Difference between revisions of "Washington, D.C."

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(2014)
Line 23: Line 23:
 
|College = 51.2%
 
|College = 51.2%
 
|Other offices = [[Shadow Congresspersons| Washington D.C. "Shadow" Representatives]]
 
|Other offices = [[Shadow Congresspersons| Washington D.C. "Shadow" Representatives]]
}}{{tnr}}'''Washington, D.C.''' is the capital of the [[United States]]. As of 2013, its population was 646,449.<ref>[http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/11000.html U.S. Census, "State and County Quick Facts," accessed on August 5, 2014]</ref>  
+
}}{{tnr}}'''Washington, D.C.''' is the capital of the [[United States]]. In accordance with the [[U.S. Constitution]] Article I, Section 8, Clause 17, it is not part of a state. As of 2013, its population was 646,449.<ref>[http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/11000.html ''U.S. Census'', "State and County Quick Facts," accessed on August 5, 2014]</ref>  
 +
 
 +
==City government==
 +
For most of its history, the municipal government of Washington, D.C. fell under the jurisdiction of the [[U.S. Congress]]. This changed in 1973 when the "District of Columbia Home Rule Act of 1973" allowed for the creation of a municipal government that included a city council, which serves as the city's primary legislative body, and a mayor, who serves as the city's chief executive. However, under the "Home Rule Act, the U.S. Congress still has the right to review and approve municipal legislation as well as the city's annual operating budget.<ref name=home>[http://www.dccouncil.washington.dc.us/pages/dc-home-rule ''DC Council'', "DC Home Rule," accessed on August 28, 2014]</ref> 
  
 
==Mayor==
 
==Mayor==
[[Vincent C. Gray]] is the current [[Mayor]] of Washington, D.C..<ref name="mayoroffice">[http://mayor.dc.gov/ Office of the Mayor, accessed on August 5, 2014]</ref>
+
The mayor of Washington, D.C. is the city's chief executive, and is responsible for proposing a budget, signing legislation into law, appointing departmental directors and committee members and overseeing the city's day-to-day operations. [[Vincent C. Gray]] is the current mayor of Washington, D.C..<ref name="mayoroffice">[http://mayor.dc.gov/ Office of the Mayor, accessed on August 5, 2014]</ref><ref>[http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/dccode/ ''District of Columbia Official Code'', I.1.2.IV.B]</ref>
  
==City Council==
+
==City council==
The '''Washington, D.C. City Council''' is the legislative branch of the [[Washington, D.C.]] government. The council approves the city's annual budget, financial plan and sets the revenue required to fund the budget. Additionally, the council appoints members to boards and commissions and gives the final say on appointments made by the Mayor.
+
The Washington, D.C. City Council is the city's primary legislative body. The council votes on and drafts legislation, approves the city's annual budget and sets the revenue required to fund the budget. Additionally, the council appoints members to boards and commissions and gives the final say on appointments made by the mayor.<ref>[http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/dccode/ ''District of Columbia Official Code'', I.1.1.IV.B]</ref>
  
===Committees===
+
===Membership===
The council features 10 standing committees:
+
The Washington, D.C. City Council consists of thirteen members. Eight are elected by the city's eight wards, while five - including the council chairperson - are elected at-large.
*Committee Of the Whole
+
*Committee on Business, Consumer and Regulatory Affairs
+
*Committee on Finance and Revenue
+
*Committee on Health
+
*Committee on Housing and Workforce Development
+
*Committee on Human Services
+
*Committee on Libraries, Parks and Recreation
+
*Committee on the Public Safety and Judiciary
+
*Committee on Public Services and Consumer Affairs
+
*Committee on Government Operations
+
*Committee on Transportation and the Environment
+
  
===Membership===
+
For a current list of council members, see [http://dccouncil.us/council here]
  
The council consists of 13 members; all of which serve four-year terms. Four council members and the Chairperson are elected at-large, while eight are elected by the city's eight wards.<ref>[http://web.lexisnexis.com/research/retrieve?_m=df5cf9f0ae39f229697d38ebb180f6f8&csvc=toc2doc&cform=tocslim&_fmtstr=FULL&docnum=1&_startdoc=1&wchp=dGLbVzB-zSkAW&_md5=a2765b94ff4bf4b9afa5844fc1123e61 ''Washington D.C. Municipal Code'', Section I.A.1]</ref><ref>[http://dccouncil.us/council Council of the District of Columbia]</ref> 
+
===Committees===
{| class="wikitable collapsible sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
+
The Washington, D.C. City Council has ten standing committees that are responsible for shaping city policies and drafting legislation.<ref>[http://dccouncil.us/committees ''DC Council'', "Committees," accessed on August 6, 2014]</ref>
|-
+
 
