Hall Updates Lawsuit Disclosures," April 30, 2013
  36. Real Clear Policy "The Campaign Against Wallace Hall," August 15, 2013
  37. Watchdog.org "Case against UT regent Wallace Hall is a sham — here’s proof," September 6, 2013
  38. News-Journal "University of Texas regent not worried by impeachment inquiry," September 9, 2013
  39. Texas Tribune "Transparency Committee to Mull Impeachment of UT Regent," June 25, 2013
  40. Alcalde "Pitts Files Resolution to Impeach UT Regent Wallace Hall," June 24, 2013
  41. My San Antonio "Pitts denounces UT regent’s document requests," October 22, 2013
  42. Houston Chronicle "Impeachment committee hires Rusty Hardin," August 23, 2013
  43. Austin American Statesman "UT impeachment inquiry shaping up as battle of lawyers," September 15, 2013
  44. Austin Business Journal "UT regent investigation will bring huge legal bills," September 16, 2013
  45. Watchdog.org "Texas transparency committee maps out impeachment steps – in secret," September 17, 2013
  46. Texas Tribune "Wallace Hall's Lawyer: "Not a Basis for Impeachment"," August 15, 2013
  47. 47.0 47.1 Texas Tribune "Letter from Wallace Hall to Committee" August 15, 2013
  48. Texas Tribune "Lawmaker Tells Perry That UT Regent Hall Should Resign," November 7, 2013
  49. Houston Chronicle "UT regents seek AG opinion on legislative info requests," November 11, 2013
  50. Dallas Morning News "UT wants attorney general’s opinion: Can House committee punish for contempt?," November 14, 2013
  51. Daily Texan Online "SG and Senate of College Councils approve joint “vote of no confidence” against Regent Hall," November 20, 2013
  52. Texas Monthly "Regent Wallace Hall is Another Step Closer to Impeachment," September 17, 2013
  53. 53.0 53.1 53.2 Austin American Statesman "Transparency panel begins investigation of UT regent with closed-door session," September 16, 2013
  54. Austin American Statesman "Wallace Hall impeachment investigation heats up," September 25, 2013
  55. Daily Texan Online "Cross-examination not allowed in UT System Regent Wallace Hall investigation," September 17, 2013
  56. Alcalde "Transparency Committee Sets Agenda for Regent Investigation," September 16, 2013
  57. Texas Tribune "How Will UT Regent Impeachment Probe Play Out?," September 25, 2013
  58. Empower Texans "Letter from Transparency Committee," Accessed November 26, 2013
  59. Empower Texans "'Transparency' Committee Lurks in the Shadows," October 4, 2013
  60. Texas Tribune "On Impeachment Probe, Committee in Uncharted Waters," July 15, 2013
  61. Dallas Morning News "UT, Powers under fire, according to early testimony during regent investigation," October 22, 2013
  62. Dallas Morning News "Texas House budget chief says Dallas Regent Wallace Hall attacking UT, its president," October 22, 2013
  63. Texas Tribune "Burgdorf: UT Regents' "Clear Intent" Was to Oust Powers," October 23, 2013
  64. National Review "The Ongoing Texas Travesty," October 23, 2013
  65. Watchdog "Lawmaker admits pulling strings on UT admissions," October 23, 2013
  66. National Review "The Curious and Curiouser Case of Wallace Hall," August 21, 2013
  67. Dallas Morning News "UT, Powers under fire, according to early testimony during regent investigation," October 22, 2013
  68. Texas Tribune "UT Regent Hall Subpoenaed to Testify Before Committee," November 12, 2013
  69. Albany Times Union "Texas House committee subpoenas Hall for Dec. 10," November 12, 2013
  70. Texas Tribune "Committee Recalls Subpoena for UT Regent Hall," November 12, 2013
  71. 71.0 71.1 Watchdog.org "Need to cover up a scandal? Just say FERPA," November 20, 2013
  72. Texas Tribune "Between Fisher and Fawcett, a Big Day in Court for UT," November 13, 2013
  73. Empower Texans "Hall Allegations: Much Ado About Nothing," November 14, 2013
  74. San Francisco Chronicle "Texas House subpoenas Hall, but then recalls it," November 12, 2013
  75. Texas Tribune "UT System Lawyer: Hall May Have Shared Private Info," November 12, 2013
  76. Austin American Statesman "UT Regent Wallace Hall might have broken privacy laws, panel members suggest," November 12, 2013
  77. US Department of Education "Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)," Accessed November 21, 2013
  78. Student Press Law Center "FERPA and access to public records," Accessed November 21, 2013
  79. Texas Tribune "Second UT Regent Enters Fray Against Hall," June 11, 2013
  80. Houston Chronicle "Messing with (University of) Texas can get you impeached," October 27, 2013
  81. Sun Herald "Former UT System lawyer says job fears 'epidemic'," October 23, 2013
  82. Houston Chronicle "Pitts denounces UT regent’s document requests," October 22, 2013
  83. Alcalde "Legislator urges Regent to resign," November 8, 2013
  84. Texas Tribune "UT System Pushes Back Against Criticism of Regent Hall," July 16, 2013
  85. Texas Tribune "Perry Blasts Impeachment Probe of Wallace Hall," October 30, 2013
  86. Houston Chronicle "Embattled regent lauded by controversial Perry higher ed guru," August 19, 2013
  87. Alcalde "Seven Solutions Author Defends Wallace Hall," August 19, 2013
  88. Dallas Morning News "UT slips to No. 52 in US News rankings amid faux prestige," October 14, 2013
  89. Alcalde "Regents Chairman Defends Embattled Colleague," July 16, 2013
  90. American Spectator "Rogue Hall Monitors," November 11, 2013
  91. Houston Chronicle "Neal: Legislature's targeting of trustee at UT is off the mark," November 6, 2013
  92. Empower Texans "Witch Hunt Denies Wallace Hall His Right to Cross-Examine," September 18, 2013
  93. Texas house of Representatives "Committee Broadcast Archives: Transparency in State Agency Operations" Accessed October 30, 2013
  94. 94.0 94.1 Texas Legislative Council "Processes for removal of state officers by the legislature," June 18, 1987