Washington Deleting References to "Idiots", HJR 4231 (1988)

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The Washington Deleting References to "Idiots", also known as House Joint Resolution 4231, was on the November 8, 1988 ballot in Washington as a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, where it was approved. The measure removed references to "idiots, insane, dumb, and defective youth" from the State Constitution.[1] It amended Section 3 of Article VI and Section 1 of Article XIII of the Washington Constitution.[2]

Election results

Washington HJR 4231 (1988)
Approveda Yes 1,354,529 81.37%

Election results via:Washington Secretary of State

Text of measure

See also: Section 3 of Article VI and Section 1 of Article XIII of the Washington Constitution

The language that appeared on the ballot:[1]

Shall references in the State Constitution to "idiots, insane, dumb, and defective youth" be removed and new language be added?[3]

Constitutional changes

The text of the amendment read:

Article VI, section 3. All ((idiots, insane persons, and)) persons convicted of infamous crime unless restored to their civil rights and all persons while they are judicially declared mentally incompetent are excluded from the elective franchise.

Article XIII, section 1. Educational, reformatory, and penal institutions; those for the benefit of ((blind, deaf, dumb, or otherwise defective youth; for the insane or idiotic)) youth who are blind or deaf or otherwise disabled; for persons who are mentally ill or developmentally disabled; and such other institutions as the public good may require, shall be fostered and supported by the state, subject to such regulations as may be provided by law. The regents, trustees, or commissioners of all such institutions existing at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, and of such as shall thereafter be established by law, shall be appointed by the governor, by and with the advice and consent of the senate; and upon all nominations made by the governor, the question shall be taken by ayes and noes, and entered upon the journal.[1]

See also

Suggest a link

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Office of the Secretary of State, "1988 Voters Pamphlet", accessed August 16, 2013
  2. Washington State Legislature, "Washington State Constitution", accessed August 15, 2013
  3. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.