! colspan="4" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''Current members, Washington, D.C. City Council
+
For a full list of city council committees, see [http://dccouncil.us/committees here].
|-
+
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Ward
+
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Councilmember
+
|-
+
| width="70px" |1
+
| width="150px" | [[Jim Graham]]
+
|-
+
| 2
+
| [[Jack Evans]]
+
|-
+
| 3
+
| Mary M. Cheh
+
|-
+
| 4
+
| [[Muriel Bowser]]
+
|-
+
| 5
+
| [[Kenyan McDuffie]]
+
|-
+
| 6
+
| [[Tommy Wells]]
+
|-
+
| 7
+
| Yvette Alexander
+
|-
+
| 8
+
| Marion Barry
+
|-
+
| Chairperson
+
| [[Phil Mendelson]]
+
|-
+
| At-Large
+
| [[Anita Bonds]]
+
|-
+
| At-Large
+
| David Grosso
+
|-
+
| At-Large
+
| [[David Catania]]
+
|-
+
| At-Large
+
| [[Vincent Orange]]
+
|}
+
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
Line 112: Line 61:
 
TTY: 711<br>
 
TTY: 711<br>
 
email: eom@dc.gov<br>
 
email: eom@dc.gov<br>
 
  
 
'''City Council'''<br>
 
'''City Council'''<br>

Revision as of 13:48, 28 August 2014

Washington, D.C., District of Columbia
Seal-DC.png
General information
Vincent Gray.jpg
Mayor:Vincent Gray
Mayor party:Democratic
Last mayoral election:2012
Next mayoral election:2014
Last city council election:2012
Next city council election:2014
City council seats:13
2014 FY Budget:$10.1 Billion
City website
Composition data
Population in 2013:646,449
Gender:52.6% Female
Race:White 43.4%
African American 49.5%
Hispanic or Latino 10.1%
Asian 3.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone 0.6%
Two or More 2.6%
Unemployment:7.5%
Median household income:$64,267
High school graduation rate:87.5%
College graduation rate:51.2%
Related Washington, D.C. offices
Washington D.C. "Shadow" Representatives
Washington, D.C. is the capital of the United States. In accordance with the U.S. Constitution Article I, Section 8, Clause 17, it is not part of a state. As of 2013, its population was 646,449.[1]

City government

For most of its history, the municipal government of Washington, D.C. fell under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress. This changed in 1973 when the "District of Columbia Home Rule Act of 1973" allowed for the creation of a municipal government that included a city council, which serves as the city's primary legislative body, and a mayor, who serves as the city's chief executive. However, under the "Home Rule Act, the U.S. Congress still has the right to review and approve municipal legislation as well as the city's annual operating budget.[2]

Mayor

The mayor of Washington, D.C. is the city's chief executive, and is responsible for proposing a budget, signing legislation into law, appointing departmental directors and committee members and overseeing the city's day-to-day operations. Vincent C. Gray is the current mayor of Washington, D.C..[3][4]

City council

The Washington, D.C. City Council is the city's primary legislative body. The council votes on and drafts legislation, approves the city's annual budget and sets the revenue required to fund the budget. Additionally, the council appoints members to boards and commissions and gives the final say on appointments made by the mayor.[5]

Membership

The Washington, D.C. City Council consists of thirteen members. Eight are elected by the city's eight wards, while five - including the council chairperson - are elected at-large.

For a current list of council members, see here

Committees

The Washington, D.C. City Council has ten standing committees that are responsible for shaping city policies and drafting legislation.[6]

For a full list of city council committees, see here.

Elections

2014

See also: Washington, D.C. municipal elections, 2014

The city of Washington, D.C. will hold elections for mayor and city council on November 4, 2014. A primary election took place on April 1, 2014. The filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was January 2, 2014.

The District of Columbia holds closed primaries, meaning only voters registered with that political party can vote in the primary. Citizens had to complete party affiliation changes by March 3, 2014, in order to vote in the primary.[7] Candidates looking to qualify for the ballot as an independent candidate need to turn in petitions 90 days prior to the November 4 election, which is August 6, 2014.

Budget

Washington, D.C.'s budget for fiscal year 2014 totaled $10.1 billion.[8]

Contact Information

Office of the Mayor
1350 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Suite 316
Washington, DC 20004
Phone: (202) 727-6300
Fax: (202) 727-0505
TTY: 711
email: eom@dc.gov

City Council
1350 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20004

See here to contact individual Council members.

Lobbying

As of August 5, 2014, the city of Washington, D.C. does not provide information on lobbying.

Ballot Measures

See also Local ballot measures, Washington, D.C. and Campaign finance requirements for Washington, D.C. ballot measures

On the process for initiatives and referendums in Washington, D.C., see here.

On the history of initiatives and referendums in Washington, D.C., see here.

External links

References